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What is Global Poverty?

What
 
Poverty is starvation, illiteracy, poor living conditions, little to no shelter, no educatoin, bad water, illness, and not being able to do anything about it. You have no voice and no representation, beause you are poor. According to Mollie Orshansky who developed the poverty measurements used by the U.S. government, "to be poor is to be deprived of those goods and services and pleasures with others around us take fro granted." (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/poverty)
 
 
Where
 
Poverty is a global pandemic, it is, however, worse in some places. Places such as sub-saharan Africa, Latin America, the Carribean, and in parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It is getting better in some places such as China and India where as many as 165 million people succeeded in overcoming deepest poverty. (http://www.sida.se/?d=126&a=1849&language=en_US)
 
Here is a map showing different countries and their poverty levels around the world. As you can see that the dark red and red have the worst poverty levels. Mostly in the above mentioned places. Also you can see developed countries, the blue ones, have very small poverty levels.
 
 
Who
 
People all over the world are affected by poverty. Some more than others. Those most affected are people who are in developing countries.  Here are some statistics about who is poor:
 
  • Children under age 18, 18.0 percent, 13.3 million children, lived in poverty.
  • In 2007, the poverty rate for families was 9.8 percent, comprising 7.6 million families.
  • In 2007, 28.3 percent of all female-headed families (4.1 million families) were poor, compared to 4.9 percent of married-couple families (2.8 million families). (http://www.globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-stats)
There are also many agencys and programs devoted to trying to end world poverty. These include:
 
  • Dollar a Day - This site examines poverty in developing nations and is directed toward students aged 15+, bringing together a wide variety of information to raise awareness of the plight of the poor.
  • Bangladesh Relief Fund - The BRF raises money, mainly in the U.S., and then uses these funds to create partnerships with other Non-Government Organizations in Bangladesh to pursue development projects that create jobs and lift families out of poverty.
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation - Though the Gates Foundation funds activities in many areas, it has taken a special interest in global health, and has become the most powerful source of funding for health programs.
  • Grameen Bank - Grameen Bank, a microfinance institution working in Bangladesh, was one of the pioneers of microcredit.
These are just a few on the many organizations that help to end poverty around the world. (http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/00282/other_org.htm)
 
Why
 
If poverty is such a huge problem, and everyone knows about it, why hasn't it ended by now? Acording to economist Gregory Clark, is the culture of the people in these countries that are suffering intence poverty, rather than their economic policies. He says that many societies can't take advantage of modern technology and management because "their values and social organisation are antagonistic". And no amount of "sensible" economic measures can overcome this. (http://www.alertnet.org/db/blogs/1265/2007/10/5-081715-1.htm)
 
 

 

     
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