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Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the U.S.

Son of Theodore Roosevelt


     Theodore, b. October 27, 1858, at No. 28 East 20th Street, New York City. As a boy he received his education at the famous Cutler private school in New York City. Graduated from Harvard College, 1880. During college term he took deep interest in athletics, with the determination to better develop his physique. After graduation he went to Europe, and while there climbed to the peak of the snowclad Jungfrau and the rocky Matterhorn, and became a member of the Alpine Club of London. After two years of study of the law in New York was elected Republican Representative of the Twenty-first District of New York in the Assembly during the years 1882-3-4 and 5, during which time he stood for reform and honest politics, and was known by the literature of the time as a forcible, broad-minded political writer and historian. During this period he passed his vacations in the West, hunting big game, and in 1884 started his cattle ranch on the "Little Missouri, in the Bad Lands, North Dakota. About this time he joined the 8th Regiment of N. Y. S. N. G. as second lieutenant, and soon became captain of one of its companies.
     His first writing for publication was during his college life, when editor of the Harvard Advocate. IN 1881 his first work of note, "The Naval War of 1812," was published, by G. Putnam's Sons. In 1885 he began his book upon his Western experiences as a ranch owner and hunter. 1886 was candidate for mayor of New York City. During that year he wrote The Life of Thomas H. Benton, in the "American Statesmen" Series. 1887 wrote "The Life of Gouverneur Morris;" 1888, "Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail; 1889 published first two volumes of "The Winning of the West"; 1890 wrote the History of New York City for Edward A. Freeman's series of "Historic Towns;" 1892 wrote his Essays on Practical Politics, published by Putnams, 1893; 1894, "The Wilderness Hunter;" 1895, "Hero Tales from American History," by Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge and himslef, by the Century Company; also his fourth volume of "The Winning of the West;" also part author and editor of two volumes of the Boone and Crockett Club's "Big Game of the United States," 1895. Oliver Cromwell, 1900.
     He was appointed by President Harrison, during the latter's first administration, a Republican member of the United States Civil Service Commission, and distinguished himself in this position by vigorous efforts in enforcing civil service regulations. He resigned this office May 1, 1895, to accept appointment by Mayor Strong as Police Commissioner of New York City, and was elected president of the Board of Police Commissioners. Afterwards resigned to accept his appointment by President McKinley, April 6, 1897, as Assistant Secretary of the United States Navy, which position he held during the preparation for the Spanish-American War. May 6, 1898, he resigned to accept the command of lieutenant-colonel of the First United States Regiment of Volunteer Cavalry, so well known as "The Rough Riders." In July, 1898, was made colonel for his gallant conduct in the charge up San Juan Hill. His service terminated September 16, 1898. On the 8th of November, 1898, he was elected Governor of the State of New York, which office he filled until he was elected Vice-President of the United States on the ticket with William McKinley for his second term as President, in November, 1900, and after the death of William McKinley, September 14, 1901, in Buffalo, N. Y., Hon. Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States.
     October 27, 1880, he m., at Brookline, Mass., Miss Alice Hathaway Lee, b. July 29, 1861, at Chestnut Hill, Mass., daughter of George Cabot and Caroline (Haskell) Lee of Boston, Mass.
     Mrs. Alice Hathaway Roosevelt, d. February 14, 1884, in New York.
     Mr. Roosevelt m., second, in London, England, on the 2d of December, 1886, Miss Edith Kermit Carow, b. August 6, 1861, in Norwich, Conn., daughter of Charles and Gertrude Elizabeth (Tyler) Carow of New York.
     The child by first marriage is:
     1. Alice Lee Roosevelt, b. Feb. 12, 1884, in New York City.
     By second marriage:
     2. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., b. Sept. 13, 1887, in Oyster Bay, N. Y.
     3. Kermit Roosevelt, b. Oct. 10, 1889, in Oyster Bay, N. Y.
     4. Ethel Carow Roosevelt, b. Aug. 13, 1891, in Oyster Bay, N. Y.
     5. Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt, b. April 9, 1894, in Washington, D. C.
     6. Quentin Roosevelt, b. Nov. 19, 1897, in Washington, D. C.

MEMORANDA


     Alice Hathaway Lee, b. July 29, 1861, d. February 14, 1884, was daughter of
     George Cabot Lee, b. March 21, 1830, m., December 10, 1851, Caroline Haskell of Boston. Son of
     John Clarke Lee, b. April 9, 1804, d. November 19, 1877. Harvard, 1823. Wholesale dry goods. Married, 1826, Harriet Rose. Son of
     Nathaniel Cabot Lee, b. May 30, 1777, d. January 14, 1806. Harvard, 1803. Married Mary Ann Cabot, daughter of Francis Cabot, b. 14 June 1757, and Sarah, daughter of Johan and Sarah (Pickering) Clarke of Salem. Son of
     Joseph Cabot, b. July 24, 1720, d. December 8, 1767, and Elizabeth Higginson, b. March 30, 1722, d. November, 1781. Daughter of
     John Higginson, b. January 10, 1697, Harvard, 1717, d. July 15, 1744, m., December 4, 1719, Ruth Boardman, d. June 14, 1727. Son of
     John Higginson, b. August 20, 1675, d. April 26, 1718. Merchant, Salem. Married, September 11, 1695, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Gardner, Jr., of Salem. She b. April 4, 1676, d. June 20, 1713. Son of
     John Higginson, b. at Guilford, Conn., 1646, d. March 23, 1719. Settled at Salem, Mass. Lieutenant-colonel of the Regiment. member of Council. Married, 9th August, 1672, Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Mary (Symmes) Savage of Boston. Son of
     Rev. John Higginson, b. at Claybrook, August 6, 1616. Kept the Grammar School at Hartford. Afterwards chaplain of the fort at Saybrook. In 1641 went to Guilford, Conn., to assist the Rev. Henry Whitfield in the ministry, whose daughter Sarah he afterwards married, in 1659. Went to Salem. Ordained in 1660. Died December 9, 1708. His wife d. July 8, 1675. Son of
     Rev. Francis Higginson, second son of Rev. John Higginson, b. in England, 1587. Educated at Emanuel College, Cambridge. Settled in Claybrook, in Leicester, and became Non-Conformist. Took passage on the "Talbot." Sailed from Gravesend 25 April, 1629, and from Yarmouth, Monday, May 16. Arrived at Naumkeeke, now Salem, Monday, June 29, 1629. He d. August 16, 1630, and left widow Ann.
     Joseph Cabot was son of
     John Cabot and Anna Orne. (Higginson Family, by Henry Wheatland, 1863, in Essex Inst. Hist. Coll. Vol, V., pp. 33-38.) Son of
     Thomas Lee, b. December 17, 1702, d. July 14, 1747. Harvard, 1722. Merchant, Boston. Married, in Boston, Lois Orne. Son of
     Thomas Lee, b. 1673, d. Boston, July 16, 1766, m., 1700, Debora, daughter Ensign Edward Flint of Salem. She b. 1672, d. April 3, 1763. Son of
     Thomas Lee, m. Martha Mellowes, b. February 8, 1653, daughter of John and Martha Mellowes of Boston. Son of Oliver, who was son of Abraham Mellowes of Charlestown, S. C., 1633.

     Edith Kermit Carow, b. August 6, 1861, Norwich, Conn., daughter of
     Charles Carow, b. October 4, 1825; graduate Columbia College, 1845, d. March 17, 1883, m., June 8, 1859, Gertrude Elizabeth Tyler, b. February 16, 1836. He was a son of Isaac, *, and she a daughter of
     Daniel Tyler, b. January 8, 1790, m., May 20, 1832, Elizabeth Lee, b. November 17, 1813, d. March 9, 1864. Daughter of
     Benjamin Lee, b. February 26, 1765, Taunton, Eng., d. 1828, in New York. Was midshipman in Royal Navy. In 1783 he commanded a gun battery in the engagement between Admiral Rodney and Count de Grasse. He was tried by a court-martial and sentenced to be shot, for challenging his superior officer for countermanding a humane order relative to prisoners on board his ship at Port Royal, 1783. His life was saved by intercession of Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence, afterwards King William IV. of England, and a fellow midhsipman. On leaving the naval service he became a captain in the United States service, 1784. In 1797 commanded the "Fair American," sailing to France. He m., May 27, 2797, Elizabeth, daughter of John (d. 1784) and Elizabeth (Gorham, b. 1747, d. 1822) Leighton. HIs wife was b. at Lunenburg, Mass., 1776. He lived in Lancaster, Mass., as farmer and sheep raiser; 1805 removed to Cambridge; 1821 purchased a farm in Skaneateles, N. Y., where he d. in 1828. His wife d. in 1781. Son of
     Thomas Lee, a Cloth Manufacturer of Taunton, Eng., who m., second, Mary Pitt, of the same family as that of the Earl of Chatham. ("Lee Gene.").
     Daniel Tyler was son of
     Daniel Tyler, Jr., of Brooklyn, Conn., who received a message April 19, 1775, the the British had landed two brigades and killed six men. (Caulkins' Hist. Norwich, p. 380.) He was a graduate of West Point, and captain with General Israel Putnam at Bunker Hill. He m. Sarah Edwards. He was son of Hopestill and Mary Tyler of Preston and Norwich. (Caulkins' Hist. Norwich, Conn., p. 252.)

     * Isaac Quentin Quereau, b. at St. Croix, Mch. 29, 1778, and removed to New York in 1793. He m. June 30, 1803, Eliza Mowatt; he d. in New York, Sept. 3, 1850. A prominent merchant in New York, member of Chamber of Commerce. His picture is No. 11, Chamber of Commerce Gallery. Warden of St. Mark's Church, Governor of N. Y. Hospital, member of Bible Society, presiding officer Chamber of Commerce, 1840-42. Son of
     Isaac Quereau and Ann Cooper. Merchant in the West Indian trade. Son of
     Josue Quereau and Judith Quantin, of old Huguenot families, who settled in New York about 1655.
     "Huguenot Society of America, N. Y."
     "Salem Hyde."
     "Walworth's Hyde Gene."
     "N. Y. Wills."
     "Chamber of Commerce N. Y. Records."

Source: Whittelsey, C. B. (1902) The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902. Hartford: J. B. Burr & Co.


     Theodore [1858] was educated at Harvard (1880), where he displayed marked literary, scholarly, and athletic talents. The following year he entered political life and was elected to the Assembly from the 21st District, New York City. He served until 1884. In 1886, he was nominated for Mayor, but was defeated by Abram S. Hewitt. Three years afterwards he was appointed Civil Service Commissioner by President Harrison and served until May, 1895. He was chosen Assistant Secretary of the Navy in President McKinley's Cabinet in 1897. At the breaking out of the war with Spain, he resigned his position and entered the Unites States Army. He raised a regiment of Rough Riders, but instead of taking the command, as is the custom in such cases, he requested the President to appoint his personal friend, Dr. Leonard Wood, Colonel, and himself Lieutenant-Colonel.
     He and his men were in the army of invasion which landed at the eastern end of Cuba and took part in the first engagement between the American and Spanish forces. Both he and his Rough Riders made a famour record for gallantry during the brief campaign. The same year he was elected Governor of the State of New York. In 1900, he was chosen Vice-President of the United States and took office on March 4, 1901. On the death of Mr. McKinley, September, 1901, he became President.
     He is a man of indefatigable industry, and in the last twenty years has contributed largely to the press and added twelve valuable works to American literature. He married Alice Lee of Boston, and, after her death, Edith Carrow of New York. By the first he had one child, and by the second, five.

Sources: Hamm, M. A. (1901) Famous Families of New York - Historical and Biographical Sketches of Families which in Successive Generations have been Identified with the Development of the Nation, vol. 2. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.

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