Francis Makamu

Department of Economics and Legal Studies  
Oklahoma State University 
001-L Classroom Building
Stillwater, OK 74078
Phone: 405-762-2664

Research Interests 
My research interests includes development economics, applied microeconomics and labor economics. 


We estimate the effects of changes in cotton adoption on children's schooling and child labor in rural Burkina Faso. Using time and spatial variations, we find evidence that 
expansion of cotton farming has led to an increase in enrollment and to a reduction of participation in child labor for girls. There are, however, no detectable effects on boys. 
In theory, cotton adoption could increase household's income, leading to increased demand for schooling and reduced child labor. On the other hand, because children are 
productive on cotton farms, adoption of cotton could increase the opportunity cost of child time and the demand for child labor. We provide suggestive evidence showing that 
boys are more productive than girls on cotton farms. Taken together the results suggest that the income effect from cotton adoption might have been larger than the wage 
effect for girls, hence the overall positive impacts on school enrollment for girls.

Oklahoma Oil and Gas Severance Taxes: A Comparative Analysis
with Mary Gade and Karen Maguire
Journal of Business Strategies (Forthcoming)

Oklahoma assesses a production tax of seven percent on the extraction of oil, natural gas, and other minerals. However, since July 2002, it has taxed production from horizontal 
wells at only one percent for the first 48 months of production. This is a significant tax incentive relative to its neighboring states, Texas and Kansas, particularly considering the 
limited evidence as to the effectiveness of severance tax incentives for increasing in-state development of immobile resources. This paper empirically examines whether the 
severance tax incentive has encouraged horizontal development in Oklahoma relative to Texas and Kansas. Our findings indicate that the Oklahoma tax exemption has not had 
a significant influence on horizontal drilling. 

Returns to Controlling a Neglected Tropical Disease: Schistosomiasis Control Program and Education Outcomes in Nigeria 
with Mehtabul Azam and Harounan Kazianga
Journal of African Economies (Forthcoming)

Using the rollout of the schistosomiasis campaign in Nigeria as a quasi-experiment, we examine the impact of the disease control program on school-age children education
outcomes. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by infections from a small worm. Its most severe effects hamper growth and cognitive development of children. 
The mass campaign targeted four states that saw large reduction in the infectious disease afterwards. Using difference-in-differences strategy, we find that the cohort 
exposed to the treatment in rural areas accumulated an additional 0.6 years of education compared to cohort not exposed to the treatment. Moreover, the impact of 
the schistosomiasis treatment is mainly on girls residing in rural areas.

Working Papers

Land Reform, Property Rights, and Private Investments: Evidence from a Planned Settlement in Rural Tanzania
Job Market Paper (Under Review)

We investigate the mass resettlement of rural population in Tanzania that occurred in early 1970s. The  policy was implemented to strengthen the role of the state in 
establishing villages for communal production and development. The villagisation process that followed was implemented with unclear goals, haste and at some point 
coercion that it was unlikely to bring any short-term improvement in the rural economy. We exploit a recent survey data to examine the impact of the ujamaa operation on 
farming activities. Our findings show that areas affected by the villagisation in which proprietary rights in land were given to households had significantly better transferability 
rights and had made significant investments in land. We detect improvement in access to rural credit market and a closing gender gap in land ownership.  

Last Update

February 2018

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