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Pattern / Practice Investigations

Pattern or Practice investigations

According to MSM (WaPo / NYTimes), there are 34 agencies w/ PorP - but it's unclear what that means.

The DOJ Special Litigation "Cases and Matters" page is here: http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/findsettle.php

Press accounts regarding Pattern or Practice investigations is listed below:

Newark https://www.aclu-nj.org/news/2014/07/22/us-department-justice-investigation-finds-widespread-constit in response to (? four years?) https://www.aclu-nj.org/legaldocket/petitiontoinvestigatethene/

Portland has an existing agreement - http://www.oregonlive.com/portland/index.ssf/2014/02/post_415.html / "Portland police engaged in a pattern or practice of using excessive force against people with actual or perceived mental illness"

(from LAPD page on their consent decree "Whenever the DOJ has reasonable cause to believe such violations have occurred, they may obtain a court order to eliminate the pattern or practice. On that basis, the DOJ has entered into consent decrees with other law enforcement agencies throughout the United States including the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Police Department; Steubenville, Ohio Police Department; and the New Jersey State Police.")

(LAPD consent decree started in 2001 and was lifted in 2013 per this article http://articles.latimes.com/2013/may/16/local/la-me-lapd-consent-decree-20130517 )

(This article lists the following jurisdictions - "The law has since served as the basis for the Department of Justice to reform numerous large police departments in cities across the country, including Cincinnati, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Seattle and Washington, D.C." http://illinois.edu/lb/article/72/86725 )

info suggesting investigation is needed

LA County Sheriff - http://www.scpr.org/news/2012/01/18/30849/aclu-files-federal-lawsuit-against-sheriff-over-ja/  suit is here - http://media.scpr.org/documents/2012/01/18/Rosas_Complaint_01172012_embargoed.pdf  in response to FBI investigation described here - http://www.scpr.org/programs/patt-morrison/2011/10/17/21046/baca-jails  / looks like county voluntarily formed Commission to investigate/address issues / sort of unrelated - 18 deputies charged

Chicago - http://wgntv.com/2014/08/13/aclu-traffic-stop-data-shows-persistent-patterns-of-racial-bias/ "The report reveals in Chicago, African-American and Latino motorists were more than four times more likely to have their vehicles searched during traffic stops last year than white motorists, even though officers found contraband in the vehicles of twice as many white drivers, according to the report."