New Year in Elections report:
Campaign finance failed to meet international standards in two-thirds of all elections
In many countries, polling day ends with disputes about ballot-box fraud, corruption, and flawed registers. Which claims are accurate? And which are false complaints from sore losers?
New evidence gathered by the Electoral Integrity Project has just been released in an annual report which compares the risks of flawed and failed elections, and how far countries around the world meet international standards. The report evaluates the integrity of all 180 national parliamentary and presidential contests held between 1 July 2012 to 31 December 2015 in 139 countries worldwide, including 54 national elections held in 2015.
Data is gathered from a global survey of more than 2,000 election experts. Immediately after each contest, the survey asks 40 domestic and international experts to monitor the quality of each election based on 49 indicators. These responses are clustered into eleven stages occurring during the electoral cycle and summed to construct an overall 100-point expert Perception of Electoral Integrity (PEI) index and ranking. ‘Failed’ elections are defined as those which fall below 40 on any of the 100-point scales.
The EIP is an independent research project based at the University of Sydney and Harvard University, directed by Professor Pippa Norris.
Long-standing democracies such as Norway, Germany and the Netherlands were among the highest in electoral integrity, but several newer democracies also ranked highly, including Estonia, Costa Rica, and Slovenia. By contrast, during 2015 failed contests in Ethiopia, Burundi and Togo were among the worst rated by experts.
Source: Electoral Integrity Project. 2016. The expert survey of Perceptions of Electoral Integrity, Release 4 (PEI-4.0) www.electoralintegrityproject.com
The report also highlights contests to watch during 2016. This includes elections in Australia, the DRC, the Dominican Republic, Iran, Morocco, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, South Korea, Syria, and the United States.
Comments and feedback on the report are welcome and any errors brought to our attention will be corrected in subsequent releases.
Reference to the dataset should be cited as "Pippa Norris, Ferran Martinez i Coma, Alessandro Nai, and Max Grömping. 2016. The Perceptions of Electoral Integrity (PEI-4.0) dataset, Release 4.0. University of Sydney/Harvard University."
Professor Pippa Norris, (Director EIP, Professor of Government and International Relations, University of Sydney, and McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics, Harvard University),
Dr. Ferran Martínez i Coma, (PEI Program Manager and Senior Research Fellow)
Dr Alessandro Nai, (EIP Project Manager and Senior Research Fellow)
Max Grömping, (EIP Research Assistant and PhD student)
8 March 2016
Full reports in PDF
Press release in Word