Ffrench's in Jamaica http://sites.google.com/site/ffrenchfamily/ffrench-s-in-jamaica

The Ffrench Connection

 The content of this research has expanded to over 500 pages so only the first few pages inc an Index are now on the website. Please email me if you would like the whole story!  Nancy

The  story of  Lt Col Ernest George Ffrench

                    M.D, Ch.B, FRCS(Edinburgh),FRCP(London) 

                             Including his connections with;

The Ffrench Family of Jamaica & their early origins

Major Michael Edward Smith, Landed gentleman, of Annesbrook, Co Meath, Ireland and his 1839 Caribbean Affair

Solomon Nunes Carvalho, unexpected hero of the Wild West, daguerreotype pioneer on Col Fremont’s 1853 Expedition across the Rockies and portrait painter of Abraham Lincoln

David Nunes Carvalho, Handwriting expert who provided evidence for the Dreyfus trial in Paris & other notorious criminal cases

Solomon Solis Carvalho who was both Joseph Pulitzer’s(of Prize fame) & Randolph Hearst’s right-hand man & featured in “Citizen Kane”!

Mary Seacole Grant, the “Black Florence Nightingale”, & her Kingston, Jamaica Lodging House, “ Blundell Hall”

Alexandre Lindo, Slave trader, also ancestor of Island Records Chris Blackwell  and his mother Blanche Lindo, Ian Fleming’s “Pussy Galore”!

 

By Nancy Ffrench Atkinson, his grand-daughter 

Email me if you have  thoughts or input at  kandn.atkinson@tiscali.co.uk

 

 

 

Lt Col Ernest George Ffrench M.D, Ch.B, FRCS(Edinburgh),FRCP(London) 

 "a distinguished son of Jamaica"                                                                                                                                                                              "I am proud of him as a Jamaican"  (The Gleaner) 

                                As recently as spring 2009, I knew very little about my grandfather Dr Ernest G Ffrench. He died 11 years before I was born and my own father died over 30 years ago. If only I had talked to him about his parents before he died!  I had been told that Ernest had been an eminent Harley Street Doctor, who had eloped with a young American society girl and that for some reason he had been born in Spanish Town, Jamaica--the son of Arthur Ffrench a "Customs Official" and Jane Victoria(Nee Smith) his wife who apparently came from a prominent Irish family. I supposed Arthur had been an expatriate civil servant, posted temporarily to Jamaica.

It was only after a trip to Ireland with my siblings, to research our "Irish roots" that it became apparent that all was not what it seemed. There were simply no records either of Jane, Arthur or their marriage. So I decided to get grandfather’s birth/baptism record-- from Jamaica. Imagine my surprise when it read "Illegitimate and colored"!


Little did I expect that the Ffrench's were a long established Jamaican family.There was even a Lieut Thomas French in the 1655 Penn/Venables force which took Jamaica from the Spanish) with variously coloured members, some of whom are descended from slaves and slave-owners; that Ernest's mother Jane(also illegitimate!) was a serious business woman and Lodging House keeper in Kingston, with links to Mary Seacole, "the black Florence Nightingale" and that after  Ernest's birth, his father Arthur had actually married another woman & had 5 other Jamaican children with her, all of whom he abandoned, and after an undisclosed scandal, fled Jamaica to a working mens' hostel in East London, eventually dying alone in a poor part of Clapham, London.


And Ernest's Jewish-American wife, my grandmother, Adele Nunes Carvalho, had a famous father, David Nunes Carvalho, a handwriting expert who had provided evidence for the Dreyfus trial in Paris, and a grandfather Solomon Nunes Carvalho who had crossed the US on horseback with Col Fremont's expedition  and painted portraits of Brigham Young (Head of the Mormon Church) and Abraham Lincoln!


The more I discovered about Ernest the more impressed I became by his journey from such an unpromising start in life. We continue to search but this is the story uncovered--so far.        I do hope you enjoy it!

                                                                                                                   Nancy

This has been a wonderfully collaborative effort so firstly  thanks to my “old family”  ie my sister Susan Lamb & my brother Simon Ffrench,

 plus my “new family” ie the “Ffrench’s”;  Michael Ffrench, Winnipeg, Canada;  Big J(ohn), June & Aubrey Ffrench & families, Mark Ffrench & Icy Goodall in Jamaica;  David L Ffrench & family,Swarthmore, Philadelphia, Donna Marie Jones-Cover, Maggie & Richard Ffrench in  Florida; Freddie Ffrench in Barbados

“Smiths” ;Brenda McKeever, Ireland, Roseanne Lang & Lana Jeffers UK  

“Carvalhos” Sally Graff in Louisiana, Richard (Dick) Marshuetz in Maine   

+ all  those who encouraged me, gave me leads or contributed to the story 

Prof Elizabeth Anionwu (Seacole Memorial Statue Foundation),

Dr Douglas J Austin, Cambridge ( Seacole research)

L F (Wiet) Bouwmeester (Amsterdam Jewish Research)

Celso Brewster(Curator Jewish Museum Bridgetown, Barbados)

Nicole Bryan & Genevieve Jones-Edman(Library of Jamaica)

Dr Barry Davidson, Cirencester, UK  (Seacole research)

Terri England (Family History Researcher),

Rev Peter Espeut(Historian,Kingston,Jamaica)

Mara French ( French Family Association),

Julia French-Wood (French Family DNA project)

Harold Heft (Carvalho Author,N York,Toronto)

Robert Hew (Family History Research,Jamaica)

Patricia Jackson (Jamaica Family Search.com),

Dr Aleric Josephs (University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica),

Dorothy Kew(Genealogist, Jamaica Family History Research, Canada),

Paulette Kerr (Author of Lodging House Keepers of Jamaica),

Paul Kerr (TV producer—“The Real Heroine of the Crimean war”),

Donald Lindo(Genealogist and Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

Rod Lyall(Researcher, Beckford Family)

Madeleine Mitchell (Genealogist/Jamaican Historian),

Ronnie Peralta (US Genealogist-David Carvalho papers)

Stephen D Porter(Historian & Friends of Georgian Jamaica Society),

Michael Prescod (Glave family researcher, Jamaica),

Helen Rappaport (Author & Mary Seacole Researcher),

Steve Rivo (Producer/Director, “Carvalho’s Journey”, NYC)

Jane Robinson (Mary Seacole Biographer),

Miriam Rodrigues-Pereira (Spanish & Portuguese Congregation,London)

Dale Rosengarten & Barry Stiefel(College of Charleston Library, Special Collections)

Racquel Stratchan,Marsha Vassell & Kasiya Halstead (Jamaica Archives),

Akira Sugihara (Glave Family member & Researcher, USA)

Leovia Taylor & staff (RGD SpanishTown),

Ton Tielen (The Hague, Netherlands, re early Carvalhos)

Sharon Tomlin (LDS London Jamaica Family History Researcher)

Cleo Sylvestre for her one-woman Mary Seacole show!

Dr Karl Watson (Historian.Barbados Historical Society)

Esther & Deb Weiner & Jennifer Vess (JMM, Baltimore)

 

 

Finally I dedicate this to my father Dr Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench who cannot possibly have realized the extent of his family story and would have been fascinated…….

 

 

 

                                                 Index                                                  

An introduction by Noel Coward, who lived in, loved & died in Jamaica

Chapter 1 The Cast of Characters in order of appearance!  Family Tress & descendant lists of earliest ancestors Peter Ffrench & Isaac Nunes Carvalho             

                            THE FFRENCH’S--Ernest's Paternal ancestors;

Chap      2 Early Frenchs--Thomas, Peter & Catherine & their 5 children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Chap      3  George I Ffrench, his mistress Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford, + their  children; and his wife Elizabeth Ann Jackson and their 2 sons                                                               Appendix 3/1  George I’s timelines     

Chap      4 Robert I Ffrench, his wife Letitia Dunn Lindo,& their 9 children       Appendix 4/1“The Lindo Legacy”

Chap      5 Geo III Ffrench-Arthur George’s father-&  wife Eliza Minot                                                                                   

Chap      6  George III & Eliza’s children                                                                                         

Chap      7 Arthur George Ffrench—Ernest’s father—             Appendix 7/1 Arthur George Ffrench timelines                                                                                              

                THE SMITHS & GRANTS--Ernest’s Maternal ancestors;

Chapter 8 Lieut Michael Edward Smith, & the Smith's of Ireland                       Appendix 8/1  Frederick Augustus Smith VC

Chapter 9 Eliza/ Louisa Grant, & the Mary Seacole connection                         Appendix 9/1 Mary Seacole Press                                                                                                                                    Appendix  9/2  Mary Seacole’s Will

Chapter 10 Miss Jane Victoria Smith, & her life                                             

                    ERNEST GEORGE FFRENCH--Himself;

Chapter    11 Ernest, his wife Adele Carvalho and his life                                Appendix Ernest George Ffrench timelines

                    THE CARVALHOS—Ernest’s in-laws

Chapter    12  Nunes  Carvalho's-from Abraham to Solomon Jnr                Appendix 12/1 Judith Carvalho’s Will & legal dispute                                              Appendix 12/2  Solomon Nunes Carvalho—Index of known paintings      Appendix 12/3   Robert Nunes Carvalho                                                                     Appendix 12/4  Barbados—Emanuel & David Snr                                       Appendix 12/5 Solomon N Carvalho by Harold Heft ©

Chapter 13  Nunes  Carvalho's-from David Jnr  onwards                           Appendix 13/1 Carvalho Family Timelines                                                           Appendix 13/2 David Carvalho as Sherlock Holmes by Harold Heft (c)  Forward.com                                                                                                                

Chapter 14 Ernest & Adele’s children, Violet & Geoffrey, + Geoffrey’s grandchildren Jonathan, Susan, Simon & me!                                                  

Chapter 15 An interview with Ernest by the Hartford Courier 1935                   

Chapter 16 Carvalho's Journey A TV Documentary proposal - web address http://www.brandeis.edu/jewishfilm/pdf/Fiscal%20Sponsorship/Carvalho_proposal.pdf  Teaser/trailer at  http://vimeo.com/21938803

                                                  Appendices;

1) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Smiths of Annesbrook 

2) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Ffrench of Monivea

3) History of the 64th Regiment (1834-52 excerpt)- published by Leo Cooper  

4) Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will Inventory of 1829  (Lodging house contents)            

5) The Beckford story  

6) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Beckfords

7) Monumental Inscriptions  The Beckfords in Spanish Town Cathedral

8) The Glave Family of Jamaica

 

 

 

 

 

 


 




Lt Col Ernest George Ffrench M.D, Ch.B, FRCS(Edinburgh),FRCP(London) 

 "a distinguished son of Jamaica"    "I am proud of him as a Jamaican"   

                                Just 2 years ago in spring 2009, I knew very little about my grandfather Dr Ernest G Ffrench. He died 11 years before I was born and my own father died nearly 30 years ago. If only I had talked to him about his parents before he died.  I had been told that Ernest had been an eminent Harley Street Doctor, who had eloped with a young American society girl and that for some reason he had been born in Spanish Town, Jamaica--the son of Arthur Ffrench a "Customs Official" and Jane Victoria(Nee Smith) his wife who apparently came from a prominent Irish family. I supposed they had been expatriate civil servants, posted temporarily to Jamaica.

It was only after a trip to Ireland with my siblings, to research our "Irish roots" that it became apparent that all was not what it seemed. There were simply no records either of Jane, Arthur or their marriage. So I decided to do a little research on my grandfather and get his birth/baptism record-- from Jamaica. Imagine my surprise when it read "Illegitimate and colored"!
Little did I expect that the Ffrench's were a long established Jamaican family,(there was even a Lieut Thomas French in the 1655 Penn/Venables force which took Jamaica from the Spanish) with variously coloured members, some of whom appear descended from slaves; that Ernest's mother Jane(also illegitimate!) was a serious business woman and Lodging House keeper in Kingston, with links to Mary Seacole, "the black Florence Nightingale" and that Ernest's father Arthur had actually married another woman & had 5 other Jamaican children with her, all of whom he abandoned,& fled Jamaica to a working mens' hostel in East London, eventually dying alone in a poor part of Clapham, London.
And Ernest's Jewish-American wife Adele Carvalho, had a famous father, David Carvalho a handwriting expert who had testified in the Dreyfus trial in Paris, and a grandfather Solomon Carvalho who had crossed the US on horseback with Col Fremont's expedition  and painted Abraham Lincoln!
The more I discovered about Ernest the more impressed I became by his journey from such an unpromising start in life. We keepsearching but this is the story uncovered--so far.        I do hope you enjoy it!

 Nancy Atkinson(Nee Ffrench)       June 28 2011

Email me if you have  thoughts or input at  kandn.atkinson@tiscali.co.uk

 

 

This has been a wonderfully collaborative effort so firstly  thanks to my “old family” my sister Susan Lamb & my brother Simon Ffrench,

 plus my “new family” viz;

 Michael Ffrench, Canada;

 Big J and Aubrey Ffrench, Don Kemeel Jones & Icy  in Jamaica;

 Donna Marie Jones-Cover in Florida

David L Ffrench Philadelphia     (all these Ffrench);

Sally Graff in Louisiana  (Carvalho);

Brenda McKeever, Ireland, Roseanne & Lana Jeffers UK  (all Smiths)

+  those who encouraged me, gave me leads or contributed to "the truth" 

Prof Elizabeth Anionwu (Seacole Memorial Statue Foundation),

Dr Douglas J Austin, Cambridge ( Seacole research)

Nicole Bryan (Library of Jamaica)

Steve Campbell (RGD, SpanishTown),

Dr Barry Davidson, Cirencester, Uk (Seacole research)

Terri England (Family History Researcher),

 Mara French ( French Family Association),

Julia French-Wood (French family DNA project)

Sally Graff (Sturhahn-Carvalho family)

Brenda Grey (Ffrench family friend Ocho Rios)

Patricia Jackson (Jamaica Family Search.com),

Dr Aleric Josephs (University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica),

Dorothy Kew(Genealogist, Jamaica Family History Research Canada),

Paulette Kerr(Author of Lodging House Keepers of Jamaica),

Paul Kerr (TV producer--The Real Heroine of the Crimean war),

Donald Lindo(Genealogist and Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Dr Joy Lumsden (Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Madeleine Mitchell(Genealogist/Jamaican Historian),

Ronnie Peralta (Genealogist-David Carvalho papers)

Stephen D Porter(Historian & Friends of Georgian Jamaica Society),

Michael Prescod (Glave family researcher, Jamaica),

Helen Rappaport(Author & Mary Seacole Researcher),

Jane Robinson(Mary Seacole Biographer),

Cynthia Rosers(Jamaica Family History Researcher),

Racquel Stratchan (Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town),

Akira Sugihara(Glave Family member & Researcher,USA)

Leovia Taylor (RGD SpanishTown),

Sharon Tomlin(LDS London Jamaica Family History Researcher)

and Cleo Sylvestre for her one-woman Mary Seacole show!

 

 

 

 

Finally I dedicate this to my father Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench who would have been fascinated………….

 

 

 

 

1 Now to set the scene!............Jamaica by Noel Coward

 

 

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Corsica, Guam and Tasmania)

The tourist does not need to wear a topee Or other macabre miscellanea.

Remember that this is a tropical place Where violet hues are abundant

& bright-coloured clothes with a bright yellow face, Look frankly a trifle redundant.

A simple ensemble of trousers & shirt Becomes both the saint & the sinner

& if a head-waiter looks bitterly hurt You can wear a jacket for dinner.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It shares this distinction with Elba)

Its easy to order a goat fricassee But madness to ask for Peach Melba.

You’ll find (to the best of this writer’s belief) That if you want rice you can get it

But visitors ordering mutton or beef   Will certainly live to regret it.

There’s seldom a shortage of ackees & yams Or lobsters if anyone’s caught them

But if you’ve a passion for imported hams You’d bloody well better import them.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It has this in common with Cuba)

Its national tunes, to a certain degree, Are founded on be-bop-a-duba.

‘Neath tropical palms under tropical skies Where equally tropical stars are

The vocal Jamaicans betray no surprise However off-key their guitars are.

The native calypsos which seem to be based On hot-air-conditioned reflexes

Conclusively prove that to people of taste There’s nothing so funny as sex is.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Alderney, Guernsey & Sark are)

Its wise not to drive with exuberant glee Where large barracuda & shark are.

The reefs are entrancing; the water is clear The colouring couldn’t be dreamier

But one coral scratch & you may spend a year In bed with acute septicaemia.

The leading hotels are extremely well run The service both cheerful & dextrous

But even the blisters you get from the sun Are firmly included as extras.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (unlike Ecuador or Guiana)

The tourist may not have a “Fromage de Brie” But always can have a banana.

He also can have, if he has enough cash, a pleasantly rum-sodden liver

& cure his rheumatic complaints in a flash By shooting himself at Milk River.

In fact every tourist who visits these shores Can thank his benevolent Maker

For taking time off from the rest of his chores To fashion the Isle of Jamaica.

 

 

 

 

 

 INDEX

 Chapter 1 The Cast of Characters in order of appearance!                  Images

 Plus Ernest George Ffrench’s Family Trees                                                2

               Ernest's Paternal ancestors;

Chap      2 -early Ffrench's in Jamaica ; inc Thomas, Peter & Catherine  3-14

Chap      3  George I Ffrench & Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford, + their sons George II & Edward I (" white quadroons"),Robert and dau Ann Eliza   15-34

Chap      4 Robert I Ffrench, his wife Letitia Dunn Lindo, children Arthur I, Robert II, George III, Edward II, Maria Moore & Alexander Dunn             35-46

Chap      5 Geo III Ffrench-Arthur George’s father?-&  wife Eliza Minot  47-59                                                                     

Chap      6 Known issue of George III/Eliza; Robert Burke,Anna Maria, EdwardIII Shafto Burke, Letitia Emily, Hedley John Cecil,Alfred Ernest 60-65                            

Chapter 7 Arthur George Ffrench—Ernest’s father—Father GeorgeIII? 66-79

               Ernest’s Maternal ancestors;

Chapter 8 Lieut Michael Edward Smith, & the Smith's of Ireland          80-131

Chapter 9 Eliza & Louisa Grant, & the Mary Seacole connection        132-160

Chapter 10 Miss Jane Victoria Smith, & her life                                    161-174

               Ernest George Ffrench HIMSELF;

Chapter 11 Ernest, his wife Adele Carvalho and his life                       175-199

Chapter 12 Ernest's in-laws, the Carvalho's, esp. Solomon & David  200-229

Chapter 13 Ernest & Adele’s children, Violet & Geoffrey, + grandchildren Jonathan, Susan, Simon & me!                                                              230-237

Chapter 14 An interview with Ernest by the Hartford Courier 1935    238-240

Chapter 15 Carvalho's Journey A TV Documentary proposal - web address http://www.brandeis.edu/jewishfilm/pdf/Fiscal%20Sponsorship/Carvalho_proposal.pdf

                                                 Appendices;

1)Timeline Arthur George Ffrench

2)Timeline Carvalho family

3) Timelines George I Ffrench  

4) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Smiths of Annesbrook 

5) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Ffrench of Monivea

6) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 1

7) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 2

8) Mary Seacole’s Will page 3 + Probate  Form

9) History of the 64th Regiment (1834-52 excerpt)- published by Leo Cooper  

10)Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will Inventory of 1829  (Lodging house contents)     (3 pages  with  many thanks to the Jamaica Archives for this)

11) The Beckford story  

12) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Beckfords

13) Monumental Inscriptions  The Beckfords in Spanish Town Cathedral

 

 

Chapter 1  THE CAST OF CHARACTERS--in order of appearance—By Head of Family!



Peter Ffrench Descendants

 

1-Peter Ffrench (about 1710-19 March 1755)
+Catherine1 Noke (about 1714-)
. . 2-Catherine2 Ffrench (21 October 1734-26 October 1794)
. . 2-Bethiah Ffrench (5 February 1736-9 August 1778)
. . 2-Anthony John Ffrench (18 March 1738-18 March 1740)
. . 2-Elizabeth Sarah Ffrench (3 October 1740-)
. . 2-George1 Ffrench (2 June 1742-13 February 1795)
. . +Jane Charlotte Beckford (1759-23 October 1825)
. . . . 3-GeorgeII Ffrench (9 June 1777-)
. . . . 3-EdwardI Ffrench (7 October 1782-7 September 1835)
. . . . 3-Robert1 Ffrench (1785-11 October 1835)
. . . . +Letitia Dunn Lindo (about 1795-)
. . . . . . 4-Arthur I Ffrench (23 June 1813-)
. . . . . . 4-Robert II Ffrench (2 June 1817-)
. . . . . . 4-GeorgeIII Ffrench (30 December 1819-11 February 1897)
. . . . . . +Eliza (Shirley?) Minot (about 1826-12 March 1898)
. . . . . . . . 5-Robert Burke Ffrench (31 October 1849-4 May 1850)
. . . . . . . . 5-Anna Maria Ffrench (about 1853-10 January 1881)
. . . . . . . . 5-EdwardIII Shafto Burke Ffrench (1855-after 1923)
. . . . . . . . 5-Letitia Emily Ffrench (1856-10 November 1869)
. . . . . . . . 5-Hedley John Cecil Ffrench (1858-31 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . 5-Alfred Ernest Ffrench (23 February 1861-24 April 1926)
. . . . . . . . +Isadora Maud Burke Moodie (5 August 1864-about 1953)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frankie Ffrench (1884-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Nellie Ffrench (about 1885-8 May 1944)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-GeorgeIV A Ffrench (27 December 1886-5 February 1957)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shafto Moodie Ffrench (23 January 1889-27 August 1979)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest Minott Ffrench (17 August 1890-before 1926)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Enid Clare Ffrench (March 1896-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Leslie St Clair Ffrench (3 May 1900-3 April 1987)
. . . . . . . . . . +Mary Bernice Prendergast (-1965)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Derek L Ffrench (31 March 1922-2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David L Ffrench (22 February 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-June Ffrench (1928-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Ouida Ffrench (4 February 1933-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shirley Lorraine Ffrench (8 January 1902-18 July 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . +Enid Susan Hind (1904-1988)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-John(Big J) Ffrench (25 January 1940-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Michael Ernest Ffrench (1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Norman Ffrench (23 October 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Aubrey Ffrench (1930-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Corinne E Ffrench (9 May 1905-15 June 1993)
. . . . . . +Unknown Mother (-)
. . . . . . . . 5-Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . +Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . +Frances Fanny Ann Glave (20 June 1845-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Kathleen Glave Ffrench (10 March 1875-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frances Eliza Ffrench (22 March 1878-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . +David Charles Thomas (1880-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-St George Moore Ffrench (9 December 1879-11 December 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Arthur Peter Ffrench (30 November 1881-February 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . +Irene Getfield (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Myrtle Mae Ffrench (27 September 1917-4 April 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Charles Adolphus Jones (14 August 1907-20 January 2000)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Donna Marie Jones-Cover (about 1955-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Desmond Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Jordan Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Don Kemeel Jones (about 1960-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Amy Adina Thomas (1902-December 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Gladys Ffrench (18 October 1918-20 July 2005)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Hepburn Ashman (-2 November 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Living Ashman (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Stephen Shirley Ffrench (3 September 1884-16 March 1896)
. . . . . . 4-EdwardII Ffrench (6 February 1822-10 March 1880)
. . . . . . +Sarah Harrison Buchan (1833-before 1880)
. . . . . . 4-Maria Moore Ffrench (8 December 1826-14 December 1918)
. . . . . . +John Moore (about 1820-before 1918)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ella Louise Moore (-1 October 1938)
. . . . . . 4-Alexander Dunn Ffrench (9 December 1828-)
. . . . 3-Ann Eliza Ffrench (1787-13 October 1835)
. . +Elizabeth Ann Jackson (about 1765-about 1825)
. . . . 3-John Ffrench (1789-6 January 1790)
. . . . 3-Henry Ffrench (21 October 1793-18 January 1800)

Descendants Henry Smith

1-Henry1 Smith (15 June 1748-1817)
+Martha Steele (-)
. . 2-Henry2 Jeremiah 11th Dragoons Smith (28 November 1783-15 February 1857)
. . +Margaret Osbourne (about 1782-about 1805)
. . . . 3-Henry3 Jeremiah Smith (October 1803-)
. . . . +Sarah Maria Harrison (about 1810-)
. . . . . . 4-Henry4 Jeremiah Smith (14 September 1829-)
. . . . 3-Francis Edward Smith (1805-)
. . +Elizabeth Radcliffe (1790-5 March 1872)
. . . . 3-Catherine Matilda Smith (about 1810-)
. . . . +Robert Col Sir Wallace (-)
. . . . 3-Elizabeth Smith (about 1811-)
. . . . +Hugh Lyons Montgomery (-)
. . . . 3-Stephen Henry Smith (1813-1890)
. . . . +Georgina Barbra Pelly (-1874)
. . . . 3-St George William Smith (1813-about 1892)
. . . . 3-Michael Edward Smith (10 November 1814-19 May 1903)
. . . . +Jane Grace Smith Syme (1829-17 March 1913)
. . . . +Eliza Louisa Grant (about 1815-21 July 1905)
. . . . . . 4-Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . +Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . 3-William Thomas Smith (about 1816-)
. . . . 3-Richard Edward Jeremiah Smith (about 1819-March 1877)
. . . . +Adela Archer (about 1840-)
. . . . 3-Kynaston Walter Smith (about 1827-1857)
. . . . 3-Matilda Cox Smith (1828-)
. . . . 3-Emily Smith (about 1829-)
. . . . 3-Mary Henrietta Smith (1830-1876)
. . . . +Ralph4 Smyth (about 1817-)
. . . . 3-Frederick Augustus Smith (18 November 1826-27 July 1887)

 

Descendants Samuel Nunes Carvalho

 

1-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1665-1728)
. . 2-Isaac Nunes Carvalho (about 1690-1733)
. . . . 3-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1715-)
. . . . +Bathsheba De Meza (-)
. . . . . . 4-Solomon1 Nunes Carvalho (1740-before 1835)
. . . . . . +Judith(Jeudit) Henriques Pimental (1744-before 1840)
. . . . . . . . 5-Emanuel Carvalho (14 November 1770-1817)
. . . . . . . . 5-David1 Nunes Carvalho (4 November 1785-1860)
. . . . . . . . +Sarah Cohen D'Azevedo (1793-20 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Solomon2 Nunes Carvalho (27 April 1815-21 May 1897)
. . . . . . . . . . +Sarah Miriam Solis (15 October 1824-2 May 1894)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David2 Nunes Carvalho (29 September 1848-29 June 1925)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Annie M Abrams (16 November 1857-2 June 1903)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-BertramI Nunes Carvalho (27 May 1878-1975)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Jesselyn Pierce (8 October 1875-30 December 1938)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-John Bertram Carvalho (30 April 1904-15 May 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Adelaide P Carvalho (26 November 1906-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Curtis Bolton Pierce Carvalho (1908-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Elizabeth Jean Teal (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Curtis Christian Carvalho (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-David3 Nunes Carvalho (about 1911-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-BertramII Nunes Carvalho (7 February 1913-8 January 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Janet Van Franken Garfield Stone (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +unknown Carlson (1885-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Dayton Carvalho (1880-1881)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Maie Nunes Carvalho (19 May 1882-14 April 1974)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Carl Friedrich Herman Ferdinand Sturhahn (25 January 1871-13 December 1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Herbert Carl Sturhahn (29 July 1902-1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Edward Marshall Sr Sturhahn (15 May 1906-3 May 1992)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Louise Dailey Sturhahn (8 January 1909-9 July 1996)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Joan Sturhahn (23 September 1930-11 April 2010)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Garland Mourning McNutt Jnr (24 August 1923-2 October 2008)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Garland Marshall McNutt (26 September 1956-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Edward Marshall Jnr Sturhahn (30 March 1934-1 April 1993)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sharon Lee Manford (31 October 1942-8 September 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Natalie Anita(Sally) Ann Williamson Sturhahn Graff (25 December 1961-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Bruce Michael McGee (1951-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-Kelli Diane McGee (1982-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Dan Gradley Graff (1957-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Leslie Russell Nunes Carvalho (7 November 1885-December 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sophia G Goodman (about 1890-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Paul D Carvalho (about 1915-7 November 1940)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Anne Carvalho (about 1920-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Claire Carvalho (13 September 1888-27 October 1970)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Herbert A Weiller (21 August 1887-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Sylvia Weiller (about 1914-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jacob Solis Carvalho (23 September 1852-13 March 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Suzanne Walker (about 1854-before 1950)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Charity(Charrie) N Carvalho (12 April 1850-5 April 1945)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Solomon Solis Carvalho (16 January 1856-12 April 1942)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Helen Cusack (about 1858-before 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Sarah Virginia Carvalho (about 1896-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Helen Carvalho (about 1898-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Emanuel Nunes Carvalho (22 March 1817-13 March 1883)
. . . . . . . . . . +Caroline A Woolf (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Julia Carvalho (4 July 1819-22 January 1887)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Rachel Carvalho (1822-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sarah Carvalho (September 1823-13 November 1842)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Clara Nunes Carvalho (1826-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Benjamin Carvalho (1827-January 1843)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sophia Carvalho (1828-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Isaac Carvalho (1835-1835)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Miriam Carvalho (10 November 1838-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Isadore Osorio (March 1840-)
. . . . . . +Est(h)er de Isaac Alvarez (-)

2  PEDIGREE OF ERNEST  George Ffrench

Chapter 2

Ernest’s Paternal ancestors “ Generation x” Way back & traditionally, according to my father, we Ffrench’s originated from Monivea and Ffrench Castle, near Galway in western Ireland, which had a regular shipping route via Spain to the Caribbean. There’s actually a Ffrench roundabout in Galway city!

 

 

3 Ffrench Roundabout Galway City

--but so far the only  connection we have made between the Jamaica Ffrench's and the Irish ones is this dated 1823;

DIED In December last, at Paradise Estate, Jamaica, Anthony FfRENCH, Esq., aged
23 (or 25) years, son of R. FfRENCH, Esq., of Beagh, in this County. Those
only who knew Mr. FfRENCH and appreciated his merits, can judge of the regret of his parents, and his friends must feel at the loss of so amiable a young gentleman.

But the French’s must originally have left Ireland about 100+ years earlier because as far back as the 1700's there were F(f)rench's in Jamaica, West Possibly they arrived as soldiers--one Lieut Thomas French was with Colonel Richard Fortescue's Regiment(the Third) , who under Penn Venables,  invaded Jamaica in 1655, taking it from the Spanish. Fortescue had been a Lt Col under the Earl of Essex and a Colonel in Cromwell's New Model. Fortescue's Regiment was stationed in Spanish Town. Fortescue thought Jamaica "a fruitful and pleasant Island and a fit receptacle for honest men" "there is accomodation and worke for them.Here they may serve God, their countery and themselves". Fortescue died 3 Oct 1655 but maybe he convinced Lieut Thomas to stay. 

 A second Thomas French b 1680 d 1758 had with Esther(coloured?); son  Thomas (b 2 Feb1697), George (b 2 Sept 1699 d 29 Mar 1702),Jeremiah(b 7 Dec 1701 d 17 Feb 1702) and Elizabeth (b 5 May 1705 d 4 July 1706) An Esther French dies 12 May 1705 just after Elizabet was born. All in St Catherines. Only Thomas survives—or does he?  6 June 1720 a Thomas French is buried in St Catherines

4 

Thomas & esther’s Son Thomas

A third Thomas French  married in 1741 Mary Mathews & had  Thomas (b 1 Nov 1742 bap 26 Nov 1742). A Mary French dies in Kingston 8 June 1755 “the wife of Thomas French Esquire”

5 Thomas & Mary’s Son Thomas

 He also had with Eleanor Peete (mulatto); dau Susanna(b 5 Mar 1754), son George(b 4 Mar 1759) and dau  Mary(b 4 May 1763). He died  13 Aug 1783

6 7 8 

Susannah, George(x 2)  and Mary

A fourth Thomas French was acting Governor Jamaica 1702.

A (fifth) Major General Thomas French is mentioned in "Fuertado's Official Personages (in Jamaica) 1655-1790" & in the Jamaica Almanacs  as JP 1751, M.A. Kingston 1753, Custos for Kingston in 1780 ,Speaker pro tem in 1781 and Chief Justice in 1788.The 1782 Almanac calls him the Hon Thomas French. This Thomas died 16 Jan 1783 aged 66 “Custos” so born 1717

One of the Jamaica French’s—or a later immigrant English/Irish French?—must have  produced Peter French  (b abt 1710 d abt 1785)

Generation 1

 Peter French  born abt 1710 of Kingston, When he married 24th Dec 1734 Catherine Noke of Kingston ( b abt 1716) he was “ Bookkeeper” of a Plantation. He would supervise the slaves in the fields & superintend the manufacture of sugar & rum.

9 Peter & Catherine’s marriage

Before they married they had Catherine (b 21st Oct 1734, bap 23rd Feb 1735; a Catherine French dies Kingston “a spinster” 26 Oct 1794);          then Bethiah , (b 5th Feb 1736, bap 24th Feb 1736; a Bethiah French dies Kingston “a spinster” 9 Aug 1778);                                                         Anthony John (b18th March 1738, bap 14th Apr 1739; an Anthony John French dies aged 6(?), buried by his father 18 Mar 1740);                                       Elizabeth Sarah,(b 3rd Oct 1740, bap 28th Oct 1740; and

 George I (b 2 Jun 1742 and bap on 23rd June 1742)

10 11 12 13 14

Catherine, Bethiah, Anthony, Elizabeth & GeorgeI’s KINGSTON baptisms

 Peter became Government Coroner in 1751 per the Jamaica Almanac—at that time a coloured could not aspire to such a post so we assume Catherine Noke was white.A  Peter French “Esquire” died Kingston 19 March 1755.

 

 

Chapter 3

Generation 2

2.1 GeorgeI Ffrench,(as above) b 1742, is listed in the Fuertado Official Personages 1655-1790 and the 1790 Jamaica Almanac as the Crown Solicitor/Clerk of the Jamaica Assembly around 1780/5, aged 38.By 1782 George is in the High Court,Assistant Judge,Solicitor for the Crown and Clerk of the Peace in Spanish Town,St Catherine's on a fat salary! So was he a lawyer? Did he have legal training in London or Dublin? There's a George French in the 1782 List of Attorneys-at-Law admitted to practice at His Majesty's Supreme Court of Judicature. 

 His  long-term mistress was Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford  "a free mulatto woman” of Spanish Town, Jamaica, born 1759 died 23 Oct 1825; presumably the illegitimate daughter of either Richard Beckford (Speaker St Catherine's 1747) or Ballard Beckford (Member of the Council St Catherine 1754).

 

 

 

 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

SPANISH TOWN TODAY

Ballard Beckford was  somewhat notorious , having figured prominently as co-respondent in a much publicized divorce case, which resulted in the passing of Jamaica’s first Divorce Act and his expulsion from the House of Assembly 3 years earlier. Many of the Beckfords are buried in the Spanish Town Cathedral.

 George must have been besotted by Jane and/or his 2 young quadroon sons GeorgeII  b 1777 & EdwardI  b 1782 as he had a Private Act of the Jamaica Parliament passed in 1784 (he wld be 42) giving her and his sons (then aged 7 and 2) equal rights to those born of wholly white parents & sent them to England for their education.

Jane  Charlotte Beckford's  Act  of  the  Jamaica  Parliament  1784

Jamaica Is. An Act to entitle Jane Charlotte Beckford of the Parish of Saint Catherine a free Mulatto Woman and George French and Edward French Free Quadroons the Children of the said Jane Charlotte Beckford to the same Rights and Priviledges with English subjects born of White Parents under certain Restrictions

Whereas the said Jane Charlotte Beckford hath been Baptised Educated and Instructed in the principles of the Christian Religion and in the Communion of the Church of England as by Law Established and hath caused her said children to be Baptised the elder of whom hath been sent to England and where it is intended that the younger of them shall also be sent at a proper age to be brought up in the like principles and Educated in such manner as to make them useful to the Community which with the assistance that will be afforded them will raise them above the level of people of Colour in general But by reason of their being Mulattoes they are Subject and liable to the same pains and penalties to which free Negroes and Mulattoes are in this Island who have neither education nor property    Wherefore We your Majesty’s dutiful and loyal Subjects the Lieutenant Governor Council and Assembly of this Island humbly beseech your Majesty that it may be Enacted and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same that the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and her issue begotten by White Men and the said George French and Edward French and their Issue born of White Women shall from henceforth be deemed and taken for free and Natural born Subjects of this Island and shall be Tried and adjudged for all Crimes Misdemeanors and Offences which they or either of them shall be hereafter Charged with in the same manner as if they and every of them were free and Natural born Subjects of great Britain and in no other manner whatsoever and that they and every of them shall be entitled to have and enjoy all Rights Priviledges Immunities and Advantages whatsoever as if they and every of them were born and descended of and from White Ancestors any Law Custom or Useage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.Provided always that nothing in this Act contained shall be construed or understood to confer upon the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and the said George French and Edward French or any or either of them any Capacity or Ability of Sitting or Voting either in the Council or Assembly of this Island or of holding or enjoying any Office Civil or Military or serving as Jurors or Vestrymen or of voting at any Election whatsoever. But that they the said Jane Charlotte Beckford George French and Edward French and each and every of them shall be totally excluded therefrom any Law Custom or Usage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding./

Passed  the Council this 15th day of December 1784 Will Dunlop Speaker.    I consent this 14th day of December 1784   Cncl Alured Clarke Passed the Assembly this 23rd day of  ed the Assembly December 1784 IW Slaughter

             

27The Jamaica Act of Parliament making the Quadroons “white”!

A mulatto is half-European, half-African; a quadroon is the issue of a European and a mulatto; an African is someone who had been shipped from Africa; a Creole is someone (of any race) born on the island.

GeorgeI & Jane's 4 children were GeorgeII born 9 June 1777;EdwardI born 7 Oct 1782 died 7 Sep 1835; Robert born 1785 died 11 Oct 1835 and  Ann Eliza born 1788 died 13 Oct 1835—there must have been an epidemic. There was no Act of Parliament for the later  children .They were all baptised in St Catherine's.

Jane Charlotte Beckford ran a lodging house in Spanish Town called "Miss Ffrench's" at the corner of Ellis Street and Whitechurch Street to which Lady Nugent, the Governor's wife, sent guests in 1803--(She would not have sent her guests to anywhere second-rate so it must have been "upmarket"!). There is a French Street  and a Beckford Street in Spanish Town today . From her birth date of 1759 Jane would appear to be the illegitimate daughter of planter Richard Beckford, or Ballard Beckford

Philip Wright's Monumental Inscriptions of Jamaica:  p. 130 –“ Spanish Town.  No. 28, Whitechurch St” Not seen. Recorded by Frank Cundall 1918.

 Jane Charlotte Beckford, died 23 October, 1825, aged 66.(So born 1759)

Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House;-the Gleaner 1887(Note double ff that early)

Picture of present day building still used in 2010  as the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge Meeting House

28 29 Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House today

 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will inventory of 1829

Beckford Jane C Entrd 14th Feb 1829.  An Inventory and appraisement of all and singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford late of the Parish of St Catherine deceased-----------------------------

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather bed Hair Mattrass Bolster & Pillows 160/-

1 Mahogany large Chest 40/- 1 Looking glass 13/4 1 Globe 6/8      £11-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather Bed Bolster & Pillows with Nett 106/8

1 Washstand 5/- 1 Mahogany chair 5/- 1 Looking glass 2/6              £ 5-19-02

1 Mahogany Bedstead 58/4 1 Table 6/8 1 Looking glass 6/8 1 Bason stand 6/8

9 large & small Mahogany tables 175/- 2 Sofhas 40/-                      £14-13-04

1 Mahogany desk 10/- 1 Plated Cruet stand 10/- 1 Mahogany Chest 40/-

1 small Chest of Drawers 13/4 1 Basan stand 10/-                            £4-03-04

4 Looking Glass 10/- 4 Bedroom Chairs 40/- 2 pair shoes 20/-

1 pair hand ??? shades 10/- 2 Night Chairs 26/8 1 Liquor cooler 40/-£7-06-08

19 Mahogany Highback Chairs 190/- 3 pair Plated Candlesticks 30/-

1 Mahogany Sideboard Tray 80/- 1 Dripstone ??? 100/-                  £20-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead Straw bed Hair Mattrass & 2 Pillows 26/8 1 Table 6/8

1 Chair 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 1 Large Chest 10/-                             £2-16-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead and Feather Bed 80/- 1 Table 5/- 1 Looking glass 5/-

1 Bason stand 5/- a Lot assorted glassware 26/8                              £6-01-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead Hair Mattrass with Bolster & Pillows 100/- 1 Table 6/8

1 Looking Glass 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 4 Water jars 6/8                  £6-06-08

2 doz Large Tablecloths 240/- 1 1/2 Doz middle size Tablecloths 90/-

2 Doz Breakfast Cloths 180/- a Lot Crockery ware 80/-                  £29-10-00

1 Sett Breakfast Cups & Saucers 40/- A Legacy bequeathed under the Will

of Christian Allen with Interest from 8 June 1811 £31-10-0             £33-10-00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------£132-07-06

In obedience to the Warrant of appraisement hereunto annexed we have inventoried and appraised all and Singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford deceased as they were shewn unto us by Ann Eliza French her administratix or which we knew belonged to the said Deceased at the time of her death and we do find the same amount to the sum of One hundred and thirty two pounds seven shillings and sixpence Current money of Jamaica as will more particularly appear above Given our hands and seals this 27th day of January annoque Domini 1829--Isaac Lopes--William Oliver

  Note Very much an ongoing establishment--with 6 Mahogany Bedsteads, 19 High back Dining Chairs, tablecloths, crockery etc—presumably being run by daughter Ann Eliza Ffrench    (Original in Appendix 10)

                                   

30,30a,31a,31b 1786 MapS  Spanish Town & key                                                                 

Why did so many European men take coloured mistresses? See below from Major Frederick Johnston who wrote to his wife(in England) in 1794;

"The English mulatto women are the handsomest, they have all the finest teeth I ever saw and they take a great deal of care of them, cleaning them twice a day with Tamarin wood, indeed I am sorry to say that all together they are more cleanly than my fair Country Women.I can assure you the English women that are here are quite Nasty to look at. They give one the idea of a person that has been buried and risen again. It is quite the fashion for everybody....to have one of these princesses to live with them as housekeepers or Nurses....for I am given to understand that unless you are taken care of by them you must die for as soon as you are ill all your friends desert you for fear of infection..."  

Despite all this, a year after their 4th child Ann Eliza was born by Jane Charlotte in 1787, George I Ffrench (aged 46) married Elizabeth Ann Jackson in Kingston 31 Jan 1788.

 

31

Marriage Of George I Ffrench & Elizabeth Ann Jackson

 Was she the daughter of Chief Justice William Jackson? They had son John in 1789 & Henry in 1793- John died St Catherines 4 Jan 1790

32 John French dies Age 1

George I died “of the dropsy” 13 Feb 1795. Note the causes of death for others at the same time—mainly “fever” but also “age” “decay” “murder” “decline”  and “effects of licquor” Healthy life styles!

 

33 George I French Clerk of the Assembly died 13 Feb 1795 St Catherine

 His Will leaves everything to his "dear wife Elizabeth Ann" and his "minor son Henry" (aged 2)-- older son John having already  died.

1795  Will  of  George  French  Esq    Jamaica Is.   In the name of God Amen I George French of the Parish of Saint Catherine in the County of Middlesex and Island of Jamaica Esquire do make publish this to be my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say I will and desire that my just debts and funeral expenses be paid off and satisfied as soon as conveniently maybe by my Executrix and Executors herein after named and as to such estate and Effects that I may die possessed of I give devise and bequeath unto my dear wife Elizabeth Ann French and my beloved son Henry French all such my Estate real personal or mi**(?) of what nature or kind soever or where so ever the same may be at the time of my decease to be equally divided between my wife and son share and share alike to hold as tenants in common and not as joint tenants but in case of the death of either my said wife or my said son before he attains the age of twenty one years then the part and share either of them so dying to go to the survivor her or his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said wife Elizabeth Ann French and Francis Rigby Brodbilt Esquire and Alexander Aikman of the parish of Kingston Esquire Executrix and Executors of this my last will and testament and Guardian of my said son Henry French until he attain the age of twenty one years, and I do revoke and make void all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declare this only to be my last will and testament In witness whereof I the said George French have to this my last will and testament set my hand and seal this thirty first day of January in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five  Signed sealed published and declared by the testator George French  Geo ffrench SEAL as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence and in each others presence have subscribed our names as witnesses to the same

R R Parker                Thos’ Talbot                                   Stevens Wood

(The Slave Registers of 1817 also list a George Ffrench, b. ca. 1785, creole,slave living in St. George, Jamaica, the property of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench on 28 Jun 1817. He was then 32 years old. George was one of 12 slaves listed as her property.)

When Elizabeth Ann, his widow makes her will she does not mention Henry--as he had died too, aged 7, of a "sore throat". How desperate to lose both sons—there were of course no synthetic medicines then.

 

34 Henry French child  died 18 Jan 1800

 St Catherine’s Aged 7

Will of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench dated 10 Aug 1825

10/- Jamaica Is --   George the fourth by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King  and of Jamaica Lord, Defender of the Faith & so onTo our trusty and well-beloved John Biggar and James Forsyth Esquires

Know ye that we have constituted authorised and appointed and by these presents do constitute authorise and appoint ye or either of ye to administer an oath unto George Barnett of the City and Parish of Kingston Gentlemen or any other that are witnesses and can make oath of the signing sealing publishing and declaring of the last will and testament of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench late of the parish of Kingston widow deceased and hereof you or either of you are to make a due return under your or either of your hands and seals unto our Captain General and Governor in Chief of the said Island or to the Governor and Commander in chief of the same for the time with this power annexed

Witness His Grace William Duke of Manchester Captain General and Governor in Chief of our said Island at St Jago de la Vega (SpanishTown)  the 26th day of August Anno q Domini 1825 and in the sixth year of our reign (sgnd) Manchester   Passed Secretary’s office  W. Bullock  Secretary  

Jamaica Island  The execution of the within    Dedimus Potestatem appears by the Will and probate thereof hereunto annexed. Given under my hand this 23rd day of September 1825  (sgnd)  I Forsyth Ffrench Elizabeth A  Entr’d 15th Oct 1825

Jamaica Is -- In the name of God Amen I Elizabeth Ann Ffrench of the City and Parish of Kingston in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid Widow being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding do make publish and declare my last Will and Testament in manner and form following. That is to say Imprimis I will and direct that all my just debts and funeral and testamentary expences be fully paid and satisfied as soon as conveniently can be after my decease And for such purpose I do hereby direct and authorise and empower my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named to enter upon and take possession of my coffee plantation or settlement called The Cottage situate in the Parish of St Andrew in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid and to contract for and actually sell and dispose of the said plantation or settlement as soon as possible after my decease and to grant and execute to the Purchaser thereof good and sufficient title thereto and if need be to allow unto the purchaser thereof a reasonable time for the payment or part payment thereof and I do hereby declare that the receipt of my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named shall be a good and sufficient discharge to the purchaser or purchasers thereof for any monies therein expressed and that such purchaser or  purchasers shall not be answerable or accountable for the non-application or misapplication of such purchase money.

And it is my will and desire that my debts and funeral and testamentary expenses be paid and discharged out of the proceeds of such Sale in preference to my personal estate.

I hereby manumise enfranchise and forever set free of and from all servitude slavery and bondage my Negro Woman Slaves named Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters to hold such Manumission Enfranchisement and Freedom unto the said Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters and their future issue offspring and increase forever.

I give devise and bequeath unto Samuel Bruce Smith my mulatto man slave named George Simpson to hold to his heirs and assigns forever but it is my will and desire and I do hereby direct that in case the said Mulatto slave named George Simpson shall at any time hereafter during the minority of the said Samuel Bruce Smith be able to purchase his freedom either by himself or with the assistance of his friends that such freedom be granted to him upon a reasonable sum being paid to the said Samuel Bruce Smith and I do hereby authorise my Executrix and Executor to execute and deliver all necessary deeds and instruments whatsoever for such purpose but in the event of the said Samuel Bruce Smith departing this life before he shall attain his age of 21 years or before the said Mulatto boy George Simpson shall have purchased his freedom as aforesaid I then give devise and bequeath the said slave unto Rachel Smith (was Rachel Smith her married sister?) of the said city and parish of Kingston Widow the mother of the said Samuel Bruce Smith to hold to her and his heirs and assigns forever but subject to the like condition and power to the said slave to purchase his freedom from the said Rachel Smith.(signed) E A Ffrench

Whereas I am entitled under the will of my late uncle John Jackson (her maiden name) to a legacy of £2000 now I give and bequeath £200 thereof unto Mrs Elizabeth Dallas (another sister?) the widow of the late Stuart George Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath one hundred pounds   thereof to Samuel Jackson Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath £200 thereof to the Rev Robert William Dallas the present Rector of Manchester but it is (my) express will and intention that the said last three mentioned legacies shall be only  paid  and payable out of the said legacy of £2000(if ever the same should be paid) & not out of any other part of my real or personal estate  I give and bequeath all my wearing apparel unto the said Rachel Smith.

All the rest residue and  remainder of my estate real personal and mixt I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto Elizabeth Martha Smith, Jane Smith, James William Smith, Frances Smith and Samuel Bruce Smith, daughter and sons of the said Rachel Smith or such of them as shall be living at the time of my decease to be divided among them share and share alike to hold to them and to the Survivors orSurvivor of them and to the heirs executors administrators and assigns of such survivor forever.

And lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint the said Rachel Smith and her son James William Smith Executrix and Executor of this my said will hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declaring this only to be and contain my last Will and Testament.

In witness hereof I have to the first sheet of this my Will set and subscribed my hand and to the second and last sheet thereof set and subscribed my hand and affixed my seal this tenth day of August 1825                       (signed)     E A Ffrench 

An E A Ffrench dies Kingston 15 Aug 1825

Generation 3  To Summarise-Children of George I Ffrench ;

 with Jane Charlotte Beckford,

 George II Ffrench , b. 9 June 1777 died ??, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. He was schooled in England.

 Edward I  Ffrench , b. 7 Oct 1782 d 7 Sep1835, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. Schooled in England.

Robert I Ffrench  b 1784 m Letitia Dunn spinster,("late Lindo " ie née?) d 11 Oct 1835 both described as  "Free persons of colour"

Ann Eliza Ffrench b 1787 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Administratix

 d 13 Oct 1835 or 1845 ? Manchester?

with  Elizabeth Ann Jackson Ffrench

John Ffrench b 1789 d 6 Jan 1790

Henry Ffrench b 21 Oct 1793 d 18 Jan 1800

Chapter 4

Generation 4

RobertI   "a free quadroon" married Letitia Dunn Lindo Ffrench "a free bro(wn)" had 6 children—all baptized Kingston. They were “Free persons of colour”.

Arthur I  born 23rd June 1813; RobertII ,born 2 June 1817; George III ,born 30 Dec 1819;  Edward II  born 6 Feb 1822 , Maria Moore born 8 Dec 1826(at Foster Lane-the family home?) & Alexander Dunn b 9 Dec 1828

 

 

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43  Arthur i, RobertII, GeorgeIII, EdwardII’s maria moore, Alexander dunn baptisms

(Maria’s death notice also shows her to be a sister of GeorgeIII and confirms a birth year of 1826. She became a teacher at Wolmer’s school then matron of the Kingston Naval Hospital in 1875. She married John Moore of Swanswick Estate Trelawney and died in 1918

           

44 Maria Moore’s death Notice

 

The matching DNA tests that have been taken by living Michael & Simon Ffrench currently indicate they have a common ancestor. David L Ffrench states he believes Arthur George was his grandfather Alfred Ernest’s brother so George III would have been his father even if Eliza Minot was not his mother.  Arthur George Ffrench was born in 1851

At present we know nothing about  Arthur I b 1813 or Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn. George III’s story is in Chapter 5.

Edward II Ffrench was  b 6 Feb 1822  Did he school in Kingston and after leaving, work for his father Robert or in the Militia perhaps?His older brother George III  had joined the Portland Tax Dept in 1847 aged 27; 

Before 13 Aug 1851 Edward II was presumably living at the family home in Foster Lane Kingston. Could he aged 28  have fathered Arthur then? Edward spent “2 days out of Jamaica” that year—Cuba? Haiti?

 Edward II was appointed on 13 Aug 1851 as "acting clerk to the sub-(tax) collector Port Morant" aged 29 at £150 pa  by the Governor. His £100 security bond was provided by  brother George “Clerk Vestry Portland” & John Joseph Duval of St Andrews. Perhaps George III got him his job?

In 1854 he was promoted to Sub-Collector and Lands Waiter and Searcher for Morant Bay @ £225 pa.. His bond was increased to £500 and George Ffrench's name on the bond was replaced by John Burger, watchmaker, Kingston.

20 May 1857 he was   married by Rev John Radcliffe to Sarah Harrison Buchan in the Kingston Kirk(Presbyterian) Witnesses Hon A(lexander) Barclay and Jno Naro(?)

 

45 Edward II Ffrench & sarah Harrison Buchan marriage certificate

In Oct 1858 he is promoted to Sub-Collector, Old Harbour (the other side of Kingston).Security now from John Burger and William Andrews Attorney-at-law. He remained there  till 1860, when he disappears without comment from the Civil Service Blue Books. Perhaps fraud?

On 9 June 1866 Edward Ffrench, Kingston is included  in a list of names in the Gleaner of "Insolvents". In Jan 1867 his "bail is enlarged" by the Surry Insolvent Debtors Court.

In 1876 Arthur George marries Frances Ann Glave in Manchester Witnesses are FW Bonitto + Jno Sawyers ie no Ffrench’s present.

December 1879 both George Ffrench in Portland & Arthur St Catherines take long leave on half-pay. Why? Coincidence? To care for dying widower brother/uncle Edward II?

On 10 March 1880 Edward II dies a widower aged 59, "much & deservedly regretted" per the Gleaner notice. On the death certificate his occupation was “lumber measurer”(probably learned from his time at Port Morant)The informant is George III Ffrench, brother, of 16 Foster Lane, Kingston  (the Ffrench family home for 50+years).

 

46  EdwardII Ffrench’s death record

In May 1896 his name appears on a Government Notice of estates forfeited to the Govt because of non-claimants for £6-13-10d. No will found yet.

Curiously in 1850 an unidentified George Ffrench died at Foster lane aged 34—maybe the son of one of Robert & Letitia’s other sons?

 

Chapter 5

GeorgeIII Ffrench,  b.30 Dec 1819, d. 7 May 1897

Presumably like brother Edward he grew up in Robert & Letitia’s home in Foster Lane Kingston. Where did he school? What did he do between 1837 & 1847? Ie after leaving school before getting his job in Portland aged 28? Robert & Letitia were “free coloureds” so George III would be too

George III  moved from Kingston to Portland in 1847 joining the Colonial Administration  as Collector of Taxes --& paid partly on commission! Two years later he gets married to Eliza Minot

George III “Clerk of the Vestry of this Parish” was  married by Licence by Rev J Stone Rector to  Eliza Minot 4.31, in Portland on 4 Jan 1849.

 

47  Marriage George Ffrench/Eliza Minot

 We think Eliza may have been the daughter of a slave…     The 1817 return of Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies shows a Maria Kirkland 11, "sambo"& “creole”; her mother Betty 29  as"negro"& "african"--- owner Francoise Adelaide Lebrun (African ie off a slave ship);

9 years later the 1826 return shows an Eliza Minot 1 1/2 yrs  "mulatto",creole (ie born in Jamaica); her mother Maria Kirkland 20  "sambo", her  grandmother Betty Ann Kirkland 38, "African"---attorney Philip P Kirkland, Parish of St George. Kirkland’s estate was “Paradise”.

The ages match up. In the 1829 return Betty has gone, Maria ("alias Mariah Kirkland") is 22, Eliza Minot is 3--both after then "manumised" ie freed.This would make Eliza Minot 23 in 1849 when she married GeorgeIII

In 1925 Eliza's son Alfred Ernest Ffrench talks of his grandmother "Maria Shirley"--is this Maria Kirkland? David L Ffrench believed her family name was Shirley and that she came from th Rio Grande Valley behind Port Antonio. There is a plantation called Minots there. Paradise is slightly west of here but still close to the Rio Grande. Image 47a

 

 

                           

 

 

 

48 49 Slave Returns For Eliza,maria,Betty

 

50   Advertisement from  the Dec 1803 Jamaica Royal Gazette for sale of Slaves

 

Both Arthur George & Alfred Ernest Ffrench named a child “Shirley” ,

GeorgeIII's established issue with Eliza Minot in Port Antonio, Portland, Jamaica were 2 daughters & 4 sons; the only one whose baptism we have found is the first Robert who died young. Why? Were the records lost or were the children not baptized? Unlikely as later George is on the Anglican Church Finance Board. We believe them to be;-

Birth year

31 May 1849  Robert Burke Ffrench who died 4 May  1850 at 6 months

1851    Arthur George Ffrench ?

1853    Anna Maria Ffrench  d  10 Jan 1881 at 28

1855?  Edward Shafto Burke Ffrench, Joined Tax Dpt1873. d aft 1923 @ 68+

1856    Letitia Emily Ffrench  d 10 Nov 1869 of Typhoid “at 13”.

1858    Hedley John Cecil Ffrench  d 31 Mar 1864 at 6

23 Apr1861   (Honorable) Alfred Ernest Ffrench He became JP, MP, and MBE. He got the MBE during WWI for work with the Red Cross. He was a member of the Legislative Council. He died 24 Apr 1926 at 65.  Long obit in Gleaner. We have traced many of his living descendants down to great grandchildren, living in the USA Canada and Jamaica

Only 2 sons(+ Arthur George) of George & Eliza’s 6 children survived their parents.

So George III could easily  have fathered Arthur George in 1851—after losing his first born son—either with Eliza or perhaps with another woman?

(Another George French owned  sugar estates, Queenhithe and Tobalskie(about 5500acres)in St Ann's on the North coast of Jamaica near Runaway bay and Ocho Rhios and Rooksby Park but he appears to be an absentee owner from Kent, England and unconnected)

By 1857 George III was also an Ensign in the volunteer militia army for Portland; by 1865 a lieutenant, then Captain. George III Ffrench’s name appears all over the Almanacs( to which he contributed for Portland), the Gleaner etc. This after the 1865 Rebellion;-

50a Lieut George III Ffrench after the 1865 Rebellion

1866   Eliza his wife, and their daughters Anna Maria  and Letitia Emily  were signatories to one of the  thank-you letters to the “now infamous” Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio and Manchioneal for saving them from the insurgents rebellion. George III signs a similar letter of support for Governor Eyre expressing “deep indignation at the misrepresentations” made.

George III Ffrench  owned property in Portland, eg Mount Pleasant(805 acres), True Blue(300acres).4 July 1867 "The Colonial Standard" reported George's vain attempt to clear his land at Mount Pleasant, Portland of squatters.

 

 

             

51 Here is a photo of George III Ffrench

 

 

52  And here is Eliza Minot Ffrench

 

53

Plan of Port Antonio where they lived

 

7 January 1868 There is an amazing account of a shipwreck off Cuba over Christmas 1867 written by George III himself.

He writes he was with "his 2 sons". These were probably therefore Edward III Shafto (aged 13) and Alfred Ernest (aged 6+). Arthur George would be 16 and had possibly left home. Alternatively this remark might imply that Arthur George was GeorgeIII Ffrench's “spare” child ie illegitimate. As Ansell Hart later wrote “every proud mother was only too prone to register the name of the father of her illegitimate child”

 

54  George III is ship-wrecked!

When St George Parish was merged with Portland around 1867/8 George was offered Clarendon but successfully objected. He received a  pension.

55  George is to be transferred but refuses!

56  1870 Promoted to 2nd Class clerk aged 50

Feb 28 1870 In the Colonial Standard a valedictory address from the good & great of Port Antonio, "accompanied by bumpers of champagne" 

57 Valedictory Address on George's promotion to Westmoreland parish "after an extended residence in Port Antonio of nearly a quarter of a century" (ie from 1846/7)

 He remained at Sav la Mar, Westmoreland  for 10 years and became proprietor of a property there called “Blue Hole” & a lessee of Roslyn Lodge Pens. His salary was £400 per year plus a £50 housing allowance--a serious amount at the time.

Dec 1879  he took long leave on half pay-- at the same time as Arthur George—to look after his dying brother Edward?

Apr 1880 aged 60 he retired & moved to Kingston . He had been a JP, Captain of the Portland Volunteers, Parochial Board member, Clerk of the Vestry of the Parish of Portland, etc. and a well-respected worthy citizen. 

1890 aged 70, & despite substantial pensions and assets, George III seems to have got into financial difficulties with foreclosures on properties he owned eg Mount Pleasant Estate, 805 acres in Portland.

May 1891(aged 69) he is elected to the Kingston City Council

1893 He is the defendant over a disputed Bill of Exchange for £331.

Sept 17th 1896 per Gleaner He seems to have been somewhat cantankerous,  falling out with the Mayor of Kingston, but takes on a short-term role as acting clerk Portland Parish that year.

1897 A messy bankruptcy

7 May 1897 he died aged 78 at 2 Harbour St, Kingston. No will  found yet but he was bankrupt. The informant was solicitor Thadeous Rudolph McMillan “who caused the body to be buried”. Why no family present?

 

58 GeorgeIII Ffrench’s death certificate

 His son, the 36 years old Honorable Alfred E. Ffrench MP,JP, was his executor and had to sort out the mess. George’s widow  Eliza Minot Ffrench died a year later in 1898, also in Kingston. Here's George's obituary;

59   GeorgeIII Ffrench’s obituary from “The Colonies & India”

Chapter 6

Generation 5-- Issue of George Ffrench III & Eliza (Minot) Ffrench,

Apart from the baptism of their first child Robert (named after Geo's father) Burke Ffrench, we have been unable to find the baptism records of any of George and Eliza's other children in the LDS microfilm  records or in the RGD Spanish Town records or in the Jamaica Archives. We have put this summary together therefore largely from articles in the Gleaner and The Colonial Standard.   (All children believed  born in parish of Portland)

1) George & Eliza Minot Ffrench  were married 4 Jan 1849 (LDS  film 1291729 Vol 5 fo 254) by Rector John C Stone

2) Robert Burke Ffrench  was born  31 Oct 1849 bap 4 Jan 1850 abode Port Antonio (LDS film 1291717 vol 12 fo 257) Rector WJ Cavard. Robert died 4 May 1850 (buried Port Antonio churchyard).

 

60 Baptism of Robert Burke Ffrench in Portland Parish   (not St George)

Perhaps as a result of Robert’s premature death George & Eliza lost their faith and failed to baptise their successive issue--but this seems unlikely as GeorgeIII ends up on the Diocesan Finance Board of the Church of England—so probably the Portland records have just gone missing.

3) The Gleaner of Nov 19th 1869 "at Port Antonio on the 10th inst of Typhoid fever at the early age of 16 years Letitia (after George's mother) Emily  the second daughter of George Ffrench" . If she was 16  she was born 1853 but no baptism record found.   Burial record 11 Nov 1869  film 1291717 vol 7 fo 33 says age 13 so born 1856. POR 1856 ENF 1847-1870. Rector Wm Smith

4) In the letter to Governor Eyre of 1 Jan 1866(Google Books) there are signatures from "Eliza Ffrench, Ann M Ffrench & Emily Letitia Ffrench".

 So Ann M(aria) Ffrench must have been first daughter—born say 1853

 

61 Letter supporting Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio re the Mourant uprising

5) On May 6 1903 in a Gleaner  article on "The Portland Case" there is a witness called "EdwardIII Shafto(n) Ffrench , a son of Mr George Ffrench...His mother(ie Eliza Minot Ffrench) was half sister to the plaintiff(Miss Frances Champier)" “Edward lived with his father George Ffrench” Edward S Ffrench was in the Tax Dept joining 28 May 1873 as second class clerk St Ann per the Blue Book. If he was 18 then, E S Ffrench was born in 1855. Alternative names are Edward Shafto Burke/or Buchan Ffrench viz Gleaner 1 Mar 1913 "In the Supreme Court etc.....Gertrude Emily Ffrench the wife of Edward Shafto Buchan Ffrench...etc"

In the Colonial Standard appear the following items;

CS: 7th April 1864.  Page 2, col. 1 “DIED At Tichfield, Portland, on Thursday 31st ultimo, HEDLEY JOHN CECIL, third son of GEORGE FFRENCH, Esq. aged 6 years.” So Born about 1858

CS: 18th November 1869.  Page 2, col. 3 “DIED At Port Antonio on Wednesday the 10th instant, of Typhoid Fever, a the early age of 16 years, LETITIA EMILY, the second daughter of Mr. GEORGE FFRENCH.”

CS: 19th January 1881.  Page 2, col. 2 "DIED At Port Antonio on the 10th instant ANNA MARIA, Eldest daughter of GEORGE & ELIZA FFRENCH in the 28th year of her age, much and deservedly regretted." Born about 1853

Colonial standard of 7th January 1868.  Page 2, cols. 4, 5 & 6

“Wreck of the Schooner Fanny of Port Antonio”.

“Mr. Geo. Ffrench of Port Antonio arrived in Kingston on Friday last with his two sons and the Captain and crew of the Schr. “Fanny” which vessel was wrecked off Cuba on the 21st ultimo.” Ie not “2 of his sons”

6) The two ship-wrecked sons were probably Edward III Shafto and Alfred Ernest  & not Arthur George who would be 16 then

7) In the Tri-Weekly Gleaner of Thursday Nov 18 1897(after George Ffrench had died 11 Feb 1897) there is reported a supreme Court Case where "A E Ffrench was the representative of the estate of George Ffrench, being the Administrator"."Mr Johnson said.(he)...represented George Ffrench up to his death....then he represented a son who became Administrator(A E Ffrench).Per Who's Who in Jamaica 1916  "Alfred Ernest Ffrench born Port Antonio  23 Feb 1861 Son of the late George Ffrench,Collector of Taxes and Eliza Ffrench. Staunch Roman Catholic.” Per ? 1923 Gleaner he is quoted when electioneering "Now stop a little, 39 years ago (ie 1884 aged 23) I married a dark Portland lady (Isadora Maud Burke Moodie)....I have 8 children by that marriage...."   Per his death cert copy he died 24 Apr 1926 aged 60(?-he was 65) certified by his son Shafto Moodie Ffrench

 

 

62 Isadora’s baptism & her marriage to Alfred-(both times in Anglican churches)

 

There are various Ffrench surnamed children born/died in Portland around this time that we cannot place—perhaps George III or Edward II’s “spares”? or their siblings’ issue ie Arthur I, Robert or Alexander Dunn’s?

 

1-George Henry Ffrench born 8 Mar 1849 before GeorgeIII’s marriage.The mother is named as Ann Buckley  & the father unnamed-- & GeorgeIII Ffrench would have been known to the baptizing rector Cavard—but perhaps he was being discreet?

63 George Henry Ffrench’s baptism

2-Frederick Horatio Ffrench  b 12 May 1850 mother “Elizabeth Minot”.Too soon after Robert-- no  father named on baptism. Cavard Rector              64 Frederick Horatio Ffrench baptism

3-Charles Arthur Ffrench, b 5 Nov 1869 Port Antonio, mother Mary Ann Bryan, bap 29 May 1870. Could he be an illegitimate son of GeorgeIII—or even of Arthur George then packed off to St Catherine's to join Tax Dept?

(No Image)

65 A George Ffrench dies Port Antonio aged 39—who can this be?

Chapter 7

From the start we thought Arthur George Ffrench was born 1851 & must be the son of George III as his birth date of 1851 would put him neatly between Robert Burke1849 and Anna Maria 1853. Further he became a Tax Collector—like George III. David L Ffrench said he believed Arthur George was a brother of his grandfather Alfred Ernest & a coffee planter in Manchester parish.

In the absence of a baptism we established his birth year from the 1891 English Census return—age 40, his English death certificate--54 in 1905 and the Freemasons records—25 in 1876

From the DNA match between my brother Simon and Michael Ffrench (documented descendant of George III Ffrench) we know  that they have a common ancestor. So Arthur  could be;-

A legitimate son of George & Eliza; an illegitimate son of either George III or of Edward II(Edward did not marry till 1857) or;

the legitimate/illegitimate son of any of their siblings Arthur I b 1813, Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn b 1828 or of;

even earlier parentage George II b 1777 Edward I b 1781 or Robert I b 1784

Perhaps his Arthur George’s mother (if not Eliza) had died young which might explain his later penchant for older women. We do not know for sure where he was born other than “Jamaica” per the UK Census or where he schooled but he must have been smart. In Sep 1870 Arthur appears in the Jamaica Civil Service Annual Blue Books for the first time as 2nd class clerk, Tax Dept, Spanish Town, St Catherine when he would be aged 18 if born in 1851.

So we are surmising  that he, like Edward III Shafto Burke/Buchan Ffrench,  got the job through family connections eg  tax-collector “uncle/father?” George Ffrench III or Edward II Ffrench  However George III seems the more likely as EdwardII had left the Tax dept by 1867 & had become bankrupt before 1870.

1st Jan 1873 Arthur George was promoted to 1st class clerk .In Apr 1874 he was “ordered to Manchester to act as Asst Collector of Taxes” for 6 months where, aged 23, he met and 3 months later inJune 1874 impregnated  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave , heiress, she aged 29!

Nov 1874 he was transferred back to Spanish Town. His daughter with Fanny, ie Kathleen was born in March 1875-illegitimate & “colored”.1875 he appears in the Blue Books briefly as George  Arthur Ffrench. He is living in King Street Spanish Town, big houses just off the main square.

66 67 68 69 70 King Street just off the main Spanish Town square plus King St houses.

Jan 1876 Arthur  joined the Spanish Town Freemasons

February 1876 despite the above, & aged 25, he impregnated my spinster great-grandmother Jane Victoria Smith, aged 36, a local trader & businesswoman.

15th Nov 1876 Jane had son Ernest George Ffrench  (my grandfather).  She had him baptized by Rev Chas Douet-an establishment figure-- in Spanish Town where Arthur worked clearly naming him as the father “Clerk of Municipal Board” and giving the address Spanish Town although she was almost certainly living in Kingston at the time. Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned etc….Perhaps she had been living with him as” House Keeper”  not knowing that his intended was “upcountry”?

29th Nov 1876 Arthur “Clerk of Municipal Board, St Catherines” aged 25 was married by Rev WJ Drought by licence to  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave aged 31 in (the now ruined) Duppy Church, Mile Gully, Manchester! (Duppy is Jamaican for ghost).Witnesses Jno Sawers & FW Bonitto—ie no Ffrench’s

 

71 Arthur George Ffrench & Frances Ann Glave Marriage Record

See next page…

 

1877 Gets Frances pregnant again(dau named Frances “Fran” Eliza –Frances after her mother-- Eliza after Eliza Minot perhaps? David L Ffrench met Fran & her 2 daughters)

1878 Arthur  is appointed Executor to the Estate of Sophia Galway of Mandeville, Manchester. ( a family connection?). Attends inauguration new Custos Isaac Levy as . Hon Sec Hamilton Lodge Freemasons

Mar 1879 Gets Fanny pregnant (son named St George Moore— many Irish “Arthur St George Ffrench”s—Moore after Arthur’s Aunt Maria Moore?

Dec1879 Takes 6+ months leave on half-pay(same time as George III-coincidence?) Why? Paternity leave??!! Or looking after dying widower “Uncle/Father” Edward II?

25 Nov 1880 Elected Member of the Institute of Jamaica, Kingston

Feb 1881 Gets Fanny pregnant(son Arthur Peter Ffrench –named Arthur after father-Peter after ??)= Living Don & Donna Jones’ Grandfather

5 June 1883 Ridiculed in the Gleaner for his “Literary Society”

              

72  Ffrench’s Literary Society

March 1884 Gets Fanny pregnant(Stephen Shirley Glave Ffrench.Note Shirley- a name that Alfred Ernest also uses for a son and which might be a name of Eliza Minot.    1884/5 Voted Master of the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge 6 Sept 1884 See this Fund Raiser for the Masons where both GeorgeIII Ffrench & A G Ffrench are listed—was there a family connection?  

 

                         

73  Arthur & George at the Masonic

73A Arthur George Ffrench abt 1885 with daughter Kathleen(10?) & Frances (?)

                                

           73b Arthur George Ffrench 1885 

28 July 1885 His name appears on the advertised Tender for the Parish of St Catherine re the Ewarton Railway.

22 July 1886 A letter to the Gleaner  about a suspicious theft of £300 from Arthur’s office—the money “later found in the possession of a young fellow whom Mr Ffrench entertains” . Implying what exactly? Was he gay?

Oddly no further mention in the Gleaner. 

74 A bare-faced robbery + Railway tender

Dec 1886 According to the Blue Books “ dismissed” . According to  the Colonial Standard (published in Kingston, Jamaica & Extracted and indexed  by Stephen D. Porter, from microfilm, at the Newspaper Library, Colindale, London.) 

1887, Friday 28th January; page 2, col 5

"Official Announcements. In consequence of the absence from the island, without leave, of Mr. A. G. Ffrench, Clerk of the Parochial Board of St. Catherine, His Excellency the Governor has declared that office vacant."

1887, Tuesday 26th April; page 2, col 2

"Mr. A. G. Ffrench. It may prove of interest to some parties to learn of the whereabouts of the late Clerk of the Parochial Boards of St. Catherine. We are in a position to state that on the 28th ultimo, he was in London, but he intended leaving for Australia in the early part of the present month. Our information adds, that it may be some months before Mr. Ffrench returns to Jamaica."


No immigration record of his arrival into the UK (or Australia) has been found but four years later;

1891 UK Census shows an Arthur Ffrench aged 39 (born  1851 Jamaica, West Indies), clerk, "married" but living alone as a lodger in a mens' hostel in Whitechapel, East London called  The Charles William Mowl Victoria Home.

Per Wikipedia;- Large lodging house at 39-41 Commercial St, east London situated on the south-western corner with Wentworth St. Registered in November 1887, it was run at that time by Augustus Wilkie of 77 Whitechapel Road and was originally licensed to house 370 male lodgers, though expansion allowed for an increase in occupants within a short time. In 1888, a press report outlined its intentions and its initial success:

"It was with a view to ameliorate the condition of the poor that Lord Radstock and other gentlemen, with a purely philanthropic motive, acquired two years since a warehouse of four floors in Commercial-street, at the corner of Wentworth-street, and converted it into a model lodging-house. The success of the venture led to the acquisition of the adjoining premises, and the number of beds now provided is 500. In every respect this lodging-house - the only one of its sort in London - deserves to be imitated. First, its charges are low - viz., 4d for a single bed, or 2s per week; and 6d for a "cabin," or 3s per week. Each bed has two blankets, two sheets, and a quilt; the bedstead is of iron, and a kind of shield at the head affords a certain degree of privacy. The floor space is partitioned into rooms, containing each ten or a dozen beds; whilst in the "cabins" there is only one. A "casual" ward for the reception of newcomers has lately been added, and probationers are transferred thence to floors above.  Many of the lodgers are regulars, but some are birds of passage purely. The lavatory, ventilating, and sanitary arrangements are on an enlightened scale. In the common kitchen food may be cooked at the great fire, or obtained at low charges at the bar, a dinner with vegetables for fourpence, or a bowl of soup for a penny. No known bad characters are admitted. Tickets for beds are issued from five p.m. until 12.30 midnight, and after that hour if a man wants to get in he must have a pass. It is by these rules, especially, and by the exclusion of women, that the Victoria Home is so greatly to be preferred to the most modern and "improved" of the lodging-houses which are strictly commercial undertakings."


The rules of the home were such as to deter 'bad characters':

1) No person in a state of intoxication will be on any account admitted.

2) No swearing or obscene language will be tolerated; order and decorum are insisted in the kitchens; silence in the bedrooms.

3) No person will be admitted after one o'clock a.m. without a special pass.

4) Any lodger interfering with the comfort of others is at once ejected.

5) Lodgers who are fortunate enough to possess extra clothing or other personal effects, can leave them in charge of the deputy, who will give a receipt for the same.

6) Baths, warm or cold, can be had in the house. For a warm bath, the charge of one penny is made

In April 1891 it was being run by Charles William Mowl and housed nearly 500 men.

The Victoria Working Men's Home was totally destroyed during an air raid in the Second World War and the site remained empty for many years before being redeveloped as part of the New Holland Estate in the late 1960s.(Tyne Street redevelopment - plans 1964-71 (London Metropolitan Archives)                            

How the mighty have fallen!  From Clerk of the Vestry of St Catherines to this!

75 

 Victoria Working Men's Home, Commercial Street, c.1900

 

      The 1901 UK Census has Arthur Ffrench aged 46 (ie born 1855 but probably incorrect as would surely be  too young at 15  to join Tax Dept in 1870) born  in Jamaica, "single", Clerk in the  "Guardians Office”.

76  The 1891 and 1901 Censusses showing 1851 or 1855 as Arthur’s D.O.B.

The Guardians was the name of the Wandsworth and Clapham Poor Law Administrators  They ran the WorkHouses in the Borough, looked after orphans—sending many to foster parents in rural Canada, sometimes aged just 10--, giving handouts and getting jobs to persons in need. Arthur first appears in the Guardian Office records as 4th Assistant Clerk in the Clerks Office from November 1895 up until 8 August 1905 (when he died).Perhaps the Freemasons helped him secure the job?

He was living alone  in one room at 61 Strathblaine Rd, Battersea,Wandsworth,SW11. This house still stands and is now a  nice substantial residence in a good area. The main occupiers in 1901 were a builder, his wife & 9th month old daughter--so Arthur was the "lodger".

                 

77    61 Strathblaine Rd, Wandsworth, London

 

Arthur, living in Clapham, was described in the Censuses and his death cert as “Occupation- Poor Law Clerk Guardians’ Office”.  The Guardians were the  Trustees appointed in each Borough to administer the Poor Law. They collected the “Poor Law rates” and used the funds to run the local Workhouses where homeless, jobless local persons were employed; to help find homes for orphans(many at this time were shipped off to rural Canada to foster homes); to help place unfortunate young women in work and generally to administer handouts where needed.

Extracts from records at London Metropolitan Archives

Arthur was appointed 21 Nov 1895 as temporary 4th assistant clerk in the Clerk’s Office at a wage of 30 shillings a week. It is recorded in the Register of Officers 1890-99 ref WaBG194/2 of the Wandsworth & Clapham (Poor Law) Union and in Folio Vol 4 page 496 of the Minute Book of the Guardians, It was reported to the Local Government Board on 31 Dec 1895. His appointment letter was referenced “Form of Query LB6/408” but cannot be traced in the Form of Query files. His appointment was sanctioned by the Local Government Board 4 March 1896—Number of LGB letter 44 (not found).

His salary was increased to 35 shillings a week 10 Mar 1898 per Minute Book 6 page 653 effective 11 March—LGB letter 92. On15 June 1900 a dinner allowance of £15 (p.a.?) in lieu of dinner was added No 166 SR Folio 88. The appointment was made permanent after the purchase by the Guardians of the Tooting Workhouse and he remained employed by the Guardians until his death in August 1905

He died of kidney/cardiac failure at 54--intestate but his estate of £62 was administered by his landlady Emily Ashelford (aged 46 married to a bricklayer 16 years older than herself) .This and a chest of his belongings  reached his widow Frances Ann Glave Ffrench in Jamaica. Her grand daughter Icy-now 91- remembers her father Arthur Peter Ffrench telling her the chest arrived on the United Fruit Cos White ship and that she still has a glass inscribed with Arthur George’s name—perhaps a necessary precaution in the workhouse

And here is his death certificate of 1905- a "Poor Law Clerk" in a poorer part of Clapham, London. He died at 54 of various unpleasant illnesses—rough justice perhaps for someone who messed up so many people's lives;

He had never returned to Jamaica and in a 1904 marriage announcement in the Gleaner for their 2nd daughter, Frances Ann Ffrench nee Glave had actually described him as the "late Arthur George Ffrench"  Perhaps that's why there's no further reference of him in the Gleaner.  David L Ffrench tought he had actually died in Manchester Parish so perhaps the scandal had been covered up by the family. 

 

78 Arthur George Ffrench death Certificate providing 1851 as D.O.B.

 

 

This address  20 Oberstein Rd is only a few hundred yards from 61 Strathblaine Rd but in a much less attractive area and now very run down.

79  20 Oberstein Rd

 

Arthur had 5 children in all with Frances (Fanny) -the last when she was 39 and he 33. The first, daughter Kathleen, was recorded when  baptised as illegitimate, coloured. The others' colours are not recorded. Donna Cover-Jones great grand daughter said  Fanny  considered herself “mulatto”.

They were all born in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, Jamaica. Heavitree Coffee estate had been  left to Frances by her father Stephen Sharpe Glave, born Yorkshire 1814 died 1 Apr 1873, Jamaica. Frances Ann Ffrench is shown in the 1910 Almanac as the owner of Heavitree. Her father’s “wife” was Kitty—the housekeeper?

 Another indication that Arthur was related to George III is that George III when in financial difficulties around 1890  mortgaged for pnds300 a property he owned to Eliza(beth) Glave b 1853 who was Arthur’s wife Frances’s sister--- ie Arthur's sister-in-law lent George III money. Why unless they were “family”?

To summarise;

Generation 6--Children of Arthur George Ffrench

      with Frances Ann Glave,

 Kathleen Ann Ffrench, b. 10 March 1875 in Heavitree, Manchester, recorded as colored. d ?

Frances “Fran” Eliza Ffrench b 22 Mar 1878 d aft 1930 as D L Ffrench met her?

St George Moore Ffrench, b. 9 Dec 1879 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester.d 11 Dec 1922

Arthur Peter Ffrench, b. 30 Nov 1881 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, d Feb1968 Grand-father of Icy, Donna & Don

Stephen Shirley Ffrench, b. 3 Sept 1884. d 16 Mar 1896 of tetanus

   with  Jane Victoria Smith,

Lt Col. Ernest George Ffrench   (my hero!)     b. 15 Nov 1876 baptised  in Spanish Town, Jamaica (ie not Kingston) Died 1937 in Kent, UK.

 

 

Ernest's maternal ancestors

Chapter 8

Jane Victoria Smith  was born illegitimately 23rd Oct 1840 and baptised in St Catherine's Parish in January 1841.On her baptism record her father was named as"Lieut Smith 64th Regiment" and her mother as Eliza Grant.   Address 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town, St Catherine's.

                      

                                                  

                                    

       80(Extract) & 81   Jane’s Baptism record

82

What her Spanish Town home might have looked like----

 

 

Jane Victoria Smith's Parents;

a) Jane's father-- Lieutenant Michael Edward Smith

On the 1839 Harts Army List of Officers, under the 64th(2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot, which is shown as stationed then in Jamaica, is Michael Edward Smith (Ensign, promoted to Lieutenant Feb 1840). Smith  had purchased his commission--normal in those days. Michael Edward Smith b 10 Nov 1814 was the 5th child(of 15), 3rd son of Henry Jeremiah Smith , JP, Deputy  Lord Lieutenant, Co Meath, the latter's father being wealthy establishment figure Henry Smith of Beabeg ;

83

Henry Smith of Beabeg

Henry Smith's son Henry Jeremiah Smith had been a "cornet" or Ensign  in the 11th Light Dragoons(ie mounted on horseback) in 1809;

84 Army List 1809

85

Henry Jeremiah Smith of Beabeg & Annesbrook

86 Beabeg

 His second wife, Michael Edward Smith's mother, was Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith.

 

87 Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when young

Elizabeth's mother was Catherine Cox Radcliffe, Michael's grandmother

                    

                

88 Elizabeth Radcliffe’s mother                                          (Catherine Cox Radcliffe)

The family seat was Annesbrooke, Duleek, Co Meath just north of Dublin. Henry Jeremiah Smith had purchased this around 1803 from Mr Hamilton and extended it substantially. He was on social terms with King George IV 

The following is taken from Mark Bence-Jones book ‘A Guide To Irish Country Houses’.  Annesbrook,  Duleek, Co. Meath. A 2 storey 3 bay Georgian house with ground floor windows set under relieving arches and a large rusticated and fanlighted doorway;  to which an impressive portico of 4 fluted Ionic columns and a single-storey wing containing a charming Georgian-Gothic “banqueting room” were added early in c19 by Henry (Jeremiah) Smith. According to the story, he made these additions 1821 for when George IV came over to dine with him while staying with Lady Conyngham at Slane Castle; the monarch, however never saw the banqueting room, preferring to dine out of doors.   Then under the entry for Slane Castle he states that ‘George IV stayed in Slane Castle as Prince of Wales, and again as King 1821; the wife of 1st Marquess being the Lady Conyngham who was his favourite.  The dead straight road from Dublin to Slane is said to have been made especially for him.

89     Annesbrook

Michael Edward Smith inherited this in 1892 after the death of his 2 elder  brothers.

 

      

               90     Dining at Annesbrook

91       The Hunt at nearby Duleek;

92 a Smith family get-together about 1905!

The piece  following summarises Michael Edward Smith's life, mostly compiled around 1910 by a niece of Michael, Emily Gertrude Cox(Nee Smith) , daughter of Richard Jeremiah Smith, younger brother of Michael,  when she researched the family tree--she knew both  Michael & his wife Jane Grace Syme

           

           93  Emily Cox Smith—the author

Emily’s writing is mainly  in italics with  further comments from Brenda McKeever  underlined    --additional items have also been added by Keith/Nancy Atkinson, or where there are conflicts in details; this includes details of Michael's military career extracted from the quarterly Regimental Muster Rolls at The National Archives, Kew, England )

Michael’s father was Henry Jeremiah Smith, J.P., Dep Lieut Co Meath, Ireland, born 28 Nov 1783;

He married; firstly 28 Dec 1802 Margaret Osbourne Smith  by whom he had 2 sons—Henry Jeremiah and Francis Edward;

secondly; Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith of Tinnakilly, Co Wicklow with whom he had 7 sons and 5 daughters.

                             

94   Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when older

  94a 13 Molesworth Street,  Dublin;

Michael Edward Smith was the 3rd son 5th child of Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith & was born on the 10th November 1814 at the house of his great-grandmother Lady Catherine Cox,  13 Molesworth St, Dublin.He was baptized round the corner  at St. Anne’s Church, Dawson Street. Lady Cox was also his godmother, his godfather being the Hon. Edward Taylor Massey, his mother’s cousin.  He was called Michael after his great-grandfather the Rev. Sir Michael Cox Bt. Of Dunmanway and Edward after his godfather.The date of his birth is given at November 10th in the entry made by his mother in the family bible; on the monument erected to his memory in Duleek Church the date is given at November 8th, which must be a mistake.  (Unfortunately Duleek church is no longer used as a church and most of the memorials in the church were vandalized, )

                      95       Duleek Church

             

 

 

96  Duleek  church plaque for Henry Jeremiah Smith

 

 

 

 

 

Michael Edward Smith was educated at Dundalk Grammar School, the Headmaster at that time being a Dr. Donaldson.  Later on(about 1833 ?) he was sent, with Richard Jeremiah, his brother, born 1817, to Switzerland, where they read with Dr. Caesar Malan, a well known divine in his day, and afterwards with Merle D’Aubigny, who was engaged in writing his world-famed “History of the Reformation” when they lived with him in Geneva.

.In common with many other "third sons" who joined either the Army or the Clergy In November 1837 aged 23 Michael Edward obtained (ie purchased) a commission as an Ensign  in the 40th ( incorrect--was 64th) Regiment of Foot--The North Staffordshires or Prince of Wales. And it was the first one signed by young Victoria after she came to the throne.

Michael starts at the 64th's UK base or "Depot" in Dundee.1838 Michael spends 4 months in Dundee before making a 6 day foot march from May 4-9 with the Company from Dundee to Paisley (Near Glasgow) 90 miles with an allowance of 5 shillings a day. He signs the allowance slip for 1 pound 10 shillings!

During 1838 he is stationed in Londonderry where in Dec 1838 he is ordered to join the main regiment in Jamaica.The Regiment, along with others including the 8th(The Kings),56th(West Essex) & 68th(Durham) were sent to Jamaica in 1837 in case of a violent outburst after the end of slavery August 1st, 1838. In the event it passed peacefully. He sets sail in the "Hopewell" on Feb 2nd 1839.

The “Hopewell” regularly sailed to Jamaica from Londonderry although other officers seem to have sailed from Cork this time. It takes 45 days to reach Jamaica. Michael receives a ration allowance of 3 pence per day on the ship--and he disembarks on 18th March 1839.

The 64th in Jamaica at that time consisted of 25 officers,32 seargeants,26 corporals,9 drummers, pipers & fifers and 461 privates. Michael is initially based with a detachment at Stony Hill, just northwest of Kingston.

Onshore his ration allowance is 2.5 pence per day. By this time he has a fulltime servant/batman. Michael has 1.5 pence per day stopped from his pay to cover the servant's rations

 

 Extracts from Lloyds Shipping Register re “Hopewell”

                     

                              97  The Hopewell

98  Michael’s Marching Allowance and his stoppages for his batman’s food

                 99  Harts Army List early 1839

20 Dec 1839 aged 25 he is  made up to Lieut(commission purchased). 1840 In April he is stationed in Kingston--in June Fort Augusta. Between July & September he commands a Company--for which he signs for £280-16-5 3/4 for the mens' Pay & Beer Money for the quarter!

                 100   Harts Army List July 1840

But Michael has been busy because on 23 Oct 1840 Jane Victoria Smith is born to " Lieut Smith of the 64th Regiment" and Eliza Grant; Jane is baptized in St Catherine's Jamaica. Address given was 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town--was Michael billetted there?

101   49 Wellington St  today!

Today it’s a hairdressing salon & not the original building!

Perhaps Michael had succumbed to yellow fever, convalesced at "Blundells Hall" then being run by Mary Jane Seacole née Grant and met Eliza Grant there?  Is Eliza in fact Louisa Grant, Mary Seacole's sister?

 But why St Catherines, not Kingston? The other baptisms on the register are for tailors, bricklayer, cook, butler, labourers, servants, “collector of petty debts” Perhaps Eliza was there just to have her baby ? Or was it their love nest-- in which case he would  have known of the pregnancy.

 But in any case Michael-aged 26- has already sailed off to Halifax, Canada on October 12th 1840--just 2 weeks before his daughter is born. It takes 18 days to reach Halifax where he remains for 2 years.

                  102 Harts Army List Oct 1841

1841 In this period there were many deserters from the 64th. Did they fancy life in Canada or were they keen to get back to the warmth--but disease--of the Caribbean? The alternative might have been famine in Ireland.

1842  Aged 28  On 17th August Michael is put in charge of a shipload of invalids returning to Europe. This task done he takes a 6 month leave to 31 March 1843 when he exchanges into the 78th Highlanders (The Seaforths) a regiment he was much attached to and very proud of .

 Perhaps he did not wish to return to Halifax with the 64th? He does not actually join the 78th till 27th November 1843 when he leaves for India initially with a detachment of the 78th in Bombay.

1844 On 9th January he leaves Bombay for "Kurachee" till June. Between July and August he is at Sukker Camp in Scinde Province. "In 1839" (This cannot be correct—the niece’s story conveniently  overlooks the whole Jamaica period!) he took part in the fatal march from Kureelie to Sukher and was one of the few survivors.  Through some blunder the regiment had been ordered to Sukher in the height of the hot weather with the result the seven hundred of the men lost their lives!  My uncle was taken very ill with internal inflammation and left for dead

Lt Col Ernest George Ffrench M.D, Ch.B, FRCS(Edinburgh),FRCP(London) 

 "a distinguished son of Jamaica"    "I am proud of him as a Jamaican"   

                                Just 2 years ago in spring 2009, I knew very little about my grandfather Dr Ernest G Ffrench. He died 11 years before I was born and my own father died nearly 30 years ago. If only I had talked to him about his parents before he died.  I had been told that Ernest had been an eminent Harley Street Doctor, who had eloped with a young American society girl and that for some reason he had been born in Spanish Town, Jamaica--the son of Arthur Ffrench a "Customs Official" and Jane Victoria(Nee Smith) his wife who apparently came from a prominent Irish family. I supposed they had been expatriate civil servants, posted temporarily to Jamaica.

It was only after a trip to Ireland with my siblings, to research our "Irish roots" that it became apparent that all was not what it seemed. There were simply no records either of Jane, Arthur or their marriage. So I decided to do a little research on my grandfather and get his birth/baptism record-- from Jamaica. Imagine my surprise when it read "Illegitimate and colored"!
Little did I expect that the Ffrench's were a long established Jamaican family,(there was even a Lieut Thomas French in the 1655 Penn/Venables force which took Jamaica from the Spanish) with variously coloured members, some of whom appear descended from slaves; that Ernest's mother Jane(also illegitimate!) was a serious business woman and Lodging House keeper in Kingston, with links to Mary Seacole, "the black Florence Nightingale" and that Ernest's father Arthur had actually married another woman & had 5 other Jamaican children with her, all of whom he abandoned,& fled Jamaica to a working mens' hostel in East London, eventually dying alone in a poor part of Clapham, London.
And Ernest's Jewish-American wife Adele Carvalho, had a famous father, David Carvalho a handwriting expert who had testified in the Dreyfus trial in Paris, and a grandfather Solomon Carvalho who had crossed the US on horseback with Col Fremont's expedition  and painted Abraham Lincoln!
The more I discovered about Ernest the more impressed I became by his journey from such an unpromising start in life. We keepsearching but this is the story uncovered--so far.        I do hope you enjoy it!

 Nancy Atkinson(Nee Ffrench)       June 28 2011

Email me if you have  thoughts or input at  kandn.atkinson@tiscali.co.uk

 

 

This has been a wonderfully collaborative effort so firstly  thanks to my “old family” my sister Susan Lamb & my brother Simon Ffrench,

 plus my “new family” viz;

 Michael Ffrench, Canada;

 Big J and Aubrey Ffrench, Don Kemeel Jones & Icy  in Jamaica;

 Donna Marie Jones-Cover in Florida

David L Ffrench Philadelphia     (all these Ffrench);

Sally Graff in Louisiana  (Carvalho);

Brenda McKeever, Ireland, Roseanne & Lana Jeffers UK  (all Smiths)

+  those who encouraged me, gave me leads or contributed to "the truth" 

Prof Elizabeth Anionwu (Seacole Memorial Statue Foundation),

Dr Douglas J Austin, Cambridge ( Seacole research)

Nicole Bryan (Library of Jamaica)

Steve Campbell (RGD, SpanishTown),

Dr Barry Davidson, Cirencester, Uk (Seacole research)

Terri England (Family History Researcher),

 Mara French ( French Family Association),

Julia French-Wood (French family DNA project)

Sally Graff (Sturhahn-Carvalho family)

Brenda Grey (Ffrench family friend Ocho Rios)

Patricia Jackson (Jamaica Family Search.com),

Dr Aleric Josephs (University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica),

Dorothy Kew(Genealogist, Jamaica Family History Research Canada),

Paulette Kerr(Author of Lodging House Keepers of Jamaica),

Paul Kerr (TV producer--The Real Heroine of the Crimean war),

Donald Lindo(Genealogist and Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Dr Joy Lumsden (Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Madeleine Mitchell(Genealogist/Jamaican Historian),

Ronnie Peralta (Genealogist-David Carvalho papers)

Stephen D Porter(Historian & Friends of Georgian Jamaica Society),

Michael Prescod (Glave family researcher, Jamaica),

Helen Rappaport(Author & Mary Seacole Researcher),

Jane Robinson(Mary Seacole Biographer),

Cynthia Rosers(Jamaica Family History Researcher),

Racquel Stratchan (Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town),

Akira Sugihara(Glave Family member & Researcher,USA)

Leovia Taylor (RGD SpanishTown),

Sharon Tomlin(LDS London Jamaica Family History Researcher)

and Cleo Sylvestre for her one-woman Mary Seacole show!

 

 

 

 

Finally I dedicate this to my father Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench who would have been fascinated………….

 

 

 

 

1 Now to set the scene!............Jamaica by Noel Coward

 

 

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Corsica, Guam and Tasmania)

The tourist does not need to wear a topee Or other macabre miscellanea.

Remember that this is a tropical place Where violet hues are abundant

& bright-coloured clothes with a bright yellow face, Look frankly a trifle redundant.

A simple ensemble of trousers & shirt Becomes both the saint & the sinner

& if a head-waiter looks bitterly hurt You can wear a jacket for dinner.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It shares this distinction with Elba)

Its easy to order a goat fricassee But madness to ask for Peach Melba.

You’ll find (to the best of this writer’s belief) That if you want rice you can get it

But visitors ordering mutton or beef   Will certainly live to regret it.

There’s seldom a shortage of ackees & yams Or lobsters if anyone’s caught them

But if you’ve a passion for imported hams You’d bloody well better import them.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It has this in common with Cuba)

Its national tunes, to a certain degree, Are founded on be-bop-a-duba.

‘Neath tropical palms under tropical skies Where equally tropical stars are

The vocal Jamaicans betray no surprise However off-key their guitars are.

The native calypsos which seem to be based On hot-air-conditioned reflexes

Conclusively prove that to people of taste There’s nothing so funny as sex is.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Alderney, Guernsey & Sark are)

Its wise not to drive with exuberant glee Where large barracuda & shark are.

The reefs are entrancing; the water is clear The colouring couldn’t be dreamier

But one coral scratch & you may spend a year In bed with acute septicaemia.

The leading hotels are extremely well run The service both cheerful & dextrous

But even the blisters you get from the sun Are firmly included as extras.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (unlike Ecuador or Guiana)

The tourist may not have a “Fromage de Brie” But always can have a banana.

He also can have, if he has enough cash, a pleasantly rum-sodden liver

& cure his rheumatic complaints in a flash By shooting himself at Milk River.

In fact every tourist who visits these shores Can thank his benevolent Maker

For taking time off from the rest of his chores To fashion the Isle of Jamaica.

 

 

 

 

 

 INDEX

 Chapter 1 The Cast of Characters in order of appearance!                  Images

 Plus Ernest George Ffrench’s Family Trees                                                2

               Ernest's Paternal ancestors;

Chap      2 -early Ffrench's in Jamaica ; inc Thomas, Peter & Catherine  3-14

Chap      3  George I Ffrench & Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford, + their sons George II & Edward I (" white quadroons"),Robert and dau Ann Eliza   15-34

Chap      4 Robert I Ffrench, his wife Letitia Dunn Lindo, children Arthur I, Robert II, George III, Edward II, Maria Moore & Alexander Dunn             35-46

Chap      5 Geo III Ffrench-Arthur George’s father?-&  wife Eliza Minot  47-59                                                                     

Chap      6 Known issue of George III/Eliza; Robert Burke,Anna Maria, EdwardIII Shafto Burke, Letitia Emily, Hedley John Cecil,Alfred Ernest 60-65                            

Chapter 7 Arthur George Ffrench—Ernest’s father—Father GeorgeIII? 66-79

               Ernest’s Maternal ancestors;

Chapter 8 Lieut Michael Edward Smith, & the Smith's of Ireland          80-131

Chapter 9 Eliza & Louisa Grant, & the Mary Seacole connection        132-160

Chapter 10 Miss Jane Victoria Smith, & her life                                    161-174

               Ernest George Ffrench HIMSELF;

Chapter 11 Ernest, his wife Adele Carvalho and his life                       175-199

Chapter 12 Ernest's in-laws, the Carvalho's, esp. Solomon & David  200-229

Chapter 13 Ernest & Adele’s children, Violet & Geoffrey, + grandchildren Jonathan, Susan, Simon & me!                                                              230-237

Chapter 14 An interview with Ernest by the Hartford Courier 1935    238-240

Chapter 15 Carvalho's Journey A TV Documentary proposal - web address http://www.brandeis.edu/jewishfilm/pdf/Fiscal%20Sponsorship/Carvalho_proposal.pdf

                                                 Appendices;

1)Timeline Arthur George Ffrench

2)Timeline Carvalho family

3) Timelines George I Ffrench  

4) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Smiths of Annesbrook 

5) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Ffrench of Monivea

6) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 1

7) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 2

8) Mary Seacole’s Will page 3 + Probate  Form

9) History of the 64th Regiment (1834-52 excerpt)- published by Leo Cooper  

10)Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will Inventory of 1829  (Lodging house contents)     (3 pages  with  many thanks to the Jamaica Archives for this)

11) The Beckford story  

12) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Beckfords

13) Monumental Inscriptions  The Beckfords in Spanish Town Cathedral

 

 

Chapter 1  THE CAST OF CHARACTERS--in order of appearance—By Head of Family!



Peter Ffrench Descendants

 

1-Peter Ffrench (about 1710-19 March 1755)
+Catherine1 Noke (about 1714-)
. . 2-Catherine2 Ffrench (21 October 1734-26 October 1794)
. . 2-Bethiah Ffrench (5 February 1736-9 August 1778)
. . 2-Anthony John Ffrench (18 March 1738-18 March 1740)
. . 2-Elizabeth Sarah Ffrench (3 October 1740-)
. . 2-George1 Ffrench (2 June 1742-13 February 1795)
. . +Jane Charlotte Beckford (1759-23 October 1825)
. . . . 3-GeorgeII Ffrench (9 June 1777-)
. . . . 3-EdwardI Ffrench (7 October 1782-7 September 1835)
. . . . 3-Robert1 Ffrench (1785-11 October 1835)
. . . . +Letitia Dunn Lindo (about 1795-)
. . . . . . 4-Arthur I Ffrench (23 June 1813-)
. . . . . . 4-Robert II Ffrench (2 June 1817-)
. . . . . . 4-GeorgeIII Ffrench (30 December 1819-11 February 1897)
. . . . . . +Eliza (Shirley?) Minot (about 1826-12 March 1898)
. . . . . . . . 5-Robert Burke Ffrench (31 October 1849-4 May 1850)
. . . . . . . . 5-Anna Maria Ffrench (about 1853-10 January 1881)
. . . . . . . . 5-EdwardIII Shafto Burke Ffrench (1855-after 1923)
. . . . . . . . 5-Letitia Emily Ffrench (1856-10 November 1869)
. . . . . . . . 5-Hedley John Cecil Ffrench (1858-31 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . 5-Alfred Ernest Ffrench (23 February 1861-24 April 1926)
. . . . . . . . +Isadora Maud Burke Moodie (5 August 1864-about 1953)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frankie Ffrench (1884-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Nellie Ffrench (about 1885-8 May 1944)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-GeorgeIV A Ffrench (27 December 1886-5 February 1957)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shafto Moodie Ffrench (23 January 1889-27 August 1979)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest Minott Ffrench (17 August 1890-before 1926)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Enid Clare Ffrench (March 1896-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Leslie St Clair Ffrench (3 May 1900-3 April 1987)
. . . . . . . . . . +Mary Bernice Prendergast (-1965)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Derek L Ffrench (31 March 1922-2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David L Ffrench (22 February 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-June Ffrench (1928-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Ouida Ffrench (4 February 1933-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shirley Lorraine Ffrench (8 January 1902-18 July 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . +Enid Susan Hind (1904-1988)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-John(Big J) Ffrench (25 January 1940-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Michael Ernest Ffrench (1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Norman Ffrench (23 October 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Aubrey Ffrench (1930-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Corinne E Ffrench (9 May 1905-15 June 1993)
. . . . . . +Unknown Mother (-)
. . . . . . . . 5-Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . +Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . +Frances Fanny Ann Glave (20 June 1845-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Kathleen Glave Ffrench (10 March 1875-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frances Eliza Ffrench (22 March 1878-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . +David Charles Thomas (1880-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-St George Moore Ffrench (9 December 1879-11 December 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Arthur Peter Ffrench (30 November 1881-February 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . +Irene Getfield (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Myrtle Mae Ffrench (27 September 1917-4 April 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Charles Adolphus Jones (14 August 1907-20 January 2000)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Donna Marie Jones-Cover (about 1955-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Desmond Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Jordan Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Don Kemeel Jones (about 1960-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Amy Adina Thomas (1902-December 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Gladys Ffrench (18 October 1918-20 July 2005)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Hepburn Ashman (-2 November 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Living Ashman (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Stephen Shirley Ffrench (3 September 1884-16 March 1896)
. . . . . . 4-EdwardII Ffrench (6 February 1822-10 March 1880)
. . . . . . +Sarah Harrison Buchan (1833-before 1880)
. . . . . . 4-Maria Moore Ffrench (8 December 1826-14 December 1918)
. . . . . . +John Moore (about 1820-before 1918)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ella Louise Moore (-1 October 1938)
. . . . . . 4-Alexander Dunn Ffrench (9 December 1828-)
. . . . 3-Ann Eliza Ffrench (1787-13 October 1835)
. . +Elizabeth Ann Jackson (about 1765-about 1825)
. . . . 3-John Ffrench (1789-6 January 1790)
. . . . 3-Henry Ffrench (21 October 1793-18 January 1800)

Descendants Henry Smith

1-Henry1 Smith (15 June 1748-1817)
+Martha Steele (-)
. . 2-Henry2 Jeremiah 11th Dragoons Smith (28 November 1783-15 February 1857)
. . +Margaret Osbourne (about 1782-about 1805)
. . . . 3-Henry3 Jeremiah Smith (October 1803-)
. . . . +Sarah Maria Harrison (about 1810-)
. . . . . . 4-Henry4 Jeremiah Smith (14 September 1829-)
. . . . 3-Francis Edward Smith (1805-)
. . +Elizabeth Radcliffe (1790-5 March 1872)
. . . . 3-Catherine Matilda Smith (about 1810-)
. . . . +Robert Col Sir Wallace (-)
. . . . 3-Elizabeth Smith (about 1811-)
. . . . +Hugh Lyons Montgomery (-)
. . . . 3-Stephen Henry Smith (1813-1890)
. . . . +Georgina Barbra Pelly (-1874)
. . . . 3-St George William Smith (1813-about 1892)
. . . . 3-Michael Edward Smith (10 November 1814-19 May 1903)
. . . . +Jane Grace Smith Syme (1829-17 March 1913)
. . . . +Eliza Louisa Grant (about 1815-21 July 1905)
. . . . . . 4-Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . +Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . 3-William Thomas Smith (about 1816-)
. . . . 3-Richard Edward Jeremiah Smith (about 1819-March 1877)
. . . . +Adela Archer (about 1840-)
. . . . 3-Kynaston Walter Smith (about 1827-1857)
. . . . 3-Matilda Cox Smith (1828-)
. . . . 3-Emily Smith (about 1829-)
. . . . 3-Mary Henrietta Smith (1830-1876)
. . . . +Ralph4 Smyth (about 1817-)
. . . . 3-Frederick Augustus Smith (18 November 1826-27 July 1887)

 

Descendants Samuel Nunes Carvalho

 

1-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1665-1728)
. . 2-Isaac Nunes Carvalho (about 1690-1733)
. . . . 3-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1715-)
. . . . +Bathsheba De Meza (-)
. . . . . . 4-Solomon1 Nunes Carvalho (1740-before 1835)
. . . . . . +Judith(Jeudit) Henriques Pimental (1744-before 1840)
. . . . . . . . 5-Emanuel Carvalho (14 November 1770-1817)
. . . . . . . . 5-David1 Nunes Carvalho (4 November 1785-1860)
. . . . . . . . +Sarah Cohen D'Azevedo (1793-20 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Solomon2 Nunes Carvalho (27 April 1815-21 May 1897)
. . . . . . . . . . +Sarah Miriam Solis (15 October 1824-2 May 1894)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David2 Nunes Carvalho (29 September 1848-29 June 1925)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Annie M Abrams (16 November 1857-2 June 1903)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-BertramI Nunes Carvalho (27 May 1878-1975)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Jesselyn Pierce (8 October 1875-30 December 1938)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-John Bertram Carvalho (30 April 1904-15 May 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Adelaide P Carvalho (26 November 1906-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Curtis Bolton Pierce Carvalho (1908-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Elizabeth Jean Teal (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Curtis Christian Carvalho (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-David3 Nunes Carvalho (about 1911-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-BertramII Nunes Carvalho (7 February 1913-8 January 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Janet Van Franken Garfield Stone (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +unknown Carlson (1885-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Dayton Carvalho (1880-1881)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Maie Nunes Carvalho (19 May 1882-14 April 1974)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Carl Friedrich Herman Ferdinand Sturhahn (25 January 1871-13 December 1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Herbert Carl Sturhahn (29 July 1902-1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Edward Marshall Sr Sturhahn (15 May 1906-3 May 1992)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Louise Dailey Sturhahn (8 January 1909-9 July 1996)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Joan Sturhahn (23 September 1930-11 April 2010)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Garland Mourning McNutt Jnr (24 August 1923-2 October 2008)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Garland Marshall McNutt (26 September 1956-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Edward Marshall Jnr Sturhahn (30 March 1934-1 April 1993)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sharon Lee Manford (31 October 1942-8 September 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Natalie Anita(Sally) Ann Williamson Sturhahn Graff (25 December 1961-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Bruce Michael McGee (1951-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-Kelli Diane McGee (1982-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Dan Gradley Graff (1957-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Leslie Russell Nunes Carvalho (7 November 1885-December 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sophia G Goodman (about 1890-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Paul D Carvalho (about 1915-7 November 1940)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Anne Carvalho (about 1920-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Claire Carvalho (13 September 1888-27 October 1970)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Herbert A Weiller (21 August 1887-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Sylvia Weiller (about 1914-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jacob Solis Carvalho (23 September 1852-13 March 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Suzanne Walker (about 1854-before 1950)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Charity(Charrie) N Carvalho (12 April 1850-5 April 1945)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Solomon Solis Carvalho (16 January 1856-12 April 1942)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Helen Cusack (about 1858-before 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Sarah Virginia Carvalho (about 1896-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Helen Carvalho (about 1898-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Emanuel Nunes Carvalho (22 March 1817-13 March 1883)
. . . . . . . . . . +Caroline A Woolf (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Julia Carvalho (4 July 1819-22 January 1887)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Rachel Carvalho (1822-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sarah Carvalho (September 1823-13 November 1842)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Clara Nunes Carvalho (1826-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Benjamin Carvalho (1827-January 1843)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sophia Carvalho (1828-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Isaac Carvalho (1835-1835)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Miriam Carvalho (10 November 1838-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Isadore Osorio (March 1840-)
. . . . . . +Est(h)er de Isaac Alvarez (-)

2  PEDIGREE OF ERNEST  George Ffrench

Chapter 2

Ernest’s Paternal ancestors “ Generation x” Way back & traditionally, according to my father, we Ffrench’s originated from Monivea and Ffrench Castle, near Galway in western Ireland, which had a regular shipping route via Spain to the Caribbean. There’s actually a Ffrench roundabout in Galway city!

 

 

3 Ffrench Roundabout Galway City

--but so far the only  connection we have made between the Jamaica Ffrench's and the Irish ones is this dated 1823;

DIED In December last, at Paradise Estate, Jamaica, Anthony FfRENCH, Esq., aged
23 (or 25) years, son of R. FfRENCH, Esq., of Beagh, in this County. Those
only who knew Mr. FfRENCH and appreciated his merits, can judge of the regret of his parents, and his friends must feel at the loss of so amiable a young gentleman.

But the French’s must originally have left Ireland about 100+ years earlier because as far back as the 1700's there were F(f)rench's in Jamaica, West Possibly they arrived as soldiers--one Lieut Thomas French was with Colonel Richard Fortescue's Regiment(the Third) , who under Penn Venables,  invaded Jamaica in 1655, taking it from the Spanish. Fortescue had been a Lt Col under the Earl of Essex and a Colonel in Cromwell's New Model. Fortescue's Regiment was stationed in Spanish Town. Fortescue thought Jamaica "a fruitful and pleasant Island and a fit receptacle for honest men" "there is accomodation and worke for them.Here they may serve God, their countery and themselves". Fortescue died 3 Oct 1655 but maybe he convinced Lieut Thomas to stay. 

 A second Thomas French b 1680 d 1758 had with Esther(coloured?); son  Thomas (b 2 Feb1697), George (b 2 Sept 1699 d 29 Mar 1702),Jeremiah(b 7 Dec 1701 d 17 Feb 1702) and Elizabeth (b 5 May 1705 d 4 July 1706) An Esther French dies 12 May 1705 just after Elizabet was born. All in St Catherines. Only Thomas survives—or does he?  6 June 1720 a Thomas French is buried in St Catherines

4 

Thomas & esther’s Son Thomas

A third Thomas French  married in 1741 Mary Mathews & had  Thomas (b 1 Nov 1742 bap 26 Nov 1742). A Mary French dies in Kingston 8 June 1755 “the wife of Thomas French Esquire”

5 Thomas & Mary’s Son Thomas

 He also had with Eleanor Peete (mulatto); dau Susanna(b 5 Mar 1754), son George(b 4 Mar 1759) and dau  Mary(b 4 May 1763). He died  13 Aug 1783

6 7 8 

Susannah, George(x 2)  and Mary

A fourth Thomas French was acting Governor Jamaica 1702.

A (fifth) Major General Thomas French is mentioned in "Fuertado's Official Personages (in Jamaica) 1655-1790" & in the Jamaica Almanacs  as JP 1751, M.A. Kingston 1753, Custos for Kingston in 1780 ,Speaker pro tem in 1781 and Chief Justice in 1788.The 1782 Almanac calls him the Hon Thomas French. This Thomas died 16 Jan 1783 aged 66 “Custos” so born 1717

One of the Jamaica French’s—or a later immigrant English/Irish French?—must have  produced Peter French  (b abt 1710 d abt 1785)

Generation 1

 Peter French  born abt 1710 of Kingston, When he married 24th Dec 1734 Catherine Noke of Kingston ( b abt 1716) he was “ Bookkeeper” of a Plantation. He would supervise the slaves in the fields & superintend the manufacture of sugar & rum.

9 Peter & Catherine’s marriage

Before they married they had Catherine (b 21st Oct 1734, bap 23rd Feb 1735; a Catherine French dies Kingston “a spinster” 26 Oct 1794);          then Bethiah , (b 5th Feb 1736, bap 24th Feb 1736; a Bethiah French dies Kingston “a spinster” 9 Aug 1778);                                                         Anthony John (b18th March 1738, bap 14th Apr 1739; an Anthony John French dies aged 6(?), buried by his father 18 Mar 1740);                                       Elizabeth Sarah,(b 3rd Oct 1740, bap 28th Oct 1740; and

 George I (b 2 Jun 1742 and bap on 23rd June 1742)

10 11 12 13 14

Catherine, Bethiah, Anthony, Elizabeth & GeorgeI’s KINGSTON baptisms

 Peter became Government Coroner in 1751 per the Jamaica Almanac—at that time a coloured could not aspire to such a post so we assume Catherine Noke was white.A  Peter French “Esquire” died Kingston 19 March 1755.

 

 

Chapter 3

Generation 2

2.1 GeorgeI Ffrench,(as above) b 1742, is listed in the Fuertado Official Personages 1655-1790 and the 1790 Jamaica Almanac as the Crown Solicitor/Clerk of the Jamaica Assembly around 1780/5, aged 38.By 1782 George is in the High Court,Assistant Judge,Solicitor for the Crown and Clerk of the Peace in Spanish Town,St Catherine's on a fat salary! So was he a lawyer? Did he have legal training in London or Dublin? There's a George French in the 1782 List of Attorneys-at-Law admitted to practice at His Majesty's Supreme Court of Judicature. 

 His  long-term mistress was Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford  "a free mulatto woman” of Spanish Town, Jamaica, born 1759 died 23 Oct 1825; presumably the illegitimate daughter of either Richard Beckford (Speaker St Catherine's 1747) or Ballard Beckford (Member of the Council St Catherine 1754).

 

 

 

 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

SPANISH TOWN TODAY

Ballard Beckford was  somewhat notorious , having figured prominently as co-respondent in a much publicized divorce case, which resulted in the passing of Jamaica’s first Divorce Act and his expulsion from the House of Assembly 3 years earlier. Many of the Beckfords are buried in the Spanish Town Cathedral.

 George must have been besotted by Jane and/or his 2 young quadroon sons GeorgeII  b 1777 & EdwardI  b 1782 as he had a Private Act of the Jamaica Parliament passed in 1784 (he wld be 42) giving her and his sons (then aged 7 and 2) equal rights to those born of wholly white parents & sent them to England for their education.

Jane  Charlotte Beckford's  Act  of  the  Jamaica  Parliament  1784

Jamaica Is. An Act to entitle Jane Charlotte Beckford of the Parish of Saint Catherine a free Mulatto Woman and George French and Edward French Free Quadroons the Children of the said Jane Charlotte Beckford to the same Rights and Priviledges with English subjects born of White Parents under certain Restrictions

Whereas the said Jane Charlotte Beckford hath been Baptised Educated and Instructed in the principles of the Christian Religion and in the Communion of the Church of England as by Law Established and hath caused her said children to be Baptised the elder of whom hath been sent to England and where it is intended that the younger of them shall also be sent at a proper age to be brought up in the like principles and Educated in such manner as to make them useful to the Community which with the assistance that will be afforded them will raise them above the level of people of Colour in general But by reason of their being Mulattoes they are Subject and liable to the same pains and penalties to which free Negroes and Mulattoes are in this Island who have neither education nor property    Wherefore We your Majesty’s dutiful and loyal Subjects the Lieutenant Governor Council and Assembly of this Island humbly beseech your Majesty that it may be Enacted and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same that the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and her issue begotten by White Men and the said George French and Edward French and their Issue born of White Women shall from henceforth be deemed and taken for free and Natural born Subjects of this Island and shall be Tried and adjudged for all Crimes Misdemeanors and Offences which they or either of them shall be hereafter Charged with in the same manner as if they and every of them were free and Natural born Subjects of great Britain and in no other manner whatsoever and that they and every of them shall be entitled to have and enjoy all Rights Priviledges Immunities and Advantages whatsoever as if they and every of them were born and descended of and from White Ancestors any Law Custom or Useage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.Provided always that nothing in this Act contained shall be construed or understood to confer upon the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and the said George French and Edward French or any or either of them any Capacity or Ability of Sitting or Voting either in the Council or Assembly of this Island or of holding or enjoying any Office Civil or Military or serving as Jurors or Vestrymen or of voting at any Election whatsoever. But that they the said Jane Charlotte Beckford George French and Edward French and each and every of them shall be totally excluded therefrom any Law Custom or Usage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding./

Passed  the Council this 15th day of December 1784 Will Dunlop Speaker.    I consent this 14th day of December 1784   Cncl Alured Clarke Passed the Assembly this 23rd day of  ed the Assembly December 1784 IW Slaughter

             

27The Jamaica Act of Parliament making the Quadroons “white”!

A mulatto is half-European, half-African; a quadroon is the issue of a European and a mulatto; an African is someone who had been shipped from Africa; a Creole is someone (of any race) born on the island.

GeorgeI & Jane's 4 children were GeorgeII born 9 June 1777;EdwardI born 7 Oct 1782 died 7 Sep 1835; Robert born 1785 died 11 Oct 1835 and  Ann Eliza born 1788 died 13 Oct 1835—there must have been an epidemic. There was no Act of Parliament for the later  children .They were all baptised in St Catherine's.

Jane Charlotte Beckford ran a lodging house in Spanish Town called "Miss Ffrench's" at the corner of Ellis Street and Whitechurch Street to which Lady Nugent, the Governor's wife, sent guests in 1803--(She would not have sent her guests to anywhere second-rate so it must have been "upmarket"!). There is a French Street  and a Beckford Street in Spanish Town today . From her birth date of 1759 Jane would appear to be the illegitimate daughter of planter Richard Beckford, or Ballard Beckford

Philip Wright's Monumental Inscriptions of Jamaica:  p. 130 –“ Spanish Town.  No. 28, Whitechurch St” Not seen. Recorded by Frank Cundall 1918.

 Jane Charlotte Beckford, died 23 October, 1825, aged 66.(So born 1759)

Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House;-the Gleaner 1887(Note double ff that early)

Picture of present day building still used in 2010  as the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge Meeting House

28 29 Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House today

 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will inventory of 1829

Beckford Jane C Entrd 14th Feb 1829.  An Inventory and appraisement of all and singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford late of the Parish of St Catherine deceased-----------------------------

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather bed Hair Mattrass Bolster & Pillows 160/-

1 Mahogany large Chest 40/- 1 Looking glass 13/4 1 Globe 6/8      £11-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather Bed Bolster & Pillows with Nett 106/8

1 Washstand 5/- 1 Mahogany chair 5/- 1 Looking glass 2/6              £ 5-19-02

1 Mahogany Bedstead 58/4 1 Table 6/8 1 Looking glass 6/8 1 Bason stand 6/8

9 large & small Mahogany tables 175/- 2 Sofhas 40/-                      £14-13-04

1 Mahogany desk 10/- 1 Plated Cruet stand 10/- 1 Mahogany Chest 40/-

1 small Chest of Drawers 13/4 1 Basan stand 10/-                            £4-03-04

4 Looking Glass 10/- 4 Bedroom Chairs 40/- 2 pair shoes 20/-

1 pair hand ??? shades 10/- 2 Night Chairs 26/8 1 Liquor cooler 40/-£7-06-08

19 Mahogany Highback Chairs 190/- 3 pair Plated Candlesticks 30/-

1 Mahogany Sideboard Tray 80/- 1 Dripstone ??? 100/-                  £20-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead Straw bed Hair Mattrass & 2 Pillows 26/8 1 Table 6/8

1 Chair 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 1 Large Chest 10/-                             £2-16-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead and Feather Bed 80/- 1 Table 5/- 1 Looking glass 5/-

1 Bason stand 5/- a Lot assorted glassware 26/8                              £6-01-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead Hair Mattrass with Bolster & Pillows 100/- 1 Table 6/8

1 Looking Glass 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 4 Water jars 6/8                  £6-06-08

2 doz Large Tablecloths 240/- 1 1/2 Doz middle size Tablecloths 90/-

2 Doz Breakfast Cloths 180/- a Lot Crockery ware 80/-                  £29-10-00

1 Sett Breakfast Cups & Saucers 40/- A Legacy bequeathed under the Will

of Christian Allen with Interest from 8 June 1811 £31-10-0             £33-10-00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------£132-07-06

In obedience to the Warrant of appraisement hereunto annexed we have inventoried and appraised all and Singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford deceased as they were shewn unto us by Ann Eliza French her administratix or which we knew belonged to the said Deceased at the time of her death and we do find the same amount to the sum of One hundred and thirty two pounds seven shillings and sixpence Current money of Jamaica as will more particularly appear above Given our hands and seals this 27th day of January annoque Domini 1829--Isaac Lopes--William Oliver

  Note Very much an ongoing establishment--with 6 Mahogany Bedsteads, 19 High back Dining Chairs, tablecloths, crockery etc—presumably being run by daughter Ann Eliza Ffrench    (Original in Appendix 10)

                                   

30,30a,31a,31b 1786 MapS  Spanish Town & key                                                                 

Why did so many European men take coloured mistresses? See below from Major Frederick Johnston who wrote to his wife(in England) in 1794;

"The English mulatto women are the handsomest, they have all the finest teeth I ever saw and they take a great deal of care of them, cleaning them twice a day with Tamarin wood, indeed I am sorry to say that all together they are more cleanly than my fair Country Women.I can assure you the English women that are here are quite Nasty to look at. They give one the idea of a person that has been buried and risen again. It is quite the fashion for everybody....to have one of these princesses to live with them as housekeepers or Nurses....for I am given to understand that unless you are taken care of by them you must die for as soon as you are ill all your friends desert you for fear of infection..."  

Despite all this, a year after their 4th child Ann Eliza was born by Jane Charlotte in 1787, George I Ffrench (aged 46) married Elizabeth Ann Jackson in Kingston 31 Jan 1788.

 

31

Marriage Of George I Ffrench & Elizabeth Ann Jackson

 Was she the daughter of Chief Justice William Jackson? They had son John in 1789 & Henry in 1793- John died St Catherines 4 Jan 1790

32 John French dies Age 1

George I died “of the dropsy” 13 Feb 1795. Note the causes of death for others at the same time—mainly “fever” but also “age” “decay” “murder” “decline”  and “effects of licquor” Healthy life styles!

 

33 George I French Clerk of the Assembly died 13 Feb 1795 St Catherine

 His Will leaves everything to his "dear wife Elizabeth Ann" and his "minor son Henry" (aged 2)-- older son John having already  died.

1795  Will  of  George  French  Esq    Jamaica Is.   In the name of God Amen I George French of the Parish of Saint Catherine in the County of Middlesex and Island of Jamaica Esquire do make publish this to be my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say I will and desire that my just debts and funeral expenses be paid off and satisfied as soon as conveniently maybe by my Executrix and Executors herein after named and as to such estate and Effects that I may die possessed of I give devise and bequeath unto my dear wife Elizabeth Ann French and my beloved son Henry French all such my Estate real personal or mi**(?) of what nature or kind soever or where so ever the same may be at the time of my decease to be equally divided between my wife and son share and share alike to hold as tenants in common and not as joint tenants but in case of the death of either my said wife or my said son before he attains the age of twenty one years then the part and share either of them so dying to go to the survivor her or his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said wife Elizabeth Ann French and Francis Rigby Brodbilt Esquire and Alexander Aikman of the parish of Kingston Esquire Executrix and Executors of this my last will and testament and Guardian of my said son Henry French until he attain the age of twenty one years, and I do revoke and make void all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declare this only to be my last will and testament In witness whereof I the said George French have to this my last will and testament set my hand and seal this thirty first day of January in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five  Signed sealed published and declared by the testator George French  Geo ffrench SEAL as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence and in each others presence have subscribed our names as witnesses to the same

R R Parker                Thos’ Talbot                                   Stevens Wood

(The Slave Registers of 1817 also list a George Ffrench, b. ca. 1785, creole,slave living in St. George, Jamaica, the property of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench on 28 Jun 1817. He was then 32 years old. George was one of 12 slaves listed as her property.)

When Elizabeth Ann, his widow makes her will she does not mention Henry--as he had died too, aged 7, of a "sore throat". How desperate to lose both sons—there were of course no synthetic medicines then.

 

34 Henry French child  died 18 Jan 1800

 St Catherine’s Aged 7

Will of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench dated 10 Aug 1825

10/- Jamaica Is --   George the fourth by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King  and of Jamaica Lord, Defender of the Faith & so onTo our trusty and well-beloved John Biggar and James Forsyth Esquires

Know ye that we have constituted authorised and appointed and by these presents do constitute authorise and appoint ye or either of ye to administer an oath unto George Barnett of the City and Parish of Kingston Gentlemen or any other that are witnesses and can make oath of the signing sealing publishing and declaring of the last will and testament of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench late of the parish of Kingston widow deceased and hereof you or either of you are to make a due return under your or either of your hands and seals unto our Captain General and Governor in Chief of the said Island or to the Governor and Commander in chief of the same for the time with this power annexed

Witness His Grace William Duke of Manchester Captain General and Governor in Chief of our said Island at St Jago de la Vega (SpanishTown)  the 26th day of August Anno q Domini 1825 and in the sixth year of our reign (sgnd) Manchester   Passed Secretary’s office  W. Bullock  Secretary  

Jamaica Island  The execution of the within    Dedimus Potestatem appears by the Will and probate thereof hereunto annexed. Given under my hand this 23rd day of September 1825  (sgnd)  I Forsyth Ffrench Elizabeth A  Entr’d 15th Oct 1825

Jamaica Is -- In the name of God Amen I Elizabeth Ann Ffrench of the City and Parish of Kingston in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid Widow being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding do make publish and declare my last Will and Testament in manner and form following. That is to say Imprimis I will and direct that all my just debts and funeral and testamentary expences be fully paid and satisfied as soon as conveniently can be after my decease And for such purpose I do hereby direct and authorise and empower my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named to enter upon and take possession of my coffee plantation or settlement called The Cottage situate in the Parish of St Andrew in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid and to contract for and actually sell and dispose of the said plantation or settlement as soon as possible after my decease and to grant and execute to the Purchaser thereof good and sufficient title thereto and if need be to allow unto the purchaser thereof a reasonable time for the payment or part payment thereof and I do hereby declare that the receipt of my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named shall be a good and sufficient discharge to the purchaser or purchasers thereof for any monies therein expressed and that such purchaser or  purchasers shall not be answerable or accountable for the non-application or misapplication of such purchase money.

And it is my will and desire that my debts and funeral and testamentary expenses be paid and discharged out of the proceeds of such Sale in preference to my personal estate.

I hereby manumise enfranchise and forever set free of and from all servitude slavery and bondage my Negro Woman Slaves named Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters to hold such Manumission Enfranchisement and Freedom unto the said Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters and their future issue offspring and increase forever.

I give devise and bequeath unto Samuel Bruce Smith my mulatto man slave named George Simpson to hold to his heirs and assigns forever but it is my will and desire and I do hereby direct that in case the said Mulatto slave named George Simpson shall at any time hereafter during the minority of the said Samuel Bruce Smith be able to purchase his freedom either by himself or with the assistance of his friends that such freedom be granted to him upon a reasonable sum being paid to the said Samuel Bruce Smith and I do hereby authorise my Executrix and Executor to execute and deliver all necessary deeds and instruments whatsoever for such purpose but in the event of the said Samuel Bruce Smith departing this life before he shall attain his age of 21 years or before the said Mulatto boy George Simpson shall have purchased his freedom as aforesaid I then give devise and bequeath the said slave unto Rachel Smith (was Rachel Smith her married sister?) of the said city and parish of Kingston Widow the mother of the said Samuel Bruce Smith to hold to her and his heirs and assigns forever but subject to the like condition and power to the said slave to purchase his freedom from the said Rachel Smith.(signed) E A Ffrench

Whereas I am entitled under the will of my late uncle John Jackson (her maiden name) to a legacy of £2000 now I give and bequeath £200 thereof unto Mrs Elizabeth Dallas (another sister?) the widow of the late Stuart George Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath one hundred pounds   thereof to Samuel Jackson Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath £200 thereof to the Rev Robert William Dallas the present Rector of Manchester but it is (my) express will and intention that the said last three mentioned legacies shall be only  paid  and payable out of the said legacy of £2000(if ever the same should be paid) & not out of any other part of my real or personal estate  I give and bequeath all my wearing apparel unto the said Rachel Smith.

All the rest residue and  remainder of my estate real personal and mixt I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto Elizabeth Martha Smith, Jane Smith, James William Smith, Frances Smith and Samuel Bruce Smith, daughter and sons of the said Rachel Smith or such of them as shall be living at the time of my decease to be divided among them share and share alike to hold to them and to the Survivors orSurvivor of them and to the heirs executors administrators and assigns of such survivor forever.

And lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint the said Rachel Smith and her son James William Smith Executrix and Executor of this my said will hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declaring this only to be and contain my last Will and Testament.

In witness hereof I have to the first sheet of this my Will set and subscribed my hand and to the second and last sheet thereof set and subscribed my hand and affixed my seal this tenth day of August 1825                       (signed)     E A Ffrench 

An E A Ffrench dies Kingston 15 Aug 1825

Generation 3  To Summarise-Children of George I Ffrench ;

 with Jane Charlotte Beckford,

 George II Ffrench , b. 9 June 1777 died ??, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. He was schooled in England.

 Edward I  Ffrench , b. 7 Oct 1782 d 7 Sep1835, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. Schooled in England.

Robert I Ffrench  b 1784 m Letitia Dunn spinster,("late Lindo " ie née?) d 11 Oct 1835 both described as  "Free persons of colour"

Ann Eliza Ffrench b 1787 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Administratix

 d 13 Oct 1835 or 1845 ? Manchester?

with  Elizabeth Ann Jackson Ffrench

John Ffrench b 1789 d 6 Jan 1790

Henry Ffrench b 21 Oct 1793 d 18 Jan 1800

Chapter 4

Generation 4

RobertI   "a free quadroon" married Letitia Dunn Lindo Ffrench "a free bro(wn)" had 6 children—all baptized Kingston. They were “Free persons of colour”.

Arthur I  born 23rd June 1813; RobertII ,born 2 June 1817; George III ,born 30 Dec 1819;  Edward II  born 6 Feb 1822 , Maria Moore born 8 Dec 1826(at Foster Lane-the family home?) & Alexander Dunn b 9 Dec 1828

 

 

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43  Arthur i, RobertII, GeorgeIII, EdwardII’s maria moore, Alexander dunn baptisms

(Maria’s death notice also shows her to be a sister of GeorgeIII and confirms a birth year of 1826. She became a teacher at Wolmer’s school then matron of the Kingston Naval Hospital in 1875. She married John Moore of Swanswick Estate Trelawney and died in 1918

           

44 Maria Moore’s death Notice

 

The matching DNA tests that have been taken by living Michael & Simon Ffrench currently indicate they have a common ancestor. David L Ffrench states he believes Arthur George was his grandfather Alfred Ernest’s brother so George III would have been his father even if Eliza Minot was not his mother.  Arthur George Ffrench was born in 1851

At present we know nothing about  Arthur I b 1813 or Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn. George III’s story is in Chapter 5.

Edward II Ffrench was  b 6 Feb 1822  Did he school in Kingston and after leaving, work for his father Robert or in the Militia perhaps?His older brother George III  had joined the Portland Tax Dept in 1847 aged 27; 

Before 13 Aug 1851 Edward II was presumably living at the family home in Foster Lane Kingston. Could he aged 28  have fathered Arthur then? Edward spent “2 days out of Jamaica” that year—Cuba? Haiti?

 Edward II was appointed on 13 Aug 1851 as "acting clerk to the sub-(tax) collector Port Morant" aged 29 at £150 pa  by the Governor. His £100 security bond was provided by  brother George “Clerk Vestry Portland” & John Joseph Duval of St Andrews. Perhaps George III got him his job?

In 1854 he was promoted to Sub-Collector and Lands Waiter and Searcher for Morant Bay @ £225 pa.. His bond was increased to £500 and George Ffrench's name on the bond was replaced by John Burger, watchmaker, Kingston.

20 May 1857 he was   married by Rev John Radcliffe to Sarah Harrison Buchan in the Kingston Kirk(Presbyterian) Witnesses Hon A(lexander) Barclay and Jno Naro(?)

 

45 Edward II Ffrench & sarah Harrison Buchan marriage certificate

In Oct 1858 he is promoted to Sub-Collector, Old Harbour (the other side of Kingston).Security now from John Burger and William Andrews Attorney-at-law. He remained there  till 1860, when he disappears without comment from the Civil Service Blue Books. Perhaps fraud?

On 9 June 1866 Edward Ffrench, Kingston is included  in a list of names in the Gleaner of "Insolvents". In Jan 1867 his "bail is enlarged" by the Surry Insolvent Debtors Court.

In 1876 Arthur George marries Frances Ann Glave in Manchester Witnesses are FW Bonitto + Jno Sawyers ie no Ffrench’s present.

December 1879 both George Ffrench in Portland & Arthur St Catherines take long leave on half-pay. Why? Coincidence? To care for dying widower brother/uncle Edward II?

On 10 March 1880 Edward II dies a widower aged 59, "much & deservedly regretted" per the Gleaner notice. On the death certificate his occupation was “lumber measurer”(probably learned from his time at Port Morant)The informant is George III Ffrench, brother, of 16 Foster Lane, Kingston  (the Ffrench family home for 50+years).

 

46  EdwardII Ffrench’s death record

In May 1896 his name appears on a Government Notice of estates forfeited to the Govt because of non-claimants for £6-13-10d. No will found yet.

Curiously in 1850 an unidentified George Ffrench died at Foster lane aged 34—maybe the son of one of Robert & Letitia’s other sons?

 

Chapter 5

GeorgeIII Ffrench,  b.30 Dec 1819, d. 7 May 1897

Presumably like brother Edward he grew up in Robert & Letitia’s home in Foster Lane Kingston. Where did he school? What did he do between 1837 & 1847? Ie after leaving school before getting his job in Portland aged 28? Robert & Letitia were “free coloureds” so George III would be too

George III  moved from Kingston to Portland in 1847 joining the Colonial Administration  as Collector of Taxes --& paid partly on commission! Two years later he gets married to Eliza Minot

George III “Clerk of the Vestry of this Parish” was  married by Licence by Rev J Stone Rector to  Eliza Minot 4.31, in Portland on 4 Jan 1849.

 

47  Marriage George Ffrench/Eliza Minot

 We think Eliza may have been the daughter of a slave…     The 1817 return of Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies shows a Maria Kirkland 11, "sambo"& “creole”; her mother Betty 29  as"negro"& "african"--- owner Francoise Adelaide Lebrun (African ie off a slave ship);

9 years later the 1826 return shows an Eliza Minot 1 1/2 yrs  "mulatto",creole (ie born in Jamaica); her mother Maria Kirkland 20  "sambo", her  grandmother Betty Ann Kirkland 38, "African"---attorney Philip P Kirkland, Parish of St George. Kirkland’s estate was “Paradise”.

The ages match up. In the 1829 return Betty has gone, Maria ("alias Mariah Kirkland") is 22, Eliza Minot is 3--both after then "manumised" ie freed.This would make Eliza Minot 23 in 1849 when she married GeorgeIII

In 1925 Eliza's son Alfred Ernest Ffrench talks of his grandmother "Maria Shirley"--is this Maria Kirkland? David L Ffrench believed her family name was Shirley and that she came from th Rio Grande Valley behind Port Antonio. There is a plantation called Minots there. Paradise is slightly west of here but still close to the Rio Grande. Image 47a

 

 

                           

 

 

 

48 49 Slave Returns For Eliza,maria,Betty

 

50   Advertisement from  the Dec 1803 Jamaica Royal Gazette for sale of Slaves

 

Both Arthur George & Alfred Ernest Ffrench named a child “Shirley” ,

GeorgeIII's established issue with Eliza Minot in Port Antonio, Portland, Jamaica were 2 daughters & 4 sons; the only one whose baptism we have found is the first Robert who died young. Why? Were the records lost or were the children not baptized? Unlikely as later George is on the Anglican Church Finance Board. We believe them to be;-

Birth year

31 May 1849  Robert Burke Ffrench who died 4 May  1850 at 6 months

1851    Arthur George Ffrench ?

1853    Anna Maria Ffrench  d  10 Jan 1881 at 28

1855?  Edward Shafto Burke Ffrench, Joined Tax Dpt1873. d aft 1923 @ 68+

1856    Letitia Emily Ffrench  d 10 Nov 1869 of Typhoid “at 13”.

1858    Hedley John Cecil Ffrench  d 31 Mar 1864 at 6

23 Apr1861   (Honorable) Alfred Ernest Ffrench He became JP, MP, and MBE. He got the MBE during WWI for work with the Red Cross. He was a member of the Legislative Council. He died 24 Apr 1926 at 65.  Long obit in Gleaner. We have traced many of his living descendants down to great grandchildren, living in the USA Canada and Jamaica

Only 2 sons(+ Arthur George) of George & Eliza’s 6 children survived their parents.

So George III could easily  have fathered Arthur George in 1851—after losing his first born son—either with Eliza or perhaps with another woman?

(Another George French owned  sugar estates, Queenhithe and Tobalskie(about 5500acres)in St Ann's on the North coast of Jamaica near Runaway bay and Ocho Rhios and Rooksby Park but he appears to be an absentee owner from Kent, England and unconnected)

By 1857 George III was also an Ensign in the volunteer militia army for Portland; by 1865 a lieutenant, then Captain. George III Ffrench’s name appears all over the Almanacs( to which he contributed for Portland), the Gleaner etc. This after the 1865 Rebellion;-

50a Lieut George III Ffrench after the 1865 Rebellion

1866   Eliza his wife, and their daughters Anna Maria  and Letitia Emily  were signatories to one of the  thank-you letters to the “now infamous” Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio and Manchioneal for saving them from the insurgents rebellion. George III signs a similar letter of support for Governor Eyre expressing “deep indignation at the misrepresentations” made.

George III Ffrench  owned property in Portland, eg Mount Pleasant(805 acres), True Blue(300acres).4 July 1867 "The Colonial Standard" reported George's vain attempt to clear his land at Mount Pleasant, Portland of squatters.

 

 

             

51 Here is a photo of George III Ffrench

 

 

52  And here is Eliza Minot Ffrench

 

53

Plan of Port Antonio where they lived

 

7 January 1868 There is an amazing account of a shipwreck off Cuba over Christmas 1867 written by George III himself.

He writes he was with "his 2 sons". These were probably therefore Edward III Shafto (aged 13) and Alfred Ernest (aged 6+). Arthur George would be 16 and had possibly left home. Alternatively this remark might imply that Arthur George was GeorgeIII Ffrench's “spare” child ie illegitimate. As Ansell Hart later wrote “every proud mother was only too prone to register the name of the father of her illegitimate child”

 

54  George III is ship-wrecked!

When St George Parish was merged with Portland around 1867/8 George was offered Clarendon but successfully objected. He received a  pension.

55  George is to be transferred but refuses!

56  1870 Promoted to 2nd Class clerk aged 50

Feb 28 1870 In the Colonial Standard a valedictory address from the good & great of Port Antonio, "accompanied by bumpers of champagne" 

57 Valedictory Address on George's promotion to Westmoreland parish "after an extended residence in Port Antonio of nearly a quarter of a century" (ie from 1846/7)

 He remained at Sav la Mar, Westmoreland  for 10 years and became proprietor of a property there called “Blue Hole” & a lessee of Roslyn Lodge Pens. His salary was £400 per year plus a £50 housing allowance--a serious amount at the time.

Dec 1879  he took long leave on half pay-- at the same time as Arthur George—to look after his dying brother Edward?

Apr 1880 aged 60 he retired & moved to Kingston . He had been a JP, Captain of the Portland Volunteers, Parochial Board member, Clerk of the Vestry of the Parish of Portland, etc. and a well-respected worthy citizen. 

1890 aged 70, & despite substantial pensions and assets, George III seems to have got into financial difficulties with foreclosures on properties he owned eg Mount Pleasant Estate, 805 acres in Portland.

May 1891(aged 69) he is elected to the Kingston City Council

1893 He is the defendant over a disputed Bill of Exchange for £331.

Sept 17th 1896 per Gleaner He seems to have been somewhat cantankerous,  falling out with the Mayor of Kingston, but takes on a short-term role as acting clerk Portland Parish that year.

1897 A messy bankruptcy

7 May 1897 he died aged 78 at 2 Harbour St, Kingston. No will  found yet but he was bankrupt. The informant was solicitor Thadeous Rudolph McMillan “who caused the body to be buried”. Why no family present?

 

58 GeorgeIII Ffrench’s death certificate

 His son, the 36 years old Honorable Alfred E. Ffrench MP,JP, was his executor and had to sort out the mess. George’s widow  Eliza Minot Ffrench died a year later in 1898, also in Kingston. Here's George's obituary;

59   GeorgeIII Ffrench’s obituary from “The Colonies & India”

Chapter 6

Generation 5-- Issue of George Ffrench III & Eliza (Minot) Ffrench,

Apart from the baptism of their first child Robert (named after Geo's father) Burke Ffrench, we have been unable to find the baptism records of any of George and Eliza's other children in the LDS microfilm  records or in the RGD Spanish Town records or in the Jamaica Archives. We have put this summary together therefore largely from articles in the Gleaner and The Colonial Standard.   (All children believed  born in parish of Portland)

1) George & Eliza Minot Ffrench  were married 4 Jan 1849 (LDS  film 1291729 Vol 5 fo 254) by Rector John C Stone

2) Robert Burke Ffrench  was born  31 Oct 1849 bap 4 Jan 1850 abode Port Antonio (LDS film 1291717 vol 12 fo 257) Rector WJ Cavard. Robert died 4 May 1850 (buried Port Antonio churchyard).

 

60 Baptism of Robert Burke Ffrench in Portland Parish   (not St George)

Perhaps as a result of Robert’s premature death George & Eliza lost their faith and failed to baptise their successive issue--but this seems unlikely as GeorgeIII ends up on the Diocesan Finance Board of the Church of England—so probably the Portland records have just gone missing.

3) The Gleaner of Nov 19th 1869 "at Port Antonio on the 10th inst of Typhoid fever at the early age of 16 years Letitia (after George's mother) Emily  the second daughter of George Ffrench" . If she was 16  she was born 1853 but no baptism record found.   Burial record 11 Nov 1869  film 1291717 vol 7 fo 33 says age 13 so born 1856. POR 1856 ENF 1847-1870. Rector Wm Smith

4) In the letter to Governor Eyre of 1 Jan 1866(Google Books) there are signatures from "Eliza Ffrench, Ann M Ffrench & Emily Letitia Ffrench".

 So Ann M(aria) Ffrench must have been first daughter—born say 1853

 

61 Letter supporting Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio re the Mourant uprising

5) On May 6 1903 in a Gleaner  article on "The Portland Case" there is a witness called "EdwardIII Shafto(n) Ffrench , a son of Mr George Ffrench...His mother(ie Eliza Minot Ffrench) was half sister to the plaintiff(Miss Frances Champier)" “Edward lived with his father George Ffrench” Edward S Ffrench was in the Tax Dept joining 28 May 1873 as second class clerk St Ann per the Blue Book. If he was 18 then, E S Ffrench was born in 1855. Alternative names are Edward Shafto Burke/or Buchan Ffrench viz Gleaner 1 Mar 1913 "In the Supreme Court etc.....Gertrude Emily Ffrench the wife of Edward Shafto Buchan Ffrench...etc"

In the Colonial Standard appear the following items;

CS: 7th April 1864.  Page 2, col. 1 “DIED At Tichfield, Portland, on Thursday 31st ultimo, HEDLEY JOHN CECIL, third son of GEORGE FFRENCH, Esq. aged 6 years.” So Born about 1858

CS: 18th November 1869.  Page 2, col. 3 “DIED At Port Antonio on Wednesday the 10th instant, of Typhoid Fever, a the early age of 16 years, LETITIA EMILY, the second daughter of Mr. GEORGE FFRENCH.”

CS: 19th January 1881.  Page 2, col. 2 "DIED At Port Antonio on the 10th instant ANNA MARIA, Eldest daughter of GEORGE & ELIZA FFRENCH in the 28th year of her age, much and deservedly regretted." Born about 1853

Colonial standard of 7th January 1868.  Page 2, cols. 4, 5 & 6

“Wreck of the Schooner Fanny of Port Antonio”.

“Mr. Geo. Ffrench of Port Antonio arrived in Kingston on Friday last with his two sons and the Captain and crew of the Schr. “Fanny” which vessel was wrecked off Cuba on the 21st ultimo.” Ie not “2 of his sons”

6) The two ship-wrecked sons were probably Edward III Shafto and Alfred Ernest  & not Arthur George who would be 16 then

7) In the Tri-Weekly Gleaner of Thursday Nov 18 1897(after George Ffrench had died 11 Feb 1897) there is reported a supreme Court Case where "A E Ffrench was the representative of the estate of George Ffrench, being the Administrator"."Mr Johnson said.(he)...represented George Ffrench up to his death....then he represented a son who became Administrator(A E Ffrench).Per Who's Who in Jamaica 1916  "Alfred Ernest Ffrench born Port Antonio  23 Feb 1861 Son of the late George Ffrench,Collector of Taxes and Eliza Ffrench. Staunch Roman Catholic.” Per ? 1923 Gleaner he is quoted when electioneering "Now stop a little, 39 years ago (ie 1884 aged 23) I married a dark Portland lady (Isadora Maud Burke Moodie)....I have 8 children by that marriage...."   Per his death cert copy he died 24 Apr 1926 aged 60(?-he was 65) certified by his son Shafto Moodie Ffrench

 

 

62 Isadora’s baptism & her marriage to Alfred-(both times in Anglican churches)

 

There are various Ffrench surnamed children born/died in Portland around this time that we cannot place—perhaps George III or Edward II’s “spares”? or their siblings’ issue ie Arthur I, Robert or Alexander Dunn’s?

 

1-George Henry Ffrench born 8 Mar 1849 before GeorgeIII’s marriage.The mother is named as Ann Buckley  & the father unnamed-- & GeorgeIII Ffrench would have been known to the baptizing rector Cavard—but perhaps he was being discreet?

63 George Henry Ffrench’s baptism

2-Frederick Horatio Ffrench  b 12 May 1850 mother “Elizabeth Minot”.Too soon after Robert-- no  father named on baptism. Cavard Rector              64 Frederick Horatio Ffrench baptism

3-Charles Arthur Ffrench, b 5 Nov 1869 Port Antonio, mother Mary Ann Bryan, bap 29 May 1870. Could he be an illegitimate son of GeorgeIII—or even of Arthur George then packed off to St Catherine's to join Tax Dept?

(No Image)

65 A George Ffrench dies Port Antonio aged 39—who can this be?

Chapter 7

From the start we thought Arthur George Ffrench was born 1851 & must be the son of George III as his birth date of 1851 would put him neatly between Robert Burke1849 and Anna Maria 1853. Further he became a Tax Collector—like George III. David L Ffrench said he believed Arthur George was a brother of his grandfather Alfred Ernest & a coffee planter in Manchester parish.

In the absence of a baptism we established his birth year from the 1891 English Census return—age 40, his English death certificate--54 in 1905 and the Freemasons records—25 in 1876

From the DNA match between my brother Simon and Michael Ffrench (documented descendant of George III Ffrench) we know  that they have a common ancestor. So Arthur  could be;-

A legitimate son of George & Eliza; an illegitimate son of either George III or of Edward II(Edward did not marry till 1857) or;

the legitimate/illegitimate son of any of their siblings Arthur I b 1813, Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn b 1828 or of;

even earlier parentage George II b 1777 Edward I b 1781 or Robert I b 1784

Perhaps his Arthur George’s mother (if not Eliza) had died young which might explain his later penchant for older women. We do not know for sure where he was born other than “Jamaica” per the UK Census or where he schooled but he must have been smart. In Sep 1870 Arthur appears in the Jamaica Civil Service Annual Blue Books for the first time as 2nd class clerk, Tax Dept, Spanish Town, St Catherine when he would be aged 18 if born in 1851.

So we are surmising  that he, like Edward III Shafto Burke/Buchan Ffrench,  got the job through family connections eg  tax-collector “uncle/father?” George Ffrench III or Edward II Ffrench  However George III seems the more likely as EdwardII had left the Tax dept by 1867 & had become bankrupt before 1870.

1st Jan 1873 Arthur George was promoted to 1st class clerk .In Apr 1874 he was “ordered to Manchester to act as Asst Collector of Taxes” for 6 months where, aged 23, he met and 3 months later inJune 1874 impregnated  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave , heiress, she aged 29!

Nov 1874 he was transferred back to Spanish Town. His daughter with Fanny, ie Kathleen was born in March 1875-illegitimate & “colored”.1875 he appears in the Blue Books briefly as George  Arthur Ffrench. He is living in King Street Spanish Town, big houses just off the main square.

66 67 68 69 70 King Street just off the main Spanish Town square plus King St houses.

Jan 1876 Arthur  joined the Spanish Town Freemasons

February 1876 despite the above, & aged 25, he impregnated my spinster great-grandmother Jane Victoria Smith, aged 36, a local trader & businesswoman.

15th Nov 1876 Jane had son Ernest George Ffrench  (my grandfather).  She had him baptized by Rev Chas Douet-an establishment figure-- in Spanish Town where Arthur worked clearly naming him as the father “Clerk of Municipal Board” and giving the address Spanish Town although she was almost certainly living in Kingston at the time. Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned etc….Perhaps she had been living with him as” House Keeper”  not knowing that his intended was “upcountry”?

29th Nov 1876 Arthur “Clerk of Municipal Board, St Catherines” aged 25 was married by Rev WJ Drought by licence to  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave aged 31 in (the now ruined) Duppy Church, Mile Gully, Manchester! (Duppy is Jamaican for ghost).Witnesses Jno Sawers & FW Bonitto—ie no Ffrench’s

 

71 Arthur George Ffrench & Frances Ann Glave Marriage Record

See next page…

 

1877 Gets Frances pregnant again(dau named Frances “Fran” Eliza –Frances after her mother-- Eliza after Eliza Minot perhaps? David L Ffrench met Fran & her 2 daughters)

1878 Arthur  is appointed Executor to the Estate of Sophia Galway of Mandeville, Manchester. ( a family connection?). Attends inauguration new Custos Isaac Levy as . Hon Sec Hamilton Lodge Freemasons

Mar 1879 Gets Fanny pregnant (son named St George Moore— many Irish “Arthur St George Ffrench”s—Moore after Arthur’s Aunt Maria Moore?

Dec1879 Takes 6+ months leave on half-pay(same time as George III-coincidence?) Why? Paternity leave??!! Or looking after dying widower “Uncle/Father” Edward II?

25 Nov 1880 Elected Member of the Institute of Jamaica, Kingston

Feb 1881 Gets Fanny pregnant(son Arthur Peter Ffrench –named Arthur after father-Peter after ??)= Living Don & Donna Jones’ Grandfather

5 June 1883 Ridiculed in the Gleaner for his “Literary Society”

              

72  Ffrench’s Literary Society

March 1884 Gets Fanny pregnant(Stephen Shirley Glave Ffrench.Note Shirley- a name that Alfred Ernest also uses for a son and which might be a name of Eliza Minot.    1884/5 Voted Master of the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge 6 Sept 1884 See this Fund Raiser for the Masons where both GeorgeIII Ffrench & A G Ffrench are listed—was there a family connection?  

 

                         

73  Arthur & George at the Masonic

73A Arthur George Ffrench abt 1885 with daughter Kathleen(10?) & Frances (?)

                                

           73b Arthur George Ffrench 1885 

28 July 1885 His name appears on the advertised Tender for the Parish of St Catherine re the Ewarton Railway.

22 July 1886 A letter to the Gleaner  about a suspicious theft of £300 from Arthur’s office—the money “later found in the possession of a young fellow whom Mr Ffrench entertains” . Implying what exactly? Was he gay?

Oddly no further mention in the Gleaner. 

74 A bare-faced robbery + Railway tender

Dec 1886 According to the Blue Books “ dismissed” . According to  the Colonial Standard (published in Kingston, Jamaica & Extracted and indexed  by Stephen D. Porter, from microfilm, at the Newspaper Library, Colindale, London.) 

1887, Friday 28th January; page 2, col 5

"Official Announcements. In consequence of the absence from the island, without leave, of Mr. A. G. Ffrench, Clerk of the Parochial Board of St. Catherine, His Excellency the Governor has declared that office vacant."

1887, Tuesday 26th April; page 2, col 2

"Mr. A. G. Ffrench. It may prove of interest to some parties to learn of the whereabouts of the late Clerk of the Parochial Boards of St. Catherine. We are in a position to state that on the 28th ultimo, he was in London, but he intended leaving for Australia in the early part of the present month. Our information adds, that it may be some months before Mr. Ffrench returns to Jamaica."


No immigration record of his arrival into the UK (or Australia) has been found but four years later;

1891 UK Census shows an Arthur Ffrench aged 39 (born  1851 Jamaica, West Indies), clerk, "married" but living alone as a lodger in a mens' hostel in Whitechapel, East London called  The Charles William Mowl Victoria Home.

Per Wikipedia;- Large lodging house at 39-41 Commercial St, east London situated on the south-western corner with Wentworth St. Registered in November 1887, it was run at that time by Augustus Wilkie of 77 Whitechapel Road and was originally licensed to house 370 male lodgers, though expansion allowed for an increase in occupants within a short time. In 1888, a press report outlined its intentions and its initial success:

"It was with a view to ameliorate the condition of the poor that Lord Radstock and other gentlemen, with a purely philanthropic motive, acquired two years since a warehouse of four floors in Commercial-street, at the corner of Wentworth-street, and converted it into a model lodging-house. The success of the venture led to the acquisition of the adjoining premises, and the number of beds now provided is 500. In every respect this lodging-house - the only one of its sort in London - deserves to be imitated. First, its charges are low - viz., 4d for a single bed, or 2s per week; and 6d for a "cabin," or 3s per week. Each bed has two blankets, two sheets, and a quilt; the bedstead is of iron, and a kind of shield at the head affords a certain degree of privacy. The floor space is partitioned into rooms, containing each ten or a dozen beds; whilst in the "cabins" there is only one. A "casual" ward for the reception of newcomers has lately been added, and probationers are transferred thence to floors above.  Many of the lodgers are regulars, but some are birds of passage purely. The lavatory, ventilating, and sanitary arrangements are on an enlightened scale. In the common kitchen food may be cooked at the great fire, or obtained at low charges at the bar, a dinner with vegetables for fourpence, or a bowl of soup for a penny. No known bad characters are admitted. Tickets for beds are issued from five p.m. until 12.30 midnight, and after that hour if a man wants to get in he must have a pass. It is by these rules, especially, and by the exclusion of women, that the Victoria Home is so greatly to be preferred to the most modern and "improved" of the lodging-houses which are strictly commercial undertakings."


The rules of the home were such as to deter 'bad characters':

1) No person in a state of intoxication will be on any account admitted.

2) No swearing or obscene language will be tolerated; order and decorum are insisted in the kitchens; silence in the bedrooms.

3) No person will be admitted after one o'clock a.m. without a special pass.

4) Any lodger interfering with the comfort of others is at once ejected.

5) Lodgers who are fortunate enough to possess extra clothing or other personal effects, can leave them in charge of the deputy, who will give a receipt for the same.

6) Baths, warm or cold, can be had in the house. For a warm bath, the charge of one penny is made

In April 1891 it was being run by Charles William Mowl and housed nearly 500 men.

The Victoria Working Men's Home was totally destroyed during an air raid in the Second World War and the site remained empty for many years before being redeveloped as part of the New Holland Estate in the late 1960s.(Tyne Street redevelopment - plans 1964-71 (London Metropolitan Archives)                            

How the mighty have fallen!  From Clerk of the Vestry of St Catherines to this!

75 

 Victoria Working Men's Home, Commercial Street, c.1900

 

      The 1901 UK Census has Arthur Ffrench aged 46 (ie born 1855 but probably incorrect as would surely be  too young at 15  to join Tax Dept in 1870) born  in Jamaica, "single", Clerk in the  "Guardians Office”.

76  The 1891 and 1901 Censusses showing 1851 or 1855 as Arthur’s D.O.B.

The Guardians was the name of the Wandsworth and Clapham Poor Law Administrators  They ran the WorkHouses in the Borough, looked after orphans—sending many to foster parents in rural Canada, sometimes aged just 10--, giving handouts and getting jobs to persons in need. Arthur first appears in the Guardian Office records as 4th Assistant Clerk in the Clerks Office from November 1895 up until 8 August 1905 (when he died).Perhaps the Freemasons helped him secure the job?

He was living alone  in one room at 61 Strathblaine Rd, Battersea,Wandsworth,SW11. This house still stands and is now a  nice substantial residence in a good area. The main occupiers in 1901 were a builder, his wife & 9th month old daughter--so Arthur was the "lodger".

                 

77    61 Strathblaine Rd, Wandsworth, London

 

Arthur, living in Clapham, was described in the Censuses and his death cert as “Occupation- Poor Law Clerk Guardians’ Office”.  The Guardians were the  Trustees appointed in each Borough to administer the Poor Law. They collected the “Poor Law rates” and used the funds to run the local Workhouses where homeless, jobless local persons were employed; to help find homes for orphans(many at this time were shipped off to rural Canada to foster homes); to help place unfortunate young women in work and generally to administer handouts where needed.

Extracts from records at London Metropolitan Archives

Arthur was appointed 21 Nov 1895 as temporary 4th assistant clerk in the Clerk’s Office at a wage of 30 shillings a week. It is recorded in the Register of Officers 1890-99 ref WaBG194/2 of the Wandsworth & Clapham (Poor Law) Union and in Folio Vol 4 page 496 of the Minute Book of the Guardians, It was reported to the Local Government Board on 31 Dec 1895. His appointment letter was referenced “Form of Query LB6/408” but cannot be traced in the Form of Query files. His appointment was sanctioned by the Local Government Board 4 March 1896—Number of LGB letter 44 (not found).

His salary was increased to 35 shillings a week 10 Mar 1898 per Minute Book 6 page 653 effective 11 March—LGB letter 92. On15 June 1900 a dinner allowance of £15 (p.a.?) in lieu of dinner was added No 166 SR Folio 88. The appointment was made permanent after the purchase by the Guardians of the Tooting Workhouse and he remained employed by the Guardians until his death in August 1905

He died of kidney/cardiac failure at 54--intestate but his estate of £62 was administered by his landlady Emily Ashelford (aged 46 married to a bricklayer 16 years older than herself) .This and a chest of his belongings  reached his widow Frances Ann Glave Ffrench in Jamaica. Her grand daughter Icy-now 91- remembers her father Arthur Peter Ffrench telling her the chest arrived on the United Fruit Cos White ship and that she still has a glass inscribed with Arthur George’s name—perhaps a necessary precaution in the workhouse

And here is his death certificate of 1905- a "Poor Law Clerk" in a poorer part of Clapham, London. He died at 54 of various unpleasant illnesses—rough justice perhaps for someone who messed up so many people's lives;

He had never returned to Jamaica and in a 1904 marriage announcement in the Gleaner for their 2nd daughter, Frances Ann Ffrench nee Glave had actually described him as the "late Arthur George Ffrench"  Perhaps that's why there's no further reference of him in the Gleaner.  David L Ffrench tought he had actually died in Manchester Parish so perhaps the scandal had been covered up by the family. 

 

78 Arthur George Ffrench death Certificate providing 1851 as D.O.B.

 

 

This address  20 Oberstein Rd is only a few hundred yards from 61 Strathblaine Rd but in a much less attractive area and now very run down.

79  20 Oberstein Rd

 

Arthur had 5 children in all with Frances (Fanny) -the last when she was 39 and he 33. The first, daughter Kathleen, was recorded when  baptised as illegitimate, coloured. The others' colours are not recorded. Donna Cover-Jones great grand daughter said  Fanny  considered herself “mulatto”.

They were all born in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, Jamaica. Heavitree Coffee estate had been  left to Frances by her father Stephen Sharpe Glave, born Yorkshire 1814 died 1 Apr 1873, Jamaica. Frances Ann Ffrench is shown in the 1910 Almanac as the owner of Heavitree. Her father’s “wife” was Kitty—the housekeeper?

 Another indication that Arthur was related to George III is that George III when in financial difficulties around 1890  mortgaged for pnds300 a property he owned to Eliza(beth) Glave b 1853 who was Arthur’s wife Frances’s sister--- ie Arthur's sister-in-law lent George III money. Why unless they were “family”?

To summarise;

Generation 6--Children of Arthur George Ffrench

      with Frances Ann Glave,

 Kathleen Ann Ffrench, b. 10 March 1875 in Heavitree, Manchester, recorded as colored. d ?

Frances “Fran” Eliza Ffrench b 22 Mar 1878 d aft 1930 as D L Ffrench met her?

St George Moore Ffrench, b. 9 Dec 1879 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester.d 11 Dec 1922

Arthur Peter Ffrench, b. 30 Nov 1881 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, d Feb1968 Grand-father of Icy, Donna & Don

Stephen Shirley Ffrench, b. 3 Sept 1884. d 16 Mar 1896 of tetanus

   with  Jane Victoria Smith,

Lt Col. Ernest George Ffrench   (my hero!)     b. 15 Nov 1876 baptised  in Spanish Town, Jamaica (ie not Kingston) Died 1937 in Kent, UK.

 

 

Ernest's maternal ancestors

Chapter 8

Jane Victoria Smith  was born illegitimately 23rd Oct 1840 and baptised in St Catherine's Parish in January 1841.On her baptism record her father was named as"Lieut Smith 64th Regiment" and her mother as Eliza Grant.   Address 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town, St Catherine's.

                      

                                                   

                                    

       80(Extract) & 81   Jane’s Baptism record

82

What her Spanish Town home might have looked like----

 

 

Jane Victoria Smith's Parents;

a) Jane's father-- Lieutenant Michael Edward Smith

On the 1839 Harts Army List of Officers, under the 64th(2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot, which is shown as stationed then in Jamaica, is Michael Edward Smith (Ensign, promoted to Lieutenant Feb 1840). Smith  had purchased his commission--normal in those days. Michael Edward Smith b 10 Nov 1814 was the 5th child(of 15), 3rd son of Henry Jeremiah Smith , JP, Deputy  Lord Lieutenant, Co Meath, the latter's father being wealthy establishment figure Henry Smith of Beabeg ;

83

Henry Smith of Beabeg

Henry Smith's son Henry Jeremiah Smith had been a "cornet" or Ensign  in the 11th Light Dragoons(ie mounted on horseback) in 1809;

84 Army List 1809

85

Henry Jeremiah Smith of Beabeg & Annesbrook

86 Beabeg

 His second wife, Michael Edward Smith's mother, was Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith.

 

87 Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when young

Elizabeth's mother was Catherine Cox Radcliffe, Michael's grandmother

                    

                

88 Elizabeth Radcliffe’s mother                                          (Catherine Cox Radcliffe)

The family seat was Annesbrooke, Duleek, Co Meath just north of Dublin. Henry Jeremiah Smith had purchased this around 1803 from Mr Hamilton and extended it substantially. He was on social terms with King George IV 

The following is taken from Mark Bence-Jones book ‘A Guide To Irish Country Houses’.  Annesbrook,  Duleek, Co. Meath. A 2 storey 3 bay Georgian house with ground floor windows set under relieving arches and a large rusticated and fanlighted doorway;  to which an impressive portico of 4 fluted Ionic columns and a single-storey wing containing a charming Georgian-Gothic “banqueting room” were added early in c19 by Henry (Jeremiah) Smith. According to the story, he made these additions 1821 for when George IV came over to dine with him while staying with Lady Conyngham at Slane Castle; the monarch, however never saw the banqueting room, preferring to dine out of doors.   Then under the entry for Slane Castle he states that ‘George IV stayed in Slane Castle as Prince of Wales, and again as King 1821; the wife of 1st Marquess being the Lady Conyngham who was his favourite.  The dead straight road from Dublin to Slane is said to have been made especially for him.

89     Annesbrook

Michael Edward Smith inherited this in 1892 after the death of his 2 elder  brothers.

 

      

               90     Dining at Annesbrook

91       The Hunt at nearby Duleek;

92 a Smith family get-together about 1905!

The piece  following summarises Michael Edward Smith's life, mostly compiled around 1910 by a niece of Michael, Emily Gertrude Cox(Nee Smith) , daughter of Richard Jeremiah Smith, younger brother of Michael,  when she researched the family tree--she knew both  Michael & his wife Jane Grace Syme

           

           93  Emily Cox Smith—the author

Emily’s writing is mainly  in italics with  further comments from Brenda McKeever  underlined    --additional items have also been added by Keith/Nancy Atkinson, or where there are conflicts in details; this includes details of Michael's military career extracted from the quarterly Regimental Muster Rolls at The National Archives, Kew, England )

Michael’s father was Henry Jeremiah Smith, J.P., Dep Lieut Co Meath, Ireland, born 28 Nov 1783;

He married; firstly 28 Dec 1802 Margaret Osbourne Smith  by whom he had 2 sons—Henry Jeremiah and Francis Edward;

secondly; Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith of Tinnakilly, Co Wicklow with whom he had 7 sons and 5 daughters.

                             

94   Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when older

  94a 13 Molesworth Street,  Dublin;

Michael Edward Smith was the 3rd son 5th child of Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith & was born on the 10th November 1814 at the house of his great-grandmother Lady Catherine Cox,  13 Molesworth St, Dublin.He was baptized round the corner  at St. Anne’s Church, Dawson Street. Lady Cox was also his godmother, his godfather being the Hon. Edward Taylor Massey, his mother’s cousin.  He was called Michael after his great-grandfather the Rev. Sir Michael Cox Bt. Of Dunmanway and Edward after his godfather.The date of his birth is given at November 10th in the entry made by his mother in the family bible; on the monument erected to his memory in Duleek Church the date is given at November 8th, which must be a mistake.  (Unfortunately Duleek church is no longer used as a church and most of the memorials in the church were vandalized, )

                      95       Duleek Church

             

 

 

96  Duleek  church plaque for Henry Jeremiah Smith

 

 

 

 

 

Michael Edward Smith was educated at Dundalk Grammar School, the Headmaster at that time being a Dr. Donaldson.  Later on(about 1833 ?) he was sent, with Richard Jeremiah, his brother, born 1817, to Switzerland, where they read with Dr. Caesar Malan, a well known divine in his day, and afterwards with Merle D’Aubigny, who was engaged in writing his world-famed “History of the Reformation” when they lived with him in Geneva.

.In common with many other "third sons" who joined either the Army or the Clergy In November 1837 aged 23 Michael Edward obtained (ie purchased) a commission as an Ensign  in the 40th ( incorrect--was 64th) Regiment of Foot--The North Staffordshires or Prince of Wales. And it was the first one signed by young Victoria after she came to the throne.

Michael starts at the 64th's UK base or "Depot" in Dundee.1838 Michael spends 4 months in Dundee before making a 6 day foot march from May 4-9 with the Company from Dundee to Paisley (Near Glasgow) 90 miles with an allowance of 5 shillings a day. He signs the allowance slip for 1 pound 10 shillings!

During 1838 he is stationed in Londonderry where in Dec 1838 he is ordered to join the main regiment in Jamaica.The Regiment, along with others including the 8th(The Kings),56th(West Essex) & 68th(Durham) were sent to Jamaica in 1837 in case of a violent outburst after the end of slavery August 1st, 1838. In the event it passed peacefully. He sets sail in the "Hopewell" on Feb 2nd 1839.

The “Hopewell” regularly sailed to Jamaica from Londonderry although other officers seem to have sailed from Cork this time. It takes 45 days to reach Jamaica. Michael receives a ration allowance of 3 pence per day on the ship--and he disembarks on 18th March 1839.

The 64th in Jamaica at that time consisted of 25 officers,32 seargeants,26 corporals,9 drummers, pipers & fifers and 461 privates. Michael is initially based with a detachment at Stony Hill, just northwest of Kingston.

Onshore his ration allowance is 2.5 pence per day. By this time he has a fulltime servant/batman. Michael has 1.5 pence per day stopped from his pay to cover the servant's rations

 

 Extracts from Lloyds Shipping Register re “Hopewell”

                     

                              97  The Hopewell

98  Michael’s Marching Allowance and his stoppages for his batman’s food

                 99  Harts Army List early 1839

20 Dec 1839 aged 25 he is  made up to Lieut(commission purchased). 1840 In April he is stationed in Kingston--in June Fort Augusta. Between July & September he commands a Company--for which he signs for £280-16-5 3/4 for the mens' Pay & Beer Money for the quarter!

                 100   Harts Army List July 1840

But Michael has been busy because on 23 Oct 1840 Jane Victoria Smith is born to " Lieut Smith of the 64th Regiment" and Eliza Grant; Jane is baptized in St Catherine's Jamaica. Address given was 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town--was Michael billetted there?

101   49 Wellington St  today!

Today it’s a hairdressing salon & not the original building!

Perhaps Michael had succumbed to yellow fever, convalesced at "Blundells Hall" then being run by Mary Jane Seacole née Grant and met Eliza Grant there?  Is Eliza in fact Louisa Grant, Mary Seacole's sister?

 But why St Catherines, not Kingston? The other baptisms on the register are for tailors, bricklayer, cook, butler, labourers, servants, “collector of petty debts” Perhaps Eliza was there just to have her baby ? Or was it their love nest-- in which case he would  have known of the pregnancy.

 But in any case Michael-aged 26- has already sailed off to Halifax, Canada on October 12th 1840--just 2 weeks before his daughter is born. It takes 18 days to reach Halifax where he remains for 2 years.

                  102 Harts Army List Oct 1841

1841 In this period there were many deserters from the 64th. Did they fancy life in Canada or were they keen to get back to the warmth--but disease--of the Caribbean? The alternative might have been famine in Ireland.

1842  Aged 28  On 17th August Michael is put in charge of a shipload of invalids returning to Europe. This task done he takes a 6 month leave to 31 March 1843 when he exchanges into the 78th Highlanders (The Seaforths) a regiment he was much attached to and very proud of .

 Perhaps he did not wish to return to Halifax with the 64th? He does not actually join the 78th till 27th November 1843 when he leaves for India initially with a detachment of the 78th in Bombay.

1844 On 9th January he leaves Bombay for "Kurachee" till June. Between July and August he is at Sukker Camp in Scinde Province. "In 1839" (This cannot be correct—the niece’s story conveniently  overlooks the whole Jamaica period!) he took part in the fatal march from Kureelie to Sukher and was one of the few survivors.  Through some blunder the regiment had been ordered to Sukher in the height of the hot weather with the result the seven hundred of the men lost their lives!  My uncle was taken very ill with internal inflammation and left for dead

Lt Col Ernest George Ffrench M.D, Ch.B, FRCS(Edinburgh),FRCP(London) 

 "a distinguished son of Jamaica"    "I am proud of him as a Jamaican"   

                                Just 2 years ago in spring 2009, I knew very little about my grandfather Dr Ernest G Ffrench. He died 11 years before I was born and my own father died nearly 30 years ago. If only I had talked to him about his parents before he died.  I had been told that Ernest had been an eminent Harley Street Doctor, who had eloped with a young American society girl and that for some reason he had been born in Spanish Town, Jamaica--the son of Arthur Ffrench a "Customs Official" and Jane Victoria(Nee Smith) his wife who apparently came from a prominent Irish family. I supposed they had been expatriate civil servants, posted temporarily to Jamaica.

It was only after a trip to Ireland with my siblings, to research our "Irish roots" that it became apparent that all was not what it seemed. There were simply no records either of Jane, Arthur or their marriage. So I decided to do a little research on my grandfather and get his birth/baptism record-- from Jamaica. Imagine my surprise when it read "Illegitimate and colored"!
Little did I expect that the Ffrench's were a long established Jamaican family,(there was even a Lieut Thomas French in the 1655 Penn/Venables force which took Jamaica from the Spanish) with variously coloured members, some of whom appear descended from slaves; that Ernest's mother Jane(also illegitimate!) was a serious business woman and Lodging House keeper in Kingston, with links to Mary Seacole, "the black Florence Nightingale" and that Ernest's father Arthur had actually married another woman & had 5 other Jamaican children with her, all of whom he abandoned,& fled Jamaica to a working mens' hostel in East London, eventually dying alone in a poor part of Clapham, London.
And Ernest's Jewish-American wife Adele Carvalho, had a famous father, David Carvalho a handwriting expert who had testified in the Dreyfus trial in Paris, and a grandfather Solomon Carvalho who had crossed the US on horseback with Col Fremont's expedition  and painted Abraham Lincoln!
The more I discovered about Ernest the more impressed I became by his journey from such an unpromising start in life. We keepsearching but this is the story uncovered--so far.        I do hope you enjoy it!

 Nancy Atkinson(Nee Ffrench)       June 28 2011

Email me if you have  thoughts or input at  kandn.atkinson@tiscali.co.uk

 

 

This has been a wonderfully collaborative effort so firstly  thanks to my “old family” my sister Susan Lamb & my brother Simon Ffrench,

 plus my “new family” viz;

 Michael Ffrench, Canada;

 Big J and Aubrey Ffrench, Don Kemeel Jones & Icy  in Jamaica;

 Donna Marie Jones-Cover in Florida

David L Ffrench Philadelphia     (all these Ffrench);

Sally Graff in Louisiana  (Carvalho);

Brenda McKeever, Ireland, Roseanne & Lana Jeffers UK  (all Smiths)

+  those who encouraged me, gave me leads or contributed to "the truth" 

Prof Elizabeth Anionwu (Seacole Memorial Statue Foundation),

Dr Douglas J Austin, Cambridge ( Seacole research)

Nicole Bryan (Library of Jamaica)

Steve Campbell (RGD, SpanishTown),

Dr Barry Davidson, Cirencester, Uk (Seacole research)

Terri England (Family History Researcher),

 Mara French ( French Family Association),

Julia French-Wood (French family DNA project)

Sally Graff (Sturhahn-Carvalho family)

Brenda Grey (Ffrench family friend Ocho Rios)

Patricia Jackson (Jamaica Family Search.com),

Dr Aleric Josephs (University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica),

Dorothy Kew(Genealogist, Jamaica Family History Research Canada),

Paulette Kerr(Author of Lodging House Keepers of Jamaica),

Paul Kerr (TV producer--The Real Heroine of the Crimean war),

Donald Lindo(Genealogist and Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Dr Joy Lumsden (Historian, Kingston, Jamaica),

 Madeleine Mitchell(Genealogist/Jamaican Historian),

Ronnie Peralta (Genealogist-David Carvalho papers)

Stephen D Porter(Historian & Friends of Georgian Jamaica Society),

Michael Prescod (Glave family researcher, Jamaica),

Helen Rappaport(Author & Mary Seacole Researcher),

Jane Robinson(Mary Seacole Biographer),

Cynthia Rosers(Jamaica Family History Researcher),

Racquel Stratchan (Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town),

Akira Sugihara(Glave Family member & Researcher,USA)

Leovia Taylor (RGD SpanishTown),

Sharon Tomlin(LDS London Jamaica Family History Researcher)

and Cleo Sylvestre for her one-woman Mary Seacole show!

 

 

 

 

Finally I dedicate this to my father Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench who would have been fascinated………….

 

 

 

 

1 Now to set the scene!............Jamaica by Noel Coward

 

 

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Corsica, Guam and Tasmania)

The tourist does not need to wear a topee Or other macabre miscellanea.

Remember that this is a tropical place Where violet hues are abundant

& bright-coloured clothes with a bright yellow face, Look frankly a trifle redundant.

A simple ensemble of trousers & shirt Becomes both the saint & the sinner

& if a head-waiter looks bitterly hurt You can wear a jacket for dinner.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It shares this distinction with Elba)

Its easy to order a goat fricassee But madness to ask for Peach Melba.

You’ll find (to the best of this writer’s belief) That if you want rice you can get it

But visitors ordering mutton or beef   Will certainly live to regret it.

There’s seldom a shortage of ackees & yams Or lobsters if anyone’s caught them

But if you’ve a passion for imported hams You’d bloody well better import them.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (It has this in common with Cuba)

Its national tunes, to a certain degree, Are founded on be-bop-a-duba.

‘Neath tropical palms under tropical skies Where equally tropical stars are

The vocal Jamaicans betray no surprise However off-key their guitars are.

The native calypsos which seem to be based On hot-air-conditioned reflexes

Conclusively prove that to people of taste There’s nothing so funny as sex is.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (Like Alderney, Guernsey & Sark are)

Its wise not to drive with exuberant glee Where large barracuda & shark are.

The reefs are entrancing; the water is clear The colouring couldn’t be dreamier

But one coral scratch & you may spend a year In bed with acute septicaemia.

The leading hotels are extremely well run The service both cheerful & dextrous

But even the blisters you get from the sun Are firmly included as extras.

 

Jamaica’s an island surrounded by sea (unlike Ecuador or Guiana)

The tourist may not have a “Fromage de Brie” But always can have a banana.

He also can have, if he has enough cash, a pleasantly rum-sodden liver

& cure his rheumatic complaints in a flash By shooting himself at Milk River.

In fact every tourist who visits these shores Can thank his benevolent Maker

For taking time off from the rest of his chores To fashion the Isle of Jamaica.

 

 

 

 

 

 INDEX

 Chapter 1 The Cast of Characters in order of appearance!                  Images

 Plus Ernest George Ffrench’s Family Trees                                                2

               Ernest's Paternal ancestors;

Chap      2 -early Ffrench's in Jamaica ; inc Thomas, Peter & Catherine  3-14

Chap      3  George I Ffrench & Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford, + their sons George II & Edward I (" white quadroons"),Robert and dau Ann Eliza   15-34

Chap      4 Robert I Ffrench, his wife Letitia Dunn Lindo, children Arthur I, Robert II, George III, Edward II, Maria Moore & Alexander Dunn             35-46

Chap      5 Geo III Ffrench-Arthur George’s father?-&  wife Eliza Minot  47-59                                                                     

Chap      6 Known issue of George III/Eliza; Robert Burke,Anna Maria, EdwardIII Shafto Burke, Letitia Emily, Hedley John Cecil,Alfred Ernest 60-65                            

Chapter 7 Arthur George Ffrench—Ernest’s father—Father GeorgeIII? 66-79

               Ernest’s Maternal ancestors;

Chapter 8 Lieut Michael Edward Smith, & the Smith's of Ireland          80-131

Chapter 9 Eliza & Louisa Grant, & the Mary Seacole connection        132-160

Chapter 10 Miss Jane Victoria Smith, & her life                                    161-174

               Ernest George Ffrench HIMSELF;

Chapter 11 Ernest, his wife Adele Carvalho and his life                       175-199

Chapter 12 Ernest's in-laws, the Carvalho's, esp. Solomon & David  200-229

Chapter 13 Ernest & Adele’s children, Violet & Geoffrey, + grandchildren Jonathan, Susan, Simon & me!                                                              230-237

Chapter 14 An interview with Ernest by the Hartford Courier 1935    238-240

Chapter 15 Carvalho's Journey A TV Documentary proposal - web address http://www.brandeis.edu/jewishfilm/pdf/Fiscal%20Sponsorship/Carvalho_proposal.pdf

                                                 Appendices;

1)Timeline Arthur George Ffrench

2)Timeline Carvalho family

3) Timelines George I Ffrench  

4) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Smiths of Annesbrook 

5) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Ffrench of Monivea

6) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 1

7) Mary Seacole’s Will Page 2

8) Mary Seacole’s Will page 3 + Probate  Form

9) History of the 64th Regiment (1834-52 excerpt)- published by Leo Cooper  

10)Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will Inventory of 1829  (Lodging house contents)     (3 pages  with  many thanks to the Jamaica Archives for this)

11) The Beckford story  

12) Burke’s Landed Gentry  Beckfords

13) Monumental Inscriptions  The Beckfords in Spanish Town Cathedral

 

 

Chapter 1  THE CAST OF CHARACTERS--in order of appearance—By Head of Family!



Peter Ffrench Descendants

 

1-Peter Ffrench (about 1710-19 March 1755)
+Catherine1 Noke (about 1714-)
. . 2-Catherine2 Ffrench (21 October 1734-26 October 1794)
. . 2-Bethiah Ffrench (5 February 1736-9 August 1778)
. . 2-Anthony John Ffrench (18 March 1738-18 March 1740)
. . 2-Elizabeth Sarah Ffrench (3 October 1740-)
. . 2-George1 Ffrench (2 June 1742-13 February 1795)
. . +Jane Charlotte Beckford (1759-23 October 1825)
. . . . 3-GeorgeII Ffrench (9 June 1777-)
. . . . 3-EdwardI Ffrench (7 October 1782-7 September 1835)
. . . . 3-Robert1 Ffrench (1785-11 October 1835)
. . . . +Letitia Dunn Lindo (about 1795-)
. . . . . . 4-Arthur I Ffrench (23 June 1813-)
. . . . . . 4-Robert II Ffrench (2 June 1817-)
. . . . . . 4-GeorgeIII Ffrench (30 December 1819-11 February 1897)
. . . . . . +Eliza (Shirley?) Minot (about 1826-12 March 1898)
. . . . . . . . 5-Robert Burke Ffrench (31 October 1849-4 May 1850)
. . . . . . . . 5-Anna Maria Ffrench (about 1853-10 January 1881)
. . . . . . . . 5-EdwardIII Shafto Burke Ffrench (1855-after 1923)
. . . . . . . . 5-Letitia Emily Ffrench (1856-10 November 1869)
. . . . . . . . 5-Hedley John Cecil Ffrench (1858-31 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . 5-Alfred Ernest Ffrench (23 February 1861-24 April 1926)
. . . . . . . . +Isadora Maud Burke Moodie (5 August 1864-about 1953)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frankie Ffrench (1884-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Nellie Ffrench (about 1885-8 May 1944)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-GeorgeIV A Ffrench (27 December 1886-5 February 1957)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shafto Moodie Ffrench (23 January 1889-27 August 1979)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest Minott Ffrench (17 August 1890-before 1926)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Enid Clare Ffrench (March 1896-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Leslie St Clair Ffrench (3 May 1900-3 April 1987)
. . . . . . . . . . +Mary Bernice Prendergast (-1965)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Derek L Ffrench (31 March 1922-2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David L Ffrench (22 February 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-June Ffrench (1928-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Ouida Ffrench (4 February 1933-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Shirley Lorraine Ffrench (8 January 1902-18 July 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . +Enid Susan Hind (1904-1988)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-John(Big J) Ffrench (25 January 1940-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Michael Ernest Ffrench (1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Norman Ffrench (23 October 1925-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Aubrey Ffrench (1930-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Corinne E Ffrench (9 May 1905-15 June 1993)
. . . . . . +Unknown Mother (-)
. . . . . . . . 5-Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . +Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . +Frances Fanny Ann Glave (20 June 1845-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Kathleen Glave Ffrench (10 March 1875-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Frances Eliza Ffrench (22 March 1878-after 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . +David Charles Thomas (1880-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-St George Moore Ffrench (9 December 1879-11 December 1922)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Arthur Peter Ffrench (30 November 1881-February 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . +Irene Getfield (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Myrtle Mae Ffrench (27 September 1917-4 April 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Charles Adolphus Jones (14 August 1907-20 January 2000)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Donna Marie Jones-Cover (about 1955-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Desmond Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Jordan Cover (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Don Kemeel Jones (about 1960-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Amy Adina Thomas (1902-December 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Gladys Ffrench (18 October 1918-20 July 2005)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Hepburn Ashman (-2 November 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Living Ashman (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Stephen Shirley Ffrench (3 September 1884-16 March 1896)
. . . . . . 4-EdwardII Ffrench (6 February 1822-10 March 1880)
. . . . . . +Sarah Harrison Buchan (1833-before 1880)
. . . . . . 4-Maria Moore Ffrench (8 December 1826-14 December 1918)
. . . . . . +John Moore (about 1820-before 1918)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ella Louise Moore (-1 October 1938)
. . . . . . 4-Alexander Dunn Ffrench (9 December 1828-)
. . . . 3-Ann Eliza Ffrench (1787-13 October 1835)
. . +Elizabeth Ann Jackson (about 1765-about 1825)
. . . . 3-John Ffrench (1789-6 January 1790)
. . . . 3-Henry Ffrench (21 October 1793-18 January 1800)

Descendants Henry Smith

1-Henry1 Smith (15 June 1748-1817)
+Martha Steele (-)
. . 2-Henry2 Jeremiah 11th Dragoons Smith (28 November 1783-15 February 1857)
. . +Margaret Osbourne (about 1782-about 1805)
. . . . 3-Henry3 Jeremiah Smith (October 1803-)
. . . . +Sarah Maria Harrison (about 1810-)
. . . . . . 4-Henry4 Jeremiah Smith (14 September 1829-)
. . . . 3-Francis Edward Smith (1805-)
. . +Elizabeth Radcliffe (1790-5 March 1872)
. . . . 3-Catherine Matilda Smith (about 1810-)
. . . . +Robert Col Sir Wallace (-)
. . . . 3-Elizabeth Smith (about 1811-)
. . . . +Hugh Lyons Montgomery (-)
. . . . 3-Stephen Henry Smith (1813-1890)
. . . . +Georgina Barbra Pelly (-1874)
. . . . 3-St George William Smith (1813-about 1892)
. . . . 3-Michael Edward Smith (10 November 1814-19 May 1903)
. . . . +Jane Grace Smith Syme (1829-17 March 1913)
. . . . +Eliza Louisa Grant (about 1815-21 July 1905)
. . . . . . 4-Jane Victoria Smith (23 October 1840-12 May 1927)
. . . . . . +Arthur George Ffrench (about 1851-8 August 1905)
. . . . . . . . 5-Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . +Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . 3-William Thomas Smith (about 1816-)
. . . . 3-Richard Edward Jeremiah Smith (about 1819-March 1877)
. . . . +Adela Archer (about 1840-)
. . . . 3-Kynaston Walter Smith (about 1827-1857)
. . . . 3-Matilda Cox Smith (1828-)
. . . . 3-Emily Smith (about 1829-)
. . . . 3-Mary Henrietta Smith (1830-1876)
. . . . +Ralph4 Smyth (about 1817-)
. . . . 3-Frederick Augustus Smith (18 November 1826-27 July 1887)

 

Descendants Samuel Nunes Carvalho

 

1-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1665-1728)
. . 2-Isaac Nunes Carvalho (about 1690-1733)
. . . . 3-Samuel Nunes Carvalho (about 1715-)
. . . . +Bathsheba De Meza (-)
. . . . . . 4-Solomon1 Nunes Carvalho (1740-before 1835)
. . . . . . +Judith(Jeudit) Henriques Pimental (1744-before 1840)
. . . . . . . . 5-Emanuel Carvalho (14 November 1770-1817)
. . . . . . . . 5-David1 Nunes Carvalho (4 November 1785-1860)
. . . . . . . . +Sarah Cohen D'Azevedo (1793-20 March 1864)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Solomon2 Nunes Carvalho (27 April 1815-21 May 1897)
. . . . . . . . . . +Sarah Miriam Solis (15 October 1824-2 May 1894)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-David2 Nunes Carvalho (29 September 1848-29 June 1925)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Annie M Abrams (16 November 1857-2 June 1903)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Adele Miriam Carvalho (21 December 1876-1958)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Ernest George Ffrench (15 November 1876-25 July 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Violet Anne Victoria Ffrench (15 June 1916-31 July 2003)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +George F Davis (21 December 1917-20 August 1998)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Robin N Davis (24 April 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Laura Hooper (about 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Geoffrey Davis (1970-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Christopher Davis (August 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Geoffrey Ernest Ffrench (25 November 1917-25 January 1980)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Marjory Grace Godfrey (11 November 1918-August 2007)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Jonathan Ffrench (25 February 1944-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Susan Adele Ffrench (4 July 1947-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Nancy Rosalind Ffrench (28 November 1948-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Keith Melvyn Atkinson (28 June 1943-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Simon Geoffrey Ffrench (26 January 1950-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-BertramI Nunes Carvalho (27 May 1878-1975)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Jesselyn Pierce (8 October 1875-30 December 1938)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-John Bertram Carvalho (30 April 1904-15 May 1968)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Adelaide P Carvalho (26 November 1906-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Curtis Bolton Pierce Carvalho (1908-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Elizabeth Jean Teal (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Curtis Christian Carvalho (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-David3 Nunes Carvalho (about 1911-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-BertramII Nunes Carvalho (7 February 1913-8 January 1994)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Janet Van Franken Garfield Stone (-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +unknown Carlson (1885-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Dayton Carvalho (1880-1881)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Maie Nunes Carvalho (19 May 1882-14 April 1974)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Carl Friedrich Herman Ferdinand Sturhahn (25 January 1871-13 December 1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Herbert Carl Sturhahn (29 July 1902-1939)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Edward Marshall Sr Sturhahn (15 May 1906-3 May 1992)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Louise Dailey Sturhahn (8 January 1909-9 July 1996)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Joan Sturhahn (23 September 1930-11 April 2010)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Garland Mourning McNutt Jnr (24 August 1923-2 October 2008)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Garland Marshall McNutt (26 September 1956-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-Edward Marshall Jnr Sturhahn (30 March 1934-1 April 1993)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sharon Lee Manford (31 October 1942-8 September 1969)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-Natalie Anita(Sally) Ann Williamson Sturhahn Graff (25 December 1961-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Bruce Michael McGee (1951-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-Kelli Diane McGee (1982-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Dan Gradley Graff (1957-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Leslie Russell Nunes Carvalho (7 November 1885-December 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sophia G Goodman (about 1890-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Paul D Carvalho (about 1915-7 November 1940)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Anne Carvalho (about 1920-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Claire Carvalho (13 September 1888-27 October 1970)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Herbert A Weiller (21 August 1887-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-Sylvia Weiller (about 1914-)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Jacob Solis Carvalho (23 September 1852-13 March 1937)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Suzanne Walker (about 1854-before 1950)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Charity(Charrie) N Carvalho (12 April 1850-5 April 1945)
. . . . . . . . . . . . 7-Solomon Solis Carvalho (16 January 1856-12 April 1942)
. . . . . . . . . . . . +Helen Cusack (about 1858-before 1955)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Sarah Virginia Carvalho (about 1896-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-Helen Carvalho (about 1898-before 1995)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Emanuel Nunes Carvalho (22 March 1817-13 March 1883)
. . . . . . . . . . +Caroline A Woolf (-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Julia Carvalho (4 July 1819-22 January 1887)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Rachel Carvalho (1822-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sarah Carvalho (September 1823-13 November 1842)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Clara Nunes Carvalho (1826-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Benjamin Carvalho (1827-January 1843)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Sophia Carvalho (1828-)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Isaac Carvalho (1835-1835)
. . . . . . . . . . 6-Miriam Carvalho (10 November 1838-)
. . . . . . . . . . +Isadore Osorio (March 1840-)
. . . . . . +Est(h)er de Isaac Alvarez (-)

2  PEDIGREE OF ERNEST  George Ffrench

Chapter 2

Ernest’s Paternal ancestors “ Generation x” Way back & traditionally, according to my father, we Ffrench’s originated from Monivea and Ffrench Castle, near Galway in western Ireland, which had a regular shipping route via Spain to the Caribbean. There’s actually a Ffrench roundabout in Galway city!

 

 

3 Ffrench Roundabout Galway City

--but so far the only  connection we have made between the Jamaica Ffrench's and the Irish ones is this dated 1823;

DIED In December last, at Paradise Estate, Jamaica, Anthony FfRENCH, Esq., aged
23 (or 25) years, son of R. FfRENCH, Esq., of Beagh, in this County. Those
only who knew Mr. FfRENCH and appreciated his merits, can judge of the regret of his parents, and his friends must feel at the loss of so amiable a young gentleman.

But the French’s must originally have left Ireland about 100+ years earlier because as far back as the 1700's there were F(f)rench's in Jamaica, West Possibly they arrived as soldiers--one Lieut Thomas French was with Colonel Richard Fortescue's Regiment(the Third) , who under Penn Venables,  invaded Jamaica in 1655, taking it from the Spanish. Fortescue had been a Lt Col under the Earl of Essex and a Colonel in Cromwell's New Model. Fortescue's Regiment was stationed in Spanish Town. Fortescue thought Jamaica "a fruitful and pleasant Island and a fit receptacle for honest men" "there is accomodation and worke for them.Here they may serve God, their countery and themselves". Fortescue died 3 Oct 1655 but maybe he convinced Lieut Thomas to stay. 

 A second Thomas French b 1680 d 1758 had with Esther(coloured?); son  Thomas (b 2 Feb1697), George (b 2 Sept 1699 d 29 Mar 1702),Jeremiah(b 7 Dec 1701 d 17 Feb 1702) and Elizabeth (b 5 May 1705 d 4 July 1706) An Esther French dies 12 May 1705 just after Elizabet was born. All in St Catherines. Only Thomas survives—or does he?  6 June 1720 a Thomas French is buried in St Catherines

4 

Thomas & esther’s Son Thomas

A third Thomas French  married in 1741 Mary Mathews & had  Thomas (b 1 Nov 1742 bap 26 Nov 1742). A Mary French dies in Kingston 8 June 1755 “the wife of Thomas French Esquire”

5 Thomas & Mary’s Son Thomas

 He also had with Eleanor Peete (mulatto); dau Susanna(b 5 Mar 1754), son George(b 4 Mar 1759) and dau  Mary(b 4 May 1763). He died  13 Aug 1783

6 7 8 

Susannah, George(x 2)  and Mary

A fourth Thomas French was acting Governor Jamaica 1702.

A (fifth) Major General Thomas French is mentioned in "Fuertado's Official Personages (in Jamaica) 1655-1790" & in the Jamaica Almanacs  as JP 1751, M.A. Kingston 1753, Custos for Kingston in 1780 ,Speaker pro tem in 1781 and Chief Justice in 1788.The 1782 Almanac calls him the Hon Thomas French. This Thomas died 16 Jan 1783 aged 66 “Custos” so born 1717

One of the Jamaica French’s—or a later immigrant English/Irish French?—must have  produced Peter French  (b abt 1710 d abt 1785)

Generation 1

 Peter French  born abt 1710 of Kingston, When he married 24th Dec 1734 Catherine Noke of Kingston ( b abt 1716) he was “ Bookkeeper” of a Plantation. He would supervise the slaves in the fields & superintend the manufacture of sugar & rum.

9 Peter & Catherine’s marriage

Before they married they had Catherine (b 21st Oct 1734, bap 23rd Feb 1735; a Catherine French dies Kingston “a spinster” 26 Oct 1794);          then Bethiah , (b 5th Feb 1736, bap 24th Feb 1736; a Bethiah French dies Kingston “a spinster” 9 Aug 1778);                                                         Anthony John (b18th March 1738, bap 14th Apr 1739; an Anthony John French dies aged 6(?), buried by his father 18 Mar 1740);                                       Elizabeth Sarah,(b 3rd Oct 1740, bap 28th Oct 1740; and

 George I (b 2 Jun 1742 and bap on 23rd June 1742)

10 11 12 13 14

Catherine, Bethiah, Anthony, Elizabeth & GeorgeI’s KINGSTON baptisms

 Peter became Government Coroner in 1751 per the Jamaica Almanac—at that time a coloured could not aspire to such a post so we assume Catherine Noke was white.A  Peter French “Esquire” died Kingston 19 March 1755.

 

 

Chapter 3

Generation 2

2.1 GeorgeI Ffrench,(as above) b 1742, is listed in the Fuertado Official Personages 1655-1790 and the 1790 Jamaica Almanac as the Crown Solicitor/Clerk of the Jamaica Assembly around 1780/5, aged 38.By 1782 George is in the High Court,Assistant Judge,Solicitor for the Crown and Clerk of the Peace in Spanish Town,St Catherine's on a fat salary! So was he a lawyer? Did he have legal training in London or Dublin? There's a George French in the 1782 List of Attorneys-at-Law admitted to practice at His Majesty's Supreme Court of Judicature. 

 His  long-term mistress was Miss Jane Charlotte Beckford  "a free mulatto woman” of Spanish Town, Jamaica, born 1759 died 23 Oct 1825; presumably the illegitimate daughter of either Richard Beckford (Speaker St Catherine's 1747) or Ballard Beckford (Member of the Council St Catherine 1754).

 

 

 

 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

SPANISH TOWN TODAY

Ballard Beckford was  somewhat notorious , having figured prominently as co-respondent in a much publicized divorce case, which resulted in the passing of Jamaica’s first Divorce Act and his expulsion from the House of Assembly 3 years earlier. Many of the Beckfords are buried in the Spanish Town Cathedral.

 George must have been besotted by Jane and/or his 2 young quadroon sons GeorgeII  b 1777 & EdwardI  b 1782 as he had a Private Act of the Jamaica Parliament passed in 1784 (he wld be 42) giving her and his sons (then aged 7 and 2) equal rights to those born of wholly white parents & sent them to England for their education.

Jane  Charlotte Beckford's  Act  of  the  Jamaica  Parliament  1784

Jamaica Is. An Act to entitle Jane Charlotte Beckford of the Parish of Saint Catherine a free Mulatto Woman and George French and Edward French Free Quadroons the Children of the said Jane Charlotte Beckford to the same Rights and Priviledges with English subjects born of White Parents under certain Restrictions

Whereas the said Jane Charlotte Beckford hath been Baptised Educated and Instructed in the principles of the Christian Religion and in the Communion of the Church of England as by Law Established and hath caused her said children to be Baptised the elder of whom hath been sent to England and where it is intended that the younger of them shall also be sent at a proper age to be brought up in the like principles and Educated in such manner as to make them useful to the Community which with the assistance that will be afforded them will raise them above the level of people of Colour in general But by reason of their being Mulattoes they are Subject and liable to the same pains and penalties to which free Negroes and Mulattoes are in this Island who have neither education nor property    Wherefore We your Majesty’s dutiful and loyal Subjects the Lieutenant Governor Council and Assembly of this Island humbly beseech your Majesty that it may be Enacted and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same that the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and her issue begotten by White Men and the said George French and Edward French and their Issue born of White Women shall from henceforth be deemed and taken for free and Natural born Subjects of this Island and shall be Tried and adjudged for all Crimes Misdemeanors and Offences which they or either of them shall be hereafter Charged with in the same manner as if they and every of them were free and Natural born Subjects of great Britain and in no other manner whatsoever and that they and every of them shall be entitled to have and enjoy all Rights Priviledges Immunities and Advantages whatsoever as if they and every of them were born and descended of and from White Ancestors any Law Custom or Useage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.Provided always that nothing in this Act contained shall be construed or understood to confer upon the said Jane Charlotte Beckford and the said George French and Edward French or any or either of them any Capacity or Ability of Sitting or Voting either in the Council or Assembly of this Island or of holding or enjoying any Office Civil or Military or serving as Jurors or Vestrymen or of voting at any Election whatsoever. But that they the said Jane Charlotte Beckford George French and Edward French and each and every of them shall be totally excluded therefrom any Law Custom or Usage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding./

Passed  the Council this 15th day of December 1784 Will Dunlop Speaker.    I consent this 14th day of December 1784   Cncl Alured Clarke Passed the Assembly this 23rd day of  ed the Assembly December 1784 IW Slaughter

             

27The Jamaica Act of Parliament making the Quadroons “white”!

A mulatto is half-European, half-African; a quadroon is the issue of a European and a mulatto; an African is someone who had been shipped from Africa; a Creole is someone (of any race) born on the island.

GeorgeI & Jane's 4 children were GeorgeII born 9 June 1777;EdwardI born 7 Oct 1782 died 7 Sep 1835; Robert born 1785 died 11 Oct 1835 and  Ann Eliza born 1788 died 13 Oct 1835—there must have been an epidemic. There was no Act of Parliament for the later  children .They were all baptised in St Catherine's.

Jane Charlotte Beckford ran a lodging house in Spanish Town called "Miss Ffrench's" at the corner of Ellis Street and Whitechurch Street to which Lady Nugent, the Governor's wife, sent guests in 1803--(She would not have sent her guests to anywhere second-rate so it must have been "upmarket"!). There is a French Street  and a Beckford Street in Spanish Town today . From her birth date of 1759 Jane would appear to be the illegitimate daughter of planter Richard Beckford, or Ballard Beckford

Philip Wright's Monumental Inscriptions of Jamaica:  p. 130 –“ Spanish Town.  No. 28, Whitechurch St” Not seen. Recorded by Frank Cundall 1918.

 Jane Charlotte Beckford, died 23 October, 1825, aged 66.(So born 1759)

Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House;-the Gleaner 1887(Note double ff that early)

Picture of present day building still used in 2010  as the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge Meeting House

28 29 Miss Ffrench’s Lodging House today

 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Will inventory of 1829

Beckford Jane C Entrd 14th Feb 1829.  An Inventory and appraisement of all and singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford late of the Parish of St Catherine deceased-----------------------------

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather bed Hair Mattrass Bolster & Pillows 160/-

1 Mahogany large Chest 40/- 1 Looking glass 13/4 1 Globe 6/8      £11-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead with Feather Bed Bolster & Pillows with Nett 106/8

1 Washstand 5/- 1 Mahogany chair 5/- 1 Looking glass 2/6              £ 5-19-02

1 Mahogany Bedstead 58/4 1 Table 6/8 1 Looking glass 6/8 1 Bason stand 6/8

9 large & small Mahogany tables 175/- 2 Sofhas 40/-                      £14-13-04

1 Mahogany desk 10/- 1 Plated Cruet stand 10/- 1 Mahogany Chest 40/-

1 small Chest of Drawers 13/4 1 Basan stand 10/-                            £4-03-04

4 Looking Glass 10/- 4 Bedroom Chairs 40/- 2 pair shoes 20/-

1 pair hand ??? shades 10/- 2 Night Chairs 26/8 1 Liquor cooler 40/-£7-06-08

19 Mahogany Highback Chairs 190/- 3 pair Plated Candlesticks 30/-

1 Mahogany Sideboard Tray 80/- 1 Dripstone ??? 100/-                  £20-00-00

1 Mahogany Bedstead Straw bed Hair Mattrass & 2 Pillows 26/8 1 Table 6/8

1 Chair 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 1 Large Chest 10/-                             £2-16-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead and Feather Bed 80/- 1 Table 5/- 1 Looking glass 5/-

1 Bason stand 5/- a Lot assorted glassware 26/8                              £6-01-08

1 Mahogany Bedstead Hair Mattrass with Bolster & Pillows 100/- 1 Table 6/8

1 Looking Glass 6/8 1 Bason Stand 6/8 4 Water jars 6/8                  £6-06-08

2 doz Large Tablecloths 240/- 1 1/2 Doz middle size Tablecloths 90/-

2 Doz Breakfast Cloths 180/- a Lot Crockery ware 80/-                  £29-10-00

1 Sett Breakfast Cups & Saucers 40/- A Legacy bequeathed under the Will

of Christian Allen with Interest from 8 June 1811 £31-10-0             £33-10-00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------£132-07-06

In obedience to the Warrant of appraisement hereunto annexed we have inventoried and appraised all and Singular the Goods and Chattels rights and Credits which were of Jane Charlotte Beckford deceased as they were shewn unto us by Ann Eliza French her administratix or which we knew belonged to the said Deceased at the time of her death and we do find the same amount to the sum of One hundred and thirty two pounds seven shillings and sixpence Current money of Jamaica as will more particularly appear above Given our hands and seals this 27th day of January annoque Domini 1829--Isaac Lopes--William Oliver

  Note Very much an ongoing establishment--with 6 Mahogany Bedsteads, 19 High back Dining Chairs, tablecloths, crockery etc—presumably being run by daughter Ann Eliza Ffrench    (Original in Appendix 10)

                                   

30,30a,31a,31b 1786 MapS  Spanish Town & key                                                                 

Why did so many European men take coloured mistresses? See below from Major Frederick Johnston who wrote to his wife(in England) in 1794;

"The English mulatto women are the handsomest, they have all the finest teeth I ever saw and they take a great deal of care of them, cleaning them twice a day with Tamarin wood, indeed I am sorry to say that all together they are more cleanly than my fair Country Women.I can assure you the English women that are here are quite Nasty to look at. They give one the idea of a person that has been buried and risen again. It is quite the fashion for everybody....to have one of these princesses to live with them as housekeepers or Nurses....for I am given to understand that unless you are taken care of by them you must die for as soon as you are ill all your friends desert you for fear of infection..."  

Despite all this, a year after their 4th child Ann Eliza was born by Jane Charlotte in 1787, George I Ffrench (aged 46) married Elizabeth Ann Jackson in Kingston 31 Jan 1788.

 

31

Marriage Of George I Ffrench & Elizabeth Ann Jackson

 Was she the daughter of Chief Justice William Jackson? They had son John in 1789 & Henry in 1793- John died St Catherines 4 Jan 1790

32 John French dies Age 1

George I died “of the dropsy” 13 Feb 1795. Note the causes of death for others at the same time—mainly “fever” but also “age” “decay” “murder” “decline”  and “effects of licquor” Healthy life styles!

 

33 George I French Clerk of the Assembly died 13 Feb 1795 St Catherine

 His Will leaves everything to his "dear wife Elizabeth Ann" and his "minor son Henry" (aged 2)-- older son John having already  died.

1795  Will  of  George  French  Esq    Jamaica Is.   In the name of God Amen I George French of the Parish of Saint Catherine in the County of Middlesex and Island of Jamaica Esquire do make publish this to be my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say I will and desire that my just debts and funeral expenses be paid off and satisfied as soon as conveniently maybe by my Executrix and Executors herein after named and as to such estate and Effects that I may die possessed of I give devise and bequeath unto my dear wife Elizabeth Ann French and my beloved son Henry French all such my Estate real personal or mi**(?) of what nature or kind soever or where so ever the same may be at the time of my decease to be equally divided between my wife and son share and share alike to hold as tenants in common and not as joint tenants but in case of the death of either my said wife or my said son before he attains the age of twenty one years then the part and share either of them so dying to go to the survivor her or his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said wife Elizabeth Ann French and Francis Rigby Brodbilt Esquire and Alexander Aikman of the parish of Kingston Esquire Executrix and Executors of this my last will and testament and Guardian of my said son Henry French until he attain the age of twenty one years, and I do revoke and make void all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declare this only to be my last will and testament In witness whereof I the said George French have to this my last will and testament set my hand and seal this thirty first day of January in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five  Signed sealed published and declared by the testator George French  Geo ffrench SEAL as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence and in each others presence have subscribed our names as witnesses to the same

R R Parker                Thos’ Talbot                                   Stevens Wood

(The Slave Registers of 1817 also list a George Ffrench, b. ca. 1785, creole,slave living in St. George, Jamaica, the property of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench on 28 Jun 1817. He was then 32 years old. George was one of 12 slaves listed as her property.)

When Elizabeth Ann, his widow makes her will she does not mention Henry--as he had died too, aged 7, of a "sore throat". How desperate to lose both sons—there were of course no synthetic medicines then.

 

34 Henry French child  died 18 Jan 1800

 St Catherine’s Aged 7

Will of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench dated 10 Aug 1825

10/- Jamaica Is --   George the fourth by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King  and of Jamaica Lord, Defender of the Faith & so onTo our trusty and well-beloved John Biggar and James Forsyth Esquires

Know ye that we have constituted authorised and appointed and by these presents do constitute authorise and appoint ye or either of ye to administer an oath unto George Barnett of the City and Parish of Kingston Gentlemen or any other that are witnesses and can make oath of the signing sealing publishing and declaring of the last will and testament of Elizabeth Ann Ffrench late of the parish of Kingston widow deceased and hereof you or either of you are to make a due return under your or either of your hands and seals unto our Captain General and Governor in Chief of the said Island or to the Governor and Commander in chief of the same for the time with this power annexed

Witness His Grace William Duke of Manchester Captain General and Governor in Chief of our said Island at St Jago de la Vega (SpanishTown)  the 26th day of August Anno q Domini 1825 and in the sixth year of our reign (sgnd) Manchester   Passed Secretary’s office  W. Bullock  Secretary  

Jamaica Island  The execution of the within    Dedimus Potestatem appears by the Will and probate thereof hereunto annexed. Given under my hand this 23rd day of September 1825  (sgnd)  I Forsyth Ffrench Elizabeth A  Entr’d 15th Oct 1825

Jamaica Is -- In the name of God Amen I Elizabeth Ann Ffrench of the City and Parish of Kingston in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid Widow being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding do make publish and declare my last Will and Testament in manner and form following. That is to say Imprimis I will and direct that all my just debts and funeral and testamentary expences be fully paid and satisfied as soon as conveniently can be after my decease And for such purpose I do hereby direct and authorise and empower my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named to enter upon and take possession of my coffee plantation or settlement called The Cottage situate in the Parish of St Andrew in the County of Surry and Island aforesaid and to contract for and actually sell and dispose of the said plantation or settlement as soon as possible after my decease and to grant and execute to the Purchaser thereof good and sufficient title thereto and if need be to allow unto the purchaser thereof a reasonable time for the payment or part payment thereof and I do hereby declare that the receipt of my Executrix and Executor hereinafter named shall be a good and sufficient discharge to the purchaser or purchasers thereof for any monies therein expressed and that such purchaser or  purchasers shall not be answerable or accountable for the non-application or misapplication of such purchase money.

And it is my will and desire that my debts and funeral and testamentary expenses be paid and discharged out of the proceeds of such Sale in preference to my personal estate.

I hereby manumise enfranchise and forever set free of and from all servitude slavery and bondage my Negro Woman Slaves named Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters to hold such Manumission Enfranchisement and Freedom unto the said Elizabeth Dowling and Jane Waters and their future issue offspring and increase forever.

I give devise and bequeath unto Samuel Bruce Smith my mulatto man slave named George Simpson to hold to his heirs and assigns forever but it is my will and desire and I do hereby direct that in case the said Mulatto slave named George Simpson shall at any time hereafter during the minority of the said Samuel Bruce Smith be able to purchase his freedom either by himself or with the assistance of his friends that such freedom be granted to him upon a reasonable sum being paid to the said Samuel Bruce Smith and I do hereby authorise my Executrix and Executor to execute and deliver all necessary deeds and instruments whatsoever for such purpose but in the event of the said Samuel Bruce Smith departing this life before he shall attain his age of 21 years or before the said Mulatto boy George Simpson shall have purchased his freedom as aforesaid I then give devise and bequeath the said slave unto Rachel Smith (was Rachel Smith her married sister?) of the said city and parish of Kingston Widow the mother of the said Samuel Bruce Smith to hold to her and his heirs and assigns forever but subject to the like condition and power to the said slave to purchase his freedom from the said Rachel Smith.(signed) E A Ffrench

Whereas I am entitled under the will of my late uncle John Jackson (her maiden name) to a legacy of £2000 now I give and bequeath £200 thereof unto Mrs Elizabeth Dallas (another sister?) the widow of the late Stuart George Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath one hundred pounds   thereof to Samuel Jackson Dallas Esq.I give and bequeath £200 thereof to the Rev Robert William Dallas the present Rector of Manchester but it is (my) express will and intention that the said last three mentioned legacies shall be only  paid  and payable out of the said legacy of £2000(if ever the same should be paid) & not out of any other part of my real or personal estate  I give and bequeath all my wearing apparel unto the said Rachel Smith.

All the rest residue and  remainder of my estate real personal and mixt I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto Elizabeth Martha Smith, Jane Smith, James William Smith, Frances Smith and Samuel Bruce Smith, daughter and sons of the said Rachel Smith or such of them as shall be living at the time of my decease to be divided among them share and share alike to hold to them and to the Survivors orSurvivor of them and to the heirs executors administrators and assigns of such survivor forever.

And lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint the said Rachel Smith and her son James William Smith Executrix and Executor of this my said will hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at anytime heretofore made and declaring this only to be and contain my last Will and Testament.

In witness hereof I have to the first sheet of this my Will set and subscribed my hand and to the second and last sheet thereof set and subscribed my hand and affixed my seal this tenth day of August 1825                       (signed)     E A Ffrench 

An E A Ffrench dies Kingston 15 Aug 1825

Generation 3  To Summarise-Children of George I Ffrench ;

 with Jane Charlotte Beckford,

 George II Ffrench , b. 9 June 1777 died ??, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. He was schooled in England.

 Edward I  Ffrench , b. 7 Oct 1782 d 7 Sep1835, was the quadroon son of Jane Charlotte Beckford and George I Ffrench. Schooled in England.

Robert I Ffrench  b 1784 m Letitia Dunn spinster,("late Lindo " ie née?) d 11 Oct 1835 both described as  "Free persons of colour"

Ann Eliza Ffrench b 1787 Jane Charlotte Beckford’s Administratix

 d 13 Oct 1835 or 1845 ? Manchester?

with  Elizabeth Ann Jackson Ffrench

John Ffrench b 1789 d 6 Jan 1790

Henry Ffrench b 21 Oct 1793 d 18 Jan 1800

Chapter 4

Generation 4

RobertI   "a free quadroon" married Letitia Dunn Lindo Ffrench "a free bro(wn)" had 6 children—all baptized Kingston. They were “Free persons of colour”.

Arthur I  born 23rd June 1813; RobertII ,born 2 June 1817; George III ,born 30 Dec 1819;  Edward II  born 6 Feb 1822 , Maria Moore born 8 Dec 1826(at Foster Lane-the family home?) & Alexander Dunn b 9 Dec 1828

 

 

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43  Arthur i, RobertII, GeorgeIII, EdwardII’s maria moore, Alexander dunn baptisms

(Maria’s death notice also shows her to be a sister of GeorgeIII and confirms a birth year of 1826. She became a teacher at Wolmer’s school then matron of the Kingston Naval Hospital in 1875. She married John Moore of Swanswick Estate Trelawney and died in 1918

           

44 Maria Moore’s death Notice

 

The matching DNA tests that have been taken by living Michael & Simon Ffrench currently indicate they have a common ancestor. David L Ffrench states he believes Arthur George was his grandfather Alfred Ernest’s brother so George III would have been his father even if Eliza Minot was not his mother.  Arthur George Ffrench was born in 1851

At present we know nothing about  Arthur I b 1813 or Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn. George III’s story is in Chapter 5.

Edward II Ffrench was  b 6 Feb 1822  Did he school in Kingston and after leaving, work for his father Robert or in the Militia perhaps?His older brother George III  had joined the Portland Tax Dept in 1847 aged 27; 

Before 13 Aug 1851 Edward II was presumably living at the family home in Foster Lane Kingston. Could he aged 28  have fathered Arthur then? Edward spent “2 days out of Jamaica” that year—Cuba? Haiti?

 Edward II was appointed on 13 Aug 1851 as "acting clerk to the sub-(tax) collector Port Morant" aged 29 at £150 pa  by the Governor. His £100 security bond was provided by  brother George “Clerk Vestry Portland” & John Joseph Duval of St Andrews. Perhaps George III got him his job?

In 1854 he was promoted to Sub-Collector and Lands Waiter and Searcher for Morant Bay @ £225 pa.. His bond was increased to £500 and George Ffrench's name on the bond was replaced by John Burger, watchmaker, Kingston.

20 May 1857 he was   married by Rev John Radcliffe to Sarah Harrison Buchan in the Kingston Kirk(Presbyterian) Witnesses Hon A(lexander) Barclay and Jno Naro(?)

 

45 Edward II Ffrench & sarah Harrison Buchan marriage certificate

In Oct 1858 he is promoted to Sub-Collector, Old Harbour (the other side of Kingston).Security now from John Burger and William Andrews Attorney-at-law. He remained there  till 1860, when he disappears without comment from the Civil Service Blue Books. Perhaps fraud?

On 9 June 1866 Edward Ffrench, Kingston is included  in a list of names in the Gleaner of "Insolvents". In Jan 1867 his "bail is enlarged" by the Surry Insolvent Debtors Court.

In 1876 Arthur George marries Frances Ann Glave in Manchester Witnesses are FW Bonitto + Jno Sawyers ie no Ffrench’s present.

December 1879 both George Ffrench in Portland & Arthur St Catherines take long leave on half-pay. Why? Coincidence? To care for dying widower brother/uncle Edward II?

On 10 March 1880 Edward II dies a widower aged 59, "much & deservedly regretted" per the Gleaner notice. On the death certificate his occupation was “lumber measurer”(probably learned from his time at Port Morant)The informant is George III Ffrench, brother, of 16 Foster Lane, Kingston  (the Ffrench family home for 50+years).

 

46  EdwardII Ffrench’s death record

In May 1896 his name appears on a Government Notice of estates forfeited to the Govt because of non-claimants for £6-13-10d. No will found yet.

Curiously in 1850 an unidentified George Ffrench died at Foster lane aged 34—maybe the son of one of Robert & Letitia’s other sons?

 

Chapter 5

GeorgeIII Ffrench,  b.30 Dec 1819, d. 7 May 1897

Presumably like brother Edward he grew up in Robert & Letitia’s home in Foster Lane Kingston. Where did he school? What did he do between 1837 & 1847? Ie after leaving school before getting his job in Portland aged 28? Robert & Letitia were “free coloureds” so George III would be too

George III  moved from Kingston to Portland in 1847 joining the Colonial Administration  as Collector of Taxes --& paid partly on commission! Two years later he gets married to Eliza Minot

George III “Clerk of the Vestry of this Parish” was  married by Licence by Rev J Stone Rector to  Eliza Minot 4.31, in Portland on 4 Jan 1849.

 

47  Marriage George Ffrench/Eliza Minot

 We think Eliza may have been the daughter of a slave…     The 1817 return of Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies shows a Maria Kirkland 11, "sambo"& “creole”; her mother Betty 29  as"negro"& "african"--- owner Francoise Adelaide Lebrun (African ie off a slave ship);

9 years later the 1826 return shows an Eliza Minot 1 1/2 yrs  "mulatto",creole (ie born in Jamaica); her mother Maria Kirkland 20  "sambo", her  grandmother Betty Ann Kirkland 38, "African"---attorney Philip P Kirkland, Parish of St George. Kirkland’s estate was “Paradise”.

The ages match up. In the 1829 return Betty has gone, Maria ("alias Mariah Kirkland") is 22, Eliza Minot is 3--both after then "manumised" ie freed.This would make Eliza Minot 23 in 1849 when she married GeorgeIII

In 1925 Eliza's son Alfred Ernest Ffrench talks of his grandmother "Maria Shirley"--is this Maria Kirkland? David L Ffrench believed her family name was Shirley and that she came from th Rio Grande Valley behind Port Antonio. There is a plantation called Minots there. Paradise is slightly west of here but still close to the Rio Grande. Image 47a

 

 

                           

 

 

 

48 49 Slave Returns For Eliza,maria,Betty

 

50   Advertisement from  the Dec 1803 Jamaica Royal Gazette for sale of Slaves

 

Both Arthur George & Alfred Ernest Ffrench named a child “Shirley” ,

GeorgeIII's established issue with Eliza Minot in Port Antonio, Portland, Jamaica were 2 daughters & 4 sons; the only one whose baptism we have found is the first Robert who died young. Why? Were the records lost or were the children not baptized? Unlikely as later George is on the Anglican Church Finance Board. We believe them to be;-

Birth year

31 May 1849  Robert Burke Ffrench who died 4 May  1850 at 6 months

1851    Arthur George Ffrench ?

1853    Anna Maria Ffrench  d  10 Jan 1881 at 28

1855?  Edward Shafto Burke Ffrench, Joined Tax Dpt1873. d aft 1923 @ 68+

1856    Letitia Emily Ffrench  d 10 Nov 1869 of Typhoid “at 13”.

1858    Hedley John Cecil Ffrench  d 31 Mar 1864 at 6

23 Apr1861   (Honorable) Alfred Ernest Ffrench He became JP, MP, and MBE. He got the MBE during WWI for work with the Red Cross. He was a member of the Legislative Council. He died 24 Apr 1926 at 65.  Long obit in Gleaner. We have traced many of his living descendants down to great grandchildren, living in the USA Canada and Jamaica

Only 2 sons(+ Arthur George) of George & Eliza’s 6 children survived their parents.

So George III could easily  have fathered Arthur George in 1851—after losing his first born son—either with Eliza or perhaps with another woman?

(Another George French owned  sugar estates, Queenhithe and Tobalskie(about 5500acres)in St Ann's on the North coast of Jamaica near Runaway bay and Ocho Rhios and Rooksby Park but he appears to be an absentee owner from Kent, England and unconnected)

By 1857 George III was also an Ensign in the volunteer militia army for Portland; by 1865 a lieutenant, then Captain. George III Ffrench’s name appears all over the Almanacs( to which he contributed for Portland), the Gleaner etc. This after the 1865 Rebellion;-

50a Lieut George III Ffrench after the 1865 Rebellion

1866   Eliza his wife, and their daughters Anna Maria  and Letitia Emily  were signatories to one of the  thank-you letters to the “now infamous” Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio and Manchioneal for saving them from the insurgents rebellion. George III signs a similar letter of support for Governor Eyre expressing “deep indignation at the misrepresentations” made.

George III Ffrench  owned property in Portland, eg Mount Pleasant(805 acres), True Blue(300acres).4 July 1867 "The Colonial Standard" reported George's vain attempt to clear his land at Mount Pleasant, Portland of squatters.

 

 

             

51 Here is a photo of George III Ffrench

 

 

52  And here is Eliza Minot Ffrench

 

53

Plan of Port Antonio where they lived

 

7 January 1868 There is an amazing account of a shipwreck off Cuba over Christmas 1867 written by George III himself.

He writes he was with "his 2 sons". These were probably therefore Edward III Shafto (aged 13) and Alfred Ernest (aged 6+). Arthur George would be 16 and had possibly left home. Alternatively this remark might imply that Arthur George was GeorgeIII Ffrench's “spare” child ie illegitimate. As Ansell Hart later wrote “every proud mother was only too prone to register the name of the father of her illegitimate child”

 

54  George III is ship-wrecked!

When St George Parish was merged with Portland around 1867/8 George was offered Clarendon but successfully objected. He received a  pension.

55  George is to be transferred but refuses!

56  1870 Promoted to 2nd Class clerk aged 50

Feb 28 1870 In the Colonial Standard a valedictory address from the good & great of Port Antonio, "accompanied by bumpers of champagne" 

57 Valedictory Address on George's promotion to Westmoreland parish "after an extended residence in Port Antonio of nearly a quarter of a century" (ie from 1846/7)

 He remained at Sav la Mar, Westmoreland  for 10 years and became proprietor of a property there called “Blue Hole” & a lessee of Roslyn Lodge Pens. His salary was £400 per year plus a £50 housing allowance--a serious amount at the time.

Dec 1879  he took long leave on half pay-- at the same time as Arthur George—to look after his dying brother Edward?

Apr 1880 aged 60 he retired & moved to Kingston . He had been a JP, Captain of the Portland Volunteers, Parochial Board member, Clerk of the Vestry of the Parish of Portland, etc. and a well-respected worthy citizen. 

1890 aged 70, & despite substantial pensions and assets, George III seems to have got into financial difficulties with foreclosures on properties he owned eg Mount Pleasant Estate, 805 acres in Portland.

May 1891(aged 69) he is elected to the Kingston City Council

1893 He is the defendant over a disputed Bill of Exchange for £331.

Sept 17th 1896 per Gleaner He seems to have been somewhat cantankerous,  falling out with the Mayor of Kingston, but takes on a short-term role as acting clerk Portland Parish that year.

1897 A messy bankruptcy

7 May 1897 he died aged 78 at 2 Harbour St, Kingston. No will  found yet but he was bankrupt. The informant was solicitor Thadeous Rudolph McMillan “who caused the body to be buried”. Why no family present?

 

58 GeorgeIII Ffrench’s death certificate

 His son, the 36 years old Honorable Alfred E. Ffrench MP,JP, was his executor and had to sort out the mess. George’s widow  Eliza Minot Ffrench died a year later in 1898, also in Kingston. Here's George's obituary;

59   GeorgeIII Ffrench’s obituary from “The Colonies & India”

Chapter 6

Generation 5-- Issue of George Ffrench III & Eliza (Minot) Ffrench,

Apart from the baptism of their first child Robert (named after Geo's father) Burke Ffrench, we have been unable to find the baptism records of any of George and Eliza's other children in the LDS microfilm  records or in the RGD Spanish Town records or in the Jamaica Archives. We have put this summary together therefore largely from articles in the Gleaner and The Colonial Standard.   (All children believed  born in parish of Portland)

1) George & Eliza Minot Ffrench  were married 4 Jan 1849 (LDS  film 1291729 Vol 5 fo 254) by Rector John C Stone

2) Robert Burke Ffrench  was born  31 Oct 1849 bap 4 Jan 1850 abode Port Antonio (LDS film 1291717 vol 12 fo 257) Rector WJ Cavard. Robert died 4 May 1850 (buried Port Antonio churchyard).

 

60 Baptism of Robert Burke Ffrench in Portland Parish   (not St George)

Perhaps as a result of Robert’s premature death George & Eliza lost their faith and failed to baptise their successive issue--but this seems unlikely as GeorgeIII ends up on the Diocesan Finance Board of the Church of England—so probably the Portland records have just gone missing.

3) The Gleaner of Nov 19th 1869 "at Port Antonio on the 10th inst of Typhoid fever at the early age of 16 years Letitia (after George's mother) Emily  the second daughter of George Ffrench" . If she was 16  she was born 1853 but no baptism record found.   Burial record 11 Nov 1869  film 1291717 vol 7 fo 33 says age 13 so born 1856. POR 1856 ENF 1847-1870. Rector Wm Smith

4) In the letter to Governor Eyre of 1 Jan 1866(Google Books) there are signatures from "Eliza Ffrench, Ann M Ffrench & Emily Letitia Ffrench".

 So Ann M(aria) Ffrench must have been first daughter—born say 1853

 

61 Letter supporting Governor Eyre from the Ladies of Port Antonio re the Mourant uprising

5) On May 6 1903 in a Gleaner  article on "The Portland Case" there is a witness called "EdwardIII Shafto(n) Ffrench , a son of Mr George Ffrench...His mother(ie Eliza Minot Ffrench) was half sister to the plaintiff(Miss Frances Champier)" “Edward lived with his father George Ffrench” Edward S Ffrench was in the Tax Dept joining 28 May 1873 as second class clerk St Ann per the Blue Book. If he was 18 then, E S Ffrench was born in 1855. Alternative names are Edward Shafto Burke/or Buchan Ffrench viz Gleaner 1 Mar 1913 "In the Supreme Court etc.....Gertrude Emily Ffrench the wife of Edward Shafto Buchan Ffrench...etc"

In the Colonial Standard appear the following items;

CS: 7th April 1864.  Page 2, col. 1 “DIED At Tichfield, Portland, on Thursday 31st ultimo, HEDLEY JOHN CECIL, third son of GEORGE FFRENCH, Esq. aged 6 years.” So Born about 1858

CS: 18th November 1869.  Page 2, col. 3 “DIED At Port Antonio on Wednesday the 10th instant, of Typhoid Fever, a the early age of 16 years, LETITIA EMILY, the second daughter of Mr. GEORGE FFRENCH.”

CS: 19th January 1881.  Page 2, col. 2 "DIED At Port Antonio on the 10th instant ANNA MARIA, Eldest daughter of GEORGE & ELIZA FFRENCH in the 28th year of her age, much and deservedly regretted." Born about 1853

Colonial standard of 7th January 1868.  Page 2, cols. 4, 5 & 6

“Wreck of the Schooner Fanny of Port Antonio”.

“Mr. Geo. Ffrench of Port Antonio arrived in Kingston on Friday last with his two sons and the Captain and crew of the Schr. “Fanny” which vessel was wrecked off Cuba on the 21st ultimo.” Ie not “2 of his sons”

6) The two ship-wrecked sons were probably Edward III Shafto and Alfred Ernest  & not Arthur George who would be 16 then

7) In the Tri-Weekly Gleaner of Thursday Nov 18 1897(after George Ffrench had died 11 Feb 1897) there is reported a supreme Court Case where "A E Ffrench was the representative of the estate of George Ffrench, being the Administrator"."Mr Johnson said.(he)...represented George Ffrench up to his death....then he represented a son who became Administrator(A E Ffrench).Per Who's Who in Jamaica 1916  "Alfred Ernest Ffrench born Port Antonio  23 Feb 1861 Son of the late George Ffrench,Collector of Taxes and Eliza Ffrench. Staunch Roman Catholic.” Per ? 1923 Gleaner he is quoted when electioneering "Now stop a little, 39 years ago (ie 1884 aged 23) I married a dark Portland lady (Isadora Maud Burke Moodie)....I have 8 children by that marriage...."   Per his death cert copy he died 24 Apr 1926 aged 60(?-he was 65) certified by his son Shafto Moodie Ffrench

 

 

62 Isadora’s baptism & her marriage to Alfred-(both times in Anglican churches)

 

There are various Ffrench surnamed children born/died in Portland around this time that we cannot place—perhaps George III or Edward II’s “spares”? or their siblings’ issue ie Arthur I, Robert or Alexander Dunn’s?

 

1-George Henry Ffrench born 8 Mar 1849 before GeorgeIII’s marriage.The mother is named as Ann Buckley  & the father unnamed-- & GeorgeIII Ffrench would have been known to the baptizing rector Cavard—but perhaps he was being discreet?

63 George Henry Ffrench’s baptism

2-Frederick Horatio Ffrench  b 12 May 1850 mother “Elizabeth Minot”.Too soon after Robert-- no  father named on baptism. Cavard Rector              64 Frederick Horatio Ffrench baptism

3-Charles Arthur Ffrench, b 5 Nov 1869 Port Antonio, mother Mary Ann Bryan, bap 29 May 1870. Could he be an illegitimate son of GeorgeIII—or even of Arthur George then packed off to St Catherine's to join Tax Dept?

(No Image)

65 A George Ffrench dies Port Antonio aged 39—who can this be?

Chapter 7

From the start we thought Arthur George Ffrench was born 1851 & must be the son of George III as his birth date of 1851 would put him neatly between Robert Burke1849 and Anna Maria 1853. Further he became a Tax Collector—like George III. David L Ffrench said he believed Arthur George was a brother of his grandfather Alfred Ernest & a coffee planter in Manchester parish.

In the absence of a baptism we established his birth year from the 1891 English Census return—age 40, his English death certificate--54 in 1905 and the Freemasons records—25 in 1876

From the DNA match between my brother Simon and Michael Ffrench (documented descendant of George III Ffrench) we know  that they have a common ancestor. So Arthur  could be;-

A legitimate son of George & Eliza; an illegitimate son of either George III or of Edward II(Edward did not marry till 1857) or;

the legitimate/illegitimate son of any of their siblings Arthur I b 1813, Robert II b 1817 or Alexander Dunn b 1828 or of;

even earlier parentage George II b 1777 Edward I b 1781 or Robert I b 1784

Perhaps his Arthur George’s mother (if not Eliza) had died young which might explain his later penchant for older women. We do not know for sure where he was born other than “Jamaica” per the UK Census or where he schooled but he must have been smart. In Sep 1870 Arthur appears in the Jamaica Civil Service Annual Blue Books for the first time as 2nd class clerk, Tax Dept, Spanish Town, St Catherine when he would be aged 18 if born in 1851.

So we are surmising  that he, like Edward III Shafto Burke/Buchan Ffrench,  got the job through family connections eg  tax-collector “uncle/father?” George Ffrench III or Edward II Ffrench  However George III seems the more likely as EdwardII had left the Tax dept by 1867 & had become bankrupt before 1870.

1st Jan 1873 Arthur George was promoted to 1st class clerk .In Apr 1874 he was “ordered to Manchester to act as Asst Collector of Taxes” for 6 months where, aged 23, he met and 3 months later inJune 1874 impregnated  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave , heiress, she aged 29!

Nov 1874 he was transferred back to Spanish Town. His daughter with Fanny, ie Kathleen was born in March 1875-illegitimate & “colored”.1875 he appears in the Blue Books briefly as George  Arthur Ffrench. He is living in King Street Spanish Town, big houses just off the main square.

66 67 68 69 70 King Street just off the main Spanish Town square plus King St houses.

Jan 1876 Arthur  joined the Spanish Town Freemasons

February 1876 despite the above, & aged 25, he impregnated my spinster great-grandmother Jane Victoria Smith, aged 36, a local trader & businesswoman.

15th Nov 1876 Jane had son Ernest George Ffrench  (my grandfather).  She had him baptized by Rev Chas Douet-an establishment figure-- in Spanish Town where Arthur worked clearly naming him as the father “Clerk of Municipal Board” and giving the address Spanish Town although she was almost certainly living in Kingston at the time. Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned etc….Perhaps she had been living with him as” House Keeper”  not knowing that his intended was “upcountry”?

29th Nov 1876 Arthur “Clerk of Municipal Board, St Catherines” aged 25 was married by Rev WJ Drought by licence to  Frances(Fanny) Ann Glave aged 31 in (the now ruined) Duppy Church, Mile Gully, Manchester! (Duppy is Jamaican for ghost).Witnesses Jno Sawers & FW Bonitto—ie no Ffrench’s

 

71 Arthur George Ffrench & Frances Ann Glave Marriage Record

See next page…

 

1877 Gets Frances pregnant again(dau named Frances “Fran” Eliza –Frances after her mother-- Eliza after Eliza Minot perhaps? David L Ffrench met Fran & her 2 daughters)

1878 Arthur  is appointed Executor to the Estate of Sophia Galway of Mandeville, Manchester. ( a family connection?). Attends inauguration new Custos Isaac Levy as . Hon Sec Hamilton Lodge Freemasons

Mar 1879 Gets Fanny pregnant (son named St George Moore— many Irish “Arthur St George Ffrench”s—Moore after Arthur’s Aunt Maria Moore?

Dec1879 Takes 6+ months leave on half-pay(same time as George III-coincidence?) Why? Paternity leave??!! Or looking after dying widower “Uncle/Father” Edward II?

25 Nov 1880 Elected Member of the Institute of Jamaica, Kingston

Feb 1881 Gets Fanny pregnant(son Arthur Peter Ffrench –named Arthur after father-Peter after ??)= Living Don & Donna Jones’ Grandfather

5 June 1883 Ridiculed in the Gleaner for his “Literary Society”

              

72  Ffrench’s Literary Society

March 1884 Gets Fanny pregnant(Stephen Shirley Glave Ffrench.Note Shirley- a name that Alfred Ernest also uses for a son and which might be a name of Eliza Minot.    1884/5 Voted Master of the Freemasons Hamilton Lodge 6 Sept 1884 See this Fund Raiser for the Masons where both GeorgeIII Ffrench & A G Ffrench are listed—was there a family connection?  

 

                         

73  Arthur & George at the Masonic

73A Arthur George Ffrench abt 1885 with daughter Kathleen(10?) & Frances (?)

                                

           73b Arthur George Ffrench 1885 

28 July 1885 His name appears on the advertised Tender for the Parish of St Catherine re the Ewarton Railway.

22 July 1886 A letter to the Gleaner  about a suspicious theft of £300 from Arthur’s office—the money “later found in the possession of a young fellow whom Mr Ffrench entertains” . Implying what exactly? Was he gay?

Oddly no further mention in the Gleaner. 

74 A bare-faced robbery + Railway tender

Dec 1886 According to the Blue Books “ dismissed” . According to  the Colonial Standard (published in Kingston, Jamaica & Extracted and indexed  by Stephen D. Porter, from microfilm, at the Newspaper Library, Colindale, London.) 

1887, Friday 28th January; page 2, col 5

"Official Announcements. In consequence of the absence from the island, without leave, of Mr. A. G. Ffrench, Clerk of the Parochial Board of St. Catherine, His Excellency the Governor has declared that office vacant."

1887, Tuesday 26th April; page 2, col 2

"Mr. A. G. Ffrench. It may prove of interest to some parties to learn of the whereabouts of the late Clerk of the Parochial Boards of St. Catherine. We are in a position to state that on the 28th ultimo, he was in London, but he intended leaving for Australia in the early part of the present month. Our information adds, that it may be some months before Mr. Ffrench returns to Jamaica."


No immigration record of his arrival into the UK (or Australia) has been found but four years later;

1891 UK Census shows an Arthur Ffrench aged 39 (born  1851 Jamaica, West Indies), clerk, "married" but living alone as a lodger in a mens' hostel in Whitechapel, East London called  The Charles William Mowl Victoria Home.

Per Wikipedia;- Large lodging house at 39-41 Commercial St, east London situated on the south-western corner with Wentworth St. Registered in November 1887, it was run at that time by Augustus Wilkie of 77 Whitechapel Road and was originally licensed to house 370 male lodgers, though expansion allowed for an increase in occupants within a short time. In 1888, a press report outlined its intentions and its initial success:

"It was with a view to ameliorate the condition of the poor that Lord Radstock and other gentlemen, with a purely philanthropic motive, acquired two years since a warehouse of four floors in Commercial-street, at the corner of Wentworth-street, and converted it into a model lodging-house. The success of the venture led to the acquisition of the adjoining premises, and the number of beds now provided is 500. In every respect this lodging-house - the only one of its sort in London - deserves to be imitated. First, its charges are low - viz., 4d for a single bed, or 2s per week; and 6d for a "cabin," or 3s per week. Each bed has two blankets, two sheets, and a quilt; the bedstead is of iron, and a kind of shield at the head affords a certain degree of privacy. The floor space is partitioned into rooms, containing each ten or a dozen beds; whilst in the "cabins" there is only one. A "casual" ward for the reception of newcomers has lately been added, and probationers are transferred thence to floors above.  Many of the lodgers are regulars, but some are birds of passage purely. The lavatory, ventilating, and sanitary arrangements are on an enlightened scale. In the common kitchen food may be cooked at the great fire, or obtained at low charges at the bar, a dinner with vegetables for fourpence, or a bowl of soup for a penny. No known bad characters are admitted. Tickets for beds are issued from five p.m. until 12.30 midnight, and after that hour if a man wants to get in he must have a pass. It is by these rules, especially, and by the exclusion of women, that the Victoria Home is so greatly to be preferred to the most modern and "improved" of the lodging-houses which are strictly commercial undertakings."


The rules of the home were such as to deter 'bad characters':

1) No person in a state of intoxication will be on any account admitted.

2) No swearing or obscene language will be tolerated; order and decorum are insisted in the kitchens; silence in the bedrooms.

3) No person will be admitted after one o'clock a.m. without a special pass.

4) Any lodger interfering with the comfort of others is at once ejected.

5) Lodgers who are fortunate enough to possess extra clothing or other personal effects, can leave them in charge of the deputy, who will give a receipt for the same.

6) Baths, warm or cold, can be had in the house. For a warm bath, the charge of one penny is made

In April 1891 it was being run by Charles William Mowl and housed nearly 500 men.

The Victoria Working Men's Home was totally destroyed during an air raid in the Second World War and the site remained empty for many years before being redeveloped as part of the New Holland Estate in the late 1960s.(Tyne Street redevelopment - plans 1964-71 (London Metropolitan Archives)                            

How the mighty have fallen!  From Clerk of the Vestry of St Catherines to this!

75 

 Victoria Working Men's Home, Commercial Street, c.1900

 

      The 1901 UK Census has Arthur Ffrench aged 46 (ie born 1855 but probably incorrect as would surely be  too young at 15  to join Tax Dept in 1870) born  in Jamaica, "single", Clerk in the  "Guardians Office”.

76  The 1891 and 1901 Censusses showing 1851 or 1855 as Arthur’s D.O.B.

The Guardians was the name of the Wandsworth and Clapham Poor Law Administrators  They ran the WorkHouses in the Borough, looked after orphans—sending many to foster parents in rural Canada, sometimes aged just 10--, giving handouts and getting jobs to persons in need. Arthur first appears in the Guardian Office records as 4th Assistant Clerk in the Clerks Office from November 1895 up until 8 August 1905 (when he died).Perhaps the Freemasons helped him secure the job?

He was living alone  in one room at 61 Strathblaine Rd, Battersea,Wandsworth,SW11. This house still stands and is now a  nice substantial residence in a good area. The main occupiers in 1901 were a builder, his wife & 9th month old daughter--so Arthur was the "lodger".

                 

77    61 Strathblaine Rd, Wandsworth, London

 

Arthur, living in Clapham, was described in the Censuses and his death cert as “Occupation- Poor Law Clerk Guardians’ Office”.  The Guardians were the  Trustees appointed in each Borough to administer the Poor Law. They collected the “Poor Law rates” and used the funds to run the local Workhouses where homeless, jobless local persons were employed; to help find homes for orphans(many at this time were shipped off to rural Canada to foster homes); to help place unfortunate young women in work and generally to administer handouts where needed.

Extracts from records at London Metropolitan Archives

Arthur was appointed 21 Nov 1895 as temporary 4th assistant clerk in the Clerk’s Office at a wage of 30 shillings a week. It is recorded in the Register of Officers 1890-99 ref WaBG194/2 of the Wandsworth & Clapham (Poor Law) Union and in Folio Vol 4 page 496 of the Minute Book of the Guardians, It was reported to the Local Government Board on 31 Dec 1895. His appointment letter was referenced “Form of Query LB6/408” but cannot be traced in the Form of Query files. His appointment was sanctioned by the Local Government Board 4 March 1896—Number of LGB letter 44 (not found).

His salary was increased to 35 shillings a week 10 Mar 1898 per Minute Book 6 page 653 effective 11 March—LGB letter 92. On15 June 1900 a dinner allowance of £15 (p.a.?) in lieu of dinner was added No 166 SR Folio 88. The appointment was made permanent after the purchase by the Guardians of the Tooting Workhouse and he remained employed by the Guardians until his death in August 1905

He died of kidney/cardiac failure at 54--intestate but his estate of £62 was administered by his landlady Emily Ashelford (aged 46 married to a bricklayer 16 years older than herself) .This and a chest of his belongings  reached his widow Frances Ann Glave Ffrench in Jamaica. Her grand daughter Icy-now 91- remembers her father Arthur Peter Ffrench telling her the chest arrived on the United Fruit Cos White ship and that she still has a glass inscribed with Arthur George’s name—perhaps a necessary precaution in the workhouse

And here is his death certificate of 1905- a "Poor Law Clerk" in a poorer part of Clapham, London. He died at 54 of various unpleasant illnesses—rough justice perhaps for someone who messed up so many people's lives;

He had never returned to Jamaica and in a 1904 marriage announcement in the Gleaner for their 2nd daughter, Frances Ann Ffrench nee Glave had actually described him as the "late Arthur George Ffrench"  Perhaps that's why there's no further reference of him in the Gleaner.  David L Ffrench tought he had actually died in Manchester Parish so perhaps the scandal had been covered up by the family. 

 

78 Arthur George Ffrench death Certificate providing 1851 as D.O.B.

 

 

This address  20 Oberstein Rd is only a few hundred yards from 61 Strathblaine Rd but in a much less attractive area and now very run down.

79  20 Oberstein Rd

 

Arthur had 5 children in all with Frances (Fanny) -the last when she was 39 and he 33. The first, daughter Kathleen, was recorded when  baptised as illegitimate, coloured. The others' colours are not recorded. Donna Cover-Jones great grand daughter said  Fanny  considered herself “mulatto”.

They were all born in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, Jamaica. Heavitree Coffee estate had been  left to Frances by her father Stephen Sharpe Glave, born Yorkshire 1814 died 1 Apr 1873, Jamaica. Frances Ann Ffrench is shown in the 1910 Almanac as the owner of Heavitree. Her father’s “wife” was Kitty—the housekeeper?

 Another indication that Arthur was related to George III is that George III when in financial difficulties around 1890  mortgaged for pnds300 a property he owned to Eliza(beth) Glave b 1853 who was Arthur’s wife Frances’s sister--- ie Arthur's sister-in-law lent George III money. Why unless they were “family”?

To summarise;

Generation 6--Children of Arthur George Ffrench

      with Frances Ann Glave,

 Kathleen Ann Ffrench, b. 10 March 1875 in Heavitree, Manchester, recorded as colored. d ?

Frances “Fran” Eliza Ffrench b 22 Mar 1878 d aft 1930 as D L Ffrench met her?

St George Moore Ffrench, b. 9 Dec 1879 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester.d 11 Dec 1922

Arthur Peter Ffrench, b. 30 Nov 1881 in Heavitree, Mile Gully, Manchester, d Feb1968 Grand-father of Icy, Donna & Don

Stephen Shirley Ffrench, b. 3 Sept 1884. d 16 Mar 1896 of tetanus

   with  Jane Victoria Smith,

Lt Col. Ernest George Ffrench   (my hero!)     b. 15 Nov 1876 baptised  in Spanish Town, Jamaica (ie not Kingston) Died 1937 in Kent, UK.

 

 

Ernest's maternal ancestors

Chapter 8

Jane Victoria Smith  was born illegitimately 23rd Oct 1840 and baptised in St Catherine's Parish in January 1841.On her baptism record her father was named as"Lieut Smith 64th Regiment" and her mother as Eliza Grant.   Address 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town, St Catherine's.

                      

                                                   

                                    

       80(Extract) & 81   Jane’s Baptism record

82

What her Spanish Town home might have looked like----

 

 

Jane Victoria Smith's Parents;

a) Jane's father-- Lieutenant Michael Edward Smith

On the 1839 Harts Army List of Officers, under the 64th(2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot, which is shown as stationed then in Jamaica, is Michael Edward Smith (Ensign, promoted to Lieutenant Feb 1840). Smith  had purchased his commission--normal in those days. Michael Edward Smith b 10 Nov 1814 was the 5th child(of 15), 3rd son of Henry Jeremiah Smith , JP, Deputy  Lord Lieutenant, Co Meath, the latter's father being wealthy establishment figure Henry Smith of Beabeg ;

83

Henry Smith of Beabeg

Henry Smith's son Henry Jeremiah Smith had been a "cornet" or Ensign  in the 11th Light Dragoons(ie mounted on horseback) in 1809;

84 Army List 1809

85

Henry Jeremiah Smith of Beabeg & Annesbrook

86 Beabeg

 His second wife, Michael Edward Smith's mother, was Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith.

 

87 Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when young

Elizabeth's mother was Catherine Cox Radcliffe, Michael's grandmother

                    

                

88 Elizabeth Radcliffe’s mother                                          (Catherine Cox Radcliffe)

The family seat was Annesbrooke, Duleek, Co Meath just north of Dublin. Henry Jeremiah Smith had purchased this around 1803 from Mr Hamilton and extended it substantially. He was on social terms with King George IV 

The following is taken from Mark Bence-Jones book ‘A Guide To Irish Country Houses’.  Annesbrook,  Duleek, Co. Meath. A 2 storey 3 bay Georgian house with ground floor windows set under relieving arches and a large rusticated and fanlighted doorway;  to which an impressive portico of 4 fluted Ionic columns and a single-storey wing containing a charming Georgian-Gothic “banqueting room” were added early in c19 by Henry (Jeremiah) Smith. According to the story, he made these additions 1821 for when George IV came over to dine with him while staying with Lady Conyngham at Slane Castle; the monarch, however never saw the banqueting room, preferring to dine out of doors.   Then under the entry for Slane Castle he states that ‘George IV stayed in Slane Castle as Prince of Wales, and again as King 1821; the wife of 1st Marquess being the Lady Conyngham who was his favourite.  The dead straight road from Dublin to Slane is said to have been made especially for him.

89     Annesbrook

Michael Edward Smith inherited this in 1892 after the death of his 2 elder  brothers.

 

      

               90     Dining at Annesbrook

91       The Hunt at nearby Duleek;

92 a Smith family get-together about 1905!

The piece  following summarises Michael Edward Smith's life, mostly compiled around 1910 by a niece of Michael, Emily Gertrude Cox(Nee Smith) , daughter of Richard Jeremiah Smith, younger brother of Michael,  when she researched the family tree--she knew both  Michael & his wife Jane Grace Syme

           

           93  Emily Cox Smith—the author

Emily’s writing is mainly  in italics with  further comments from Brenda McKeever  underlined    --additional items have also been added by Keith/Nancy Atkinson, or where there are conflicts in details; this includes details of Michael's military career extracted from the quarterly Regimental Muster Rolls at The National Archives, Kew, England )

Michael’s father was Henry Jeremiah Smith, J.P., Dep Lieut Co Meath, Ireland, born 28 Nov 1783;

He married; firstly 28 Dec 1802 Margaret Osbourne Smith  by whom he had 2 sons—Henry Jeremiah and Francis Edward;

secondly; Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith of Tinnakilly, Co Wicklow with whom he had 7 sons and 5 daughters.

                             

94   Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith when older

  94a 13 Molesworth Street,  Dublin;

Michael Edward Smith was the 3rd son 5th child of Elizabeth Radcliffe Smith & was born on the 10th November 1814 at the house of his great-grandmother Lady Catherine Cox,  13 Molesworth St, Dublin.He was baptized round the corner  at St. Anne’s Church, Dawson Street. Lady Cox was also his godmother, his godfather being the Hon. Edward Taylor Massey, his mother’s cousin.  He was called Michael after his great-grandfather the Rev. Sir Michael Cox Bt. Of Dunmanway and Edward after his godfather.The date of his birth is given at November 10th in the entry made by his mother in the family bible; on the monument erected to his memory in Duleek Church the date is given at November 8th, which must be a mistake.  (Unfortunately Duleek church is no longer used as a church and most of the memorials in the church were vandalized, )

                      95       Duleek Church

             

 

 

96  Duleek  church plaque for Henry Jeremiah Smith

 

 

 

 

 

Michael Edward Smith was educated at Dundalk Grammar School, the Headmaster at that time being a Dr. Donaldson.  Later on(about 1833 ?) he was sent, with Richard Jeremiah, his brother, born 1817, to Switzerland, where they read with Dr. Caesar Malan, a well known divine in his day, and afterwards with Merle D’Aubigny, who was engaged in writing his world-famed “History of the Reformation” when they lived with him in Geneva.

.In common with many other "third sons" who joined either the Army or the Clergy In November 1837 aged 23 Michael Edward obtained (ie purchased) a commission as an Ensign  in the 40th ( incorrect--was 64th) Regiment of Foot--The North Staffordshires or Prince of Wales. And it was the first one signed by young Victoria after she came to the throne.

Michael starts at the 64th's UK base or "Depot" in Dundee.1838 Michael spends 4 months in Dundee before making a 6 day foot march from May 4-9 with the Company from Dundee to Paisley (Near Glasgow) 90 miles with an allowance of 5 shillings a day. He signs the allowance slip for 1 pound 10 shillings!

During 1838 he is stationed in Londonderry where in Dec 1838 he is ordered to join the main regiment in Jamaica.The Regiment, along with others including the 8th(The Kings),56th(West Essex) & 68th(Durham) were sent to Jamaica in 1837 in case of a violent outburst after the end of slavery August 1st, 1838. In the event it passed peacefully. He sets sail in the "Hopewell" on Feb 2nd 1839.

The “Hopewell” regularly sailed to Jamaica from Londonderry although other officers seem to have sailed from Cork this time. It takes 45 days to reach Jamaica. Michael receives a ration allowance of 3 pence per day on the ship--and he disembarks on 18th March 1839.

The 64th in Jamaica at that time consisted of 25 officers,32 seargeants,26 corporals,9 drummers, pipers & fifers and 461 privates. Michael is initially based with a detachment at Stony Hill, just northwest of Kingston.

Onshore his ration allowance is 2.5 pence per day. By this time he has a fulltime servant/batman. Michael has 1.5 pence per day stopped from his pay to cover the servant's rations

 

 Extracts from Lloyds Shipping Register re “Hopewell”

                     

                              97  The Hopewell

98  Michael’s Marching Allowance and his stoppages for his batman’s food

                 99  Harts Army List early 1839

20 Dec 1839 aged 25 he is  made up to Lieut(commission purchased). 1840 In April he is stationed in Kingston--in June Fort Augusta. Between July & September he commands a Company--for which he signs for £280-16-5 3/4 for the mens' Pay & Beer Money for the quarter!

                 100   Harts Army List July 1840

But Michael has been busy because on 23 Oct 1840 Jane Victoria Smith is born to " Lieut Smith of the 64th Regiment" and Eliza Grant; Jane is baptized in St Catherine's Jamaica. Address given was 49 Wellington Street Spanish Town--was Michael billetted there?

101   49 Wellington St  today!

Today it’s a hairdressing salon & not the original building!

Perhaps Michael had succumbed to yellow fever, convalesced at "Blundells Hall" then being run by Mary Jane Seacole née Grant and met Eliza Grant there?  Is Eliza in fact Louisa Grant, Mary Seacole's sister?

 But why St Catherines, not Kingston? The other baptisms on the register are for tailors, bricklayer, cook, butler, labourers, servants, “collector of petty debts” Perhaps Eliza was there just to have her baby ? Or was it their love nest-- in which case he would  have known of the pregnancy.

 But in any case Michael-aged 26- has already sailed off to Halifax, Canada on October 12th 1840--just 2 weeks before his daughter is born. It takes 18 days to reach Halifax where he remains for 2 years.

                  102 Harts Army List Oct 1841

1841 In this period there were many deserters from the 64th. Did they fancy life in Canada or were they keen to get back to the warmth--but disease--of the Caribbean? The alternative might have been famine in Ireland.

1842  Aged 28  On 17th August Michael is put in charge of a shipload of invalids returning to Europe. This task done he takes a 6 month leave to 31 March 1843 when he exchanges into the 78th Highlanders (The Seaforths) a regiment he was much attached to and very proud of .

 Perhaps he did not wish to return to Halifax with the 64th? He does not actually join the 78th till 27th November 1843 when he leaves for India initially with a detachment of the 78th in Bombay.

1844 On 9th January he leaves Bombay for "Kurachee" till June. Between July and August he is at Sukker Camp in Scinde Province. "In 1839" (This cannot be correct—the niece’s story conveniently  overlooks the whole Jamaica period!) he took part in the fatal march from Kureelie to Sukher and was one of the few survivors.  Through some blunder the regiment had been ordered to Sukher in the height of the hot weather with the result the seven hundred of the men lost their lives!  My uncle was taken very ill with internal inflammation and left for dead













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