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(Keefe 1979)

DOI or Website Link:  
Publication: Journal of Education for Social Work, 15(2), 30-37.
Authors:   Keefe, T.
Date:    (1979). 
Keefe, T. (1979). The development of empathic skill: A study. Journal of Education for Social Work, 15(2), 30-37.


Two conditions for the development of empathy skill, compatible with social work curricula and staff development programs, were tested in a pretest-posttest design. Empathy skill was operationalized using a videotape of client-worker interviews coupled with a fixed response questionnaire. 

The first condition, an experiential-didactic course, produced no significant change in empathy.

 The second condition, a structured meditation experience, produced significant change but not beyond controls. Positive change in empathy scores significantly correlated with blind-ranked levels of meditation attainment. Scores of subjects exposed to the two conditions combined are compared with results of other studies. Limitations and implications are discussed.

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Topic Area: (In which field / sector / perspective was this study conducted?)

Definition(How was empathy defined?)

Benefits(Were any benefits of empathy mentioned?)

Criticisms  (Were any criticisms, negative effects or risks of empathy mentioned?)

Methods(What were the methods used to train empathy?)

Target Group:  (Who participated in this study / training?)

Measurements(About the assessment: How was the change in empathy measured before/after the intervention/method?) 

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