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#List of Measurement Papers

Empathy Measurements Related

1. Allison C, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright SJ, Stone MH, Muncer SJ. Psychometric analysis of the empathy quotient (EQ). Personality and Individual Differences. 2011;51(7):829-835. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.07.005.

2. Bale C. A mixed method examination into the effects of an eight-week mindfulness training course on stress and empathy levels in master's level psychotherapy students. [MA in Psychotherapy]. Dublin Business School; 2012.

3. Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S. The empathy quotient: An investigation of adults with asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences. J Autism Dev Disord. 2004;34(2):163-175. doi: JADD.0000022607.19833.00.

4. Batson CD, Eklund JH, Chermok VL, Hoyt JL, Ortiz BG. An additional antecedent of empathic concern: Valuing the welfare of the person in need. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;93(1):65-74. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.93.1.65.

5. Batson CD, Fultz J, Schoenrade PA. Distress and empathy: Two qualitatively distinct vicarious emotions with different motivational consequences. J Pers. 1987;55(1):19-39. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.ep8970569.

6. Bertling JG. The art of empathy: A mixed methods case study of a critical place-based art education program. [PhD]. University of Georgia; 2012.

7. Block J. The Q-sort method in personality assessment and psychiatric research. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher; 1961.

8. Bryant BK. An index of empathy for children and adolescents. Child Dev. 1982;53(2):413-425. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.ep8588354.

9. Buchheimer A, Goodman J, Sircus G. Videotapes and kinescopic recordings as situational test and laboratory exercises in empathy for the training of counselors. New York: Hunter College of the City University of New York; 1965:109.

10. Carey JM, Cassels TG. Comparing two forms of a childhood perspective-taking measure using CFA and IRT. Psychol Assess. 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0032641.

11. Conklin RC, Hunt AS. An investigation of the validity of empathy measures. Counselor Education and Supervision. 1975;15(2):119-127. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6978.1975.tb00995.x.

12. Cronbach LJ. Processes affecting scores on "understanding of others" and "assumed similarity.". Psychol Bull. 1955;52(3):177-193. doi: 10.1037/h0044919.

13. Crowne DP, Marlowe D. A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. J Consult Psychol. 1960;24(4):349-354. doi: 10.1037/h0047358.

14. Dadds MR, Hunter K, Hawes DJ, et al. A measure of cognitive and affective empathy in children using parent ratings. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2008;39(2):111-122. doi: 10.1007/s10578-007-0075-4.

15. Davis MH. Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1983;44(1):113. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.44.1.113.

16. Davis MH, American Psychological Association. A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology. 1980;10:85-104.

17. Davis MH. Empathy: A social psychological approach. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press; 1996.

18. Duan C, Clara EH. The current state of empathy research. Journal of counseling psychology. 1996;43(3):261-274. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.43.3.261.

19. Dymond RF. A scale for the measurement of empathic ability. J Consult Psychol. 1949;13(2):127-133. doi: 10.1037/h0061728.

20. Dymond RF. Personality and empathy. J Consult Psychol. 1950;14(5):343-350. doi: 10.1037/h0061674.

21. Dziobek I, Fleck S, Kalbe E, et al. Introducing MASC: A movie for the assessment of social cognition. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders. 2006;36(5):623-636. doi: 10.1007/s10803-006-0107-0.

22. Engelen E, Röttger-Rössler B. Current disciplinary and interdisciplinary debates on empathy. Emotion Review. 2012;4(1):3-8. doi: 10.1177/1754073911422287.

23. Eysenck SBG, Eysenck HJ. Impulsiveness and venturesomeness: Their position in a dimensional system of personality description. Psychol Rep. 1978;43(3):1247-1255. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1978.43.3f.1247.

24. Feshbach ND, Feshbach S. The relationship between empathy and aggression in two age groups. Dev Psychol. 1969;1(2):102-107. doi: 10.1037/h0027016.

25. Feshbach ND, Roe K. Empathy in six- and seven-year-olds. Child Dev. 1968;39(1):133-145. doi: 10.2307/1127365.

26. Funk JB, Buchman DD, Jenks J, Bechtoldt H. Playing violent video games, desensitization, and moral evaluation in children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 2003;24(4):413-436. doi: //

27. Furst EJ, Fricke BG. Development and applications of structured tests of personality. Review of Educational Research. 1956;26(1, Educational and Psychological Testing):26-55. doi: 10.3102/00346543026001026.

28. Gehlbach H, Brinkworth ME. The social perspective taking process: Strategies and sources of evidence in taking another’s perspective. Teachers College Record. 2012;114(1):1-29.'s_Perspective/file/e0b4951af386203219.pdf.

29. Gehlbach H, Brinkworth ME, Wang M. The social perspective taking process: What motivates individuals to take another’s perspective. Teachers College Record. 2012;114(1):197-225.'s_Perspective/file/5046351af3ae53dbd5.pdf.

30. Gerdes KE, Segal EA, Lietz CA. Conceptualising and measuring empathy. The British journal of social work. 2010;40(7):2343; 2343. doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bcq048.

31. Gough HG. A validational study of the chapin social insight test. Psychol Rep. 1965;17(2):355-368. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1965.17.2.355.

32. Grady MD, Rose RA. The empathy index. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2011;26(18):3790-3814. doi: 10.1177/0886260511403755.

33. Greif EEB. The theory and measurement of empathy. Journal of counseling psychology. 1973;20(3):280-284. doi: 10.1037/h0034488.

34. Hall WB. The empathy test, review. In: Buros OK, ed. Vol 6. Highland Park, NJ: Gryphon Press; 1965.

35. Hashimoto H, Shiomi K. The structure of empathy in japanese adolescents: Construction and examination of an empathy scale. Social behavior and personality. 2002;30(6):593-601. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2002.30.6.593.

36. Hathaway SR, McKinley JC. Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory; manual (revised). San Antonio, TX, US: Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX; 1951:31.

37. Hogan R. Development of an empathy scale. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1969;33(3):307-316.

38. Hojat M, Mangione S, Nasca TJ, et al. The jefferson scale of physician empathy: Development and preliminary psychometric data. Educational & Psychological Measurement. 2001;61(2):349-365. doi: 10.1177/00131640121971158.

39. Hojat M, Vergare MJ, Maxwell K, et al. The devil is in the third year: A longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical school. Academic Medicine. 2009;84(9):1182-1191. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181b17e55.

40. Hornak J, Rolls ET, Wade D. Face and voice expression identification in patients with emotional and behavioural changes following ventral frontal lobe damage. Neuropsychologia. 1996;34(4):247-261. doi: 10.1016/0028-3932(95)00106-9.

41. Johnson JA, Cheek JM, Smither R. The structure of empathy. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1983;45(6):1299-1312. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.45.6.1299.

42. Jolliffe D, Farrington DP. Development and validation of the basic empathy scale. J Adolesc. 2006;29(4):589-611. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.010.

43. Kärnä A, Voeten M, Little TD, Poskiparta E, Kaljonen A, Salmivalli C. A large-scale evaluation of the KiVa antibullying program: Grades 4-6. Child Dev. 2011;82(1):311-330. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01557.x.

44. Kerr WA, Speroff BJ. Validation and evaluation of the empathy test. J Gen Psychol. 1954;50(2):269-276. doi: 10.1080/00221309.1954.9710125.

45. Konrath SH, O'Brien EH, Hsing C. Changes in dispositional empathy in american college students over time: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review. 2011;15(2):180-198. doi: 10.1177/1088868310377395.

46. Lawrence EJ, Shaw P, Baker D, Baron-Cohen S, David AS. Measuring empathy: Reliability and validity of the empathy quotient. Psychol Med. 2004;34(05):911-923. doi: 10.1017/S0033291703001624.

47. Lietz CA, Gerdes KE, Sun F, Geiger JM, Wagaman MA, Segal EA. The empathy assessment index (EAI): A confirmatory factor analysis of a multidimensional model of empathy. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research. 2011;2(2):104-124. doi: 10.5243/jsswr.2011.6.

48. Light SN, Coan JA, Zahn-Waxler C, Frye C, Goldsmith HH, Davidson RJ. Empathy is associated with dynamic change in prefrontal brain electrical activity during positive emotion in children. Child Dev. 2009;80(4):1210-1231. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01326.x.

49. McCurdy BL, Shapiro ES. Self-observation and the reduction of inappropriate classroom behavior. J School Psychol. 1988;26(4):371-378. doi: 10.1016/0022-4405(88)90044-1.

50. Megargee EI, ed. The california psychological inventory handbook. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 1972.

51. Mehrabian A. Relations among personality scales of aggression, violence, and empathy: Validational evidence bearing on the risk of eruptive violence scale. Aggressive Behav. 1997;23(6):433-445.<433::AID-AB3>3.0.CO;2-H. doi: AID-AB3>3.0.CO;2-H.

52. Mehrabian A, Epstein N. A measure of emotional empathy. J Pers. 1972;40(4):525-543. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.ep8970028.

53. Mehrabian A, Young A, Sato S. Emotional empathy and associated individual differences. Current Psychology. 1988;7(3):221-240. doi: 10.1007/BF02686670.

54. Muncer SJ, Steven J. Psychometric analysis of the empathy quotient (EQ) scale. Personality and individual differences. 2006;40(6):1111-1119. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.09.020.

55. Scott DT. The empathetic meme: Situating chris crocker within the media history of LGBT equality struggles. J Commun Inquiry. 2014;38(4):308-324. doi: 10.1177/0196859914550690.

56. Shapiro J, Morrison EH, Boker JR. Teaching empathy to first year medical students: Evaluation of an elective literature and medicine course. Education for Health: Change in Learning & Practice. 2004;17(1):73-84. doi: 10.1080/13576280310001656196.

57. Spreng RN, McKinnon CM, Mar AR, Levine B. The toronto empathy questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures.J Pers Assess. 2009;91(1):62-71. doi: 10.1080/00223890802484381.

58. Stotland E. Exploratory investigations of empathy. In: Berkowitz L, ed. Vol 4. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1969:271-314. lang_fr&id=gogc3sC6S5AC&oi=fnd&pg=PA271&dq=Exploratory+investigations+of+empathy&ots=CE3rF8xOcZ&sig=lMa8aStCSUQTroDgPSxsiU4Aock#v=onepage&q=Exploratory%20investigations%20of%20empathy&f=false.

59. Teuma R, Smith D, Stewart A, Lee J. Measurement of victim empathy in intrafamilial and extrafamilial child molesters using the child molester empathy measurement (CMEM). International Journal of Forensic Psychology. 2011;1(1):120-132.

60. Van Zelst RH. Empathy test scores of union leaders. J Appl Psychol. 1952;36(5):293-295. doi: 10.1037/h0062674.

61. Wakabayashi A, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, et al. Development of short forms of the empathy quotient (EQ-short) and the systemizing quotient (SQ-short). Personality and individual differences. 2006;41(5):929-940. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.017.

62. Wang Y, Davidson MM, Yakushko OF, Savoy HB, Tan JA, Bleier JK. The scale of ethnocultural empathy: Development, validation, and reliability. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2003;50(2):221-234. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.50.2.221.

63. Zhou Q. Empathy and its measurement. In: Positive psychological assessment : A handbook of models and measures. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association; 2003:269-284.