Final Global Study Country Reports


 

Bangladesh (English) 

In Bangladesh, children (0-17 years) constitute 44% of the total population i.e., 142 million in 2006. This is the first study that presents the situation of child poverty and deprivation in Bangladesh and provides evidences and insights that can be used as leverage to influence national development plans. One of the findings is that one out of every six children is a working child (more than seven million children across the country).

 

 

 

 

 
This Study focuses on ensuring that the priority needs of children are routinely considered in the allocation of resources and the development of poverty alleviation programmes by strengthening the capacity of decision makers. The study shows that deprivations affecting the children (i.e. at least 60% of them) are those relating to access to information, toilets and water. The The Study recommends prioritization of non-monetary poverty measures in order to improve living conditions and increasing the proportion of the national budget allocated to health and education sectors.

 

 
 
 
 Djibouti (French)

This study reveals that nearly two thirds of children aged 0 to 17 are suffering from at least one severe deprivation and that only 17% of children do not suffer from any deprivation. Shelter deprivation is the most frequent and affects the most number of children. A breakdown by age group shows that children of 0-2 years and 3-4 years are at higher risk of deprivations, with nearly 70% of each of these groups experiencing at least one deprivation. Geographic disparities are particularly strong, where over 9 out of 10 children suffer severe shelter deprivation in rural areas.

 

 

 

 Egypt (English)

This study found that more than seven million Egyptian children (one in four) live deprived of one or more of their rights to be children and enjoy their childhood. Around 1.2 million children live in absolute poverty, which means they are deprived of two or more rights. The study recommends that public policies should always be designed with due consideration to their direct or indirect impact on children.  

 

 


 

This study undertook further analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey (DSH), Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), and Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) datasets to critically explicate child poverty in Ghana. It further examined policies and laws that have been adopted to promote child wellbeing in the country. The Study demonstrates that Ghanaian children experience severe and less severe deprivation more in sanitation than any other indicator of child deprivation (38.5% and 29.4% respectively). The Study demonstrates the disparities emerge when education of the head of the household, wealth index quintiles, ethnicity, religion, region and type of place of residence are examined.

 

  
Jamaica (English)

Estimates of the percentage of the child population below the poverty line has been declining steadily while maintaining a margin greater than the national average.  The study indicated that the highest frequency of “severe” deprivation was estimated for health, 9%, followed by water, 5%. Children with a severe deprivation were more likely to be found in rural households, in large households, in households headed by persons with low levels of education, and in households composed by vulnerable and unemployed persons. The study recommends that the relevant agencies of the Government of Jamaica aggressively implement existing policies over the next seven years.

 


The findings of the study indicate that almost thirty per cent of children live in poor families that experience lack of cash and consumer items, such as refrigerators, televisions and/or washing machine. This group of children is exposed to the highest risk of chronic poverty. In addition, every seventh child (13.7 per cent) under five years of age in Kyrgyzstan is stunted, which indicates chronic poor nutrition. Only 11 per cent of children have access to preschool education. These are mainly urban children from wealthy families.


 

 

Mali (French)

The study shows that among 5.1 million children under 15, more than 4.3 millions – that is 8 out of 10 children – face severe deprivation in at least one of the 7 areas researched. The main priority identified in the report is putting children at the heart of public policies and national budgets, so that these work for children, who make up half the population of Mali.


  

 

 

Mexico (English)

Regarding poverty measures based on monetary income, about 25% of Mexican children (10 million approximately) live in conditions of food poverty in 2005. According to international standards, 8% of the children in the country (3.3 millions) were in families who had less than one dollar per capita expenditure in 2005. In 2005, 24% of children experienced severe deprivations of housing. The Study reveals the great urban and rural divide; children in rural areas face more disadvantages than those in urban areas and indigenous children are generally the most vulnerable group of children in Mexico, for example, 33% of indigenous children under 5 years old were stunted in 2006, in comparison to the 12% of all the children with this age.This is an important findings since Mexico has one of the largest ethnical diversity in the world.

 

 
Niger (French)


Findings reveal that according to the monetary approach, the
incidence of poverty among children-- 62.9%-- was higher than among the general population (59.5%) in 2008. Regarding disparities between groups, it was found that the youngest children are the most affected (61% in children 0-14 years against 58.69% among those aged 15-17 years). Child poverty is also more prevalent among children in rural areas (66.73% versus 40.54% in urban areas in 2008). Generally, poverty is also more prevalent for children who live in large households and those in which the head of the household is illiterate or has low levels of education. Using the deprivations approach, the study shows a very high level of severity of deprivations. Nine out of ten (92.8%) children are deprived of at least one basic need.

 

  

Philippines (English)

Poverty incidence among children in rural areas is more than twice that of children in the urban areas: 70% of poor children are from the former. Great regional disparities persist, with some regions being consistently ranked as 'worse off' compared to other regions. In 2006, 18.6% of children or 5.4 million children were deprived of at least one of the three dimensions of well-being covered by the study. The report finds some remarkable improvements in the plight of the children based on recent data and indicator estimates. The report proposes different strategies for action using the rights-based approach. Some specific recommendations include pursuing an effective population management program; stabilizing macroeconomic fundamentals; building up data and giving due consideration to regional disparities in aid of planning, and policy and program formulation; and, allocating more financial and rational manpower resources for health, education, and child protection.


 

The study highlights the extent of children living below the poverty line — 54% against 47% for adults — a fact largely unknown to date and concludes that children and women have a higher risk of poverty than men. Furthermore, the Study reveals that water/sanitation and housing deprivation rates are very high in the country, respectively 68% and 59%. The Study further shows that children are more likely than adults to be deprived in most dimensions and that about 54% of all Congolese children are living in monetary deprived households (as compared to 50% of the total population).
 
 
 
 
 
 

 Senegal (French)
The study reveals severe disparities within the country. Senegalese children suffer the most severe deprivation in matters of housing and education; in rural areas and in families where the head of the household has little or no education, and 3 out of 5 children in Senegal do not have access to essential services. A major finding of the study is that education is an effective means of eliminating medium-term (10 years) deprivations that impede the development of children and is a priority for the Government. Another priority area for the Government is social protection for vulnerable persons. The analysis indicates that multisectorality should be the rule for interventions that are intended to benefit children. 
 

 


 
Tanzania (English)

Around half of Tanzania’s population of 40 million are children under the age of 18 years. The analysis of childhood deprivation indicates that the incidence and impact of poverty on children is far greater than indicated by conventional income-consumption
measures, especially in rural areas. Based on data from the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 2004/05, almost half of all children in rural Tanzania (48%) suffered three or more severe deprivations of basic need compared with 10% of children in urban areas. The incidence of severe deprivations among children was far higher on the Mainland than Zanzibar; approximately 41% of Mainland children suffered three or more severe deprivations compared with 19% of Zanzibari children.
The government is however keen to move towards general budget support, sector-wide approaches, and pooled funding.