III.   Suggested Reading

If there's a book you really want to read but it hasn't been written yet, then you must write it. 

Toni Morrison


Homepage - OSCE and OSPE

Compiled Responses

 The Beginning

 01.   Introduction and Basics of OSPE/OSCE

 02.   Is OSPE glorified spotting.. 

  03.   How to set up OSCE and OSPE stations..

 04.   How to collect the answer-sheets in OSCE/OSPE from students.

 05.   OSCE reliability

 06.   Levels of competencies in evaluation

 07.   Practical experiences of OSPE/OSCE

 08.   OSCE in testing Communication and attitudes

  09   Should knowledge be accessed in OSCE/OSPE

 10.   Simulated patients

 11. Examiner training...a must to do...

12.   Standard setting in OSCE

 13.   Disadvantages of OSCE


Suggested Reading –

1.      Singh T, Singh D, Paul VK. Principles of Medical Education. IAP Education Centre, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences. New Delhi, 2000; pp 94-104.

2.      Supe AN. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE). In The Art of Teaching Medical Students (Ed: Bhuiyan PS, Rege NN, Supe AN) 2002, 2nd edn. Medical Education Technology Unit, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, pp 273-292

3.      David A. S, Michael B. D, Richard W. S, and William E. S. The Objective Structured Clinical Examination The New Gold Standard for Evaluating Postgraduate Clinical Performance Annals Of Surgery   222; 6: 735-42

4.      Nayar U, Malik SL, Bijlani RL. Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE): a new concept in assessment of laboratory exercises in preclinical sciences. Med Educ 1986; 20: 204

5.      Gupta P, Bisht HJ. A practical approach to running Objective structured Clinical Examination in Neonatology for formative assessment of medical undergraduates. Indian Pediatrics 2001; 38: 500-513

6.      Sethuraman KR. Objective Structured Clinical Examination. 1999, Second edn, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, New Delhi

7.      Ananthakrishnan N. Objective structured clinical/practical examination (OSCE/OSPE). J Postgrad Med 1993; 39:82-4.

8.      Rahman N, Ferdousi S, Hoq N, Amin R, Kabir J. Evaluation of objective structured practical examination and traditional practical examinationMymensingh Med J. 2007 Jan;16(1):7-11.

9.      Norcini JJ Setting standards on educational tests Medical Education 2003;37:464–469

10.  Margery H. D, Indika K The Place Of The Oral Examination In Today’s Assessment Systems Medical Teacher, 2005;27( 4): 294–97

11.  Harden RM, Stevenson M, Downie WW, Wilson GM. Assessment of clinical competence using objective structured examination. Br Med J 1975; 1: 447-452.

12.  Harden RM, Gleeson FA. Assessment of medical competence using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Med Educ 1979; 13: 41-54.

13.  Katharine B, Trudie R How to set up an OSCE The Clinical Teacher 2005; 2 (1):16-20

14.  Brian H, Mark H, Nancy M, Glenn R. Creating, Monitoring, and Improving a Psychiatry OSCE A Guide for Faculty Academic Psychiatry, 2002;26(3):134-161

15.  Collins J P and Harden R M The Use of Real Patients, Simulated Patients and Simulators in Clinical Examinations AMEE Medical Education Guide No 13, 2004:1-6

16.  Ramnarayan K. A more effective practical examination in Pathology. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 1990; 33: 399-401

17.  Feroze M, Jacob AJ. OSPE in Pathology. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2002; 45: 53-58

18.  Malik SL, Manchanda SK, Deepak KK, Sunderam KR. The attitudes of medical students to objective structured practical examination. Med Educ 1988; 22: 40

19.  Verma M, Singh T. Experiences with objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a tool for formative evaluation in pediatrics. Indian Pediatrics 1993; 30: 699-702.

20.  Suhattaya B, Polpun B, Duenpen H  Sirirat T Piyaporn B Reliability of a Peer Checklist for Performance Setting Spinal Anesthesia and Bird’s Ventilator: Objective, Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)

21.  Verma M, Singh T. Attitudes of medical students towards Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in pediatrics. Indian Pediatrics 1993; 30: 1259-1261.

22.  Hart IR, Honden RM, Walton HJ. Newer developments in assessing clinical competence. In: Hart IR, Honden RM, Walton HJ, editors. International Conference Proceedings. Ottawa: Congress Centre; 1985.  

23.  Newbie DI. The observed long case in clinical assessment. Med Educ 1991; 25:369 373.

24.  Edelstein DR, Ruder HJ. Assessment of clinical skills using video tapes of the complete medical interview and physical examination. Med Teach 1990; 12:155 162.  

25.  Barmen A. Critiques of Objective structured clinical examination. Ann Acad Med Singapore 2005;34:478-82

26.  Hodges B, Regehr G,  McNaughton N, Tiberius R, Hanson M.OSCE checklists do not capture increasing levels of expertise do not a capture increasing levels of expertise. Acad Med 1999; 74:1129-1134. 

27.  Turnbull J,MacFadyen J, Van Barneveld C, Norman G. Clinical work sampling A new approach to the problem of in-training evaluation.J Gen Intern Med 2000;15:556-561.

28.  Norcini JJ, Blank LL, Duffy FD, Fortana GS.The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skills. Ann Internal Med 2003; 138:476-481.

29.  Robert F.Mager. Measuring Instructional Results. Jaico  Publishing House 2004;3-4.

 Discussion Summary


Origin and evolution of OSCE

What is OSCE OSPE..

Important terminologies OSCE and OSPE

Process - OSCE and OSPE


Advantages OSCE and OSPE

Limitation OSCE and OSPE

The final words