Princess Nany

Lineage and Titles

King's Daughter of an unspecified king, though Winlock theorizes from circumstances that this king was Pinudjem I.  This is generally accepted in current literature.

-Bab-el-Gussus, a nearby catacomb contained the burials of many of Pinudjem's relatives among the priests of Amun buried there during the 21st dynasty.
(Winlock 1973, p54)
-Princess Henuttawy and Princess Djedmutesankh, whom we know are daughters of this king were also buried nearby.
-Her coffins are of a similar style to those of Henuttawy who was also quite elderly at her death.
(Winlock 1930, p20)
-The tomb in which Nany is buried was restored in the lifetime of Pinudjem I (Year 19). Winlock theorizes that workers in the necropolis would have known about it second hand at the time of Nany's death decades later.
-Winlock draws comparisons between her physique and that of Henuttawy.
(Winlock, 1930, p20)


Her mother was a a lady of the house and Chantress of Amun named Tentnabekhenu

-Nany's name and titles are painted over this lady's similar titles on Nany's inner and outer coffins, although not very    thoroughly; Chantress of Amun and Mistress of the House Tentnabekhenu's titles and name still remain in places.
   (Winlock 1973, p81)
-The Osiris Statue found in her burial equipment names her as the daughter of this lady. (Winlock 1973,p82)
-Nany's burial equipment serves as the only reference we have to this lady. She is otherwise undocumented.


Nany's titles are similar to her mother's. She's mistress of the house and a Chantress of Amun, as well as a King's Daughter. (There is no evidence that Tentnabekhenu was a King's Daughter).  
     

Further notes:

-Winlock mistranslates the A in nAnyy as "tiw", thus in excavation reports, she's referred to as Entiu-ny (ntiwnyy). She's also referred to as Nauny by some sources, probably because of the plural strokes after the A.

Biography

Most information on Nany comes from her mummy which was unwrapped by Winlock in the winter of 1929 or 1930. Her body was examined by Dr. Douglas Derry and Winlock. (Winlock 1930, 19)

-Winlock describes her as being extraordinarily fat, and compares her height and build to Henuttawy and Masahaarta, two further children of Pinudjem I, who were similarly short and fat.
-She was estimated to have been about 4'10''
-She was about seventy when she died.
-The 21st dynasty was a time of economic strife as Egypt lost the territories upon whose natural resources its economy depended. Tomb looting was rampant and it is fairly certain that some of the looters were the very priests assigned to the reburial of individuals whose tombs had been previously looted. I won't go into the historical circumstances surrounding the 21st dynasty, the Royal reburials and Pinudjem I's rise to power.
For a good summary on Pinudjem and his family, see (Dodson 2004, p196-209)
For a history of the economic unrest of dynasty 21,  see (Taylor 2003,  p330-369)
For an of the ethically dubious reburials of royal personages in cache tombs, see (Partridge, 1996)
-
Winlock Estimates that she died at least a generation after Pinudjem's year 19 based on the fact that this is when Merytamun's burial was restored, and the burial party for Nany seems to have been ignorant of the features of Merytamun's tomb. (Winlock 1929, p29)


Burial

Nany was buried intrusively in a tomb originally carved in the early XVIII dynasty for Queen Merytamen, who was briefly the great royal wife and also sister of Amenhetep I. (Dodson 2004, 129) It is designated Dier el Bahri 65.  (Winlock, 1973, 37-56) This tomb is also named as Theban Tomb 358.
-The tomb of Merytamen had been accessed/looted during the 21st dynasty under Pinudjem I in order to restore it from a previous looting.
-Nany was interred in the tomb over a decade later.
-Nany's burial was for some reason abandoned in disarray in the corridoor of tomb 65, the burial of Merytamen being rendered inaccessible by the protective well sunk into the end of the corridoor. Winlock theorizes that this was because of the burial party's eagerness to loot the burial chamber of Merytamen beyond.
-Winlock theorizes that the burial party ripped the gold off of the princess' coffin before leaving the tomb, leaving the coffin halves scattered through the hallway and open. Neither of Nany's coffins have faces because of this. The rest of her burial equipment is scattered haphazardly in the vicinity of the tomb's entrance and in the hallway before the well.
-Nany's mummy was prepared with much attention towards aesthetics as was characteristic of the 21st Dynasty.
   (Winlock 1930, p19)
-Her hair was dyed by the embalmers. It probably would have been gray at the time of her death.
-Padding was stuffed under her skin in order to create a lifelike appearance
, especially in the face.
-Her face was painted in order to restore some colour to the corpse.
(Partridge, 1996, p200)


Effects

An Osiris statuette  (Winlock, 1930, p22,24)
    -Trapezoidal base.
    - 64.5 cm in height.
    - Crude workmanship - thin, bowling-pin-like shape.
    -Had been broken due to rough treatment by the burial party. (Winlock 1973, p55)
    -Hollowed out with an hidden circular plug in the base which had been plastered into place.
    -This compartment held the Book of Going Forth By Day detailed below.
    -A picture of this object can be found on (Winlock 1930, p24)
    -In Cairo. Livre d'Entree 55146

Book of Going Forth by Day (Winlock, 1930, p22-24)
    -Found undisturbed inside the Osiris Statuette.
    -18 ft. 6 in. long.
    -Contains the full or abridged text of the following ten chapters in order: 128,30,75,115,152,132,94,71,72,105.
        -Seven of these ten chapters have the appropriate illustrations. Winlock doesn't specify which ones.
        -The illustrations of the other three are jumbled.
    -Contains illustrations but no text for an additional 14 chapters which are not specified.
    -Winlock theorizes that this was the work of two people. One who did the writing and the other who did the illustration. The illustration is consistent with the spell for the first seven spells but diverges after the seventh.
    -The illustrations of Nany as a young woman in the afterlife are especially notable.
     -Outside of scroll is inscribed for Tentbekhenu, but within, the name Nany is original and Nany is described as the former's daughter. Winlock attributes this to scribal confusion.
    -Pictures of this can be found in (Winlock 1930, p25-27)
    -Further images can be found at the Metropolitan Museum's Catalog.
    -In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. 30.3.31
    
Book of That Which is in the Underworld (Winlock, 1930, p20)
    -Nany's copy is severely abridged, consisting mainly of alternating images of Nany's mummy amongst various mummiform godlings of the underworld.
    -It was folded and laid accross the upper legs of her mummy.
    -A picture can be seen in (Winlock 1930, p23)
    -Also not mentioned in the Catalog of the Tomb of Merytamen in (Winlock, 1973, p81-2)

Faience Scarab Amulet (Winlock 1930, p19)
    -A stylized and somewhat crude drawing of a scarab on a halfmoon-shaped piece of faience, with a faience finding for stringing built into the shape of the amulet.
    -Drawing is in black on a blue faience background.
    -A picture can be found in (Winlock, 1930, p22)
    -No location information listed in the Tomb of Merytamen catalog in (Winlock, 1973 p 81-2)

Funerary Wreath
    -Broken into two pieces by the carelessness of the burial party. One piece was placed on the chest of the mummy, the  other was found behind one of the coffins on the floor of the tomb. (Winlock 1973, p55)
    -Persea leaves and lotus petals. (Winlock 1930, p19)
    -In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 30.3.33
    -Perhaps the types of flowers say something about the date of Nany's death.
   
Inner Coffin
(Winlock 1973,p81)
    -Originally made for Tentbekhenu
    -Niwinski categorizes all of the coffin lids to type YIIa (Yellow coffin type 2a.) (Niwinski 1988, p161)
    -Niwinski dates the coffin to the early 21st dynasty. Note that this dating applies to Tennatbekhenu and not Nany     
 herself. (Niwinski, 1988, p161)
    -Gold parts are missing, face and hands.
    -Yellow, varnished in the style typical of the 21st dynasty.
    -Sycamore wood with scraps of mixed coniferous woods, covered with layers of plaster and then painted.
    -Dimensions are 192 cm outside, 179 cm length inside, and a greatest outside width of 60 cm.
    -In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 30.3.24 A-B
    -A vignette of this coffin can be seen in (Lesko 1999, 26)

 Outer Coffin
(Winlock 1973,p81 )
    -Also, originally for Tentbekhenu.
    -Gold parts are missing.
    -Yellow, Varnished and densely decorated in blues, greens, reds, and black in style of 21st dynasty.
    -Sycamore.
    -228 cm long, inside length 205 cm. Width in widest area 83 cm.
    -In the Metropolitan Museum of Art NY, Number 30.3.23 A-B


Mummy Board
(Winlock 1973, p81)
    -Sycamore, stucco and painted in style of 21st dynasty.
    -Originally made for Tentbekhenu.
    -177cm long, 48 cm at widest.
    -In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, Number 30.3.25
   
Nany's Mummy (Winlock, 1973, 81)
    -Found in the basin of her inner coffin. The lid of this coffin, the mummy board and the outer coffin were scattered in the vicinity of Merytamen's protective well.
    -Wrapped height, 153 cm. Image of wrapped mummy can be seen in (Winlock 1930, p21)
    -Her skull is currently in the Peabody Museum at Harvard University as No. 61599.
    -Winlock does not state the location of the rest of her body.
    -An anatomical examination was done on Merytamen, was one done on Nany?
    

Wig of Human Hair
-Found near the head of Nany's mummy and covered with a sticky unguent at time of discovery. (Winlock 1930, p19)
-Comprised of braids about 1 cm in diameter and 20 cm in length (Winlock 1973, 81)
-Sewn onto a linen base. (Fletcher 2002, p5)   
-Wig can be seen in (Winlock 1930, p22)
-In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. 30.3.35
   
Shabti Boxes
(Winlock 1930, p82)
-7 in total.
-Plain white, fairly crude construction. (Winlock 1929, 19)
-Winlock does not mention any inscriptions on the boxes. From the pictures it is assumed they are uninscribed.
-Sycamore. At least one was knocked apart by the burial party.
-2 are in Cairo with Accension number Livre d'entree 55044 & 55080, along with the shabtis within.
-5 are in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, with Accension number 30.3.26-30, along with the shabtis within. See picture.

Shabtis
(Winlock 1930, p82)
-Blue faience
-392 in total
-See above for location.


Pictures


Bibliography

Consulted:
Patridge, Robert B. Faces of Pharaohs Royal Mummies and Coffins from Ancient Thebes. New York: Rubicon P, 1996.http://www.flickr.com/photos/33646230@N03/3187711821/
Taylor, John. "The Third Intermediate Period (1069-664 BC)." Oxford history of ancient Egypt. Ed. Ian Shaw.
Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003. 330-69.


Cited:
Niwinski, Andrzej. 21st Dynasty coffins from Thebes: chronological and typological studies. Mainz am Rhein: P. von Zabern,
    1988. Print.
Dodson, Aidan. Complete royal families of Ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson, 2004.
Fletcher, Joann. "Ancient Egyptian Hair and Wigs." The Ostracon: The Journal of the Egyptian Study Society 13.2 (2002).
Egyptian Study Society. Egyptian Study Society. 01 Aug. 2009 <http://www.egyptstudy.org/ostracon/archives/FletcherSummer2002.pdf>.
Lesko, Barbara S. The Great Goddesses of Egypt. New York: University of Oklahoma P, 1999.
Winlock, Herbert Eustis. Tomb of Queen Meryet-Amūn at Thebes. [New York]: Arno P, 1973.
Note: This is a reprint of the 1932 edition.
Winlock, H. E. "The Egyptian Expedition 1928-1929: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes."
 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 2nd ser. 24.11 (1929): 18-24. JSTOR. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 01 Aug. 2009 <http://www.jstor.org/stable/3255737>.
Winlock, H. E. "The Egyptian Expedition 1929-1930: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes."
 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25.12 (1930): 3-28. JSTOR. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 28 July 2009 <http://www.jstor.org/pss/3255721>.

 Picture Credits:

Shabtis-Sekhmet1776, Flickr. URL: http://www.flickr.com/photos/shoshie/2225089634/ . Online as of 2/3/2010
Nany's Outer Sarcophagus - Meechmunchie, Flickr.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/24332240@N03/3594790274/in/set-72157623170087276/. Online as of 2/3/2010
Nany's Wig - Thieves, Flickr.
Nany's Sarcophagi and Mummy Board - Sipazigaltumu, Flickr.
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