- Eating is the ingestion of food to provide for all humans and animals nutritional needs, particularly for energy and growth. Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive: carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, and omnivores consume a mixture of both.
- (1:40) Rationing food
- Denver Dalley is an accomplished singer-songwriter who got his start in Omaha, Nebraska.
- The practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities, esp. for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample
- (statistical) of or relating to statistics; "statistical population"
- a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
- Moving or capable of moving at high speed
- Allowing people or things to move at high speed
- acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; "fast film"; "on the fast track in school"; "set a fast pace"; "a fast car"
- Performed or taking place at high speed; taking only a short time
- abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
- abstaining from food
fast food consumption statistics - Food consumption
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Ramadan (Arabic : ?????? Rama?an, Arabic pronunciation: [r?m??d???n] ) (also Ramadhan, Ramadaan, Ramazan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar , which lasts 29 to 30 days. It is the Islamic month of fasting , in which participating Muslims refrain from eating and drinking  and is intended to teach Muslims about patience, humility, and spirituality. Muslims fast for the sake of God (Arabic : ?????, trans: Allah ) and to offer more prayer than usual. Compared to the solar calendar , the dates of Ramadan vary, moving backwards by about eleven days each year depending on the moon ; thus, a person will have fasted every day of the calendar year in 34 years' time. Muslims believe Ramadan to be an auspicious month for the revelations of God to humankind, being the month in which the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Islamic prophet , Muhammad .
· 1 Origins of Ramadan
· 2 The Beginning of Ramadan
· 3 Practices during Ramadan
o 3.1 Fasting
o 3.2 Prayer and reading of the Qur'an
o 3.3 Iftar
o 3.4 Charity
o 3.5 Laylat al-Qadr
· 4 Eid ul-Fitr
· 5 Cultural aspects
o 5.1 Decorations
· 6 Economic aspects
· 7 See also
· 8 References
· 9 External links
[edit ] Origins of Ramadan
The word Ramadan is derived from an Arabic root rm?, as in words like "rami?a" or "ar-rama?" denoting intense heat, scorched ground and shortness of rations. Ramadan, as a name for the month, is of Islamic origin. Prior to Islam and the exclusion of intercalary days from the Islamic calendar, the name of the month was Natiq and the month fell in the warm season. The word was thus chosen as it well represented the original climate of the month and the physiological conditions precipitated from fasting. In the Qur'an, God proclaims that "fasting has been written down (as obligatory) upon you, as it was upon those before you". According to a hadith , it might refer to the Jewish practice of fasting on Yom Kippur . 
[edit ] The Beginning of Ramadan
Hilal (the crescent ) is typically a day (or more) after the astronomical new moon. Since the new moon indicates the beginning of the new month, Muslims can usually safely estimate the beginning of Ramadan.
There are many disagreements each year however, on when Ramadan starts. This stems from the tradition to sight the moon with the naked eye and as such there are differences for countries on opposite sides of the globe. More recently however, some Muslims are leaning towards using astronomical calculations to avoid this confusion.
For the year of 1432 Hijri , the first day of Ramadan was determined to be August 1, 2011.
[edit ] Practices during Ramadan
[edit ] Fasting
Main article: Sawm
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to dusk.
The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur'an was sent down - right Guidance to mankind, and clear signs of Guidance and Distinction of truth from falsehood. Those among you who witness it, let him fast therein. Whoever is sick or on a journey, then a number of other days. God desires ease for you, and desires not hardship. Thus may you fulfil the number of days assigned, magnify God for having guided you, and perhaps you will be thankful.
Ayah 185, Sura 2 (Al-Baqara ), translation by Tarif Khalidi see: 
Ramadan is a time of reflecting, believing and worshiping God. Muslims are expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam and to avoid obscene and irreligious sights and sounds. Sexual intercourse among spouse is allowed after one has ended the fast. During fasting intercourse is prohibited as well as eating and drinking, one is also encouraged to resist all temptations while you are fasting. Purity of both thoughts and actions is important. The act of fasting is said to redirect the heart away from worldly activities, its purpose being to cleanse the inner soul and free it from harm. It also teaches Muslims to practice self-discipline, self-control, sacrifice, and empathy for those who are less fortunate; thus encouraging actions of generosity and charity (Zakat ).
Muslims should start observing the fasting ritual upon reaching the age of puberty , so long as they are healthy, sane and have no disabilities or illnesses. The elderly, the chronically ill, and the mentally ill are exempt from fasting, although the first two groups must endeavor to feed the poor in place of their missed fasting. Also exempt are pregnant women if they believe it would be harmful to them or the unborn baby, women during the period of their menstruation, and women nursing their newborns. A difference of opinion exists among Islamic scholars as to whether this last group must make up the days they miss at a later date, or feed poor people as a recompense fo
Food pushes mainland inflation to 11-year high
CPI hits 6.9pc, raising fears over economic impact
Cary Huang in Beijing
Dec 12, 2007
The mainland's inflation rate hit an 11-year high last month, strengthening the case for further economic tightening as concerns rise that sharp increases in food prices could spread to other sectors of the economy.
The consumer price index surged 6.9 per cent in November from a year earlier, up from the 6.5 per cent gain in October and its fastest pace since the 7 per cent rise recorded in December 1996.
Behind the stronger-than-expected gain was an 18.2 per cent jump in food prices, led by a 56 per cent surge in pork prices and 38.8 per cent jump in overall meat and poultry prices, the National Bureau of Statistics said yesterday. Food prices account for about a third of the CPI components.
The numbers pointed to pressures seeping beyond food items to the broader economy, from utilities to travel costs. The non-food prices climbed 1.4 per cent in November year on year, above the 1.1 per cent increase in October, and the sharpest rise this year.
Yao Jingyuan , the bureau's chief economist, said he believed full-year consumer price inflation was likely to register a rise of about 4.7 per cent, which would be the highest since 1996.
People's Bank of China (SEHK: 3988) governor Zhou Xiaochuan said the government would further tighten its monetary policy next year in response to the surging inflation.
Speaking at a financial forum, Mr Zhou said a decision last week by China's top leadership to shift to a "tight" setting from a decade-old "prudent" stance did not mean the central bank would be abruptly changing gears, however. "Any such operation is a gradual process."
In a front-page commentary, the People's Daily called for efforts to prevent the food price rises from spreading to other sectors, fuelling broader inflation.
Analysts said the November data might fan government concerns that inflation was taking root.
"We expect the central bank to respond to the strong inflation data with additional tightening measures," Yu Song, Goldman Sachs economist in Hong Kong, said in a note to clients.
Lehman Brothers economist Mingchun Sun said he expected the central bank to raise one-year bank lending and deposit rates by 27 basis points before the end of this month to correct negative real deposit rates. The interest rate on a one-year time deposit is currently 3.8 per cent.
"However, given that the CPI inflation will likely decline in 2008 and there are downside risks to global growth, the central bank may decide to raise longer-term rates by less than 27 basis points to signal the end of this rate rise cycle," Mr Sun said.
Low-income families would be hardest hit by surging food prices.
Jia Lanying , a Beijing-based researcher with a monthly income of 2,000 yuan, said she could now afford to buy only half the amount of pork she used to. "I buy about 500 grams of pork once a week, whereas I used to buy 1,000 grams, as prices have risen from 7 to 8 yuan per 500 grams a few months ago to 14 to 16 yuan now," Ms Jia said while shopping at a supermarket in eastern Beijing yesterday.
Zhou Shuying , a civil servant who earns 2,500 yuan a month, said she now ate fish and chicken because pork was unaffordable.
In Hong Kong, economists warned that the city would also see higher inflation. Ho Lok-sang, of Lingnan University, said Hong Kong's inflation would hit 4 to 5 per cent next year, due to increasing consumption, rents and value of the yuan.
But Li Kui-wai, of City University, said the impact of the mainland's high inflation on Hong Kong would not be too big as the city could source imports from alternative regions.
Last week, top leaders set as priorities for next year the prevention of economic overheating and curbing inflation.
Additional reporting by Fanny W. Y. Fung
fast food consumption statistics
When Andrew Weil and Sam Fox opened True Food Kitchen, they did so with a two-fold mission: every dish served must not only be delicious, but it must promote the diner's wellbeing. TRUE FOOD supports the same mission, with freshly imagined recipes that are seasonal, inviting, and easy to make. Showcasing fresh, high-quality ingredients and simple preparations with robust, satisfying flavors, TRUE FOOD demonstrates how easy it is to eat well at home. With essays on topics ranging from farmer's markets to proper proportions, the book includes more than 125 original recipes from Dr. Weil and chef Michael Stebner, such as Curried Cauliflower Soup, Corn and Ricotta Cheese Ravioli and Vegetables with Parmesan Broth, Spicy Shrimp and Asian Noodles, Bison Umami Burgers, Chocolate Icebox Tart, Pomegranate Martini, and much, much more.