QUESTION BANK

MCQs FOR THE FOUNDATION COURSE IN BIOLOGY ( PART I ZOOLOGY) (25 MARKS)

1)      Branch of Science that deals with study of life and living organisms is called as

a.       Biology

b.      Maths

c.       Physics

d.      Chemistry

2)      Dr. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan received a nobel prize in 2009 for his work in

a.       Structural Biology

b.      Medicine

c.       Physics

d.      All of the above

3)      Arrange the following organisms on the increase order of their size. Virus,  Amoeba, Bacteria, Starfish.

a.       Virus, amoeba, Bacteria, Starfish

b.      Virus, bacteria, amoeba, starfish

c.       Starfish, bacteria, virus, amoeba

d.      Amoeba, bacteria, starfish, virus.

4)      Penguins are found in

a.       Polar regions

b.      Derserts

c.       Tropics

d.      Galapagos islands

5)      Zoogeography is a branch of biology that

a.       Deals with the geographical distribution of animals

b.      Deals with morphological changes in the animals

c.       Deals with geology of animals

d.      Deals with physiology of animals.

6)      Asiatic lions are found in

a.       Corbat national park, Uttarakhand

b.      Bihar

c.       Assam

d.      Gir national park, Gujarat

7)      Zoogeography is

a.       Observational science

b.      Experimental Science

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

8)      Biosphere is

a.       Thin covering around the body of an animal

b.      Living sphere inside the body of an animal

c.       thin outer layer of the earth capable of supporting life.

d.      None of the above

9)      Pangea broke up _________ million years ago giving rising to two land masses.

a.       100 million years ago

b.      200 million years ago

c.       300 million years ago

d.      400 million years ago

10)   Pangea broke up giving rise to

a.       Laurasia and gondwana

b.      Asia and Africa

c.       Europe and America

d.      North America and south America

11)   Evidences from fossil zoogeography supports

a.       Plate tectonic theory

b.      Big bang theory

c.       Both of them

d.      None of them.

12)   Distribution of organisms depends mainly upon

a.       Size of the land mass

b.      Presence of soil

c.       Rainfall and temperature

d.      None of the above

13)   Major factor determining the presence of desert or forest in an area is

a.       Sunlight

b.      Precipitation

c.       Animals

d.      All of the above

14)   Tropical rain forests are

a.       Dry and deserted

b.      Warm and receive lot of rain

c.       Covered with snow

d.      None of the above.

15)   Prairies are

a.       temperate grasslands

b.      desert grasslands

c.       tropical grasslands

d.      none of the above

16)   Savanas are

a.       tropical grasslands

b.      desert grasslands

c.       temperate grasslands

d.      none of the above

17)   How many % of total water on our planet is fresh water ?

a.       25

b.      2.5

c.       0.25

d.      2

18)   Lotic ecosystems are

a.       Flowing water

b.      Stagnant water

c.       Oceanic water

d.      Esturies

19)   Lentic ecosystems are

a.       Flowing water

b.      Stagnant water

c.       Oceanic water

d.      Esturies

20)   Lentic ecosystems have

a.       More dissolved oxygen

b.      Less dissolved oxygen

c.       No oxygen at all

d.      None of the above.

21)   Lotic  ecosystems have

a.       More dissolved oxygen

b.      Less dissolved oxygen

c.       No oxygen at all

d.      None of the above.

22)   Eutrophication is

a.       Increasing growth of plants

b.      Death and decay of plants and animals

c.       Very less growth of biota

d.      None of the above

23)   Oligotrophic lakes are

a.       Nutrient rich and oxygen rich

b.      Nutrient poor and oxygen rich

c.       Nutrient poor and oxygen poor

d.      Nutrient rich and oxygen poor

24)   Eutrophic lakes are

a.       Nutrient rich and oxygen rich

b.      Nutrient poor and oxygen rich

c.       Nutrient poor and oxygen poor

d.      Nutrient rich and oxygen poor

25)   Sursagar is a

a.       Eutrophic lake

b.      Oligotrophic lake

c.       None of the above

d.      All of the above

26)   Benthic organisms are those

a.       Who are found in oceans

b.      Who are found in bottom of the waterbody and sedentary

c.       Who are found in upper water column and free swimming

d.      Who are found on land.

27)   Pelagic organism are those who are found in

a.       oceans

b.      bottom of the water body and sedentary

c.       upper water column and free swimming

d.      land.

28)   Burrowing aquatic worms are examples of

a.       Benthic

b.      Pelagic

c.       Both

d.      None of the above

29)   Esturies are transition areas between

a.       Lake and pond

b.      Lake and river

c.       River and ocean

d.      Ocean and land

30)   The most productive zone of ocean is

a.       Epipelagic

b.      Mesopelagic

c.       Benthic

d.      None of the above

31)   The least productive zone of the ocean is

a.       Epipelagic

b.      Mesopelagic

c.       Benthic

d.      None of the above

32)   Coral reefs are found in

a.       Rocky subtidal region

b.      Intertidal region

c.       Continental shelf region

d.      None of the above

33)   Nearctic region includes

a.       Africa

b.      Northamerica and Canada

c.       China and india

d.      Siberia

34)   Neotropical regions includes

a.       South america

b.      Northamerica and Canada

c.       China and india

d.      Siberia

35)   Palearctic region does not include

a.       Russia

b.      Germany

c.       France

d.      India

36)   India comes under following region

a.       Oriental

b.      Ethopian

c.       Austrelian

d.      Nearctic

37)   Modification in the body or behaviour of the animal for the better chances of survival are called as

a.       Hibernation

b.      Adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

38)   Most of us prefer to go and stay in air conditioned environment, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

39)   We sweat during summers, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

40)   In winters we shiver, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

41)   In  winters we prefer to wear thick woolen clothes, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

42)    Red eyed Frogs have become nocturnal to

a.       Avoid Harsh sun rays and increased temperature during day time

b.      Avoid predators

c.       Get more food

d.      None of the above

43)   Garden mouse has become nocturnal to

a.       Avoid Harsh sun rays and increased temperature during day time

b.      Avoid predators

c.       Get more food

d.      None of the above

44)   What are physical Adaptations ?

45)   What are behavioural adaptations?

46)   What is camouflage ?

47)   What is mimicry ?

48)   What is migration ?

49)   Why animals migrate ?

50)   What is hibernation ?

51)   Why animals hibernate ?

52)   Fur of polar bears is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

53)   Cows stay in herds, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

54)   Elephants have large ears, this is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

55)   Mimicry can be

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

56)   Migration is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

57)   Nest building is a type of

a.       Physiological adaptation

b.      Behaviour adaptation

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

58)   Nocturnal animals are those

a.       Who are active during night time

b.      Who are active during day time

c.       Who are active at dusk/dawn

d.      None of the above

59)   Diurnal animals are those

a.       Who are active during night time

b.      Who are active during day time

c.       Who are active at dusk/dawn

d.      None of the above

60)   Crepuscular animals are those

a.       Who are active during night time

b.      Who are active during day time

c.       Who are active at dusk/dawn

d.      None of the above

61)   Lions are example of

a.       Nocturnal animal

b.      Diurnal animal

c.       Crepuscular animal

d.      None of the above

62)   Humans are example of

a.       Nocturnal animal

b.      Diurnal animal

c.       Crepuscular animal

d.      None of the above

63)   According to theory of special creations

a.       Life was created by special powers

b.      Our earth is special in terms of supporting life

c.       All of the above

d.      None of the above

64)   Theory of panspermia states that

a.       Life was originated from sperms

b.      Life came from oceans

c.       Seeds of life came from some extra terrestrial source.

d.      None of the above

65)   According to theory of spontaneous generation

a.       Life originated from inanimate material

b.      Life originated from non organic molecules

c.       Life came from some extra terrestrial source

d.      None of the above

66)   In the early earth following gas was not present

a.       CH4

b.      CO2

c.       NO2

d.      O2

67)   Theory of spontaneous generation was discarded by the experiments of

a.       Louis Pasteur

b.      Albert Einstein

c.       Watson and Crick

d.      Nicko Tinbergen

68)   Maximum density of water is observed at ________˚C temperature

a.       37

b.      100

c.       4

d.      0

69)   Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction where

a.       A molecule of water is added

b.      A molecule of water is removed

c.       A molecule of hydrogen is added

d.      A molecule of hydrogen is removed

70)   Arrange the following according to their monomers

Polymers: Protein carbohydrate lipids and nucleic acids

Monomers: simple sugars, aminoacids, glyecerol and fatty acids, nucleotides.

a.       Proteins: simple sugars, carbohydrates: amino acids, lipids: glycerol and fatty acids, nucleic acids: nucleotides

b.      Proteins: amino acids, carbohydrates: nucleotides, lipids: simple sugars, nucleic acids: glycerol and fatty acids.

c.       Proteins: amino acids, carbohydrates: glycerol and fatty acids., lipids: simple sugars, nucleic acids: nucleotides

d.      Proteins: amino acids, carbohydrates: simple sugars, lipids: glycerol and fatty acids, nucleic acids: nucleotides.

71)   Theory of chemical evolution was supported by the experiments of

a.       Louis Pasteur

b.      Urey and Miller

c.       Watson and Crick

d.      Nicko Tinbergen

72)   In Stanley Miller’s experiment which of the following compounds were found to be formed ?

a.       Carbohydrates, bases and aminoacids

b.      Proteins and polypeptides

c.       Enzymes

d.      Viruses and bacteria

73)   Hydrolysis is a type of

a.       Catabolic reaction

b.      Anabolic reaction

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

74)   Enzymes are referred as

a.       Genetic material

b.      Biological catalyst

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

75)   Protenoid microspheres are also called as

a.       Coacervates

b.      First living cells

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

76)   Mutualism is a type of symbiosis in which

a.       Both the organisms are benefited

b.      Only one organisms is benefited but the other one is neither harmed nor benefitted

c.       One organism is benefited on the cost of the other

d.      None of the above

77)   Commensalism is a type of symbiosis in which

a.       Both the organisms are benefited

b.      Only one organisms is benefited but the other one is neither harmed nor benefitted

c.       One organism is benefited on the cost of the other

d.      None of the above

78)   Parasitism  is a type of symbiosis in which

a.       Both the organisms are benefited

b.      Only one organisms is benefited but the other one is neither harmed nor benefitted

c.       One organism is benefited on the cost of the other

d.      None of the above

79)   Pollination by honeybees is a type of

a.       Resource-resource Mutualism:

b.      Service-resource Mutualism:

c.       Service-service Mutualism:

d.      None of the above

80)   Mutualism between rhizobium bacteria and leguminous plants is a type of

a.       Resource-resource Mutualism:

b.      Service-resource Mutualism:

c.       Service-service Mutualism:

d.      None of the above

81)   Relationship between sea anemones and anemone fish is a type of

a.       Resource-resource Mutualism:

b.      Service-resource Mutualism:

c.       Service-service Mutualism:

d.      None of the above

82)   Ethology means

a.       Study of animal environment

b.      Study of animal behaviour

c.       Study of animal morphology

d.      Study of animal interactions

83)   Scientist who study animal behaviour are called as

a.       Ethologist

b.      Ecologists

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

84)   Father of ethology is

a.       Louis Pasteur

b.      Urey and Miller

c.       Watson and Crick

d.      Nicko Tinbergen

85)   Beavers constructing dam is a type of

a.       FAP

b.      Learning behaviour

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

86)   Newly hatched birds follow their mother immediately after birth, this is a type of

a.       Learning behaviour

b.      FAP

c.       Imprinting

d.      None of the above

87)   Stickle back male fish performs the territory defending behaviour in response to the

a.       Large stickle back male

b.      Red belly

c.       Erected spine

d.      None of the above

88)   Supernatural stimulus is a type of stimulus where

a.       Natural stimulus is reduced

b.      Natural stimulus is absent

c.       Both of the above

d.      None of the above

89)   Arrange in the increasing order of organization: Cell, organelle, tissue, organ, system, body.

a.       organelle, Cell, tissue, organ, system, body.

b.      organelle, tissue, organ, Cell, system, body.

c.       organ, system, body, Cell, organelle, tissue.

d.      Cell, organelle, tissue, organ, system, body.

90)   Protoplasmic level of organization is seen in the case of

a.       Amoeba

b.      Sponges,

c.       Jelly fishes

d.      Flat worms

91)   Cellular level of organization is seen in the case of

a.       Amoeba

b.      Sponges,

c.       Jelly fishes

d.      Flat worms

92)   Cell-tissue level of organization is seen in the case of

a.       Amoeba

b.      Sponges,

c.       Jelly fishes

d.      Flat worms

93)   Tissue-organ level of organization is seen in the case of

a.       Amoeba

b.      Sponges,

c.       Jelly fishes

d.      Flat worms

94)   Organ system level of organization is seen in the case of

a.       Amoeba

b.      Sponges,

c.       Jelly fishes

d.      None of the above

95)   Volvox is an example of

a.       Spherical symmetry

b.      Radial symmetry

c.       Bilateral symmetry

d.      None of the above

96)   Jelly fish is an example of

a.       Spherical symmetry

b.      Radial symmetry

c.       Bilateral symmetry

d.      None of the above

97)   Earthworm is an example of

a.       Spherical symmetry

b.      Radial symmetry

c.       Bilateral symmetry

d.      None of the above

98)   Bilateral symmetrical animals can be divided in to two halves only through

a.            Sagittal plane

b.            Transverse plane

c.             Frontal plane

d.          None of the above

99)   Humans are example of

a.       Spherical symmetry

b.      Radial symmetry

c.       Bilateral symmetry

d.      None of the above

   100) Genetic material in case of eukaryotes is

                a. DNA

                b. RNA

                c. Proteins

                d. None of the above

 

 

 

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