MLA Works Cited

brief tutorial on  citing sources using the MLA (7th ed.) format
(practice exercise worksheet is downloadable at the bottom of this page)

      Citing Books  | Citing Periodicals (Journals, Magazines, Newspapers)

Citing Web Pages  |  Citing Government Documents

Citation Makers  Additional Resources 


Information You Need to Gather:
1.  author's or editor's Last Name, First Name. (followed by a period)
2.  "Title of the Chapter, Essay, or Article." (if applicable, between quotation marks & followed by a period).
3.  Title of the Book. (in italics & followed by a period)
4.  Editor's First then Last Name.
(place here when there's also an author, abbreviated Ed.)
5.  Edition.
(if applicable, abbreviated 2nd ed.)
6.  City of Publication:
(followed by a colon)
Publishing company, (followed by a comma)
Year of publication. (followed by a period)
Page numbers. (required if citing a chapter in a book, followed by a period)
For ebooks, include the Electronic Database Name or Source of eBook. (in italics and followed by a period)
11.  Medium. (Print. or Web. followed by a period)
11.  For ebooks, include Day Month* Year. (when you accessed the ebook online)

*Abbreviate all months (e.g., Jan., Mar.) except May, June, and July
rpt. = reprint
n.p. = no place of publication given or no publisher given
n.d. = no date of publication given
n. pag. = no pagination given

 Examples for Citing Books
Abrahamson, Dean E., ed. The Challenge of Global Warming. Washington: Island Press, 1989. Print.

Eisenberg, Michael B., Carrie A. Lowe, and Kathleen L. Spitzer. Information Literacy: Essential Skills for the  

    Information Age. 2nd ed. Westport: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. Print.

Fuller, John G. Fever! The Hunt for a New Killer Virus. New York: Reader's Digest, 1974. Print.

James, William. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature. New York: Longmans, 1911.    

Google BooksWeb. 10 Nov. 2011.

Quandt, William B. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967. 3rd ed. 

WashingtonBrookings Inst., 2005. eBook Collection. Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

 Chapters, Essays, Articles or Other Works in Anthologies
Chideya, Farai. "Homophobia: Hip-Hop's Black Eye." Step into a World: A Global Anthology of the New Black 

    Literature. Ed. Kevin Powell. New York: Wiley, 2000. 95-100. Print.  

Fromm, Eric. "Human Nature Is Shaped by Society." Human Nature: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven,

    1999. 18-23. Print. Rpt. of Escape from Freedom. Erich Fromm. N.p.: Holt, 1969. N. pag.

 Articles in a Dictionary, Encyclopedia or Other  Reference Works
"Lennon, John." World Book Encyclopedia. 2006 ed. Print.

"Organic." Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed. 2006. Print.

Santora, Patricia B. and Jack E. Henningfield. "Nicotine." Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia. Ed.

    Jordan Goodman. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. 387-392. Gale Virtual Reference Library. 

    Web. 17  Aug. 2009.

Singer, Bruce. "Animal Research." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. 3rd ed. 2004. Print.

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Periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers)

Information You Need to Gather:
1.  author's or editor's Last Name, First Name. (followed by a period)
2.  "Title of  Article." (between quotation marks & followed by a period)
3.  Name of Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper (in italics; follow with period if accessed from a website)
4. If accessed from a website, include website Publisher or Sponsor Name. (followed by a period)
5.  For journals - volume #. issue # (year): page range. (if available, if not use n. page.)
For magazines - publication day Month* year: page range. (if available, if not use n. pag.)
For newspapers - day Month year,  Edition (if available): Section page(s). (if not available for database or print,
use n. pag.; not necessary if accessed via Web).

6.  If accessed from a database, include the Database Name (in italics & followed by a period)
7.   Medium. (Print or Web, followed by a period). 
8.  For online articles, include access day Month* year. (followed by a period)

* Abbreviate all months (e.g., Jan., Mar., Apr.) except May, June and July.

 Journal Articles
Keown, Damien. "Are There 'Human Rights' in Buddhism?" Journal of Buddhist Ethics 2 (1995): 3-27. Web. 17 Aug. 


Marsh, Kelly A. "Contextualizing Bridget Jones." College Literature 31.1 (2004): 52-72. Academic Search Premier.

    Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Mathews, Samuel, and Thomas Jones. "Electronic Communication in Large Organizations." Technical Communication

    39.2 (1993): 60-65. Print.

Miller, Alison L., Brenda L. Volling, and Nancy L. McEwain. "Sibling Jealousy in a Triadic Context with Mothers

    and Fathers." Social Development 9.4 (2000): 433-457. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. Web. 17


 Magazine Articles
Gekas, Alexandra. "The Race to Be First." Newsweek. Newsweek. 26 Jan. 2007. Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

"Global Warming." Time 3 Apr. 2006: 28-33. Academic Search Premier. Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Hawkins, Dana. "Cheap Video Cameras Are Monitoring Our Every Move." U.S. News & World Report 17 Jan. 2000: 

     52+ MasterFILE Premier. Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. "Exploding Myths." New Republic 6 June 1998: 17-19. Print.

 Newspaper Articles

Heath, Brad. "Traffic Set to Slow As Stimulus Gears Up." USA Today 4 May 2009: n. pag. Academic Search Premier. 

    Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Leonhardt, David. "Rents Head Up As Home Prices Put Off Buyers." New York Times. New York Times. 25 Aug. 2005. 

    Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

"Study Ties Self-Delusion to Successful Marriages." New York Times 2 Jan. 1998, late ed.: A11+. Print.

 Web Pages

Information You Need to Gather:
1.  author's Last Name, First Name. (followed by a period)
2.  "Title of  the Web Page or Article." (if applicable, between quotation marks & followed by a period). 
3.  Name of Website. (in italics & followed by a period)
4.  Publisher or Sponsor of the site (followed by a comma)
5.  Date of publication. (if not available use n.d., followed by a period) 
6.  Medium. (Print. or Web., followed by a period). 
7.  access day Month* year. (followed by a period)
The 2009 update does not require the URL for websites; however, if your instructor requires this, add the address at the end of the citation in  brackets: <>.


Coseru, Christian. "Mind in Indian Buddhist Philosophy." The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford U, 12 Oct.

             2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. 

Eun, Lee Yoo. "Anonymous Hacks North Korean Sites, Reveals South Korean Users." Weblog entry. Global Voices. 

            Global Voices. 5 Apr. 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

JeffcoLibrary. "Information Literacy." Online video clip. YouTube. 8 Mar. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. 

"Obama Statement on Boston Terror Attack." Online video clip. CNN. Cable News Network. 9 Apr. 2013. YouTube. Web.                 
            18 Apr. 2013.

Obesity Society. "Obesity Society Supports Efforts to Reduce Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages." Obesity 

            Society. The Obesity Society, 31 May 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2012.

"The Suicide Plan." Narr. Will Lyman. Frontline. PBS. WGBH, 13 Nov. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. 

Swinson, Jo. "False Beauty in Advertising and the Pressure to Look 'Good'." Opinion. Cable News Network, 

10 Aug. 2011. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. 
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Government Documents

Information You Need to Gather:
1. If you do not know the writer of the document, use the government agency as author: Name of Government. Name of Agency. If known,
      the author may begin the citation or go after publication.

2. Title of Publication. (in italics & followed by a period)
3. If known, author can follow the title after By, Ed., or Comp.
4. City of Publication: (if work has print publication data, followed by a colon)
5. Publisher, (if work has print publication data, followed by a comma)
6. Year of publication. (followed by a period)
7. Title of Database of Website. (italicized and followed by a period)
8. Medium. (Print or Web, followed by a period)
9. If medium is Web, include date of access (day Month year).

Click here for citation examples, including statistical tables, codes, bills, court decisions, agency report, and press releases.

Government Documents

United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Let's Eat for the Health of It. Washington: GPO, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.

---. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. By

            Howard N. Snyder. 2001. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Web. 15 May 2012. 

---. Dept. of State. U.S. Climate Action Report - 2010: Fifth National Communication of the United States of America

            under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Washington: GPO, 2010. U.S. Department       
            of State.
Web. 15 Nov. 2012. 

---. National Center for Education Statistics. "Table 396: Distribution of Earnings and Median Earnings of Persons 25
            Years Old and Over, by Highest Level of Educational Attainment and Sex: 2010." Digest of Education Statistics.         
            Sept. 2011. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. 

Other Sources

 "Brazil." 2009. CountryWatch. Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

"Bujumbura Police Sweep Nets about 50 Suspected Bandits." Panafrican News Agency. Nov. 2004. CountryWatch.

            Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

California. Dept. of Education. "Ethnic Enrollment Statistics - Orange County." RAND California. Web. 5 Nov.


Grapes of Wrath. Dir. John Ford. Perf. Henry Fonda, Jane Darwell, and John Carradine. 1940. Twentieth Century Fox,

            2004. DVD.

"India: Country Overview." 17 July 2008. CountryWatch. Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

James, John S. "Combination Drug Treatment May End the AIDS Crisis." Opposing Viewpoints: AIDS. Ed. Tamara L.

            Roleff and Charles P. Cozic. Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

Masci, David. "Future of Marriage." CQ Researcher 7 July 2004: 397-420. CQ Researcher Online. Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

Research & Analysis Unit at the Chancellor's Office. "Community College Enrollment Statistics." RAND California.

            Web. 5 Nov. 2011.

Upper Part of Figurine of the Goddess Isis. 305-30 B.C.E. Faience. Brooklyn Museum. Art Project. Google.

Web. 11 May 2015. Digital Image.

"Week in Politics: Gun Control, Immigration, Obama, Budget." Transcript. All Things Considered. NPR. 12 Apr. 2013.
            LexisNexis Academic.
Web. 18 Apr. 2013.

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Citation Makers

Additional Resources

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Jill Kageyama,
Sep 16, 2013, 1:51 PM
Jill Kageyama,
Nov 9, 2012, 10:37 AM