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Marker Making for Clothing

Marker Making for Clothing Production

A pattern in sewing and fashion design is the paper or cardboard template from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting out and assembling (these are often referenced as paper patterns).

Pattern grading is an essential part of pattern making. Grading rules determine how patterns increase or decrease to create different sizes.  Fabric type also influences the pattern grading standards. The cost of pattern grading is incomplete without considering marker making.

The making of industrial patterns begins with an existing block pattern that most closely resembles the designer's vision.  Patterns are cut of oak tag (manila folder) paper, punched with a hole and stored by hanging with a special hook. The pattern is first checked for accuracy, then it is cut out of sample fabrics and the resulting garment is fit tested. Once the pattern meets the designer's approval, a small production run of selling samples are made and the style is presented to buyers in wholesale markets.  If the style has demonstrated sales potential, the pattern is graded for sizes, usually by computer with an apparel industry specific CAD program. Following grading, the pattern must be vetted; the accuracy of each size and the direct comparison in laying seam lines is done. After these steps have been followed and any errors corrected, the pattern is approved for production. When the manufacturing company is ready to manufacture the style, all of the sizes of each given pattern piece are arranged into a marker, usually by computer. The marker is then laid on top of the layers of fabric and cut.

Learn more about Marker Making from the resources below:

Fashionmark Marker Making Service

Production Markers - Once your pattern has been approved for production and has been graded, it's ready to be made into a marker. We place the pattern pieces onto the marker for you, indicating the grain of the material and ensuring each piece is in the best position to optimize the use of your materials. Our marker making procedure is designed to maximize productivity and minimize labour and material costs. All markers are plotted on a 72” width inkjet plotter and include a mini marker print-out on 8 1/2” x 11” paper for your records.

Sample Markers - When you have a pattern made by us, we create a sample marker for you and print a full size plot of your pattern on soft paper along with a mini version for your records.

Yield Markers - To accurately order fabric, you may wish to order a yield marker before your garment goes into full production. We can provide optimum utilization of any fabric width, and deliver an accurate quantity of fabric to order, to attain the highest profit margin for your new and existing garments.

Optitex Marker Making Software

Optimizing fabric utilization through marker making

Your pattern has been approved for production and has been graded? Now it's ready to be made into a marker.

Marker making is made to arrange patterns in the most material economizing manner, within the constraints of fabric type, width, and fabric designs such as plaid or stripes.

Materials constitute a significant part of the final production cost. It is therefore essential to ensure the greatest possible savings by estimating material costs as accurately as possible.

Optitex solutions for textile production: Marker, CutPlan, Nest++ and Match++, provides the greatest opportunity for pattern manipulation, marker efficiency, reuse of previously made markers, and shortest response time.

Pad System

Developed by a leading world-class CAD/CAM solution provider, PAD Marker Design is a versatile nesting tool that facilitates the job of professional marker makers in laying out markers or patterns efficiently. Piece placement is made easy by linking our marker to the original pattern style, allowing pattern changes to be updated automatically in the related marker. It integrates seamlessly with PAD Automark Engine whose performance outperforms any world-class industrial auto-nesting engine, achieves maximum fabric utilization. Estimate on fabric consumption can be calculated for purchase planning.

Marker Making - The Harvard Center for Textile and Apparel Research 

An essential step in the manufacture of clothing is the generation of a cutting plan or marker. The marker determines how the parts that make up an article of clothing are cut from a bolt of cloth. To improve cloth utilization, the parts for many articles of clothing are included in the same marker: in the case of blue jeans, 100 to 200 parts are packed onto a rectangle of cloth about two yards wide and 8 to 12 yards long. Generating an optimal marker (the shortest marker of a given width containing a given set of parts) is theoretically intractable (specifically, it is NP-complete). Using a CAD system, well-trained people can generate near-optimal markers manually, but it is a difficult and time-consuming job. Automatic generation of markers would better enable manufacturers to keep up with customer demands for different styles and sizes.

The Fashion Manufacturing Process

What is Marker?

A marker is a diagram of a precise arrangement of pattern pieces for sizes of a specific style that are to be cut from in one spread.

What is Marker Making?

Marker making is the process of determining a most efficient layout of pattern pieces for a style, fabric and distribution of sizes (source: Apparel Manufacturing, Factories those don’t have CAD system perform this process manually. In manual marker making to make an efficient marker one need time, skill and concentration. Now-a-day Marker making is mostly done by CAD systems which give accuracy, increase control over variables and reduces time required in making markers.

What is marker efficiency?

Marker efficiency is defined as a ratio of area of marker used in a garment and area of total marker.

It is important that when a marker is made it does not create an issue of fabric waste.  The goal is to utilize as much of the fabric as possible.

Note: Marker efficiency and Fabric utilization is not same thing. In marker efficiency calculation fabric wastage due to end bits and end loss is not included but in fabric utilization calculation all kinds of fabric wastage are included.