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(Perry 1975)

DOI or Website Link:  
http://dx.doi .org/10.1037/h0076713
Publication:   Journal of Counseling Psychology, 22, 173–179. 
Authors:   Perry, M. A.
Perry, M. A. (1975). Modeling and instructions in training for counselor empathy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 22, 173–179. http://dx.doi .org/10.1037/h0076713


  1. Assessed the relative contributions of modeling and instructions to training of counselor empathy in a factorial design incorporating 2 instruction conditions (instructions or no instructions) and 3 modeling conditions (high-empathy model, low-empathy model, or no model). 
  2. Ss were 68 clergymen from various religious denominations. Ss wrote responses to a taped client in Phase 1, a training phase, and conducted an interview with a client (actor) in Phase 2, a generalization phase. Instructions had no effect on empathy offered by Ss, but Ss hearing a high-empathy model showed significantly higher empathy in Phase 1 responses than all other Ss. Findings were not significant in Phase 2. 
  3. Reasons for lack of generalization and implications for further research and training are noted. 

Quotes: (Any pithy quotes)

Topic Area: (In which field / sector / perspective was this study conducted?)

Definition(How was empathy defined?)

Benefits(Were any benefits of empathy mentioned?)

Criticisms  (Were any criticisms, negative effects or risks of empathy mentioned?)

Methods(What were the methods used to train empathy?)

Target Group:  (Who participated in this study / training?)

Measurements(About the assessment: How was the change in empathy measured before/after the intervention/method?) 

Result: (What was the result?)

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