Electrical Connections

Norman  Shackman, P.E.

Seminars and consulting

Contact at  norms at ieee dot org.

  • Making and Keeping Reliable Electrical Connections. An Intensive Review of the Fundamentals and Applications of Connection Theory.
    • The important aspects of a connection
    • Relating theory to practice
    • Surface finish considerations
    • Differences between aluminum and copper
    • How to make a reliable connection
    • Additional topics.
         Click Seminar  for more details about the seminars.
         Click contact for a seminar contact form.


  • 35 years of experience in the use, design, testing and applications of electrical connections.
  • Past chair of NEMA and ANSI committees
        Click  Experience   for more information.


Creating Reliable Electrical Connections, Maintenance Technology, May 2003,  
Also available here   http://www.maintenanceworld.com/Articles/shackmann/creatingreliable.html   

The Trouble with Torque in Electrical Connections: Torque and force are not the same
. Maintenance Technology, November 2002
Also available here    http://www.maintenanceworld.com/Articles/shackmann/thetrouble.html  

Using IR Data to Estimate Circut Upgrades
  Maintenance Technology, April 2002.

There's more than torquing in electrical connections. (What's The Story)
  EC&M Electrical Construction & Maintenance,  August, 1994   

Getting to know DC power. (direct current)
   EC&M Electrical Construction & Maintenance,  July, 1991  

Guide to proper busbar connections
, EC&M, Electrical Construction & Maintenance,  August, 1989.
Not on the web, but cited here  Infrared Tech Note 1 - The hot one is not always the culprit,  http://www.envisionenergy.com/index_site_map.htm     

The most recent two articles listed above are also listed at  
Plant Maintenance Resource Center: Electrical Articles


The Trouble with Torque is referenced in this article  

Aerial Thermography Surveys Find Insulator and Other Problems, by Derrick Brydges


Click here Links for some interesting links related to electrical connections topics.

Web site created by
Gene Shackman
Applied Sociologist
The global social change research project
free resources for social research methods
Last edited 2/11/12

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