The 700 mile Okefenokee Swamp is located in the southeastern corner of Georgia. It is the largest swamp in North America. The Okefenokee Swamp was formed more than sixty-five million years ago. The water of the Okefenokee Swamp is a tea color and it is very shallow, less than ten feet deep, and in most areas less than two feet. The swamp receives more than fifty-five inches of rain a year.
The Okefenokee Swamp is a blend of habitats for many plants and more than 400 animals. It is home to many wading birds such as herons, egrets, ibises, cranes and bitterns. Okefenokee is famous for the many American alligators and it is an important habitat for the Florida black bear and gray foxes.
Many unusual plants can be found in the swamp as well. You might see carnivorous plants like the bladderwort and Venus fly traps. In the early 1900’s loggers removed thousands of cypress, pine, and red bay trees. In 1937 President Franklin Roosevelt helped establish the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. It is illegal to take trees from most areas of the swamp. It is a protected wildlife refuge.