Elongated Coin - Hawaii, Nevada, South Korea, Japan & Casinos

Click on a link in the left sidebar to view my collection.

I collect variations.  Will Trade/Buy/Sell Hawaii, Nevada, South Korea, Japan & Casino elongated, smashed, pressed penny.

Many thanks to all my trading partners that have filled holes in my collection.

Trade/For Sale                                        Want List

New Additions
new Casinos - Non Nevada, Generic Casino Related, My Lucky Cent 7 Come 11, October 2018 (thanks Norm I.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Yokohama, Morinaga Candy Factory, October 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Tokyo, TV Asahi Doraemon, October 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, TV Asahi Go-chan Panda, October 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Osaka, Universal Studios Japan 2018 One Piece EC's, September 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Pokemon Center unknown locationArceus EC September 2018

new Japan Elongated Coins, Kanagawa, Odawara CastleSeptember 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Saitama, Tomix WorldSeptember 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new info Nevada - Boulder City, Alan Bible Visitor Center four design set (no picture), August 2018 (set wanted, will trade or buy)

new info Hawaii - Big Island, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park set, possibly Retired/Removed, the park is closed because of Kilauea volcano's eruption. (thanks for the info Alan H.) August 2018

new info Hawaii - Big Island, Kona International Market set, Retired (thanks for the info Alan H.) August 2018

new info Hawaii - Maui, 1941 S. Kihei Road, new machine? I don't know how reliable the address/info is. The address is for Kihei Kalama Village Shopping Center but the new four design machine is at a Farmer's Market? Does anyone have better info? August 2018

new Nevada - Virginia City, Julia Bulette, August 2018 (thanks Norm I.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Tokyo, Henn-na Hotel, August 2018 (thanks Betty K.) (This is a robot operated hotel)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building machine 1, August 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building machine 2 (Hello Kitty), August 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

new Japan Elongated Coins, Tokyo, Tobu Hotel Levant, August 2018 (thanks Betty K.)

Elongated Coins
Elongated Coins (EC) are made by inserting quarters and a penny into a machine.  The machine squishes the penny into an elongated coin.  It is also called a smashed penny and a pressed penny.

Most collectors want the elongated coin to be copper and not zinc.  To tell the difference check the date of the penny.  Prior to 1982 pennies were made of 95% copper.  Beginning in 1982 pennies were made of 95% zinc.  You can find both copper & zinc pennies in 1982 during the changeover.

You can tell the difference after squishing the penny:
After squishing, the Dole Cannery Square zinc penny on the left has gray zinc showing while the Dole Cannery Square copper penny on the right doesn't.  Both pennies are from the same machine but the appearance is different.

Some can tell the difference by the sound it makes.  Drop it on a hard surface and the copper coin makes a "ting" sound while the zinc sounds like a "thud".

The zinc penny causes problems during cleaning.  Be careful, a vinegar & salt solution will dissolve zinc pennies.

Another difference is the copper penny weighs 3.11 grams while a zinc penny weighs 2.5 grams.

Short Roll versus Complete Roll
In the below Hilo Hatties example both pennies are copper.
The "Short roll" penny's dot border is not complete and part of the flower design is cut off.
Both pennies are from the same machine but were pressed before and after adjustments were made to the machine.
This was an electric machine so the penny pressing was done automatically.
Short-Complete Roll

Complete Roll versus Long Roll
In the below Bodies - The Exhibition example both pennies are copper.
The design on both pennies are the same size but the tails are different lengths.
The machine needs to be adjusted for a complete and proper roll.

Medal Aligned versus Coin Aligned
Coins have a certain characteristic that makes them different from medals & medallions.  The back side of a coin is upside down while the back side of a medal is right side up.  Here's an example:

If you spin a medal from side to side the back is upright.  This is known as medal aligned.
If you spin a coin from side to side the back is upside down.  This is known as coin aligned.
This difference is important when looking for variations in two sided elongated coins.

Catch Notch & Initials
A catch notch is located on one end of the elongated coin.  Some elongated coins have two catch notches.
Sometimes there are initials and/or numbers near the catch notch.  This identifies the engraver of the coin.  The example below shows the initials "P" "E".  This identifies Paradise Engraving as the engraver of the die.

Wheatie - Wheat back penny
Wheat back pennies were minted from 1909 to 1958 and are called "wheaties" for it's wheat design.
This is a well circulated wheatie that has been cleaned (vinegar & salt) and polished (Wright's Brass Polish).  It's ready to be elongated!

Steelie - 1943 steel penny
This is a 1943 steel penny with a "wheat" design on the back.  It is known as a steel war penny or "steelie".  Copper was in shortage during World War II so the penny was minted in zinc coated steel.
The steelie was minted in 1943 only; numerous complaints emerged after minting.
A 1943 steel penny is very hard and can possibly damage the die in an elongated machine.  Some machines have a magnet that removes a steel penny before it can be squished.  A steelie will roll shorter than a copper penny.

Hand Crank & Electric Machines
Here are examples of a hand crank and an electric elongated coin machine.  On the left the Sea Life Park machine hand crank must be manually turned to squish the penny while on the right the Dawn's Treasures electric machine squishes the penny automatically.
                                                          Hand Crank                                                   Electric

Be sure to clean your penny before squishing; it's harder to clean a dirty elongated coin.

There are some collectors that use a rock tumbler machine.  They simply toss the circulated pennies into a rock tumbler, add cleaning material and let the pennies "tumble" until clean and shiny.

I clean circulated pennies in a mixture of salt and vinegar.  The recommended mixture is 1 tsp (5 g) of salt and 1/4 c (2 oz) of vinegar.  Stir until the salt dissolves. Place the dirty pennies into this solution for several minutes.  This solution will damage zinc pennies but will clean copper ones.  I use an old toothbrush for really dirty pennies.

Here's a 1975 copper penny that was submerged halfway into a salt and vinegar mixture. The top portion was not dipped into the mix.
1975 penny halfway in a salt/vinegar mix

To get the newly cleaned penny to be shiny I use Wright's Brass Polish. The portion below 1975 of the above penny was polished with Wright's. This polish is water soluble so that's a big plus; I simply rinse the coin after polishing.

Zinc Penny - Salt & Vinegar Solution
Don't clean a zinc penny with a salt & vinegar solution because the penny will turn black and start to dissolve.
An elongated zinc penny was left in a salt & vinegar solution and it burned a hole through the penny!  Here's a picture of the elongated zinc penny sitting in the salt & vinegar bath.  You can see bubbles covering the coin where it is dissolving.

This elongated coin was initially rolled at Las Vegas Premium Outlets South in the Flashbacks store on a 1995 D zinc penny.

Here's a close-up of the 1995 D date.
Another reason for this close-up shot is to show the gray lines in pennies that are 95% zinc.

Here's a comparison of this zinc coin and a copper coin after a salt & vinegar solution bath:

Storing EC's
I keep my EC's in 2x2 elongated coin cardboard holders with mylar.  It's called a 2x2 because it is 2 inches by 2 inches after folding.

I place each EC into a holder, fold the flip over and staple with my MAX flat clinch stapler.  I place each holder into a 2" by 2" pocket in an archival safe 20 pocket page.  These 20 pocket pages are kept in a three ring binder.
20-pocket archival safe page

Flat Clinch Stapler
My MAX flat clinch stapler is great because the staple comes out flat, unlike regular staples that are rounded on the ends.  Stacking becomes neater and more flat.  It's an easier fit into 20 pocket pages and it takes less effort to staple too.  After discovering MAX I haven't used a regular stapler since.

Here's a Top View and a Side View of a regular staple and a flat clinch staple.

Scanning Elongated Coins 101
If you are scanning EC's either for trading/selling or for your collection it's important to start off right.
There are two types of scanners, CIS & CCD.
For an explanation of the difference and a complete review click here: