François KNEIDER

Hydro-Thermal Engine
        

   




 
 

 

Kneider Electronics

posted Oct 30, 2014, 11:51 PM by Francois Kneider

  • Electronics 1965 - present 
    Applied electronics research, design of electronic power supplies for the discharge tube, light decoration, device electrical power and / or current .télémètre ultrasound for medical, electronic faucets, sensor currencies ozone production.
  • Francois KNEIDER as a self made man he invented in 1978, the first Electronics Energy Saving Lamps , connected to the mains AC (230 and / or 127 volts). For purely commercial reasons it was developed in the light decoration of interior , electric signes illuminated, because the cost is more than 15 times higher than the market price of lighting. It is as light decoration Interior it was profitable. The decoration of the expo Renault Cars The Champs Elysee (Neon-Flow) in 1979. Gold Medal Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva(Salon international des inventions de Genève )1979. Price of Electricite de France, Paris. And various other accomplishments: Lido (cabaret), the Janus Cité des sciences et de l'industrie. (in association with Philippe Starck lighting of President François Mitterrand, wildfires Road signs and various decorations .... It was Commercialized by :SEFLI - FRANCE--- VOLTARC.INC .CT, USA ----- MASONLITE , Kent - UK --.-- H. MAJERT. KOLN- GERMANY , and many other countries

Air conditioners which contain calories recycler

posted Sep 29, 2014, 10:55 AM by Francois Kneider   [ updated Mar 31, 2016, 2:43 PM ]

61 abonnés|112 492 consultations

Any compression refrigeration system comprises at least four components: compressor (1); condenser (2); ex-pander valve (3); evaporator (4).
Cold production is above a heat output by the compressor.
The available heat in the condenser is the sum of the calories coming from the compressor and the heat absorbed by the evaporator,
These calories often wasted in the condenser, contain the sum of 3 to 4 times the energy consumed by the compressor. Without difficulty-degree they can be converted into a mechanical movement, mechanical motion may assist the compression engine, it results in a substantial saving of consumption, from 50 to 100%.
     This project involves an element of classical conditioning, which was added a recycling calories lost in the compression an

Air conditioners which contain calories recycler
 5-6-7-8-9-10 Are recycling calories usualy wasted in condenser.
In practice: load (10) is driver seconds of  compressor (1), thereby reducing power of consumption, which can expect energy autonomy, in several moment of uses ...

Air conditioner with energy recycling

posted Sep 10, 2013, 5:40 AM by Francois Kneider   [ updated Oct 31, 2014, 12:07 AM ]





Hydro-Thermal Engine

posted Apr 5, 2013, 12:19 PM by Francois Kneider   [ updated Nov 27, 2017, 12:23 PM ]

(1). A thermal engine. Steam turbine or internal combustion engines are very well known. Converts heats from the combustion of fuel, gas, coal, wood and nuclear fission. However, the efficiency of the turbines and/or internal combustion is modest, of the order of 28%

(2). Hydroelectric power stations are widely known, mainly based on potential energy, with very limited accessibility and availability, but the efficiency of turbines is very high, around 80%.

Hydrothermal device, which includes the energy input part of (1 the thermal technology) and the converter part of the second (2 hydraulics technology). This composite engine can prove; that Ecologically satisfactory, commercially profitable, technically feasible and reliable; with the technologies and know-how of today.

Here is an eco-friendly and economical device, that can convert at many levels of heat to mechanical motion that could operate 24 hours a day, with unrivaled efficiency, from all other energy converters. Can operate in power stations of combustion of fuel, gas, coal, wood and nuclear, including internal combustion engines. They consist of applying pressure to the surface of a fluid, under pressure, and then convert this fluid, to mechanical motion by a hydraulic turbine. It is true that the efficiency is much higher than a steam turbine, and/or internal combustion engines.

At least, to include the following elements: Any fluid suitable to this task. A heat seeker (1), a thermal exchanger tank (2), a cold, fluid and vapor tank (4), fluid pumps (5), electric valves (6),(7 ),(11), tank (4), containing cold fluid and hot vapor. A Turbine (9) converting pressured fluid, to mechanical motions. The fluid can be fresh water, oil, ammonia, or any fluid used in refrigeration. Element(11), might be, an electric-valve, fluid pump, vapor turbine ((Dependent on its application).

Heatseeker (1) may get his heats from:

     Solar energy Thermal panels.

  •     The thermal energy (cogeneration) generative, usually wasted by power plants at cooling towers.
  •       The regenerative thermal energy (cogeneration) usually wasted on board Boats, ships, vessels, and submarines, etc.
  •      (Cogeneration) generative, usually wasted by condensers of air conditioners, refrigerators, freezers, reefers.
  • The height pressured cold fluid (in tank 4), converted to a mechanical can be water, oil, ammonia or, any other fluid suitable for this task.

This is a general exposure of the mutation. have to be redefined in each specific application.

      Operation:


1.   

  Make a vacuum in all the elements, except (1). Only for use of refrigerant fluid.

2.     Set up, fluid, at full about 60% of the availability to receive.

3.     Pump (3) fill the tank (2) up to b.

4.      Valve (7) fill the tank (2) up to c.

5.     Element (1) will heat tank (2) which give its pressured vapor to tank (4)

6.      Then the high-pressure vapor which will pressure cold fluid will run turbine (9)

7In Absence of fluid at (d) will turn off (6) and turn on (11), a few moments later switches on (7), then slide down, filling up (4) cold fluid.> then re switches on (6)Fluid asserted to generate pressure vapor, somehow might be different from the fluid of the one designed to drive Turbine. It is proven, exploitation security andcost are so matched better.


 That way, saving pollutions and fuel can be from 70 up to 90%!

Applications:

 All applications in which is ecological and economical more credible than existing. It works as a principal engine or, an energy saver for existing ones. (Its yield is, over 60% might exceed the principal ones.).      

  • Many Thermal Power Stations.
  • Boats. Ships. Vessels. Submarine. Locomotive. Tracks
  • This engine could find an advantageous application in Hybrid cars. Given its low consumption and induced pollution, bulk weight ... Advantageously, the internal combustion engine.
  • Extra Conventional projection: The high pressured fluid available at the input of the Turbine (9), will lose some of its calories at the depressurized output side, which generates a temperature drop; the temperature's drop might, to substitute for the cold circuit of Carnot system.   (Have to be confirmed by experimentations.)

    If it is true. Then we are in the presence of an energy miracle.

    Which frequently claimed by my preferred mentor, Bill Gates.

  • This beautiful machine has a great flaw. Its duty cycle is about 90%. This flaw which can be solved by replacing (7) with a liquid pump, reducing such an inactive moment, adding a hydraulic Flywheel, or adding  A Synchronized Twin 

·     Fusion it in < OTEC  closed-cycle, device…  Actually, Carnot yield, is about 5%; might be boosted up to get over 50%.

We are looking for a partner to develop, a commercial application ...

posted Dec 9, 2012, 5:34 AM by Francois Kneider

Message sans titre

posted Dec 9, 2012, 2:08 AM by Francois Kneider   [ updated Nov 24, 2014, 11:21 AM ]

Solar Energy Vacuum Seawater Desalination

posted Nov 8, 2012, 11:04 AM by Francois Kneider   [ updated May 17, 2017, 4:56 AM ]



Desalination Seawater Vacuum at low Temperature  

Desalination of sea water is a process that provides fresh water, its usefulness is well established; there are two main methods, distillation and reverse osmosis; both techniques were booming a major drawback: the cost to the operation which is very energy-intensive. Average energy cost (≈ 4.5 kWh / m3 / 264 gallons). (Wikipedia)

Here is a project of desalination of sea water, which can significantly reduce the price of the produced fresh water.

This method is based on using a vacuum associated with seawater low boiling temperature, about 50 ° C. (120 ° F). The condensation temperature is about 25 ° C. (77 ° F.).

This task may be performed by:

1. Thermal solar panels.

2. The regenerative thermal energy (cogeneration) usually wasted by the condensation device, coastal Thermal-electric plants.

3. The regenerative thermal energy (cogeneration) usually wasted by cooling devices, thermal motor drives, on boats, ships or submarines, etc 

The main components are:

Seawater pump 1; Seawater filter 2; sea ​​water tank 3; (These three components are similar to the usual classical devices). Tank warm sea water 4; soft tank condensation of fresh water 5; Freshwater castle 6; input heating circuit 7; circulation pumps 8a, 8b; Fresh water pump 9; fluid detectors 10; solenoid valves 11 a, 11 b; sea ​​water pump 12; Unidirectional valves 13 a- A 13 b; 14 vacuum pump, the vacuum can be performed by a conventional vacuum pump or an alternative element that will be defined later characterized in particular by its low cost and its paltry energy consumption.

The seawater desalination device under vacuum at low temperature, integrates science, technology, techniques and know-how today. It is very effective in terms of energy consumption; Pump pressure is less than 1 ≤1, 1 bar (psi ≤ 16). In practice, it can range from 0.2 to a bar.

See the schematic drawing.

Operation:

Sea water pumps 1; the seawater filter 2; sea ​​water tank 3; (No significant change, with conventional devices). Fluid in the circuit 7, powered by solar panels and / or cogeneration systems; Pump 8 has lead the cold sea water to the tank 4, via condensation tank 5; seawater pump 12 expelling the concentrated salt water back to the sea and / or the crystallization apparatus (product of salt of very good quality).

All detectors fluids 10, temperature sensors, pressure sensors, fluid levels, range of vacuum; electric valves; Water pumps; Timing; sequencer; emptied non-condensable vapors; hunt the concentrated salt water; reduces the migration of sea water to fresh water, etc. ... transmit data to the electronic controller (home) to ensure optimal.

Application:

 

Clean ecological and economic way to convert sea water into fresh water.

1. Solar energy Thermal panels. 

2. The thermal energy (cogeneration) generative, usually wasted by coastal power plants.

 . The regenerative thermal energy (cogeneration) usually wasted on board Boats, ships, vessels and submarines, etc.




 

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