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(BUTTERS 2010)

" If we increase empathy through training we may be able to decrease 
  • child abuse (Weihe, 1997), 
  • aggression towards others (Jolliffe, 2006a),
  •  sexual assault (Anderson & Whiston, 2005),
  •  child molestation (Marshall et al., 1996), 
  • interpersonal violence (O’Donohue, 2003), and 
  • criminal recidivism (Jackson, 2009).
 Increases in empathy also have a 111 positive impact on 
  • social functioning (Del Barrio et al., 2004), 
  • parenting practices (Kaminski, Valle, Filene, & Boyle, 2008), 
  • family relationships (Guerney, 1988), 
  • and moral development (Kagan, 1984)" 
Wiehe, V. (1997). Approaching child abuse treatment from the perspective of empathy. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21(12), 1191-1204.

Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2006a). Examining the relationship between low empathy and bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 540-550. 

Anderson, L., & Whiston, S. (2005). Sexual assault education programs: A meta-analytic examination of their effectiveness. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29(4), 374- 388. 

O'Donohue, W., Yeater, E. A., & Fanetti, M. (2003). Rape prevention with college males: The roles of rape myth acceptance, victim empathy, and outcome expectancies. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 513-531. 

Jackson, A. L., & Bonacker, N. (2006). The effect of victim impact training programs on the development of guilt, shame and empathy among offenders. International Review of Victimology, 13, 301-324.

Del Barrio, V., Aluja, A., & Garcia, L. F. (2004). Relationship between empathy and the big five personality traits in a sample of Spanish adolescents. Social Behavior and Personality, 32, 677-682.

Kaminski, J., Valle, L., Filene, J., & Boyle, C. (2008). A meta-analytic review of components associated with parent training program effectiveness. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: An official publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 36(4), 567-589.

Guerney, B. G., Jr. (1988). Family relationship enhancement: A skill training approach. In L. A. Bond & B. M. Wagner (Eds.), Families in transition: Primary prevention programs that work (pp. 99-134). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 

(Kagan, 1984)" ???