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Interesting Points to consider when learning German! 


Nouns are always capitalized. Nouns have one of the three 


der [masculine] , die [feminine], or das [neuter] (the). The plural is 

always “die” (the).

i.e. die Katze – die Katzen    the cat – the cats

      der Hund – die Hunde     the dog – the dogs

      das Buch – die Bücher    the book – the books

The indefinite article is “ein” [masculine and neuter] or “eine” 

  [feminine] (a).

All nouns with the definite article of “der” and “das” become “ein”

All nouns with the definite article of “die” become “eine”.

i.e. die Katze – eine Katze   the cat – a cat

      der Hund – ein Hund     the dog – a dog

      das Buch – ein Buch      the book – a book

To use the correct article is not easy.  You have to remember and learn the article with every new noun. However, there are a few hints for using the correct one:


Most female people have the article “die” and all male people have the article “der”.

       i.e. die Mutter (the mother), die Tante (the aunt).

      der Bruder (the brother), der Sohn (the son).


Exceptions are: das Kind (the child) und das Mädchen (the girl).

Usually all nouns ending with an –e, -ion, -ung have the article “die”

      i.e. die Katze (the cat), die Lampe (the lamp), die Schokolade (the chocolate)

Exceptions are: der Hase (the rabbit), der Affe (the monkey), das Auge (the eye)

      i.e. die Illusion (the illusion), die Aktion (the action)

      i.e.  die Entscheidung (the decision), die Behausung (the shelter)


Replace nouns with pronouns

Nouns with the article "die" are referred to as "sie" (“she”)

i.e. Die Katze ist klein.  The cat is small.

      Sie ist klein.            She is small.

Nouns with the article "der" are referred to as "er" ("he")

i.e. Der Hund ist klein.   The dog is small.

      Er ist klein.               He is small.

Nouns with the article "das" are referred to as "es"("it").

 i.e. Das Mädchen ist klein.  The girl is little.

       Es ist klein.                    It is little.


Correct verb forms –conjugation

Present Tense:

Regular verbs: (the verb endings shown below (-e, -st, -t,-en, -t for each pronoun are always the same for regular verbs and most irregular verbs)


spielen  (to play)               


   ich spiele           (I play)

   du spielst           (you play –one person)

   er/sie/es spielt    (he/she/it plays)

   wir spielen         (we play)

   ihr spielt            (you play –two or more persons)

   sie spielen         (they play)

Irregular verbs:


         haben   (to have)                                      ich habe (I have)                        

du hast   (you have)                   

er/sie/es hat (he/she/it has)    

wir haben (we have)                    

ihr habt    (you have)                   

sie haben (they have)                              


sein   (to be)

ich bin (I am)

du bist (you are)     

er/sie/es ist (he/she/it is)    

wir sind (we are)

ihr seid (you are)

sie sind (they are)

Regular verbs:

e.g. spielen (to play)

ich habe gespielt.  (I played).

du hast gespielt (you played –one person)

er/sie/es hat gespielt (he/she/it played)

wir haben gespielt (we played)

ihr habt gespielt (you played – two or more persons))

sie haben gespielt (they played)


Irregular verbs:

e.g. schalfen (to sleep)

ich habe geschlafen.  (I slept).

du hast geschlafen (you slept –one person)

er/sie/es hat geschlafen (he/she/it slept)

wir haben geschlafen (we slept)

ihr habt geschlafen (you slept –group of people)

sie haben geschlafen (they slept)


Please note that some verbs that indicate movement form their past tense with the verb „sein“  not „ haben“:

e.g. laufen (to run)

ich bin gelaufen (I ran)

du bist gelaufen (you ran –one person)

er/sie/es ist gelaufen (he/she/it ran)

wir sind gelaufen (we ran)

ihr seid gelaufen (you ran – two or more persons))

sie sind gelaufen (they ran)


Letter of the Week Flashcards

A flashcards

S flashcards

M flashcards

D flashcards

P flashcards

H flashcards  

T flashcards 

O flashcards

N flashcards 

B flashcards 

C flashcards

E flashcards

F flashcards

G flashcards

I flashcards

J flashcards.

K flashcards

L flashcards

R flashcards

W flashcards

U flashcards

V flashcards

Z flashcards

Q flashcards

sch flashcards

ie flashcards

ei flashcards