Family History - Bollards
The Bollard Family Crest
What's in a Name?
Apparently the word Bollard comes from the Anglo-Saxon word Bulluc which means Bull Herder (a keeper of cattle). Variations of the name include; Bullard, Bohard, Bulard, Buliard and Bulward.
Important "Bollards" in our Family Tree
John Bollard 1772-1849
John Bollard was the first Bollard to set foot on Australian Soil. He was born in Liddington, Bedfordshire, England in 1772.
John married Hannah Johnson (Feb 1773 - 29 Oct 1852) of Hertfordshire on 30 Oct 1798 in Liddington. Hannah was the daughter of John Johnson and Susan Ree.
John was later convicted of Sheep Stealing. He was transported to Australia and arrived on 11 Jun 1813 aboard "Fortune".
Hannah and five survivors of their eight children came over on "Providence" in 1812. After Release, John Bollard settled in Redbank, Upper Picton, NSW where he died in 1849, aged 77.
William (Samuel?) Bollard 1807-1854
William Bollard was one of the three Companions of Captain Hovell on the 1824 Hume and Hovell expedition from Sydney to Melbourne. The other two were Thomas Boyd and Thomas Smith.
They left Yass on October 19, 1824 and crossed the Murrumbidgee river by using tarpaulins to convert their carts into punts.
Apparently the expedition leaders, Mr Hume and Captain Hovell argued constantly, and the story goes that one argument over a frying pan was so vicious that the pan in question was split to settle the difference. The two leaders continually argued over directions and eventually split with one going west and the other going east. Captain Hovell eventually doubled back and rejoined Mr Hume. A similar split and rejoin occurred 150 miles later, after they'd abandoned their carts and reached the head of the Murray River. Mr Hume was willing to cross the river but Captain Hovell would not. Eventually Captain Hovell again complied.
Upon reaching Geelong, yet another argument broke out between the expedition leaders with Hovell claiming it was the Western Port, while Hume asserted that it was part of Port Phillip. With the matter still unresolved, the expedition returned home and the leaders were granted 1200 acres each by the governor in recognition of their services.
Amongst other things, they found the Murray River six years before Sturt "re-discovered" and renamed it.
William Bollard married Anne Upton (1809-1891) at the Heber Chapel at Cobbitty (see picture below) on 27 July 1829. They had 11 children, the fifth of whom (and the eldest male, Thomas Bollard 1842-1919 is my ancestor).
Three Bollard females on board the Constantine were Catherine, Elizabeth and Mary - the passenger listing for Mary states "allowed to emigrate because 2 elder sisters in the same ship and was within 10 days of age 18 at embarkation". The listing also shows they were from Kings Co. which may be in Ireland.
On board the General Hewitt, which arrived in South Australia on 11 Sept 1858 were John Bollard and his wife Catherine as well as six children - Sarah, Fanny, Thomas, John, Alice, Johanna. Their surname is listed as Bolland and it shows that they came from Kings Co.
Marriage records in SA for the children confirm that they are one family - It's just not certain if or how, they relate to our Bollards. (yet).