Janis Barry is a labor economist with research interests in U.S. and international health policy. Her publications focus on gender, race, and class differences in employment, wage rates, hours worked, health-care outcomes, and social capital networks. During the last few years, her research has examined the importance of residential location for understanding the disproportionate number of late-stage breast and cervical cancer diagnoses in poor, inner-city neighborhoods. Residence in high poverty neighborhoods in the cities of Detroit, San Francisco and Atlanta explained a large part of the variation in late-stage breast cancer in both 1990 and 2000. The residential poverty/late-stage cancer gradient persisted over the decade examined, despite a decline in late-stage diagnoses overall. New data on physician supply at both the Census tract level and the Primary Care Service Area are being used to address an additional question: Other things being equal, do my physicians within a neighborhood result in better access to medical care and lower the probability of late-stage cancer diagnosis?
In 2006, Professor Barry was awarded a Fulbright Scholar award to teach at Abo Akademi in Turku/Abo, Finland. This experience helped to clarify her research interest in globalization and its relationship to gendered health outcomes. She is currently investigating the on-going development of two-tier health systems and the increased reliance on market signals to determine whose health is profitable for investment, and whose is not.