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Event Types and Roles

The table below identifies some of the main event-types and event-subtypes of interest. The default in both instances is ‘Unknown’. The table also indicates typical associations of person-roles with event-type.

 

The predefined event-types are ones for which direct evidence is likely to be available. STEMMA deliberately makes it easy to define new event-types and subtypes; partly so that custom entities can be defined for describing detailed hierarchical events. The Persons associated with an Event are ones mentioned in the evidence, and that usually means they were present but not always. The Status Property can be used for implied/absent/deceased persons (e.g. a deceased parent on a marriage certificate, or a crossed-out absent person in a census household).

 

The values for event-subtype are subordinate to an event-type. In software terms, the event-subtype may be represented as a child of the event-type, e.g. Union.Marriage. The reason this was not carried through to the person-role (e.g. Union.Marriage.Bride) was due to the number of combinations and the undue rigidity.

 

 

Event Type

Event sub-type

Event Role

Notes

Birth

Birth

Child, Mother, Informant

 

StillBirth

Mother

Miscarriage

Death

Burial

Deceased

 

Cremation

 

Death

Deceased, Informant

 

Dissolution

Annulment

Husband, Wife, Partner

 

Divorce

 

Separation

Also applies to unmarried couples

Education

Enrolment

Subject

 

Graduation

 

Group

Begin

 

 

Change

End

Legal

Court

Subject

 

Imprisonment

 

Probate

 

Release

 

Will

 

Medical

 

Subject

 

Military

Campaign

Subject

 

Discharge

 

Disciplinary

e.g. Court martial

Engagement

Not same as Union.Engagement

Enlistment

 

Rank

Promotion, Demotion

Recognition

Medals, awards, citations

Travel

 

Place

Begin

 

 

Change

End

Religious

Baptism

Child

 

Bar-mitzvah

 

Bas-mitzvah

Also Bat-mitzvah

Blessing

 

Christening

 

Communion

 

Confirmation

 

Responsibility

Adoption

Child, AdoptedParent, FosterParent

 

Fostering

Guardianship

Dependant, Guardian

 

Social

Correspondence

 

 

Meeting

 

 

Survey

Census

Head, Apprentice, Assistant, Boarder, Governess, HouseBoy, HouseKeeper, Inmate, Keeper, Lodger, LodgerHead, Member, Nurse, NurseChild, Officer, Orphan, Porter, Probationer, Pupil, Servant, Visitor

Normally just one Head per household

Directory

 

 

Travel

AddressChange

 

 

Emigration

 

 

Immigration

 

 

Naturalisation

 

 

Unknown

Unknown

 

 

Union

Affair

Partner

 

Banns

Fiancee, Fiance

 

Cohabitation

Partner

 

Engagement

Fiancee, Fiance

NB: Fiancée is a woman, fiancé is a man

Marriage

Bride, Groom, Witness, Guest, BestMan

Where civil/religious distinction not relevant

MarriageCivil

 

MarriageContract

 

MarriageReligious

 

PrenuptialAgreement

Fiancee, Fiance

 

SameSex

Partner

 

Work

Commencement

Subject

 

Retirement

 

Status

Promotion, Demotion

Termination

 

 

A description of how custom event-types and roles are accommodated may be found at Extended Vocabularies. Note that Unions involving more than two people, or people of the same sex, can be determined by looking at the Roles involved. They are not given a specific event-type.

 

Roles and Relationships are both normalised items of information about a subject reference, but a Role is something relative to the Event itself, whereas a Relationship is something relevant between two subject references, such as between two persons. A more readable work on Roles and Relationships can be found at Role of the Role.

 

Q: Do we need a recognised event-type for a gender reassignment procedure? The <Sex> element describes the “birth sex” (however indeterminate) but we still need to be able to record such a procedure. See No Sex Please, We’re Genealogists!.

 

Q: Should we handle change of slave ownership under the event-type ‘Responsibility’?

 

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