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Montreal August 2015

ECPR General Conference 26 - 29 August 2015, Montreal

At the ECPR General Conference in Montreal, Canada this August, the Electoral Integrity Project sponsored a section with four panels on “The Hidden Challenges of Electoral Integrity.” The panels took place on 27 and 28 August, read a full report on our EIP blog, here

As one of the most fundamental acts of political expression, the adherence to the high standards of procedural performance in elections remains a key area of study for both democratic and autocratic regimes. Topics such as best practices for preventing fraud in new democracies and the effects of electoral malpractice in electoral authoritarian regimes have been the focus of continued study, but what are the hidden challenges of electoral integrity? This section presented panels focusing on unexpected problems in the study of electoral integrity in both the democratic and autocratic regimes that hold elections.

Papers addressed questions such as:

    • Why do some electoral authoritarian regimes perform reasonably well in terms of electoral integrity? Is there a gap between the legal framework and performance in ‘authoritarian elections’?
    • What are the causes and consequences of electoral integrity or malpractice across various regime types?
    • What is the relationship between different types of party systems and electoral rules and the (perceived) quality of elections and electoral process?
    • How are established democracies coping with the new integrity challenges of the digital age and low political interest and participation? 

    For further details about the section and to download papers please visit the ECPR website here (please click through to the panel and paper you are interested in, and click on the link to “View Full Paper").

    If you have any questions, please email section co-chairs Margarita Zavadskaya and Holly Ann Garnett

    Top row, left to right: Margarita Zavadskaya (EUI; Section Co-Chair) presents her paper “When Do Elections Subvert Authoritarianism? Electoral Malpractice and Possible Post-Electoral Scenarios”; EIP Project Manager Alessandro Nai (University of Sydney), 1st semester (2015) intern Marcus Spittler (WZB) and 2nd semester (2014) interns Holly Ann Garnett (McGill) and Margarita Zavadskaya (EUI); Samuele Dominioni (Sciences Po Paris) responds to some comments on his paper “Innovation and Diffusion of Electoral Misconducts: Evidences from Russia and the South Caucasus”; Section Co-Chairs Margarita Zavadskaya (EUI) and Holly Garnett (McGill); Julian Zuber (Oxford) presents his paper “Electoral Integrity and Procedural Justice”.

    Middle row, left to right: Norbert Kersting (Muenster); Alessandro Nai (EIP Project Manager); Lee Morgenbesser (Griffith); Marcus Spittler (WZB); Holly Garnett 
    (McGill); Samuele Dominioni (Sciences Po Paris); Margarita Zavadskaya (EUI).

    Bottom row, left to right: Section Co-Chairs Margarita Zavadskaya (EUI) and Holly Garnett (McGill); EIP Project Manager Alessandro Nai (University of Sydney) presents his paper “Rolling in the deep: How values and personality traits affect perceptions of electoral integrity” (co-authored with Camille Reynolds, Université de Lausanne).


    Panels

    1. Electoral Integrity and Authoritarianism
    Time: August 28, 09:00am
    Location: Jean Brillant Floor 4, Room B-4265

    Panel Chair: Chris Chimm, McGill University, chris.chhim@mail.mcgill.ca

    Panel Discussant: Margarita Zavadskaya, European University Institute, Margarita.Zavadskaya@EUI.EU

    Abstract: It is commonplace to assume that all modern autocrats manipulate the elections. Although, it is often omitted that the menu of manipulation is wide and some choices are more efficient, than the others. This panel dicusses how does electoral integrity or malpractice affect turnout, perception of elections as well as more general questions as the very meaning of authoritarian elections.

    Papers:

    Electoral Integrity and Democratic Transition: What the 2015 General Election in Nigeria Means to the International Community
    Franklins Sanubi, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria, fasanubi@delsu.edu.ng

    Innovation and Diffusion of Electoral Misconducts: Evidences from Russia and the South Caucasus
    Samuele Dominioni, Sciences Po Paris, samuele.dominioni@sciencespo.fr 

    The Effects of Electoral Integrity on Voter Turnout in Semi-Authoritarian Regimes
    Evelyn Chan, University of Pittsburgh, evc8@pitt.edu

    The Meaning of Autocratic Elections: Implications for Electoral Integrity
    Lee Morgenbesser, Griffith University, l.morgenbesser@griffith.edu.au


    2. Electoral Justice and Legal Challenges
    Time: August 28, 11:00am
    Location: Jean Brillant Floor 4, Room B-4265

    Panel Chair: Holly Ann Garnett, McGill University, holly.garnett@mail.mcgill.ca

    Discussant: Norbert Kersting, University of Münster, Norbert.kersting@uni-muenster.de

    Abstract: The study of electoral integrity involves the analysis of legal arrangements that create divergent incentives for political actors and, thereby, lead to unintended outcomes: voter suppression, discrimination, undermining political trust. This panel discusses the legal challenges of electoral integrity through the case-studies and cross-country comparisons.

    Papers:

    Challenges to Elections Quality: The Exceptionality of Electoral Dispute Resolution in Nigeria 2007 and 2011 Elections
    Ibrahim Sani, University of Edinburgh, I.Sani@sms.ed.ac.uk

    Electoral Integrity and Procedural Justice
    Julian Zuber, University of Oxford, julian.zuber@economics.oxon.org

    The Law and Politics of Voter Suppression
    Michael Pal, University of Ottawa, mpal@uottawa.ca


    3. Electoral Malpractice in Comparative Perspective
    Time: August 27, 15:50
    Location: Jean Brillant Floor 2, Room B-2305

    Panel Chair: Valerie-Ann Maheo, McGill University, va.maheo@mail.mcgill.ca

    Panel Discussant: Alessandro Nai, University of Sydney, alessandro.nai@unige.ch

    Abstract: This panel addresses the issues of broad cross-national comparison of the effects of electoral misconduct in democratising regimes all over the world. Are there any common tendencies? How the methodological challenges of cross-national study of electoral fraud can be tackled?

    Papers:

    Mistake, Miscount or Electoral Fraud? Invalid voting in Czech Municipal Elections
    Tomáš Lebeda, Palacký University, tomas.lebeda@upol.cz

    Quality of Elections in Latin America: electoral governance, trust, failure.
    Gabriela Tarouco, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, gabrielat@uol.com.br

    When Do Elections Subvert Authoritarianism? Electoral Malpractice and Possible Post-Electoral Scenarios
    Margarita Zavadskaya, European University Institute, Margarita.Zavadskaya@EUI.EU


    4. Strengthening Electoral Integrity
    Time: August 28, 17:50am
    Location: Jean Brillant Floor 4, Room B-4265

    Panel Chair: Margarita Zavadskaya, European University Institute, Margarita.Zavadskaya@EUI.EU

    Panel Discussant: Holly Ann Garnett, McGill University, holly.garnett@mail.mcgill.ca

    Abstract: This panel addresses the questions of how and why voters' and experts' evaluations of electoral integrity diverge, which factors affect the perceptions of electoral integrity and through which mechanisms electoral integrity can be improved.

    Papers:

    Internet Penetration: A Way to Strengthening Electoral Integrity
    Daniel Stockemer, University of Ottawa, dstockem@uottawa.ca

    Rolling in the deep: How values and personality traits affect perceptions of electoral integrity
    Alessandro Nai, University of Geneva, alessandro.nai@unige.ch
    Camille Reynolds, Université de Lausanne, camille.reynolds@unil.ch

    Voters' Perception vs. Expert Assessment of Election Quality
    Marcus Spittler, WZB Berlin Social Science Center, marcus.spittler@wzb.eu



    All paper presenters, discussants and chairs are invited to a
    section dinner on Saturday 29 August at 18:00
    at Restaurant L'Academie Crescent on Crescent Street (2100 rue Crescent). Map.
    Please RSVP to holly.garnett@mail.mcgill.ca by 15 August. 


    http://www.lacademie.ca/index.php

    http://www.lacademie.ca/index.php





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