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Local Immigration Enforcement

Immigration Enforcement (287g / Secure Communities / ICE detainers and related profiling) 

background

1/2013 - 287g - Memorandum of Agreement https://www.ice.gov/doclib/detention-reform/pdf/287g_moa.pdf

According to TRAC, new guidelines did not change statistical breakdown... http://trac.syr.edu/immigration/reports/333/


Center for Immigration Studies data - http://cis.org/ICE-Illegal-Immigrant-Deportations

current

287g is now limited to jail enforcement (includes list of agencies with recent MOAs)

Secure Communities DHS info page / "activated jurisdications" report PDF  / ICE has a set of statistical tests to ensure that the program is "OK" (I'm not going to use any of the code words here - just my OWN) - you can read about it here

Advocacy group reports: MD ACLU / Restoring Community 

litigation

Alamance County, North Carolina

Federal Trial of Sheriff for profiling+
http://t.co/4zplBtmBGU Aug 2014 Federal Prosecution of Sheriff in process
http://t.co/4QOiWIPJXx 
http://t.co/z4GNBGluSe

http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/documents/acso_findings_9-18-12.pdf  PDF
DOJ - findings of Pattern or Practices Investigation 2012 
 Frederick, Marylandhttp://www.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/11/11/immigrant.lawsuit/

complaint - http://latinojustice.org/civil_rights/cases/Frederick_Complaint.pdf
1st decision - http://cis.org/sites/cis.org/files/Frederick%20County%20Santos%20decision.2012.pdf
2nd decision - http://www.ca4.uscourts.gov/Opinions/Published/121980.P.pdf (in addition to main issue, also decides deputies and Sheriff have qualified immunity / but not municipal defendants)

Supreme Court denied cert - http://www.scotusblog.com/case-files/cases/frederick-county-board-of-commissioners-v-santos/

  

local news/references

News about localities suspending participation due to 
Maria Miranda-Olivares v. Clackamas County and other similar 
I will list press coverage and further info in the table below.

This explains what happened: (http://www.ocregister.com/articles/county-626924-department-ice.html)  "(Orange County will stop...) holding inmates who are potentially deportable beyond the inmates’ jail terms. The practice was deemed unconstitutional in a federal court ruling, and local agencies fear that to continue with 48-hour holds beyond an inmate’s sentence could expose them to liability. Such holds had been used to give federal immigration authorities a chance to take the inmates into custody.

Instead, the Orange County Sheriff’s Department began this month calling federal agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement to alert them prior to inmates’ release, giving the agency an opportunity to pick up inmates as they’re walking out of jail.

The federal court ruling “didn’t say it was illegal to give them over to ICE custody. They said it was illegal to hold them beyond their release date,” said Lt. Jeffrey Hallock. “Ideally, in a perfect world, ICE will get here before they are released. But we can't detain anybody beyond their scheduled release time.”"

(So, it's not clear - if ICE is paying for beds at a facility - if there is a dedicated section that is solely used for immigration detention - if the sheriff's office is  holding the people as "contractors" to ICE - what is that?)


 San Bernadino, CA http://justiceforimmigrantscoalition.org/287-g-program-suspended-in-san-bernardino-county/

good explanation for 287g modification - 2013 - http://www.highlandnews.net/news/article_948a06a9-7bd1-5024-ac2a-25417be19ffe.html
 Washington County, Oregon 4/16/14 http://www.co.washington.or.us/Sheriff/ice-detainers-no-longer-enforced.cfm
 Nebraska / Iowa 8/19/14 http://www.kearneyhub.com/news/regional/nebraska-iowa-counties-stop-detaining-undocumented-immigrants/article_f6322362-27c6-11e4-8bab-001a4bcf887a.html

Douglas County - http://www.acluarkansas.org/feeds/aclu-and-jfon-applaud-douglas-county-policy-declining-immigration-detainer-requests
 Cook County - Ordinance 9/7/11http://altopolimigra.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/CookCountyDetainers.pdf  PDF
 Maryland Governor's Letter re ICE detainers 8/27/14http://www.aclu-md.org/uploaded_files/0000/0550/o_malley_revised_policy.pdf  PDF
 PG County MD limits ICE detainers 9/26/2014 http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/bs-md-prince-georges-immigration-20140925,0,1607516.story
 Montgomery County MD limits ICE detainers 10/7/2014 http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/politics/blog/bal-montgomery-co-is-latest-to-limit-immigration-detainers-20141007,0,6701302.story / http://m.somdnews.com/article/20141007/NEWS/141009255/montgomery-county-will-not-hold-immigrants-without-probable-cause&template=gazette
 Frederick County Sheriff doubles down on ICE detainers - keeps on AND accuses feds of dropping the ball 10/7/2014 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/oct/7/feds-release-criminal-illegal-immigrants-foil-mary/

Current 287g agency press



 ALABAMA - Etowah County Sheriff's Office 2014- http://www.al.com/news/huntsville/index.ssf/2014/08/immigration_detainees_engage_i.html

2012 - rated one of the 10 worst immigrant jails - http://blog.al.com/breaking/2012/12/inside_etowah_county_detention.html
 ARIZONA - Arizona Dept of Corrections 
 ARIZONA - Mesa Police Dept 
 ARIZONA - Pinal County Sheriff's Office lawsuit filed 9/14 re SB1070 - http://www.wowktv.com/story/26630940/1st-lawsuit-filed-over-immigration-law-enforcement
 ARIZONA - Yavapai County Sheriff's Office Escapee caught after 2 months - http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona/2014/09/23/yavapai-jail-escapee-captured-abrk/16100907/
 ARKANSAS - Benton County Sheriff's Office 
 ARKANSAS - Washington County Sheriff's Office 
 CALIFORNIA - Orange County Sheriff's Office2014 - June 23, 2014 - Orange County Sheriff's Department ends all immigration holds - Under new policy, the agencies will no longer detain inmates past their scheduled release date. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/county-626924-department-ice.html 

a 2012 "10 worst immigrant jail" per detentionwatch  (Theo Lacy)
http://www.detentionwatchnetwork.org/sites/detentionwatchnetwork.org/files/expose-theolacynov12.pdf
 CALIFORNIA - LA County Sheriff's Office May 2014 - Sheriff's Policy

http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2014/09/23/6-former-la-county-sheriffs-deputies-to-be-sentenced-for-conspiracy/
 COLORADO - El Paso County Sheriff's Office September 2014 - Sheriff's Policy
 FLORIDA - Collier County Sheriff's OfficeJuly 2013 - An accurate article re the Jail version of 287g - http://www.naplesnews.com/news/state/collier-sheriff-feds-enforce-287g-ice-immigration
 FLORIDA - Jacksonville Sheriff's Office 9/2014 - Five sue for wrongful arrest/detention - http://media.cmgdigital.com/shared/news/documents/2014/09/12/2014.09.10_-_Complaint_File-Stamped.pdf 

 GEORGIA - Cobb County Sheriff's Office7/14 - Cobb County Sheriff named Georgia Sheriff of the year - http://www.ajc.com/news/news/cobb-sheriff-gets-top-honor/ngn7j/
Sheriff tells Obama his immigration policy sucks - http://mdjonline.com/view/full_story/25637385/article-Cobb-sheriff-blasts-Obama-policy-on-immigration?
(mentions Cobb but about ICE - http://www.wsbtv.com/news/news/local/feds-release-immigrants-convicted-murder-metro-atl/ng7gx/)
 GEORGIA - Gwinnett County Sheriff's Office Prisoner population dropping - http://www.gwinnettdailypost.com/news/2014/jan/11/sheriff-jail8217s-dropping-population-due-to/
 GEORGIA - Hall County Sheriff's Office Brutality lawsuit (2014 re 2012 incident) - http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/m/section/6/article/105028/
10/5/14 - Inmate found dead in cell - http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/m/section/6/article/105044/
 GEORGIA - Whitfield County Sheriff's Office 
 MARYLAND - Frederick County Sheriff's Officesee above 
 MASSACHUSETTS - Department of Corrections 
 NEVADA - Las Vegas Metro Police Dept Department Policy - July 14, 2014
 NEW JERSEY - Hudson County Dept of Corrections 
a 2012 "10 worst immigrant jail" per detentionwatch - http://www.detentionwatchnetwork.org/sites/detentionwatchnetwork.org/files/expose-hudsonnov12.pdf
 NEW JERSEY - Monmouth County Sheriff's Office 
 NORTH CAROLINA - Cabarrus County Sheriff's Office 
 NORTH CAROLINA - Gaston County Sheriff's Office 
 NORTH CAROLINA - Henderson County Sheriff's Office 2010 - http://www.wspa.com/story/21474060/hispanic-leaders-henderson-co-sheriff-racially-profiling-immigrants
 NORTH CAROLINA - Mecklenburg County Sheriff's Office Apparently they didn't get the message about Jail only 287g  - http://mcsowebsvr.co.mecklenburg.nc.us/mecklenburg/immigration.asp
 NORTH CAROLINA - Wake County Sheriff's Office 
 OHIO - Butler County Sheriff's OfficeSheriff bills Mexico for "dealing with their criminals" - http://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/politics/2014/07/29/butler-county-sheriff-richard-k-jones-wants-mexico-illegal-immigrant-criminals/13330521/
ACLU says holding too long - http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/news/aclu-local-jails-holding-immigrants-for-too-long/ngwqh/
 OKLAHOMA - Tulsa County Sheriff's Office2014 Overcrowding - http://www.wirthlawoffice.com/tulsa-attorney-blog/2014/04/tulsa-county-jail-dangerously-overcrowded
2013 data - http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/local/most-ice-holds-lack-criminal-records/article_44f2e6aa-0305-5c43-98c1-99df50321951.html
 SOUTH CAROLINA - Charleston County Sheriff's Office 
 SOUTH CAROLINA - Lexington County Sheriff's Office Sheriff has been charged w accepting bribes to release people (see above) http://www.cis.org/cadman/allegations-corruption-sc-sheriff-overriding-ice-detainers
 SOUTH CAROLINA - York County Sheriff's Office 
 TEXAS - Carrollton Police Department 
 TEXAS - Harris County Sheriff's Office 2014 - 9/30 Jail conditions - http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Harris-County-jail-conditions-being-probed-5792574.php
asks for help from DOJ - http://abc13.com/news/sheriff-requests-help-from-justice-department/333065/
costs article - http://www.texastribune.org/2014/03/04/cost-of-jailing-undocumented-immigrants/
 UTAH - Weber County Sheriff's Office2014 - "Immigration holds" reported by press -  http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148&sid=28872650http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865605701/2-Orem-brothers-arrested-in-Utah-County-bank-robberies.html?pg=all
2011 - ICE pulls Immigration Detainees from Weber County Jail, conducts audit http://www.ksl.com/?sid=16111269
http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/home2/52567659-183/audit-audits-county-detainees.html.csp http://www.hatch.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2011/10/hatch-presses-homeland-security-on-weber-jail-ice-audit
2008 - http://trac.syr.edu/immigration/detention/200803/WEBERUT/tran/

Other Immigration Based decisions / findings / alleged offenses 

 Alabama - checking immigration status as a lease conditionhttp://princefirm.com/2011/12/14/federal-judge-blocks-yet-another-provision-of-alabamas-extreme-anti-immigrant-law/
 East Haven PD - engaged in "immigration enforcement" w/out an ICE agreement http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/documents/easthaven_findletter_12-19-11.pdf
 Lexington County Sheriff Metts (suspended) - taking bribes to release people held under 287g http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/i/MSNBC/Sections/NEWS/Metts-Indictment.pdf

Trial will start in January 2015
 Farmers Branch, Texas - immigration status and leases http://www.aclu.org/files/assets/fb_en_banc_decision.pdf
 Naples, Florida - workers comp fraud for workplace enforcement        http://www.news-press.com/story/money/2014/07/17/naples-packing-company-back-to-work-after-raid/12786485/
 South Carolina - see right column  http://www.aclu.org/files/assets/ca4_decision.pdf
" ... criminal offense for anyone illegally in the United States "to allow themselves to be transported" within South Carolina or conceal themselves from detection from state or federal authorities. It also made it a crime for anyone else to take part in those actions. Adult immigrants would also have to carry identification with them."
 Utah - SB81     required LEAs to detain people while immigration status was checked - repealed in 2011 / lawsuit re 46 day detention settles for 75,000 - 8/26/14 http://www.standard.net/Courts/2014/08/26/Sheriff-blames-lawmakers-for-immigration-suit.html


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