Trail of Tears

 


What was the Trail of Tears?

 

Retrace the land route (on your map) the Cherokee used.

In 1838, the U.S. Army troops rounded up 15,000 Cherokee Indians and

forced them off their land in Georgia.  They drove them more than 1,500 miles

westward to present-day Oklahoma. Some of the Cherokee escaped into the Smoky

Mountains and their descendents live in North Carolina. There were few wagons or

carts for the Cherokee to travel on. For months, most of the Cherokees walked day

after day. They had little food and no shelter through autumn rains and winter

storms. The terrible journey became known as "The Trail of Tears".

                                                                                               

Why were the Cherokee driven across the country?

They were removed because settlers wanted their land

since gold was discovered in Dahlonega. In 1836,

President Andrew Jackson ordered that the Cherokee

Nation be moved west, by force if necessary.  As many as

4,000 Cherokees died on the trip. In the words of one

survivor, "Long time we travel on way to new land. . . Many

days pass and people die very much. We bury close by

                                trail."