Exercises

Keep your Body Fit - the most valuable possession

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Strengthening Exercises:

1. Finger squeeze: Strengthens hands; good for circulation. Straighten arms in front at shoulder level, palm down. Make a fist, then release. Turn palms up, make a fist and release.

2. Shoulder shrug: Strengthens your back and shoulders, help relaxation. Lift shoulders up towards your ears, then back, down and relax.

3. Arm circles: Strengthens shoulders and upper back. Start with arms straight out to the side at shoulder level. Rotate arms from shoulders forward and then backward.

4. Shoulder touch: Increases flexibility of shoulders, elbows and helps tone upper arms. Start with arms straight out to the side at shoulder level. Bend elbow and bring palm of hands to shoulders. Turn palm away and push arm down to start position.

5. Leg flexion -extension: Strengthens hip muscles. Stand erect, holding on to a chair or table for support. Lift one leg forward, then back from the hip. Be careful not to lean forward and back.

6. Side leg lift: Strengthens hip and thigh muscles. Stand erect holding on to a chair or table for support. Raise one leg to the side and down. Try not to lean or bring your leg forward. You can try this lying on your side, too.

7. Alternate leg lunges: Strengthens upper thighs and inside of legs. Also stretches back of leg. Start with feet shoulder-width apart. Hold on to something for support if you like. Step forward about 18" to 24" with right leg. Keep left heel on the floor: Shove off with the right leg and return to start position.

.8. Calf raises: Strengthens lower leg and ankle. Start with feet shoulder- width apart. Hold onto something for support if you like. Raise up on your toes, lifting heels. Slowly lower yourself bach down to your heels.

9. Leg extension: Strengthens upper thigh muscles and tones lower abdomen Sitting in chair; back straight, knees bent, and feet flat on the floor; tighten knee and raise foot up. Alternate with each leg

10. Squat: Strengthens front thigh muscles. Start with feet shoulder- width apart. Hold on to the back of a chair for support. Keep back straight and slowly bend knees as if you are going to sit. Slowly return to start position. Do not go down too far: This will improve as you get stronger:

11. Toe raises: Strengthens ankles. Standing or sitting with feet shoulder- width apart, raise your toes up off the floor as if tapping to music

12. Ankle circles: Strengthens ankles. Standing or sitting, make circles with each ankle, to the right and then the left.

13. Abdominal strengthening: Strengthens stomach muscles providing support for your back. Stand or sit straight. Take a deep breath in through your nose, then slowly exhale through your mouth as if blowing out a candle. Feel your stomach go in as you blow out. Hold stomach tight after blowing out, then relax and repeat.

14. Sit-up: Advanced abdominal strengthening. Lay on the floor with your knees bent and feet flat. Reach with your arms toward your knees, raising your head and shoulders off the floor: You should readily feel your stomach muscles tighten. Slowly return head and shoulders to the floor: Work up to doing five-ten repetitions.

Flexibility Exercises;

1. Neck c.ircles: Maintains joint motion. Standing, or sitting in a chair; slowly move chin over to one shoulder and then to the other as if nodding "no". Slowly lift. your chin up slightly and back down toward your chest as if nodding "yes". Repeat several times.

2. Flexed leg back stretch: Maintains flexibility in torso, low back, and legs. Stand with knees slightly bent and feet shoulder-width apart. Slowly and gently slide hands down front of legs, bringing finger tips toward the floor: You should feel a stretch in the back of your legs. Hold for the count of five when you start to

feel the stretch. Stay within your comfort range -no more than five repetitions.

3. Side bends: Maintains trunk flexibility. Stand with feet shoulder-width apart. Slide right hand down right leg towards knee. Repeat to left. side. Hold for five seconds; five repetitions to each side.

4. Trunk rotation: Maintains trunk flexibility. Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent. Turn from your waist to the right, then left.

5. Back arch: Stretches abdominal wall, chest, maintains flexibility. Do not do this exercise if you have a history of back problems. On stomach: Place hands by shoulders, slowly push up on arms and arch back. Keep hips down. Try to straighten elbows completely if back is comfortable. Return to stomach; three-four repetitions. .

6. Overhead reach: Stretches shoulder girdle and rib cage. Take a deep breath in as you raise your arms overhead. Exhale slowly as you lower your arms behind your head or to your shoulders, then return to your sides.

7. Achilles stretch: Stretches the calf muscle. Stand facing a wall, with feet two-three feet away. Straighten arms, leaning into the wall. Move left. leg forward V2 step, right leg backward V2 step or more. Keep right heel on floor: Lean toward the wall with weight on forward leg. Stretching the heel tendon of the right leg. Hold five-ten seconds; reverse legs; three - five repetitions.

8. Shin and quadriceps stretch: Kneel on both knees, turn to right and press down on right with right hand and hold. Keep hips thrust forward. Do not sit on heels. Repeat on left side. 9. Hip and thigh stretch: Kneel with right knee directly above right ankle and stretch left leg backward so knee touches floor: Place hands on floor or seat of chair for balance.

WALKING

After the age of 65 or so, the age of participation in active games should be considered over: The only suitable form of exercise at this age is walking which should be continued till the end. Walking provides many benefits of more strenuous activities, without much exertion. For this activity you can progress at your own pace, no equipment is required and you can walk alone or with friends.

The benefits of walking are: * It promotes more restful sleep * A reduction of tension and stress * Weight reduction. You burn up 320 calories per hour by walking 3 miles per hour: For every 11 hours of walking you will loose one pound (3500 calories equals one pound) * Walking improves circulation and is good cardiovascular exercise. * Improves the ability to take in oxygen.

Tips for Walking: * Walk with your head erect and your stomach in. * Walk on your whole foot. * Avoid walking when it is very hot or cold. * Let your arms swing freely * Begin with a 15 to 20 minute walk and walk at a slower pace for the first several Minutes as a warm up. * Use comfortable shoes or footwear.

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