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Eportfolio Glossary

Terms and Definitions

Accreditation is the act of granting a certification of credit or recognition with respect to educational institutions that maintain the correct  suitable standards and meets specific measures of quality.

Action learning is an educational process whereby the participant studies their own actions  and experiences  in order to improve their performance This can then evolve into an Action Research Cycle of Action, Observe, Reflect, Revise Plan.

Action Planning Action planning is the process of directing  your focus and your ideas towards your goals. It is a tool that helps you decide what steps you will need to take to achieve your goal. An Action plan is a tool that can help you make sense of your goals by  reflecting on the reality's of your plan.

Active Listening One of the basic building blocks of communication active listening ensures you do not miss information being given to you.

Administrator The person who manages a site and allots roles to participants, the administrator of site is the one who determines how much control  they share

Advisor works with you  to help you meet your educational and career needs and offers guidance and information  to help you obtain your goals

Animation  The rapid movement in sequence of slightly differing graphics that create the illusion of motion. 

Animation GIF Is a group of Gif images saved as an animated file and placed on a  a webpage an animated icon that can flash or move as images are displayed one after the other. They can be embedded into  to sites as widgets 

Anchor A term used for a link in a web page

Application  Another word for a computer program, it is software  that allows the user to perform tasks, like word processing and email

Approved Formats for Artifacts There are certain, approved formats or file types that will work with your ePortfolio. Sometimes a site will not have a file type you use, so you may need to adapt or change a file

Assessment rubrics A rubric is an assessment tool for communicating expectations of quality. 

Artefact Artefacts are items that you include in your e-portfolio. They may be files such as, resume history, qualifications new and old, photos of your achievements your  blogs, blog posts, videos, podcasts and RSS feeds. Artifacts can be almost anything that is part of your life long learning and development

Artifact Library  This is often found on your e-portfolio where  all of your artifacts are loaded and stored. 

Asynchronous Learning: is when learners participate in an online learning environment at a time they choose day or night . Moodle LMS is an asynchronous platform that allows learners to interact and access content of the course whenever they choose while still being part of the community of learners

Authoring tool  The software tools that can be used for developing eLearning programs, there are a wide range of authoring tools using web 2.0 available that are exciting and easy for students and teachers to manage

Audio  The medium of delivering information to be processed by a learner's ears.Sound delivered to learner's ear eg music, voice
 
Audio Conferencing Technology is presenting us with many new tools for conferencing the fast pace that mobile technology is growing will enhance this technology 

Audio video Interleave Uncompressed video file format generally used for DVD applications. AVI file formats. 

Avatar An Avatar is an animated character  photo, cartoon or icon  that represents your digital identity or may be your digital persona in a virtual world  Popular with students. 

Bandwidth  Bandwidth is the capacity of speed at which data is transferred and received on a computer. Bandwidth ranges from a low bandwidth with slower modem to a high bandwidth with fast ethernet connection within LAN 

Benchmarking  Benchmarking is the process of meeting a standard. The idea is to improve on the benchmark . Australian Flexible Learning Framework  have great guidelines about benchmarking e-learning. 

Blended Delivery  Blended Delivery is a combination of online and face to face or synchronous and asynchronous online learning. Blended delivery can engage the students as it offers change in the learning.

Block  Blocks determine how your artefact should be displayed in your e-portfolio they can also display content from external sources such as links, movies photos and files

Blog (Weblog) Blog (Weblog)An informal website for short journals of thoughts, comments, and ideas updated regularly and generally reflects the views of the blog's moderator. There are a large number of blogging hosts that offer excellent blogging platforms free of charge for all. Blogs can be used many ways to involve students in reflective writing and work well in the classroom

Bluetooth  An open specification for wireless short-range communications of data and voice between both mobile and stationary devices.

Bookmark  A Bookmark is an easily accessible web link stored in a web browser, there are many bookmarking platforms to choose. Bookmarking allows you to access information with ease

Browser  Browser is software for interacting with , accessing, and viewing information on the Internet or created in HTML Internet ExplorerMozilla Firefox and Google Chrome are the most widely used browsers.
Chat or Chat Room Text-based group communication on the Internet. Multiple users can type their questions and answers for everyone to see

Chunking Separating learning materials into smaller and shorter subsections

Challenge
one party presents a question or task ("challenge") and another party provides a valid answer or completion of the task . A learning challenge can be a way of making the learning fun

Clip media
is media such as images, audio and video files that can be used for the development of e Learning

Coach A person who assists a learner in accomplishing their  learning goals. A coach directs us in the right direction to achieve an outcome

Cognitive learning is a method of teaching and learning based on cognitive psychology and constructivist learning theory which claims that construction and retention of new concepts and skills is most effective if the learning content is associated with creativity and emotionally distinct experiences

Collaborative e-Learning  takes place in a peer-oriented environment between individuals/
groups that are usually geographically dispersed. With the emergence of the new technology  and tools that are being offered  collaboration has meant that  educators and learners are no longer isolated in their learning

Competency A set of behaviors that encompasses skills, knowledge, abilities, and personal attributes that , are critical to successful work accomplishment

Constructivist Portfolios  The portfolio is a learning environment in which the learner constructs meaning. It assumes that meaning varies across individuals, over time, and with purpose.

Constructivism  is a theory of knowledge that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas

Content eLearning  is content that goes beyond plain text it may include interactive text, audio, video graphics and animation

Content Standards  Content standards describe the knowledge and skills that students should attain in a class or course of study.

Courseware Courseware  instructional materials that are used to support learning can be computer software used in teaching.

Connectivism is a learning theory for the digital age

Community of Practice A community of practice(CoP) is a group of people who share an interest, craft or profession. The group develops, because of the members interest in particular areas, or field, it is created with the goal of gaining and sharing knowledge for professional development.

Comment Box  Readers of your work can leave comments on your blogs or a specific piece of your work that can be public or private

Competency Standards  Competency standards set required benchmarks or desirable levels of performance on specified activities or tests. 

Compliant e Learning content or programs that meets established standards
 
Computer based training Course or educational material presented on a computer
 
Content Management System (CMS)  A content management system (CMS) is the collection of procedures used to manage work flow in a collaborative environment. These procedures can be manual or computer-based
 
Cookie A small text file placed on your hard drive by a web site to record information about you. Every time you start your computer it serves up the "cookie"and adds the recorded information such as your name, site login and password

Confidentiality
are communications between a persons that are "privileged" and may not be discussed or divulged to third parties

Conceptualization is
how to develop an idea for a research project and is the  core category of Grounded Theory

Constructivist Portfolios The portfolio is a learning environment in which the learner constructs meaning. It assumes that meaning varies across individuals, over time, and with purpose. The portfolio presents process, a record of the processes associated with learning itself; a summation of individual portfolios would be too complex for normative description.

 
Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted  the creator of an original work

Course facilitator The course facilitator is responsible for administrative, mentoring, and instructional duties associated with a course they have been assigned to facilitate Join the Australia series to learn more about e-facilitation 

Course Management System (CMS)  A computer program that facilitates computerized learning or eLearning

Courseware is a term used to describe software resources used in the classroom  for computer assisted Learning 

CPD Continuing Professional Development is the means by which members of professional associations maintain, improve and broaden their knowledge and skills and develop the personal qualities required in their professional lives.

Creative writing  Creative writing is anything where the purpose is to express thoughts, feelings and emotions rather than to simply convey information

Critical incident A critical incident is usually an incident which has significance  for you. It is often an event which made you stop and think

Critical success factor (CSF) is the term for an element that is necessary for an organization or project to achieve its mission .

Critical thinking
is "thinking about thinking."

Deep Learning Involves reflection and development and is self-directed and lifelong.

Durable Learning Learning that lasts beyond a course.

Delivery method Term describing the way in which training is distributed to learners

Design Design phases builds on the analysis of information and includes the formulation of a detailed plan for the instruction

Delivery Method Term describing the way in which training is distributed to learners

Designer  Used to describe any member of a training project team

Digital Archives A digital archive is where digital records are retained

Digital divide describes the gap that exists between those who can afford technology and those who cannot

 Digital Immigrants A digital immigrant is an individual who grew up without digital technology and adopted it later. Prensky (2001)

Digital literacy is the ability to locate, understand, evaluate, and create information using web 2.0 digital technologies

Digital Natives A digital native is a student or learner for whom digital technologies already existed when they were born

Digital storytelling  using the tools of digital media to craft, record, share, and value the stories of individuals and communities, in ways that improve all our lives.

Discussion board is a term for any online "bulletin board" where you can leave and get responses to messages you have left.

Distance education Educational in which the instructor and students are separated by time, location, or both

Domains of Learning Three divisions used to classify types of learning cognitive (mental), and affective (emotional) and psychomotor (physical)

E-book  Information that has been organized in electronic lessons or chapters and made available via computer

e-Communication  Electronic communication that includes websites, emails and electronic files and documents

E-Learning  Broad definition of the field of using technology to deliver learning and training programs

Email Short for electronic mail

Emoticons  can transfers emotions via the digital way :-) (smiley) or ;-) (wink) Most instant messenger programs now have versions of the emoticons

End to end solution A marketing term used by large eLearning suppliers

End user A person or persons who will be using a particular technology and for whom it is designed for 

EPCOP  A website developed by Coach Carole for practitioners wanting to develop their  e-portfolio with the help of a community of practice


Evaluation A systematic method for gathering information and feedback about the impact and effectiveness of a learning offering
 
Evidence Material May take many forms such as artefacts,reports, presentations and testimonials to supports the claim of a skill or competence.

Explicit knowledge Knowledge that's easy to communicate
 
e-Portfolios .Join this MOOC to find out
 

Facilitator The politically correct term for instructor, trainer  or teacher

Feedback can tell you where you went wrong and affirm what you do right.Feedback is essential in developing our skills; we can focus on the areas where feedback is positive and develop our skills further. We can also work to improve on the areas that are negative. Feedback is essential to learning.

File is any digital work that you have created

File Manager  is where you store your files that will be placed in your views

GIF A GIF image is a popular type of image  is  available in two formats  static as well as animated.
 
Goal Goal setting is the process of thinking about your desired  future, and  motivating yourself to turn your vision of this future into reality

Groups allow users  to share views with each other and use discussion forums
 

Hosting The verb describing the physical storage of a Web page

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol ) the Internet application protocol used for exchanging information over the world wide web

Hypertext is the Text elements within multimedia documents, that can be clicked on by the user to follow a path to a new location

Icon A symbol representing an object, process, or function an Icon based user interfaces also allows the user click to click an onscreen buttons instead of typing commands

Implementation involves the delivery of the training to the intended audience

 ICT Information and Communication Technologies ICT is the use of digital technology that already exist to help individuals, businesses and organizations use information.

IPR Intellectual Property Rights

Instructional design is a systems approach to designing a learning experience

Interactive multimedia allows two way interaction with multimedia course material

Intranet A network owned by an organization that functions much  like a public Internet but is secure from outsider access

Java Applet is small program application written in Java. A Java applet is sent from the host computer to the end user's computer

Java  A programming language invented by Sun Microsystems that is operational on any hardware/software system

JPEG A popular file format for photographs intended for display on web

Journal-writing is a diary or record with entries that are arranged by date reflecting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period of time.

Key points  are points that are pivotal in the development of the project

Keycode In order to create an account you may need to get a keycode from your  organizations administrator

Learning environment is the classroom in which learning takes place

LEAP2A An import/export functionality to the Mahara e-portfolio system and other compatable systems. It allows export of a portfolio from an institutional Mahara into either HTML or LEAP2PDP Electronic provision of personal development planning (PDP) activities

Learner centric The process of developing and presenting learning materials effectively and in a learner friendly manner for the student

Learning A combination of cognitive or physical process of acquiring knowledge and skills through a study, experience.

Learning management system A learning management system (commonly abbreviated as LMS) is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, and reporting of training programs, classroom and online events.

Learning object A learning object is "a collection of content items, practice items, and assessment items that are combined based on a single learning objective

Learning Objective is what you are expected to be able to do or demonstrate as a result of taking part in a learning experience

Learning Portfolios  Used to showcase student or worker learning, providing a framework for assessing academic progress or career development, and demonstrating how skills have developed over time.

Learning styles are various approaches or ways of learning. The three most common are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.

Learning Object Repository (LOR)  A computer program which allows for the storing of learning objects. An environment where instructional designers and developers can create, store, reuse, manage, and deliver learning content from a central object repository

Log In To often enter your site, you must enter your User Name and Password.

Mentor An experienced person who can guide and assist you

m-Learning  Stands for "mobile learning" and refers to the usage of training programs on wireless devices like cell phones, PDAs, or other such devices.

MP3  A compression format used for music files.

MPEG  A file format for digitized video.

Multimedia The integration of medias such as text, graphics, audio, video and animation, in one program

Network A collection of people that can exchange information and share resources.

Newsgroup An electronic bulletin board or forum for discussion of a specific topic

Newsletter A periodic publication generally sent via e-mail to subscribers.

Object oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm using "objects" – data structures consisting of data fields and methods together with their interactions – to design applications and computer programs

Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that is available in source code form: the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, improve and at times also to distribute the software.

Operating system (OS) A program that facilitates the operation of a wide range of applications


Paradigm The word paradigm has been used to describe distinct concepts.

Passwords protect your websites it is your privacy setting that gets you into the e-portfolio  

Pedagogy The art or science of teaching.

Personal Learning Networks consist of the people a learner interacts with and derives knowledge from in a Personal Learning Environment.

Pixel The smallest element used to measure the size of an image.

Podcast  MP3 or other audio file that your clients can download off your Web page or e-portfolio. It is delivered off a web site via a RSS feed. All you need to know is the URL (website address) of the RSS. Unlike radio, you can listen to recorded podcasts at any time.

Positivist Portfolios Assesses learning outcomes that are generally external. Assumes that meaning is constant across users, contexts and purposes. The portfolio is a receptacle for examples of student work used to infer what and how much learning has occurred.

Post To place an electronic message or file in a message forum on a blog or View

Prerequisite A basic requirement that must be fulfilled before moving on to something else often refered to a unit that must be completed  before the next unit


Professional Portfolios  Records goals, growth, achievement, and professional attributes developed over time and in collaboration with others. Professional portfolios can be used to help an individual make career decisions, demonstrate that one has met program or certification requirements, present skills and accomplishments for employment, and review professional development for career advancement.

Reflective practice is "the capacity to reflect on action so as to engage in a process of continuous learning"

Repository A digital repository is a means of managing and storing digital content and allowing access to for learners

Reusable One of the cornerstones of the SCORM standard is the ability to reuse learning objects.

Range Statement / Range of variables is a part of a competency standard  that provides  context for the unit of competency

RPL is a term that covers Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL),

Registered Training Organisation (RTO) is a training organisation registered in accordance with the Australian Quality Training Framework.

Rubric  A scoring tool that lists the criteria for a piece of work, or "what counts". For example, a rubric for an essay might tell students that their work will be judged on purpose, organization, details, voice, and mechanics.

Social networks often involves grouping specific individuals together that have a topic in common

Strategy a word that refers to a plan of action designed to achieve a particular goalScroll To move a computer screen such as down, up, right, or left.

Search engines locate and display web information for the computer user.

Self paced learning Learning that is undertaken asynchronously over the Internet without an instructor.

Taxonomy learning domains Blooms Taxonomy or categorizations of the human cognition include cognitive domain  affective domain Psychomotor domain

Title The name you give to a "file".

Upload A file transfer from your computer to another.

URL Uniform resource locator.

View a term used for a storage area of artifacts in an e-portfolio

Vocational Education and Training (VET) refers to the sector responsible for developing the skills and knowledge of individuals for work. It includes vocational education and training undertaken in industries, enterprises, government agencies, and community and school settings.

Video conferencing Using video and audio signals to link participants at different and remote locations.

Virtual classroom  A simulated classroom that allows students to interact using software such as live chat and forums

Validity is one of the Principles of Assessment. It means that the assessment is valid when the process assesses what it claims to assess.

Validation is a process involving assessors working in collaboration to review and evaluate their assessment process and outcomes against the competency standard.

Web conference Refers to a synchronous meeting using web

Web log Also commonly referred to as a blog. A blog is an online diary presented in chronological order.

Web page An HTML file presented on the web.

Web portal A central site that offers a host of internet resources and links

Web site A collection of webpages that belong to the one site

Webcast Refers to a live video broadcast

Webinar A small synchronous online learning event in which a facilitator and audience communicate via text chat  and  headset

Zip file A compressed file format.







 

 

 

 

 

 










 








                                                
























































































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