A General Raw Food Diet Sheet

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Below is a diet based on the BARF Diet ® (Bones and Raw Food Diet), it can be adjusted to suit your dog.If you want to keep him on a commercial diet the Burns food range is a fairly natural option.If you wish to stick with commercial food add finely grated raw carrot mixed into the food; it should be about 30% of the diet, where you reduce the normal food by 30% this also helps with weight loss. The inclusion of raw carrots and raw meaty bones will also help with problematic anal glands, as does the diet overall.If you are giving bones ensure they are large bones.

A Labradors Helping minus Chicken leg                A small Crossbred and Jack Russell Meal

Please note: although this is the dogs’ version of the diet, the cats' diet is similar.  However, give vegetables in smaller quantities and raw chicken wings suffice in place of marrow bones.For cats and miniature dog breeds the vegetables must be liquidized (also any chicken bones); whole vegetables are even more foreign to a cat’s diet than to dogs in general.Normally, both cats and dogs get roughage in a pre-digested form from the intestines of the prey they eat.

Food for 3 dogs and a cat ! 

This paragraph applies to cats:the diet should be 95% meat or meat and bone (cats are virtually carnivorous) with 5% or less vegetables, nuts fruit etc., which are best pureed and mixed into the meat.I often use aloe vera gel or aloe vera gel with berries as part of this portion of the diet.Avoid giving cats a lot of liver, as excessive vitamin A causes calcification of the cervical spine.Also cats, unlike dogs, need meat that is premium quality, so the 95% lean or similar type is best.

Below is the diet: add or subtract from it as appropriate to each individual pet’s requirements.

The percentages given are equal to the proportion needed in making up the pet’s diet.

It should be noted that the supplements are not given every day e.g. kelp on an on/off basis, likewise with the oils and they should be changed around.Certified Aloe Vera Juice can be added from time to time instead of using pureed vegetables.  I usually grate the vegetables, this speeds things up.If the diet seems to be taking a lot of time to prepare you are doing something wrong and need to contact us.

The meat and bones are better given whole so the dog works its teeth, thus cleaning them.The most common query I get in relation to the diet is about the safety of feeding bones.Apart from lamb ribs and lamb spine that can break and get stuck between the teeth, there is no problem.

My own dogs have been on this diet for several years now and have experienced no problems and hundreds of dogs within my own practice are on it, once again with no problems and in fact usually to great benefit.

This diet was originally tracked down by a client whose dog was allergic to dried food and vomited when fed canned food.She kindly got permission for me to copy the diet and subsequently modify it.

The bones and vegetables generally improve conditions such as troublesome anal glands and the diet works well for puppies and adult dogs alike, it is also beneficial in very old or sick dogs (e.g. with liver disease and pancreatitis).

It can be modified to be low fat by feeding chicken or turkey as the main food with bone! 

For dogs and cats with particular skin sensitivities, often showing as heating and itching on a red meat diet ,will benefit from the majority of the diet being focussed around chicken and pork.  Turkey is not suitable as it is too drying.  Some dogs can still continue to receive meaty bones, you will have to judge whether or not these irritate your dog's condition.

It is a low sugar diet for diabetics who are non-insulin dependant.

For cystitis patients adding vitamin C is very important.Too much vitamin C will be recognized by the appearance of diarrheoa; just reduce the quantity of vitamin C and it goes away.

For kidney patients avoid feeding turkey which is a dry meat, as kidneys require plenty of fluid to keep them functioning.  Chicken and pork are, once again, useful here.

Dogs can be moved onto this diet without the requirement of a change over period.I discovered that most pets just ate the raw food when a change over period was recommended.

The bones with meat (e.g. a whole chicken or turkey leg) are best fed at the end of the meal this helps to ensure that the dog’s teeth are self cleaned.

Essential Foods

Raw Meaty Bones - 50/50 % meat to bone made up of the following:

Chicken wings,legs, carcasses (backs) necks

Neck of lamb, rib bones, etc.

Rabbit (anything the butcher has only suitable as part of diet)

Pork ribs (not barbecued!)

Muscle meat (minced):

I.e. beef, liver, heart, kidney, giblets etc.

Fatty fish raw, head and all

Egg with the shell, put through a blender

Large marrow bones just to pass the time

Any large meaty bones to chew on

Vegetables, a good mix of root and others: e.g carrott, sweede/turnip, squash, parsnip etc

Greens, dark leafed ones are the best

Sunflower/pumpkin seeds  (You can use commercial milled seed and Goji  berry mixes)

Nuts - Tree nuts preferably  (brazil nuts, hazel nuts, walnuts, almonds, pecans (cashew nuts limited) - not peanuts) and not salted! (Once again you can use commercial milled nut & seed mixes, but these often have their good oils pressed out before milling and so these oils need to be replaced in the diet)

2 or 3 of one variety of herbs, e.g. parsley, dandelion, nettle etc. freshly picked

All the above should be put through a blender with a little liquid,

I.e. bone stock, or just water

Add to each dog’s food daily (less for puppies, tiddlers and cats):

Kelp - powder or tablet form

Cod liver oil - 1tsp

Linseed/flax oil OR Fish Oil - 1 tsp, or even better some Hemp Seed Oil or  Udo’s Oil

Vitamin C 200mg per kg of dog

Dried fruits

Ripe fruit - fed on its own

These are the foods to be fed over a period of 2 - 3 weeks:

One day a week is a fast day (not with puppies) when only liquids are given.

You may find your dog will choose to fast itself for one day. My Labrador feels that line should be removed, on the other hand the Jack Russell says to leave it in. Follow your dog’s instincts!

Apart from the fast days, feed meaty bones most days, ditto veggies.

Mix the veggie pulp and supplements with the mince/ground meat and any organ meat you may be feeding that day.Feed that mixture first, and then feed the meaty bones.

Chicken, lamb, pork or beef (pork is the least digestible, so best left until a good digestive system is achieved - dogs LOVE pork trotters and tails).

Don’t feed one type of meal ad infinitum.

A meaty bone is defined as one that has 50/50% meat to bone ratio.

Chicken necks, wings or backs are ideal - RAW of course.

Freshly killed wild meat, fur and all is ideal - make sure no lead shot remains in the body.

Wholesome table scraps, if your dog likes to feel part of the family, after you have finished your meal.

BUT absolutely NO COOKED BONES of any type.

Don’t feed all the things from the list of seed and nuts, choose something different each day.

Veggies can be almost anything from the root varieties, squashes, marrow, beans, and dark leafed plants.Carrots are important.  Variety is the key.

Remember veggies should be fed pulped, if you use a juicer mix the juice back into the pulp before feeding.

We find it’s pretty foolproof to mix ⅓ of a cup (a cup being 8oz) of pulped veggies (daily requirement for an average size dog) with ⅔ of a cup of minced muscle meat of your choosing.

It usually disappears like lighting and then feed the meaty bones afterwards; until they say ‘enough I’m full.’ Always remember there are some dogs who do not have an off button for example the typical neutered Labrador.

Nobody can work out for you how much your particular dog will need - if they get plump, cut back and visa versa.

Remember this is all pure, natural, wholesome nutrition, no added water, fillers or harmful additives.

A little goes a long way.It’s as simple as that.

Providing you give the supplements, oils etc. that’s all you need to do.

There is some concern over cod liver oil being given daily.If your dog spends time out in the sunshine, then cod liver oil four to five times a week should be sufficient, flax seed, linseed or Udo's oil can be used to replace the cod liver oil on some days, especially for dogs with skin conditions.

Ripe fruit is good for dogs, but only fed in small quantities and between meals.  As it travels through the body very fast it would take everything else with it if fed at meal times.

Do not feed cooked cereals for breakfast.

Grains and dairy products are alien to a dog’s digestive system and cause bloating, and skin problems etc.  They can not be digested, neither can un-pulped veggies.

Feed a chicken wing or two instead!

Do buy the book ‘Give Your Dog a Bone’ by Ian Billinghurst; it will be of immense help to you in understanding what natural feeding is all about.

There has been progression since Billinghurst’s book was written however, so grains (cereals) are no longer recommended.

Dairy, yeast or any type of sugars other than the small amount of sugar naturally found in fruit and veg are not recommended either.

Feeding bone meal is the greatest danger to healthy bone growth - raw bone provides everything needed for this purpose.

I also advise you buy the book 'The Ultimate Diet' by Kymythy Schultze.

Kymythy is a qualified Animal Health Instructor from the USA, who has been feeding her Newfoundlands raw food for many, many years and studying the results.

Kymythy was amongst the first members of the Newleaf Feeding List and is now on the Raw Recruits list.After a lot of convincing from the members of the Newleaf Nutrition List, she agreed to put her knowledge on paper and into print!

Abstracted and abridged from the Newleaf Nutrition List Diet Sheet, reproduced here with kind permission from Anna Carr.

Sarah Doughty, March 1998.

Amended Tom Farrington April 2002, Jan 2007, April 2007

Other References

Give Your Dog a Bone, Dr Ian Billinghurst

The Barf Diet, Dr Ian Billinghurst

Grow Your Pup with Bones, Dr Ian Billinghurst

Feeding Dogs the Natural Way, Christopher Day

FIGURING OUT HOW MUCH TO FEED ADULT DOGS - FROM ‘SCRATCH’

For the average quite spayed dog 2% of bodyweight is a good way to work out daily food requirement in dogs for smaller and very active dogs this rises to 5% of bodyweight.  A good way to calculate this is to use Google search and enter 2% of **Kg (or lbs) in the search line where ** = your dogs weight and google caculator will do the rest when you press enter giving you how much to feed of the combined veg bone and meat.

We will take eight percent of bodyweight as a starting point for really tiny but active dogs, and work towards about three percent of body weight for really large and active dogs. On that basis, the TOTAL amount to feed DAILY would be as follows for dogs of the following weights...

1—5kg[2-11LB5] feed 90-350gm[3oz-l2oz] daily
5—10kg [11-22LB] feed 350— 600gm
[l2oz-2loz] daily
10—25kg[22-55LB] feed 600—1100gm[2loz-39oz] daily
25—50kg
[55-11OLB5I feed 1100—2000gm[39oz-700z] daily


PUPPIES AND CATS

FOR Kittens and Young Puppies they are fed 5-10% of bodyweight 

A good way to calculate this is to use Google search and enter 2% of **Kg (or lbs) in the search line where ** = your dogs weight and google caculator will do the rest when you press enter giving you how much to feed of the combined veg bone. Remember kittens and puppy need a higher percentage of high cartilage bone in the diet - chicken wings and legs depending on their size.


Last update 11/11/2010 15:00hrs GMT


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