India Government is going to establish new "National Science and Engineering Research
Board" for funding research and development activities in Science and Technology. It is estimated $1.2 billion expense in public funds over
the next 5 years, through this new agency modeled after the U.S. National Science Foundation. At the Indian Science Congress on January 2012 Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has also launched initiatives to entice overseas scientists to return home and create
elite universities and pledged to hike R&D expenditures from around $3 billion
last year to $8 billion in 2017.
Already India is in a stage of increasing the number of IITs [Indian
Institutes of Technology] and Indian Institutes for Information Technology in a massive
way. Now we are going to increase the number of what we
call innovation universities, Dr Singh said and he is confident that the landscape of
education in India will change enormously in the
next 5 to 10 years. He reveals that India's real problem is quality teaching staff, but he is optimistic in telling that we
are trying to induce more people to go for Ph.D. degrees in science and
technology, but not as
fast as we need in order to meet the needs of our higher education
system. Therefore, he propose a plan to find innovative means to draw upon
the Indians working in the universities abroad, particularly in the
States, to find some time to spend teaching in
"The formation of an Ozone Hole occurring over the Arctic will likely happen within the next 20 years"-
Jonathan Shanklin one of The BAS scientists who discovered the Antarctic ozone hole
Professor Jonathan Shanklin of The British Antarctic Study said the loss itself of ozone and the greenhouse effect is causing the upper atmosphere to become colder, which is a condition that facilitates ozone destruction. Professor Shanklin was speaking to Alex Kirby of the BBC Radio Four's environment program Costing the Earth and reportedly said the following -
Jonathan Shanklin of The BAS making ozone measurements
British Antarctic Survey
"The atmosphere is changing, and one of the key changes is that the ozone layer is getting colder. And when it gets colder, particularly during the winter, we can get clouds actually forming in the ozone layer, and these clouds are the key factor.
Chemistry can take place on them that activates the chlorine and makes it very much easier for it to destroy the ozone. It's getting colder because of the greenhouse gases that are being liberated by all the emissions we have at the surface.
We think that within the next 20 years we are likely to see an ozone hole perhaps as big as the present one over Antarctica but over the North Pole."
Joseph Farman, Brian Gardiner and Jonathan Shanklin, are the BAS scientists who discovered the Antarctic ozone hole.
Professor Shanklin also is the Director of the British Astronomical Association's Comet Section and the President of the Cambridge Natural History Society
This coming full moon will be the brightest of the last few year.
On March 19, Earth’s satellite will be at its closest point to our planet in 18 years -- a mere 356,577 kilometers away. The event -- also called a lunar perigee -- was dubbed a "supermoon" by astrologer Richard Nolle back in the 1970s. The term is used to describe a new or full moon at 90% or more of its closest orbit to Earth. Next week, it will be at 100%.
Nolle is responsible for coining the upcoming event, and he’s also responsible for the latest buzz sweeping the Internet about how the supermoon will affect the planet. On his website Astropro
, Nolle warns Earth’s inhabitants to prepare themselves during the “supermoon risk window,” which ranges from March 16 – 22. During this time, Nolle claims there will be an increase in supreme tidal surges, magnitude 5 or higher earthquakes, and even volcanic activity.
“There have been a lot of studies on whether earthquakes on our planet were triggered when the moon was closest to Earth, and no conclusive evidence has ever been found for that,” Goldreich told FoxNews.com. “The idea is that the strain builds up in the Earth until only a small little bit of extra gravitational force could tip it over and cause an earthquake, and this could come from the moon. But there’s been no absolutely no correlation for that.”
Source : http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2011/03/12/supermoon-cause-moonquakes-scientist-says
News Article By Loren Grush
Published March 12, 2011
A massive 8.9-magnitude earthquake has hit off the north-east coast of Japan, triggered a tsunami and a huge whirlpool. The tsunami causes major damage in north-eastern Japan.
A 10m-high wave has swept inland, washing away everything in its path and swamping large areas of farm land.
The epicentre of the quake was 250 miles north of Tokyo, close to the city of Sendai.
Officials have warned a wave as high as 6m (20ft) could strike the coast after the 8.9 magnitude earthquake.
Except the Magnitude 8.9 tremor off the coast of Honshu, Japan, will be a standout event for 2011
No threat to India, says tsunami warning centre
There is no significant tsunami threat to India in the wake of the massive earthquake in Japan, according to the National Tsunami Early Warning Centre here.
Model simulations run by the Centre, housed in the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) here, showed that there was no significant threat to the Indian Ocean, according the warning Centre’s in-charge T. Srinivasa Kumar.
He said a bulletin to this effect had been issued and the situation was being closely monitored.
NEW DELHI: There is no threat of tsunami along the Indian coast, officials said Thursday after a massive earthquake triggered a devastating tsunami in Japan.
"There is no tsunami threat to India and people should not panic," Shailesh Nayak, ministry of earth sciences secretary, told IANS.
Nayak said the tsunami warnings have been issued to east Asian countries and not in the Indian Ocean.
Following the 2004 tsunami, India in 2007 had set up a tsunami warning centre run by the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) in Hyderabad under the ministry of earth sciences.
A massive earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter scale hit Japan early Thursday, triggering tsunamis as high as 10 metres that slammed the far east country's coastal areas. There was no immediate estimate of casualties.
The earthquake struck off Japan's northeastern coast, forcing people to flee their homes.
Tsunami alerts were issued in the Philippines, Taiwan, Guam and Russia as well as islands in the Pacific, and Indonesia.
Our Own Report :
US President Barack Obama’s visit has taken forward the country's "Monsoon Mission", in which Pune's Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) will play a key role. On Saturday, officials inked a pact under which India’s Ministry of Earth Sciences will tie up with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the US, to design a weather prediction model to improve Indian monsoon forecasts. The model is set to be operational next monsoon.
“The agreement has been formalised in Delhi through the President's representative in New Delhi where IITM, Pune, will play a key role,” said Scientific Advisor to the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Swati Basu. The 'Technical Cooperation for the Study of Dynamical Seasonal Prediction of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall' was on the cards but was formalised with Obama’s visit. It was signed by NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco and Secretary, MoES, Shailesh Nayak.
IITM will be the main coordinator for the programme and the India Meteorological Department (IMD) the main operational forecaster.
Source : Indian Express ( http://www.indianexpress.com/news/pact-us-model-for-monsoon-forecast-iitm-in-key-role/707666/0 )
Climate models have made great strides in improvement over the past couple of decades and the prediction skill of seasonal rainfall over the El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in many of the dynamical models is above 0.7 (out of 1.0), however, the Asian monsoon rainfall (not Indian monsoon alone) prediction skill is below 0.1 in many of these coupled dynamical models. The success of prediction over the ENSO region indicates that there is hope for dynamical models to predict the monsoon rainfall as well. However, failure of almost all at this time indicates that there are some intrinsic problems of predicting the Indian monsoon rainfall. This indicates that a focused mission mode program is required if we are to make any progress in this direction. The major aim of national mission on monsoon is to improve the predictability of monsoon rainfall over India on different time scales,[ i.e., from short-range (1-7 days), medium-range (1 week – 2 weeks), extended range (intra-seasonal, 2-4 weeks) and long-range (one month - one season). However, this can happen only through intensive focused basic research and prediction system development activities. With the concerted efforts of all national R&D organizations and academic institutes, it is expected that the predictability of monsoon rainfall on extended and long range prediction will be improved noticeably during the tenure of National Mission on Monsoon.
To use dynamical models for issue of operational forecasts, one need access to high performance computers at different centers of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, and only recently a beginning is made to acquire these high performance computers and to achieve the standards of international centers we need to keep upgrading the high performance computers to latest technology and increase the peak performance of these computers.
The proposed mission will use a dynamical model to setup a framework for issuing of dynamical forecasts. For the mission it has been decided to use the NCEP-CFS model as the core model. However, a plan for improvement of prediction skill of this framework is critical. Recognizing the fact that such a complex problem needs national effort to involve academic and R&D institutes. Ministry of Earth sciences through the national Mission on Monsoon will involving all relevant organizations and research institutes for improving the dynamical prediction of seasonal mean monsoon.
The HPC System is Ranked 94th in position across the world and Second in the country. The HPC is named as Prithvi and it consists of IBM P6 575 nodes totaling 117 numbers with Rpeak performance of 70.2 T Flops. Each node is populated with 32 cores of IBM P6 CPU running at 4.7 G Hz. The total number of cores works to 3744 cores. HCL is the vendor and IBM is the OEM
(http://www.top500.org/list/2010/06/100 is the link for the same)
മംഗലാപുരത്ത് ജിയോളജിക്കല് സര്വേ ഓഫ് ഇന്ത്യയിലെ ശാസ്ത്രജ്ഞരായ ദിനേശ്
എ.സിയും ജയപ്രകാശ് സി.യുമാണ് തീരം സംരക്ഷിച്ച് കൃത്രിമ ചാകര
തീര്ക്കാമെന്ന കണ്ടെത്തലുമായി രംഗത്ത് വന്നിട്ടുള്ളത്.
കണ്ടെത്തലിന് കേന്ദ്ര ഖനിമന്ത്രാലയത്തിന്റെ അംഗീകാരം ലഭിച്ചാല് കൃത്രിമ
തിരമാല സൃഷ്ടിച്ച് പരീക്ഷണം പ്രദര്ശിപ്പിക്കാനാണ് ഇരുവരും ഒരുങ്ങുന്നത്.
ഇത് അംഗീകരിക്കപ്പെട്ടാല് തീരക്കടലില് ചാകര തീര്ക്കാനും തീരം
1950 കള് മുതല് ചാകരയുടെ രഹസ്യം തേടാന് സര്ക്കാര് ഏജന്സികള്
ലക്ഷങ്ങള് മുടക്കുന്നുണ്ട്. മണ്സൂണ് കാലത്ത് തീരക്കടലില് അടിയുന്ന
ചെളിമൂലം തിര നശിക്കുകയും അവിടേക്ക് ചെമ്മീന് അടക്കമുള്ള മീന്
കൂട്ടത്തോടെ എത്തുന്നതുമാണ് മലയാളിയുടെ ചാകരക്കാഴ്ച. മീറ്ററുകളോളം
ഉയരത്തില് ചെളിക്കെട്ടുണ്ടാകുന്നതിനാല് തിര നശിക്കുന്നതാണ് ചാകരയ്ക്ക്
പിന്നിലെ രഹസ്യമെന്ന് ശാസ്ത്രജ്ഞനായ ദിനേശ് വിശദീകരിക്കുന്നു. ഈ സാഹചര്യം
കൃത്രിമമായി സൃഷ്ടിക്കാമെന്നാണ് കണ്ടെത്തല്. അതിലൂടെ ചാകരക്കാലം
കൂട്ടാനും തീരത്തേക്കുള്ള തിരയുടെ ആക്രമണം കുറയ്ക്കാനുമാകും.
സംസ്ഥാന സര്ക്കാരിന്റെ കൂടി സമ്മര്ദ്ദമുണ്ടായാല് കേന്ദ്രാനുമതിയോടെ
പരീക്ഷണം നടപ്പാക്കാനാകുമെന്നാണ് കൊച്ചി സര്വകലാശാലയില്നിന്ന് മറൈന്
ജിയോളജിയില് ബിരുദാനന്തരബിരുദം നേടി 22 വര്ഷങ്ങള്ക്ക് മുമ്പ്
ജിയോളജിക്കല് സര്വേയിലെത്തിയ ഈ സഹപാഠികളുടെ പ്രതീക്ഷ.http://www.mathrubhumi.com/story.php?id=95985
In a meeting held on 6 August 2009 at Trieste, Italy, the Permanent Representatives of South Asian countries with WMO unanimously agreed to establish a South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) and to organize the sessions from 2010 onwards for generating consensus outlooks for the summer monsoon. The offer by India to host the first three sessions of SASCOF was accepted.Dr. Ajit Tyagi, Director General of
Meteorology and Permanent Representative of the WMO, inaugurated the
Session of the SACOF-1. The forum is expected to provide a climate
outlook for the coming summer monsoon season of 2010, he said.
will initially have exclusive focus on the summer monsoon. The needs for
covering other aspects of the sub-regional climate will be addressed in due
said A K Srivastava, National
Climate Centre, IMD.There
is an urgent need to bring about improvements in weather and climate
forecasts and the collective efforts of the South Asian Countries will
help achieve this goal, said Prof BN Goswami, director, IITM. The delegates from Afghanistan,
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka,
besides several regional and global experts will participate in the meet , which will conclude on
Thursday. It is jointly organised by
the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and the IITM as well as is
supported by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) through its
Climate Information and Prediction Services (CLIPS).
''The WMO has agreed to assist in co-ordination of SASCOF sessions
until a permanent arrangement is worked out. It has been agreed that
the first session of the SASCOF will be held in India and subsequent
sessions will be hosted by other participating countries on a rotation
basis,'' said Rupakumar Kolli, chief of World Climate Application and Services Division, (WMO)