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Tree Names

The list below gives the names of trees which occur in place names in the online database. 
Botanical names have been linked to an external site for further detail, the sites of choice being PROTA- Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (use Prota4U for search screen, or PROTA4U article list) &  West African Plants - A Photo Guide (follow African Plant Database link below photos for description). Local names have been taken from F.R.Irvine, "Woody Plants of Ghana", OUP, 1961, W.Hawthorne & N.Gyakari, "Photoguide for the Forest Trees of Ghana", Oxford Forestry Institute, 2006, and R.Blench, "Dagomba Plant Names", 2006.

Notes:
  • Linked pages may show a different name to that listed, which may be a synonym or reclassification.
  • Local languages are identified as: Ab (Abron/Brong), Ak (Akan), Ew (Ewe), Ga (Ga), Ha (Hausa), Db (Dagbani), Nz (Nzema)
  • The local names are by no means unique, even within the given language. Only names found in toponyms are given.
  • Where possible, example toponyms have been chosen which have source evidence.

Showing 45 items
BotanicalEnglishLocalExample Toponym
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Afzelia Africana Afzelia Kpalaŋa (pl. Kpala) -Db Kpala 
Albizia Zygia Albizia Ɔkoro -Ak Okorasi 
Aningeria Altissima  Apɔtorɔ -Ak Pawtroasi 
Antiaris Africana Bark Cloth Kyenkyen, Ɔfo -Ak Ofoase 
Antrocaryon Micraster Aprokuma Apurukuma -Ak Eprokumasi 
Baphia Nitida Camwood Ɔdwen(e) -Ak Edwinase 
Berlinia Grandiflora Berlinia Papa -Ak Papasi 
Blighia Sapida Akee Apple Ankye -Ak Achiase 
Blighia Unijugata Akee Apple Akye -Ak Achiase 
Bombax Buonopozense Red-Flowered Silk Cotton Okum -Ak Kumasi 
Borassus Aethiopum Fan Palm Ago -Ew Agodome 
Bridelia Grandis  Ɔpepea -Ak Pepiase 
Butyrospermum Parkii Shea Tama -Db Tamale 
Ceiba Pentandra Kapok, Silk Cotton Onyaa, Onyina -Ak Anyirawase 
Celtis Brownii  Afwerewa -Ak Ahwerease 
Celtis Mildbraedii  Esa -Ak Esaase 
Chlorophora Excelsa Iroko Odum -Ak,Ew,Ga Odumasi 
Chrysophyllum Albida White Star Apple Tree Adɔsoa Adawsoasi 
Citrus Auriantifolia Lime Aŋkaa -Ak Ankasi 
Citrus Sinensis Orange Akutu -Ak,Ga Akutuasi 
Cola Nitida Bitter Cola Bese -Ak; Bisi -Ew Besease 
Cordia Millenii Drum Tree Kyenedua -Ak Twindorase 
Cynometra Megalophylla  Ahwirewa -Ak Ahwerease 
Dialium Guineense Velvet Tamarind Ɔsena -Ak Osenasi 
Elaeis Guineensis Oil Palm Abɛ -Ak Abease 
Erythrophleum Guineense Ordeal tree Ɔdom -Ak Odumase 
Ficus Capensis Fig Doma -Ak Domasi 
Hymenostegia Afzelii  Takorowa Takorowase 
Isoberlinia Doka Doka kpal(i)soɣu -Db Kpelesawgu 
Lannea Welwitschii Kumbi Purukuma -Ak Eprokumasi 
Mangifera Indica Mango Mango -Ak Mangoasi 
Manilkara Multinervis  (A)dubiya -Ak Edubiasi 
Myrianthus Arboreus God's Heart Anyankoma -Ak Asin Nyankumasi 
Nauclea Latifolia African Peach, Country Fig Kusia -Ak Kusiasi 
Panda Oleosa  Apurokuma -Ak Eprokumasi 
Parkia Biglobosa West African Locust Bean Dawadawa -Ha, Soronu -Ab Soronuasi 
Pentaclethra Macrophylla Oil Bean, Atta Bean Ataa -Ak  
Phyllanthus Discoideus Pheasant Berry Ɔpepea -Ak Pepiase 
Piptadeniastrum Africanum  Ɔdanwoma Adanwomasi 
Pterygota Macrocarpa Pterygota Kyerɛ -Ak Cheriasi 
Spathodea Campanulata African Flame Tree Osisiriw -Ak Asisiriwa 
Spondias Monbin Ashanti Plum, (Red) Hog Plum Atoaa, Ataawa -Ak; Tuane -Nz Atuabo 
Tabernaemontana Crassa Adam's Apple Pepea -Ak Pepiase 
Terminalia Superba Afram Ɔfram -Ak Oframase 
Tieghemella Heckelii Cherry Mahogany Ɔpapea, Abaku -Ak Pepiase 
Showing 45 items
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