Habit

Uniform Coat 

The Uniform Coat (habit) was made from Imperial Blue cloth. It  had a blue collar and lapels with scarlet turnbacks, cuffs and piping. They were lined wtih scarlet serge. A new Habit was issued every two years.

In 1810 a Habit cost 60,41 Francs!

The Habit has 33 brass uttons - 11  large and 22 small.

The turnbacks bore aurore coloured grenades embroidered in woll on a red patch. 

As members of the Imperial Guard, scarlet Epaulettes were worn. These cost 9F per pair in 1810.

Sergeants and Sergeant-Majors wore epaulettes with mixed red and gold fringes which cost 15Francs for a Sergeant and 20 for the Sergeant-Major.

Rank stripes were shown on the lower sleeve. Service chevrons were worn on the upper sleave, point up.


 Grade Distinctions  Bardin 1811 p209

The sergeant-majors wear on the exterior side of the forearm, two gold (or silver) tapes 22mm (10 lignes) wide, placed obliquely from one seam to the other, in such a manner that the end (tip) of the first which touches the interior seam, shall be 19mm (9 lignes) above the cuff and the end which touches the exterior seam shall be 10cm (3.5 inches) higher than the upper edge of the cuff, the second stripe is placed parallel to the first 13mm (6 lignes) above the first.

The sergeants’ carry a similar stripe placed as for the lower stripe of the sergeant-major.

The fourriers’ carry the same stripes as for the corporal, they have in addition a gold, or silver, stripe stitched obliquely on the outer side of the sleeve, above the elbow.

Corporals have stripes of wool cloth placed as for the sergeant-majors; in general they are of a yellow coloured cloth.

The service stripes are of red wool cloth  the are worn on the left arm above the elbow.

The stripes of the corporals and service stripes are placed on the veste, but they are not so wide as those on the habits.

 

This original Line Foot Artillery Habit is virtually identical to one worn by the Imperial Guard, which would have had red piping on the collar.

The chevrons on the upper left arm are for long service.

 

The turnbacks (retrousis) were faced with serge cloth and piped in blue wool cloth. later sources (vernet in 1813 and 1815) show Aurore grenades like the Grenadiers a pied.

 

The coat body was lined in scarlet serge (the same as that appeared on the turnbacks, in essence the lining folded over the edged piped). The kite-shaped panel in the back of the coat was made from linen. The collar was lined in serge also. The sleaves, were originally lined in linen but Major Drouot changed this to serge also to make the garment harder wearing.

 

 

 

 

On the lining of the habit, two hip pockets were inserted.