US Constitution

This is the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States.
    The constitution of the United States is one of the most important documents in the country's history. The document's purpose was to establish a written foundation for the country to be run on. This document not only serves as structure for American government, but also inspired various other countries to use the ideas in constitutions of their own. 
    The Enlightenment is all over the US constitution. Ideas in the constitution came from several different Enlightenment thinkers. John Locke's ideas are once again found in an American document. His ideas of the people getting to choose their leaders or the power lies with the people is ever present in the US. Montesquieu's ideas were also used in the US constitution. Montesquieu believed in the separation of power with checks and balances. Checks and balances are put in place to ensure that no one branch of government has too much power. Rosseau's ideas are present in the constitution by the concept of direct democracy. The people vote on their congressmen and president. 
    Other enlightenment thinkers have influence on the US constitution. Volitaire's ideas are used. Volitaire believed in religious freedom which is practiced in the US today. The final thinker whose ideas are present in the constitution is Beccaria. He believed that the accused have rights and that torture is unjust punishment. This is where the term "innocent until proven guilty" comes from.

This is a picture of the writing and signing of the United States Constitution.