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Montreal July 2014

Workshop: Citizens, Parties, and Electoral Contexts 

When: One-day pre-IPSA Workshop: 10.00am to 7.00pm Friday 18th July 2014

Where: Palais de Congress, Montréal, Canada. Rooms 518a, 518b, 519a and 519b. 

Organizers: Prof. Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University) and Dr. Ferran Martinez i Coma (University of Sydney)

Co-sponsors: Making Electoral Democracy Workthe Centre for the Study of Democratic Citizenshipthe Electoral Integrity Project; and the IPSA Research Section on Elections, Citizens and Parties.

The event was held the day before the 23rd International Political Science Association World Congress 19-24 July 2014, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada. 

New! Download one PDF file with the program and all papers (for electronic readers like IPads).


The study of how citizens and parties act within different electoral contexts is a rapidly growing focus of comparative research. The Making Electoral Democracy Work (MEDW) project aims to examine how the rules of the game (especially the electoral system) and the electoral context (especially the competitiveness and salience of an election) influence the dynamic and reciprocal relationship between voters and parties in several long-established democratic states (Canada, France, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland). The Electoral Integrity Project widens the perspective still further, by examining how the quality of any contest and common malpractices affect citizens and elites in national elections in countries worldwide. This workshop presented papers using multiple methods and approaches which seek to tackle several related questions:
  • What impact do electoral rules and electoral integrity have on citizen’s participation, especially voting turnout and campaign activism? 
  • What impact do electoral rules and electoral integrity have on political representation, especially the accountability of elected officials to citizens? 
  • What impact do electoral rules and electoral integrity have on party choice and voting behavior?
  • What impact do electoral rules and electoral integrity have on the behavior of political parties? 
Queries may be sent to   

About the sponsors:

Making Electoral Democracy Work is an international collaborative project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada under the direction of André Blais that brings together an exceptional team of economists, political scientists, and psychologists from Canada, Europe, and the United States to undertake the most ambitious study ever undertaken of the impact of electoral rules on the functioning of democracy.

The Electoral Integrity Project is an independent academic study with a research team based at the Department of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney and the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. It is funded by many partner agencies, including the Australian Research Council. The Project focuses upon three main questions: When do elections meet international standards of electoral integrity? What happens when elections fail to do so? And what can be done to mitigate these problems? 
The IPSA Elections, Citizens and Parties research section (IPSA-ECP) is an international professional network of scholars. The research section focuses on the analysis of elections and electoral systems, citizen activism, and political parties, within and across nation-states. 

The Centre for the Study of Democratic Citizenship develops inter-disciplinary and multiple methodological perspectives in the study of challenges that democracies face. It brings together a group of scholars from five Quebec universities. 

The workshop organizers were Dr Ferran Martinez i Coma (University of Sydney) and Professor Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University).  


Where: Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, meeting rooms 518a, 518b, 519a and 519b

When: Friday 18 July, 2014, 8.30-7.00pm, immediately prior to the 23rd International Political Science Association General Congress, Montreal

Organizers: Dr Ferran Martinez i Coma and Professor Elisabeth Gidengil

Co-sponsoring organizations: The Making Electoral Democracy Work Project, the Electoral Integrity Project, the Center for the Study of Democratic Citizenship, and IPSA Research Committee 23 Elections, Citizens and Parties

The program is available for download here. 

The program and all papers in one file (suitable for downloading for readers) is also available.



Arrival and registration






Introduction to the Making Electoral Democracy Work Project and the Electoral Integrity Project


Elisabeth Gidengil, Pippa Norris and Ferran Martinez i Coma




Panel 1: Campaigns and the vote


Chair: Karin Riedl, CUNY


Negative Campaigning in Multicandidate Contests, Indridi Indridason, University of California at Riverside, Matt Golder, Pennsylvania State University and Thomas Gschwend, University of Manheim


Campaigns and Cross-Level Partisanship, Laura Stephenson, University of Western Ontario, and Éric Bélanger, McGill University


The Impact of Electoral Systems on Personal Vote Strategies. A Field Experiment on German MPs, Damien Bol, Université de Montréal, Thomas Gschwend, University of Mannheim, Thomas Zittel, Goethe University Frankfurt, Steffen Zittlau, University of Mannheim


Perceptions of Corruption: Does the Level of Government Make a Difference? André Blais, Université de Montréal and Elisabeth Gidengil, McGill University, Anja Kilibarda, Université de Montréal


Peter Miller, University of Pennsylvania 








Panel 2: Determinants and consequences of Electoral Integrity


Chad Vickery, IFES


Bullets over Ballots: How Electoral Exclusion Sparks Political Violence and Chills Participation, Brian Klaas, Oxford University

Gender and Electoral Integrity: Combating Violence against Women in Politics, Mona Lena Krook, Rutgers University


Capturing Campaigns’ Effects on Democratic Satisfaction: Evidence from a Panel Study in Uganda, Nicholas Kerr, University of Alabama and Jeff Conroy-Krutz,  Michigan State University


Beat Me If You Can: The Fairness of Elections in Dictatorships, Masaaki Higashijima, Michigan State University


Allyson Benton, CIDE








Panel 3. Voting turnout


Katharina Jaronicki, University of Pennsylvania


Compulsory Voting, Voter Turnout, and Income Inequality, John Carey, Dartmouth College and Yusaku Horiuchi, Darmouth College


Elections as Poor Reflections of Preferences under Compulsory VotingShane Singh, University of Georgia


High Turnout in the Low Countries: Partisan Effects of Turnout in Belgium and The Netherlands, Peter Miller, University of Pennsylvania and Ruth Dassoneville, University of Leuven


Swing Voters and Motivated Cognitive Reasoning, Matthew Byrne, University of British Columbia and Pascal Doray-DemersUniversité de Montréal


Cooperating for fairness: the role of electoral institutions in generating legislation aimed at protecting vulnerable sectors in society in the sub-Saharan African region, Karin Riedl, The Graduate Center, CUNY


Damien Bol, Universite de Montréal








Panel 4. Perceptions of Electoral Integrity             


Mona Lena Krook,  Rutgers University 


Electoral rules, performance and perceptions of electoral integrity, Todd Donovan, Western Washington University, and Shaun Bowler, UC Riverside 


Distrust without Controversy: Determinants of Perceptions of Election Transparency in Contemporary Argentina, Julia Pomares, Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC)


Impact of Perceptions of Election Integrity on Electoral Participation: The Case of Ukraine Staffan Darnolf, IFES, and Rakesh Sharma, IFES


(How) Does Electoral Integrity Affect Turnout?  Ferran Martinez i Coma, The University of Sydney, and Minh Trinh, Harvard University


Brian Klaas, University of Oxford 




Panel 5: Breakout roundtables during buffet lunch


In this breakout session, led by practitioners, groups at each table will be asked to discuss two issues: What are the practical barriers to knowledge sharing among practitioners and scholars in the research communities? What could be done to strengthen these networks? Each table group will select a rapporteur to report back the key points during the final 15-20 minutes.


Table 5_1 Niall McCann, UNDP


Table 5_2 Chad Vickery, IFES


Table 5_3 Staffan Darnolf, IFES


Table 5_4 Betilde Munoz-Possian, OAS


Table 5_5 Marc Mayrand, Chief Elections Officer, Elections Canada 


Table 5_6 Annette M. Fath-Lihic, International IDEA 


Table 5_7 Martin Schaaper, UNESCO Institute for Statistics


Table 5_8 Nathaniel Heller, Global Integrity



Panel 6: Representative and direct democracy


Elisabeth Gidengil, McGill University


Campaigning in Direct Democracies: Initiative Petition Signing, Voter Turnout, and AcceptanceKatharina Jaronicki, University of Pennsylvania


The Conditioning Impact of Electoral and Party Systems on Electoral Volatility, Benjamin Ferland, McGill University and Ruth Dassonneville, University of Leuven


How to Survey about Turnout? Evidence from a Randomized Wording Experiment in Five Democracies, Alexandre Morin-ChasséUniversité de Montréal; Damien BolUniversité de Montréal; Laura Stephenson, University of Western Ontario; and Simon Labbé St-VincentUniversité de Montréal


Patrick Fournier, University of Montreal






Panel 7: Forensics, Campaign finance, and the Law


Lonna Atkeson, University of New Mexico 


Equity and Transparency in Campaign Financing: Implications for the Integrity of Elections, Betilde Munoz-Pogossian, OAS and, Alejandro Urizar, OAS.


Does the Decentralization of Electoral Manipulation Strengthen National Electoral Authoritarian Regimes? Evidence from Mexico, Allyson Benton, CIDE.


The Public Mapping Project. Drawing Electoral Boundaries and International Transparent Participative Mapping around the Globe,  Alejandro Trelles, University of Pittsburgh


Canadian Election Administration on Trial: The "Robocalls" Case and the Opitz Decision, Michael Pal, University of Toronto


The portfolio of electoral manipulation: The 2008 Recall Referendum in Bolivia, Francisco CantuUniversity of Houston


Walter Mebane, University of Michigan 








Panel 8: Strengthening integrity institutions


Larry LeDuc, University of Toronto


Why elections fail, Pippa Norris, Harvard/Sydney Universities


Considering the Link between Independent Boundary Authorities and Fair Electoral Outcomes, Chad Vickery, IFES and Erica Shein, IFES


Electoral System Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: South Africa, Lesotho, Kenya and Zimbabwe, Jørgen Elklit, Aarhus University


Election Management Bodies, Confidence and Voter Turnout, Holly Ann Garnett, McGill University


Paul Gronke, Reed College




Coffee Break




Panel 9: Round-table on controversies in electoral integrity in the Canadian Fair Votes Act


Richard Johnston, University of British Columbia


Marc Mayrand, Chief Elections Officer, Elections Canada 


Pippa Norris, Universities of Harvard and Sydney


Elisabeth Gidengil, McGill University


Maxime St-Hilaire, Université de Sherbrooke






Drinks reception and book launch celebrating:


Challenges of Electoral Integrity, (Eds) Pippa Norris, Richard Frank and Ferran Martinez i Coma, New York: Oxford University Press


Why Electoral Integrity Matters, Pippa Norris, New York: Cambridge University Press.


Comparing Democracies 4, Larry LeDuc, Richard Niemi and Pippa Norris. London: Sage Publications.





Dinner for invited participants

Au Cinquieme Peche Restaurant, 4475 rue Saint-Denis, Montreal. This is a 30 minute walk from the Palais and some shared cabs will be available for transportation departing at 7.00pm.