324P - School Guidance and Counseling Programs

Each school shall provide the following guidance and counseling services to all students:

a. Academic guidance, which assists students and their parents to acquire knowledge of the curricula choices available to students, to plan a program of studies, to arrange and interpret academic testing, and to seek post-secondary academic opportunities;

b. Career guidance, which helps students to acquire information and plan action about work, jobs, apprenticeships, and post-secondary educational and career opportunities;

c. Personal/social counseling, which assists students to develop an understanding of themselves, the rights and needs of others, how to resolve conflict, and to define individual goals, reflecting their interests, abilities, and aptitudes. Information and records of personal/social counseling will be kept confidential and separate from a student's educational records and not be disclosed to third parties without prior parental consent or as otherwise provided by law.

Parents may elect, by notifying their child’s school in writing, to have their child not participate in personal/social counseling.

No student shall be required to participate in any counseling program to which the student's parents object.

Frederick County Public Schools prohibits the use of counseling techniques which are beyond the scope of the professional certification, licensure, or training of the counselor(s) including hypnosis, or other psychotherapeutic techniques that are normally employed in medical or clinical settings and focus on mental illness or psychopathology.

Frederick County Public Schools will annually provide written notification to parents about the counseling programs which are available to their students. The notification shall include the purpose and general description of the programs, information regarding how parents may review materials to be used in guidance and counseling programs at their child's school, and information about the procedures by which parents may limit their child's participation in such programs.

Employment Counseling and Placement Services

Frederick County Public Schools provides to secondary students employment counseling and placement services to furnish information relating to the employment opportunities available to students graduating from or leaving the schools in the school division. Such information includes all types of employment opportunities, including, but not limited to, apprenticeships, the military, career education schools and the teaching profession. In providing such services, the school division consults and cooperates with the Virginia Employment Commission, the Department of Labor and Industry, local business and labor organizations and career schools. 

If the School Board provides access to one or more of its high schools and contact with such high school's student body or other contact with its high school students during a school or school division-sponsored activity to persons or groups for occupational, professional or educational recruitment, it provides equal access on the same basis to official recruiting representatives of the military forces of the Commonwealth and the United States.

Academic and Career Plans

Schools develop a personal Academic and Career Plan for each seventh-grade student with completion by the fall of the student's eighth-grade year. Plans are developed for students who transfer from other than a Virginia public school into the eighth grade as soon as practicable following enrollment. Students who transfer into a Virginia public school after their eighth-grade year have an Academic and Career Plan developed upon enrollment.

The components of the Plan include, but are not limited to, the student's program of study for high school graduation and a postsecondary career pathway based on the student's academic and career interests.

The Academic and Career Plan is developed in accordance with guidelines established by the Board of Education and signed by the student, student's parent or guardian and school official(s) designated by the principal. The Plan is included in the student's record and is reviewed and updated, if necessary, before the student enters the ninth and eleventh grades. The school meets its obligation for parental involvement if it makes a good faith effort to notify the parent or guardian of the responsibility for the development and approval of the Plan.




Legal References:

Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended §§ 22.1-130.1, 22.1-209

8 VAC 20-131-140

8 VAC 20-620-10






Adopted:         May 7, 1996

Amended:       May 20, 2014

Amended:       August 15, 2017