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Annotated Bibliography for Hoa Nguyen

Alexandra Mathieu, Gabrielle Melo-Moore, Tenzin Kunsang
AP Literature, Malden High School, MA
Ryan Gallagher

20 Feb. 2011

Selected Publications:


Egan, Maribeth and Hoa Nguyen. Hood. Washington, D.C.: Buck Downs Books, 1999. Print.

This is one of Hoa Nguyen’s short books containing a poem. Throughout this poem, she generally discusses the ideas of love with another individual, birth, and fertility.

Nguyen, Hoa. Chinaberry. Santa Fe, NM: Fact Simile, 2010. Print.

Fact Simile is a publishing company which creates books consisting of recycled paper. Hoa Nguyen’s book Chinaberry was published by Fact Simile. Only 45 copies of Chinaberry were recently published in 2010. The book contains a series of unique poems created by Nguyen. The poems within this book are distinctive portraying Nguyen’s great deal of animation and diverse style of writing within her work.

---. Hecate Lochia. Prague: Hot Whiskey Press. 2009. Print.

In the style of Charles Olson and Alice Notley, Nguyen’s Hecate Lochia uses free-flowing verse in order to discuss the many roles that women, herself included, have to play. Topics range from motherhood, marriage, raising kids, and working among others. Her short poems are direct with a definite stance to them as she critiques the US way of life and her own position within it.

---. Kiss a Bomb Tattoo. Austin: Effing Press. 2009. Print.  

This is a book is a collection of Hoa Nguyen's poems in which the speaker talks about  her childhood and life in general.  There are a variety of different poems that range from memories to things the speaker likes and dislikes that reveal Nguyen’s character since she mainly writes about her life.    

---. Red Juice. Austin: Effing Press. 2005. Print.

This is a book of Hoa Nguyen’s poems that are about her life as a mother and how woman are portrayed in society. Specifically in this collection of poems, Nguyen expresses her life as a mother, a writer, a woman and reveals her concerns about the society.

---. Your Ancient See Through. Subpress. 2001. Print.

A 123 page book of poetry written by Hoa Nguyen. This is also her first full length collection of poetry.

Single Poems

Nguyen, Hoa. A night at the beach what is left duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 30 Jan 2011.

This poem is about a night at the beach and covers the idea that there are many people in the world and that one individual can not give impact and value since there is so many people living on earth.

---. Calmly grass becomes a wave. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29  Jan. 2011.

A poem written by Nguyen that evokes the imagery of nature and the simplicity of an infant and its parent, lying outside.

---. “Exhaustion break through challenges The Transcendental Friend.  n.e. n.d.Web. 30 Jan 2011.

 In this poem, Nguyen demonstrates the hardships that come along with life and the essence of giving birth.

---. “Fifth Day of October Rain.Chicago Review,  49.1 (2003) p.6 (3) Biography Resource Center. Web. 14 Jan. 2011.

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen and published in The Chicago Review. The Chicago Review is a literary publication that collects and showcases the work of poets and fiction writers while also offering interviews with some of the writers. This edition, Nguyen’s work and her husband Dale Smith’s work are showcased. This poem describes the life of a poet-mother:as she plays with her children, she is constantly thinking of writing.

---. Full moon is Scorpio.” duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

Nguyen evokes astrology in this poem by using the zodiac sign “Scorpio” (line 1). Scorpios are said to be the most powerful of the zodiac as they are powerful, independent, and hypnotic. However, with all of this good comes Scorpios’ negatives of being possessive, jealous, and secretive. That being said, Nguyen is making a comment on the duality of nature and has the speaker wish to “glean [words’] good juice” (line 3). The speaker, knowing there is a duality, wishes for only the good. Nguyen may also be commenting on the fickleness of writing, how at times the words come easy and on other occasions inspiration is hard to find.

---. “Grow baby grow a brain with curlyThe Transcendental Friend.  n.e. n.d.Web. 30 Jan 2011.

This poem describes the birth of one of Nguyen’s son and the joy that is brought by the birth of a new beginning. It is not the end but simply a new beginning. Having a baby is a serious decision and now individuals are not only responsible for themselves but also for another human being that they have brought into this world.

---. Jealous all the pissy things. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen in which the speaker emphasizes her jealousy over the freedom she does not have. She has “heavy chi” (line 4) and “drips blue” (line 3), indicating that she is not light and is unable to be like birds and “their selfish flying” (line 7).


---. Let me be a meaningful soul. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen that projects a sense of peace and hopefulness. The request to be a “meaningful soul” is infused with such hope as it is followed by the imagery of wheat rolling in the breeze and “the long line of sky”.

---. Pastel lapel           Pretend Erase duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.


This is a poem in which Nguyen discusses religion and and the impact that it has on her life.  

---. Shop & see fresh goat cheese. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen in which Nguyen employs a sarcastic tone in order to critique American capitalism. She uses a commonplace like a supermarket in order to contrast with her much larger point.

---. Six Poems.  Read Me Magazine of Poetics. Issue 2. 2000. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

This is entitled Six Poems because these are published poems by Read Me Magazine of Poetics. The first five poems appeared in GAS #10 and the last poem in Nguyen’s book Skanky Possum. This publication displays some more of Nguyen’s brilliant work based on nature.

---. “Staying at work for lunch.  Read Me Magazine of Poetics. 2000. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

Nguyen’s poem Staying at work for lunch is published here in Read Me Magazine of Poetics, but is originally from her book Skanky Possum #2. She openly expresses herself in this poem as she discusses her everyday life.

---. “Strut.” Chicago Review  49.1 (2003) p.7 (3) Biography Resource Center. Web. 14 Jan. 2011

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen and published in The Chicago Review. It discusses the beauty of child birth and the fight for life that babies must go through. It offers the crude image of a chicken running with its head cut off to show how even chickens will fight to live. This crude image contrasts greatly with the image of a baby being held in its mother’s arms, an image Nguyen offers at the end. This shift from violent to gentle  imagery helps Nguyen describe childbirth: violent and painful in the beginning, leading to a gentleness once the child is born.

---. The yelling father makes metered babies. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29     Jan. 2011

A poem in which Nguyen describes the consequences of a bad father, one that is repressive. She comments on the cyclical nature of evil; how one evil spouts another.

---. Underwater Flower. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011

A poem written by Hoa Nguyen that encourages the reader to teach their daughters independence. The use of Thumbelina offers the image of a small, beautiful, and very fragile girl. Describing her as “dressed in chronic crap rags” (line 4) suggests that the flower child has been damaged and since she was “underground with mole men” (line 5)  one can assume that they were the cause. However, Nguyen ends with  “Teach your daughters/ the mad man stance” (line 6-7), essentially suggesting that the audience teach their daughters to be confident in order to protect themselves against “mole men”.

---. You have your ancient see-through. duration press. Ed. Shiroma, Jerrold. n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2011


    A poem in which Nguyen discusses life and the affects that occur when people begin to deteriorate.

Biography and Poetics:


Livingston, Reb. Interview with Hoa Nguyen. “A conversation with Hoa Nguyen (part 1).”  We Who Are About To Die.  27 May 2010. Web. 7 Jan. 2011

This is an interview with Hoa Nguyen by Reb Livingston that talks about her book Hecate Lochia and her magazine Skanky Possum. Livingston also covers the thought process behind Nguyen’s poems and the reasons for writing her poems on these sensitive matters. This source also gives a brief detail about Nguyen’s background and where she resides presently.


“To attempt a critique of power structures, how could I—as a woman—and person of color—be “anonymous?” It seemed to me that they meant they wanted poems without any signatures of identity. How could I write poems like that? I’d have to erase my being. Be more pervasive—male and white?” (par. 16)

“My rattling might be in how many poets don’t seem have these considerations as part of their approach or poetics. Or if they do, that it is not truly considered. That poets, when I dig there, seem to be more interested in establishing, instead, their place among the hierarchies and power structures, for advancement and personal gain, it seems. That disappointment. I guess I have an idea of poetry as a vow, per Anne Waldman, to serve and continue a tradition that creates possibility and conversations relevant to one’s own time—to be placed in one’s time, with clear affinities to what has come before, with empathetic connections to beings human and otherwise, to understand these patterns. To converse there. To “turn with,” artfully, discovering.” (par. 23 and 24)

---. Interview with Hoa Nguyen. “A conversation with Hoa Nguyen (part 2).” We Who Are About to Die. 27 May 2010. Web. 7 Jan. 2011


Livingston: “Who are you trying to reach and what is your process?”

Nguyen:”I don’t consider audience when I write, but after, in between...I want to reach     people and not just other poets—although I wouldn’t mind a few animal, plant or insect      readers. As far as process, I deeply read another poet and invite/write in hypnogogic states while remaining available to elements like tidbits from non-fiction books or newspaper circulars, the weather, events, numerous writing strategies—states both exterior and interior.Ultimately, in terms of production, I think the poems are informed by relations between specific conditions, inner and outer, and how these axial, vertically.When I revise, I use my senses, not so much the brain.” (par. 1 and 2)

Mirakove, Carol. Ed. Gary Sullivan. Interview with Hoa Nguyen. “Hoa Nguyen Interview.” Read Me Magazine of Poetics. Issue 2. 2000. Web. 10 Jan. 2011.

This is an interview between journalist Carol Mirakove and Hoa Nguyen during Winter of 2000. The two discuss writers whom influence Nguyen, as she explains why poet Charles Olson is one of the many individuals whom inspires her to write better. Mirakove refers back to Nguyen’s Virtual Poetry Workshop in which Nguyen teaches students how to become advanced writers, helping them understand and evaluate various works of poetry. Not only do poets such as Olson and Notley influence Nguyen to understand the overall art of poetry, but her students motivate her to accept and enjoy what she does, as well.


“Many of my poems begin from a class assignment. I don't have a lot of discipline; the workshops keep me writing. They provide a dedicated place and time for it. Plus, I figure things out as I teach; as I try to explain an aspect of poetics, my understanding deepens. For this, I owe a lot to my students; they bring me their energy, excitement, and perspectives. Many of them are terrific writers. They keep me humble and in love with poetry.” (Line 30)

Nguyen, Hoa. “Question One Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.” Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 18 Jan.2011. E-mail.

Hoa Nguyen discusses how she began to write poetry and what got her into writing to begin with.


 “But as a form of writing, I was always pulled to the economy and turns of poetry, the intensity and surprise of verse. I felt impelled to write in general and when I did, it would often end up as verse. I don’t know why I did this. It always felt like my natural form.” (par. 4)

 “Often I think I write poems toward that lost language (Vietnamese)—to a lost experience, and lost cadences of sound. That I might be trying, through  poetry, to create and excavate that ghostly imprint.” (par. 5)

---. “Question Two Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.” Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 18 Jan. 2011. E-mail.

Nguyen discusses how she identifies herself in relation to her Vietnamese/Euro-American roots.


“I am an American. Even though my name isn’t typically associated with     ‘American’. My English is American English and I speak with an American accent. And, I really do not pronounce my name “correctly”. I say it like an American...stripped of its original accents.” (par. 3)

“I’m [interested] in where places, people, languages and cultures meet. The great bilingual magazine Mandorla represents this with the almond shape that is formed when two circles overlap. ‘Mandorla’ means almond in Spanish. I’m interested in what happens within that almond shape.” (par. 5)

---. “Question Three Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.” Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 19 Jan. 2011. E-mail.

Nguyen discusses her influences from other poets like Charles Olson and Alice Notley to punk-rock and garage bands.


“Olson I love for his investigative poetics—he offers strategies for how to include the trajectories of human history (personal, local, cultural) in the work. I admire how he and Notley are interested in the long project, poems as a series of poems, to be considered and received as series, poems in conversation with one another. I also love how they engage verse with a distinctly American idiom, one that is speech based—I like the immediacies that rest there.” (par. 1)

“...one linkage is to a kind of folk music that is based on the breath-line, from and of the body, issuing from the percussive of the heart, and informed by the unruly twists of experience and urgency. This also speaks to the way that my poetics are informed by contemporary folk forms of garage and punk rock, post-punk and power-pop.” (par. 2)

---. “Question Four Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.” Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 20 Jan. 2011. E-mail.

Nguyen discusses the importance of geography, place and nature in her work. She particularly emphasizes the relation between geography and language.


“I think it is important to know the landscape, the rocks and aquifers beneath you, the forms that live upon it, their habits and interfaces, the stars above and their names through time, how they whirl. Throughout human history, poetry and naming are deeply linked. It traces the relations.” (par. 5)

“Language itself is metaphorical: these syllables stand-in for this thing, this action, this abstraction. There’s slippage between the naming and the named. I think poetry steps into the slipping places and looks at the linkages there.” (par. 6)

---. “Question Five Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.” Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 20 Jan. 2011. E-mail.

Nguyen discusses how motherhood has influenced her work and how she sees herself in relation to her work.


“Growing a child (pregnancy and nursing) and birthing was a concrete articulation of the linkages I spoke of earlier. It mires you in the present; it places you in an order of ancestral history; it’s profound and ordinary.” (par. 1)

“I thought of every woman in my human chain of being, the warrior courage they used to bring forward, protect and nourish a live child that led, ultimately, woman to woman, to my life.” (par. 2)

“I have a lot of stolen goods in the poems. So much has been stolen-- womens' sexuality, our power in birthing, reverence for the earth etc. I am trying to steal it back.” (par. 4-5)

---. “Question Six Re: Malden High School - AP Literature Poet Research Project: Questions.”     Message to Tenzin Kunsang, Alexandra Mathieu, and Gabby Melo-Moore. 20 Jan. 2011. E-mail.

Nguyen explains the reason behind choosing the Greek goddess Hecate to be part of the title for her book, Hecate Lochia.


“ I interpret her symbolism as the representation of female instinct and intuition, the guide that can help one choose the best direction (at a metaphorical crossroad) via the gifts of the unconscious.” (par. 2)

“In the book, she represents something I am trying to steal back and put into its rightful position of power.” (par. 3)

Wilkinson, Joshua Marie. Interview with Hoa Nguyen. "An Interview with Hoa Nguyen." Bookslut. Issue 104. Pub. Michael Schaub, Jan. 2008. Web. 6 Jan. 2011.

An interview with Hoa Nguyen with a focus on her two published books Your Ancient See Through and Red Juice. In this, she discusses her method of writing poetry, her editing decision (which poems will be in her books), who influences her (among them, Charles Olson and Alice Notley) and her connection to her Vietnamese roots. She gives frank responses with a wit and sense about herself that seems to match her writing style.


“I don't care about the publishing part of poetry -- the biz part of poetry. I end up in little mags anyway but only because editors prompt me to send them things” (sec. 4)

“I'm drawn to Olson and Notley because they pay attention to the energy of speech, to the turns of syntax, and the rhetorical happenings of a poem or poems” (sec. 6)


Casey, Daniel. “Review of Hecate Lochia by Hoa Nguyen.” Haggard & Halloo Publications. 20 Jan. 2010. Web. 17 Feb. 2011.


This is a review on Nguyen’s Hecate Lochia. There are some explications on a few of her poems discussing the economy in this review.

January First Book Blowout. (Poetry Notes).Publishers Weekly 250.3 (2003): 79. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 14 Jan. 2011.

A collection of reviews from Publishers Weekly on a number of poets and writers ranging from Hoa Nguyen to Michael Ruby. Each blurb is brief but efficient, capturing the essence of the authors’ works  in a few sentences.


“Hoa Nguyen tongue-in-cheekily channels Your Ancient See Through, making time and space ‘numb where the knowledge knife is gifted/and owl nimble-necked blinks at me.’” (sec. 1)

“Offers nearly 80 short poems in six sections (matched with line drawings by Philip Trusell) that refuse to accept experience as currently processed for consumption, and apply a steely whimsicality to its refiguration” (sec. 1)

Kyger, Joanne. Hecate Lochia by Hoa Nguyen Reader’s Review. Rev. of Hecate Lochia. Hot Whiskey Press. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2011.

This is a blurb by reader’s of Hecate Lochia. In this source, Hot Whiskey Press blogs about the book, how much it cost, availability for shipment, as well as using readers to promote the book in order to sell it.  


“Unique and familiar, open, strong and vulnerable, observant, and oh so refreshing-- Hoa Ngyuen's liberating spirit and breath shows us a world can really happen in a poem, in poetry.” (par. 2).

Latta, John. Two Books by Hoa Nguyen.  Rev. of Hecate Lochia and Kiss a Bomb Tattoo. 11 June 2009. Web. 4 Jan. 2011.

This is a review done by John Latta which talks about his interpretations of the two book of poem, Hecate Lochia and Red Juice, and compares them. He also analyzes a few of her poems and comes up with reasons about her decisions. Latta acknowledges that Nguyen’s work has sexual undertones that contrast with her candid tone creating a dissonance that not only works in Nguyen’s poems, but enhances them.


“Nguyen’s work is sparse (sprawl’d), notational, constellatory, measured. Too, it is uncensoring, all-encompassing, both domestic ‘Wipe poop,’ ‘Grackles in the hackberry’ ‘Bendy vegetables in the drawer’) and liable to jut off anywhere...” (par. 2)

“I think it’s easy to mistake Nguyen’s seemingly casual jottings—and the quick variousness of the turns here, quotidian detritus, news reports, stray conversational gambits, syntactical goofs, myth-hints East and West—for “mere” verbal manifestations of dailiness, its root unstructuredness.” (par. 3)

Lee, Sueyeun Juliette. Red Juice by Hoa Nguyen. Rev. of Red Juice. Galatea Resurrects #1 (A Poetry Review) 5 March 2006. 4 Jan 2011.

This is a review about Hoa Nguyen’s Red Juice by Sueyeun Juliette Lee which covers her thoughts and opinions about the book of poems and analyses some poems.

Snell, Robert. Hecate Lochia by Hoa Nguyen Reader’s Review. Rev. of Hecate Lochia. Hot Whiskey Press. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2011.

 This is a blurb by Robert Snell on Hecate Lochia. Snell discusses the use of energy within the book and the topics that many individuals can relate to and enjoy, contributing to publishing the book.


“These poems track with immediacy the various roles and pressures—of motherhood, marriage, keeping house, work and writing—that become the occasions in which to celebrate the phenomenal world.” (par. 5).

Sohn, Stephen. "Effective Instability: Stephen H. Sohn on Hoa Nguyen’s Hecate Lochia." Rev. of Hecate Lochia. DiaCRITICS.7 Oct. 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2011.

A review on the book Hecate Lochia that praises the book for its “traveling linguistic significations” and “lyric character” (par. 1)


“an extended metaphor about the perils of motherhood in the age of late capitalism and neoliberal philosophy” (par. 1)

“grounded in a clear ambivalence about the future of the family in such a chaotic landscape” (par. 1)

Widner, Nikki. New! Review of Hoa Nguyen.  Rev. of Red Juice. Verse. 2 Dec. 2005. Web. 4 Jan.     2011.

This is a review on Red Juice done by Nikki Widner. In the review Widner analyses the poem “Up Nursing” and shows us her comprehension of the poem.


“Balancing such forces as destruction and creation, the poems refuse simplistic dualities. Opening the poem through disruption, layers of sound fold into timelessness. These limits are self-imposed, weaving tiny frameworks for greater discovery.”

Other: Biography, Audio and Video of Readings

“Hoa Nguyen at the Unassociated Garden Party. Poetry Recital. 9 March 2006. Youtube. 4 Jan. 2011.

This is Hoa Nguyen reciting various poems from Effing press chapbook at the Unassociated Garden Party in Austin, Texas.

MEDINA APPLES by Hoa Nguyen Read by Graceaplomb.” Online video. Dir. Graceaplomb. Perf. Graceaplomb.  LLC, 26 May 2007. YouTube. Web. 6 Jan. 2011.

A recitation of Hoa Nguyen’s poem Medina Apples. This poem relates to the geography of Texas, where Nguyen has been residing for many years.

Nguyen, Hoa. Ronald McDonald. Pennsound: PoetryPolitic. Pennsound. MP3.

A reading of the poem “Ronald McDonald” by Hoa Nguyen. The poem comments on the commercialization that America supports and in effect has become.

---. The Earth is in Me. Pennsound: PoetryPolitic. Pennsound. MP3.

A reading of the poem “The Earth is in Me” from  Hecate Lochia by Hoa Nguyen. The poem disscuses being a part of the earth and being connected with current events going on around the world.

---. The News Pictures the Beheaded.” Pennsound: PoetryPolitic. Pennsound. MP3.

A reading of the poem “The News Pictures the Beheaded” by Hoa Nguyen. The poem is a commentary on the way people, trying to stay positive in life, ignore the evils around them, closing themselves off of the reality of life.

---. Up Nursing. Pennsound: PoetryPolitic. Pennsound. MP3.

A reading of the poem “Up Nursing” from Hecate Lochia by Hoa Nguyen. The poem itself focuses on the thoughts of a poet mother late at night while nursing her child.

Phan, Hai-Dang. Ed. Linh Dinh. Viet Nam Literature Project. Viet Nam Literature Project. MediaWiki. Pub. Dan Duffy, 4 Mar. 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2011.

This source was created by Hai-Dang Phan in order to discuss Hoa Nguyen’s Vietnamese background. It consists of a very short description of her heritage, where she resided growing up, and how she is able to connect herself to the Vietnamese culture, language, and relationships with other Vietnamese people. There are some links on this page that refer back to Nguyen’s writings as well and how she contrasts writing in Vietnamese and in English.

Smith, Lauren Rile. “Introduction to a reading by poet Hoa Nguyen.” The Kelly Writers House. 19 Sept. 2002. Web. 18 Jan. 2011.


An introduction of Hoa Nguyen by one of her friends / students. Lauren Smith briefly describes who Nguyen is and how the two know each other. Smith accentuates the fact that she looks up to Nguyen as an inspiring writer, exemplifying Nguyen’s dedication to poetry.


“I still know Hoa as an inventive and thought-provoking poet, who can compress a world of images into ten lines. I've taken seven workshops with Hoa. Her poetry exercises and prompts come at you from surprising angles, and she's not afraid to use procedures, or to poke a writer of long lyrical narratives into trying new, more experimental ways of writing.” (par. 2).


“Alice Notley (1945- ): Biography.The Poetry Foundation. n.e. n.d. 30 Jan. 2011

A biography about the life and poetics of Alice Notley: her influences, her writing style. Also has quotes from The New york Times concerning her work.


“Taking on themes ranging from cultural politics to gender, Notley’s later style has evolved into a formally ambitious attempt to transcribe thought itself. According to Joel Brouwer in the New York Times, the “radical freshness” of Notley’s poems “stems not from what they talk about, but how they talk, in a stream-of-consciousness style that both describes and dramatizes the movement of the poet’s restless mind, leaping associatively from one idea or sound to the next without any irritable reaching after reason or plot.” (par. 1)

“Aquarius Sun Sign - Zodiac Signs.” iVillage. NBC Universal Company. n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2011

A webpage detailing the personality attributes of those born under the Aquarius star sign.


“Those born under this sign have the social conscience needed to carry us into the new millennium. These folks are humanitarian, philanthropic and keenly interested in making the world a better place.” (par. 1)

Arseguel, Benjamin. Photo of Hoa Nguyen. Photograph. n.d. Big Bridge. n.e. Web. 15 Feb. 2011

A photo of Hoa Nguyen in black and white with a hint of sepia tones.

“Charles Olson (1910-1970): Biography.” The Poetry Foundation. n.e. n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2011

A biography about the life and poetics of Charles Olson that discusses, among other things, his influences and writing style.


“Robert Duncan, in his essay “Regarding Olson's ‘Maximus,’” writes: "Olson insists upon the active… A Times Literary Supplement reviewer observes that Olson's style is at times a "bouncy, get-in-with-it manner," often involving the "juxtaposition of a very abstract statement with a practical, jocular illustration of what the statement might imply.” (par. 3)

Gruenwald, Christine and Peter Marchand. “Shiva (the destroyer).” Sanatan Society. n.e. n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2011

An introduction of the Hindu deity Shiva.


“Lord Shiva is the destroyer of the world, following Brahma the creator, and Vishnu the preserver after which Brahma again creates the world and so on. Shiva is responsible for change both in the form of death and destruction and in the positive sense destroying the ego, the false identification with the form.” (par. 1)

“Hecate the Goddess of Witches.” The Old Religion n.e. n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2011

A webpage made to describe the Greek goddess Hecate and her symbolism in the world.


“ She is the Goddess of the cross-roads; and is said to be supreme, both in heaven and hell. She has three faces which are turned in three directions. One face is that of a Dog (Maiden), one of a Horse (Mother) and one of  Snake (Crone).” (par. 2)

“Zeus did not take away her privileges or anything that was her portion  after he defeated the TITANS , instead she was [allowed] to keep what was her own, as was in the beginning. This means that Zeus, Poseidon and Hades have no power over that which is hers whether it resides in there Kingdoms or not.” (par. 3)

“REASON and OTHER WOMEN.” Chax Press. n.e. n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2011

A list of reviews from a few authors on Alice Notley’s collection of poems titled REASON and OTHER WOMEN.


“As with dreams, it's sometimes hard to tell how memory and experience are known. Notley maps the mind in an art that is fearless, plunging. The syntax tangles; it transports you. Reality, not language, recombines as dream-logic, and forms the intuition of the images of one's time.”

—Hoa Nguyen (sec. 2)

“Scorpio Sun Sign - Zodiac Signs.” iVillage. NBC Universal Company. n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2011

A webpage illustrating the personality of those born under the Scorpion star sign.


“Those born under this sign are dead serious in their mission to learn about others. There's no fluff or chatter for Scorpios, either; these folks will zero in on the essential questions, gleaning the secrets that lie within.” (par. 1)

Smart, Dr. Anthony E. “Cybele.” Encyclopedia Mythica. MCMXCV - MMVI Encyclopedia Mythica. 26 Apr. 2005. Web. 13 Feb. 2011

An article that discusses the Roman goddess Cybele who is the mother of the gods.


“Originally Phrygian, she was a goddess of caverns, of the Earth in its primitive state; worshipped on mountain tops.” (par. 1)

“Cybele was the goddess of nature and fertility.” (par. 2)

“The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt- Horus.” Tour Egypt. Tour Egypt. n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2011

A webpage that details the life and powers of the Egyptian god Horus.


“Patron of: the living Pharaoh, rulers, law, war, young men, light, the sun, many others depending on the particular variant.”