The program starts from considering that current research on human rationality is still fundamentally embedded in the ‘cognitivist’ paradigm of early cognitive psychology, as it sees cognition as internal symbolic manipulation of the external world. This framework basically neglects the last two-decade advancements in cognitive psychology that have synthetically been grouped under the label embodied cognition. The notion of embodied cognition, directly challenging the cognitivist stance, posits that cognitive processes:
- fundamentally rely on action and interaction with the world;
- constitutively depend on the sensory-motor system;
- work through some form of externalism, i.e. use the external world as a resource for cognitive processes.