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Chapter 18/The French Revolution


Dates: November 19 - 28

Key Question

How and to what extent did enlightenment ideas about religion and society shape the policies of the French Revolution in the period 1789-1799?


11-19 & 20

The French Revolution: The Crisis of the Monarchy

  • Identify the reasons for the monarchy to demand new taxes
  • Explain the consequences of Necker’ report and Calonne’s Reform Plan
  • Describe the deadlock between the Estates General, the monarchy and others

Activities and Tasks

§  H/W Assigned Reading in preparation for section test: 592-596



The French Revolution: Reconstruction, Counter-Revolution, and the end of Monarchy – The Second Revolution

§  Text: Pages 596 -609

  • Describe the political re-organization of France and the new constitution
  • Discuss the role of Women as proposed by Olmype de Gouges
  • Explain the economic policy of revolutionary France
  • Analyze the cause and effects of the Counter Revolution


  • ARQ#1

§  H/W. Assigned Reading pages 596-603




The French Revolution - The Terror of 1792, De-Christianization & The Cult of the Supreme Being, Thermidor, & finally……perspective? 

Assigned Text: 609-625

Student Objectives: The Student Will-

  • Identify some of the external factors that led some French revolutionaries to becomes paranoid that the revolution was about to usurped from within
  • Explain how the conflict with other countries led to internal disputes
  • Analyze how the concept of the General Will was used to justify the Terror
  • Discuss the purpose of the Cult of the Supreme Being
  • Illustrate how the people reacted and ended the terror
  • Describe the creation of the Directory
  • Explain the significance of the removal of the Sans-Culottes from office


  • ARQ#2
  • PowerPoint
  • DBQ – The Paris Jacobin Club Alerts the Nations to Internal Enemies of the Revolution
  • Read for H/W 603 - 609



·         ARQ#3

  • French Revolution Film
  • h/w read 609-612


12-29 & 30 

  • ARQ#4
  • French Revolution Film
  • h/w read 612 - 625




  1. Why has France been called a rich nation with an impoverished government?
  2.  How did the financial weaknesses of the French monarchy lay the foundations of the revolution of 1789?
  3.  What were Louis XVI’s most serious mistakes during the French Revolution? Had he been a more able ruler, could the French Revolution have been avoided or a constitutional monarchy succeeded? Did the revolution ultimately have little to do with the competence of the monarch?
  4.  How was the Estates General transformed into the National Assembly? 
  5. How does the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen reflect the social and political values of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment? 
  6. How were France and its government reorganized in the early years of the revolution? 
  7. Why has the Civil Constitution of the Clergy been called the greatest blunder of the National Assembly?
  8. Why were some political factions dissatisfied with the constitutional settlement of 1791? What was the revolution of 1792 and why did it occur?
  9. Who were the sans-culottes, and how did they become a factor in the politics of the period? 
  10. How influential were they during the Terror in particular? Why did the sans-culottes and the Jacobins cooperate at first?
  11.  Why did that cooperation end?
  12.  Why did France go to war with Austria in 1792? What were the benefits and drawbacks for France of fighting an external war in the midst of a domestic political revolution
  13. What were the causes of the Terror? How did the rest of Europe react to the French Revolution and the Terror? 
  14. How did events in France influence the last two partitions of Poland?
  15. A motto of the French Revolution was “equality, liberty, and fraternity.” How did the revolution both support and violate this motto? Did French women             benefit from the revolution? Did French peasants benefit from it?
Graham M. Taylor,
Nov 28, 2011, 9:27 AM