Bandung city is the largest metropolitan city in West Java as well as being the provincial capital. It is located 140 km southeast of Jakarta, and is the third largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and Surabaya by population. While the region Greater Bandung (Bandung Metropolitan Region) is the third largest metropolitan in Indonesia after the Greater Jakarta and Gerbangkertosusila (Grebangkertosusilo). In this historic city, a college tinggi teknik stands first in Indonesia (Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng - TH Bandung, Bandung Institute of Technology now - ITB), the scene of the battle in time of independence, and once a venue for the Asian Conference Africa-1955, a meeting that voiced the spirit of anti-colonialism, even the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, in his speech said that Bandung is the capital city of Asia and Africa. In 1990 the city of Bandung to be one of the safest cities in the world by Time magazine survey. City of flowers is another name for this town, because in earlier times was considered very beautiful city with many trees and flowers that grow there. Additionally Bandung formerly also known as Parijs Van Java because of its beauty. In addition it is also known as the Bandung city shopping, with malls and factory outlets are widely spread in the city, and is now gradually Bandung is also a city of culinary tourism. And in 2007, British Council have been Bandung city as a pilot creatives project as East Asia. Currently, the city of Bandung is one of the main objectives of tourism and education.
The word "Bandung" is derived from the weir or dam because Citarum river by boat Tangkuban lava and form a lake. Legend told by older people in Bandung say that the name "Bandung" is taken from a vessel consisting of two boats tied up alongside the boat called BANDUNG it was used by the Regent of Bandung, RA Wiranatakusumah II, to navigate Ci Tarum in seeking the seat of the new district to replace the old capital Dayeuhkolot.
Bandung city is geographically is seen surrounded by mountains, and it shows that in the past the city of Bandung is a pond or lake. Legend Sangkuriang a legend that tells of how the formation of the lake Bandung, and how the formation Tangkuban Perahu, then how did the dry lake basins, leaving Bandung as it is today. Water from the lake is dry Bandung legend as it flows through a cave called Sangkyang Tikoro.
Area last remnants of the dry lake Bandung is Situ Aksan, who in the 1970's is still the place for lake tours, but is now a residential area for settlement.
Bandung city began to be used as a residential area since colonial Dutch East Indies, through the Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels time, issued a decree dated 25 September 1810 on the development of infrastructure for the region. At day's event was immortalized as the anniversary of the city of Bandung.
Bandung city officially got the status gemeente (city) from the Governor-General JB Heutsz van on 1 April 1906 with a total area of about 900 ha at that time, and increased to 8,000 ha in 1949, until the last increase to the current area.
During the war of independence, on March 24, 1946, most of the city was burned by the freedom fighters as part of the war strategy that time. This event is known as the Bandung Sea of Fire and immortalized in the song Halo-Halo Bandung. In addition the city is abandoned by most of its inhabitants were evacuated to other areas.
On April 18, 1955 at the Merdeka Building formerly named "Concordia" (Jl. Asia Africa, now), across from the Hotel Savoy Homann, held for the first time Asian-African Conference which then re Asia-Africa Summit 2005 held in the city in 19 April-24 April 2005.