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Citrus medica

SIT-rus -- Latinized form of citron
MED-ee-kuh -- pertaining to medicine
... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: citronAssamese: বিৰা জৰা bira tengaBengali: টাবা tabaGujarati: બિજોરું bijoruHindi: गलगल galgal, पूरक purak, तुरन्ज turanj, वेतस vetasKannada: ಮಾದಳ madala, ಮಹಾಫಲ mahaphala, ಮಾತುಲುಂಗ matulungaKonkani: मौळिंग maulingaMalayalam: ഗണപതിനാരകം ganapatinarakam, മാതളം matalamManipuri: হৈজাঙ heijangMarathi: महाळुंग mahalunga, मातुलुंग matulungaMizo: sêrtawkNepali: बिमिरो bimiroOriya: ବୀପପୁର bijapura, ଜମ୍ବିର jambira, କରୁଣା karuna, ନିମ୍ବୁ nimbu, ଟଭା ଲେମ୍ବୁ tabha-lembuPersian: ترنج turanjPunjabi: ਬਜੌਰੀ ਨਿੰਬੂ bajauri nimbu, ਖੱਟਰ khatta, ਕਿੰਬ kimbSanskrit: बीजाढ्य bijadhya, बीजक bijaka, बीजफलक bijaphalaka, बीजपूर्ण bijapurna, बृहच्चित्त brhaccitta, इच्छक icchaka, मातुलुङ्ग matulunga, पीतसार pita-sara, पूतिपुष्पिका puti-puspika, सुकेसर sukesaraSindhi: ليِمو liimoTamil: கொம்மட்டிமாதுளை kommatti-matulai, கொடியெலுமிச்சை koti-y-elumiccai, மாதுலங்கம் matulankam, பேரெலுமிச்சை per-elumiccai, பீதபூரம் pitapuramTelugu: పూరము puramu

possible origin north-east India, west Myanmar; only cultivated

It is very fragrant and is used predominantly by the Chinese and Japanese for perfuming rooms and personal items, such as clothing. The peel of the fruit can be candied into succade. In Western cooking, it is often used for its zest. The inner white pith is not bitter as is usually the case with citrus, so the fingers may be cut off and then longitudinally sliced, peel, pith, and all, and used in salads or scattered over cooked foods such as fish.

 
 
 
 

 
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus Medica, the citron: Citrus medica, the citron, a fruit with thick white rind, surface rough, wrinkled, green when young, yellowish when ripe, pulp rough and much less juicy.
The fruit is the source of citron juice and also used candied.   

Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis, the Budha's hand: Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis, the Budha's hand, finger citron, flesh-finger citron  is a fragrant citron variety whose fruit is segmented into finger-like sections. The fruit has a thick peel and only a small amount of acidic flesh (if any) and is juiceless and sometimes seedless.
It is very fragrant and is used predominantly by the Chinese and Japanese for perfuming rooms and personal items, such as clothing. The peel of the fruit can be candied into succade. In Western cooking, it is often used for its zest. The inner white pith is not bitter as is usually the case with citrus, so the fingers may be cut off and then longitudinally sliced, peel, pith, and all, and used in salads or scattered over cooked foods such as fish.
- Yes interesting to look at. I found few specimens in weekly farmers bazaar in Sunnyvale, California
There is plenty of information on the net
 
Would you consider a Citrus week?
Here is a first teaser.
Would any of those names apply to Citrus grandis / Citrus maxima ?
Would any name be only generic ? this would explain why they are applied to different species.
Are all the names spelt correctly.

Citrus medica L.
Khasi: Soh-manong
Assamese: বিৰা জৰা Bira jora, বিৰা টেঙা Bira tenga, জৰা টেঙা Jora tenga.
Bengali: জম্বির Jambira, পানি লেবু Pāni lēbu, টাবা Taba.
English: Citron
Gujarati: તુરંજ Turanj (Turanji).
Hindi: बड़ा नीबु Bara nibu, बिजौरा Bijaura, पूरक Purak, तुरन्ज Turanj, वेतस Veta.
Kannada: ಮಾದಳ Maadala.
Malayalam: ചെറുനാരകം Cerunaarakam (cĕṟunārakaṃ), ഗണപതിനാരകം (gaṇapatinārakaṃ).
Marathi: महाळुंग Mahalung, महाळुंगी Mahalungi.
Tamil: எலுமிச்சை Elumiccai, கடரநாரத்தை Kaṭāranārattai, கொம்மட்டிமாதுளை Kommatti-matulai.
Telugu: మాతులుంగము Matulumgamu (mAtulumgamu).  
Bara nembu or nibu can be any citrus. But i have eaten BIJAURA in youger days. But it was not grapefruit and it was not savour at all. It could be citrus maxima.
Bijaura must be full of seeds etymologically. By the way, Bijaura is one of the names of Citrus medica. 

Rutaceae Week :: Tree called 'Limbu' in Marathi at Pune:
Would appreciate your help to know the botanical name of this tree. Also the leaves look peculiar a small leaf at the base and then a bigger leaf.
I had shared these pictures of the plant we call 'Limbu' in Marathi in Sep 2011 at the following
The botanical name was not confirmed
I have added some more pictures of the trunk, leaves and fruits of the same.
Also adding pictures of 2 wet bulbuls sitting on this tree. This incident happened just 2 days ago. There was a puddle of water below this tree and 4-5 bulbuls were enjoying getting wet in this water. They would then sit on this tree and fluff themselves up either to dry themselves or with joy I do not know.
I hope Citrus medica, the citron. Most the nimbu or Limbu grown in private gardens usually identifies as citron,
 
Rutaceae Week :: Citrus aurantiifolia at Thane: Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle ... sometimes written as Citrus aurantifolia

more views: Dec 1, 2007 ... in Vasant Leela garden (Nisarga), Vaghbil, Thane

Jul 15, 2007 ... in Vasant Leela garden (Nisarga), Vaghbil, Thane


If all photographs belong to same plant, the first photograph (flowers) and second (fruits) I hope belong to Citrus medica, the Citron often grown in gardens as nimbu or limbu, not the lime (nimbu) we get in the market.


I was under the impression that the C. medica fruits are never spherical !
Now, I am eager to see flower and plant of C. aurantiifolia.
The picture of the fruit makes me wonder if it is Citrus aurantium (bitter Orange). Please see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitter_orange This though is the opinion of a novice.
Many thanks ... for another lead on ID.
Hopefully, the ID gets resolved - I now clearly see it not to be C. aurantiifolia.

Rutaceae Week: Citrus medica L. from Delhi and Kasauni: Citrus medica L., Sp. pl. 2:782. 1753
Common names: Citron
Hindi: Bara nimbu, bijaura, turanj
Beng: Bara nimbu, beg pura
Guj: Turanj, bijoru
Mar: Mahalunga, mavalung
Mal: Gilam, rusakam, matalanarakam
Kan: Madala, mahaphala, rusaka
Tam: Kadaranarathai
Tel: Lungamu
I have seen this tree grown very commonly in private houses as nimbu. The fruit is the size of lemon (Citrus limon) but more spherical, generally with inconspicuous nipple, but importantly the rind is very thick (often 5 mm or even more) and rough (rugose) on surface.
 
Rutaceae Week_RVS3_Citrus aurantiifolia: Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle, from a garden in Bangalore. Tamil name: 'elumichchai' எலுமிச்சை
I thought Citrus medica
Thanks ... for the id.
 

Rutaceae Week: 09052012GS1 Citrus sp. from Delhi for ID: This Citrus species I thought as Citrus medica but the surface seems to be be much more rough, rind thicker and projection at one end. Please give your opinion.

Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, Delhi.
Citrus medica Linn. often mammillate at one apex with rough & thick rind. so i think this one is Citrus medica Linn. only.. commonly called as Bijora, Mahalungi.
Nice Shot Sir. This one Citrus Medica once we had in our Hostel in Kurukshetra

Rutaceae Week: Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis (Hoola van Nooten) Swingle from California: Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis (Hoola van Nooten) Swingle, in C. S. Sargent, Pl. wilson. 2:141. 1914
Common name: Buddha's-Hand, finger citron, flesh-finger citron
This fruit with interesting hand like fruit was photographed from a store in California.
yes, glad to see it, many years ago saw it in a Florida nursery that specialised in "shocking" fruits... owner took great pride in this plant and would not sell it...

Rutaceae Week: Citrus medica from Ambala City Haryana:
Citrus medica from Ambala city Haryana.
Growing in a Kitchen Garden
I was reading somewhere that the way seeds develop in citrus, the fertilized flowers' seeds sprout true to form, something to do with the way genetics of citrus works..
so my question is... can one grow seeds from that citrus medica from the kitchen garden and get a true citrus medica?
or is it a cutting rooted and grafted?
I am not much aware of the Genetics of Citrus but the pictured plant was from cutting one

Rutaceae Week :: Citrus medica at Kamshet: Citrus medica L.

SIT-rus -- Latinized form of citron
MED-ee-kuh -- pertaining to medicine
... Dave's Botanary

May 1, 2008 ... at resort garden near Kamshet, Maharashtra

commonly known as: citronAssamese: বিৰা জৰা bira tengaBengali: টাবা tabaGujarati: બિજોરું bijoruHindi: गलगल galgal, पूरक purak, तुरन्ज turanj, वेतस vetasKannada: ಮಾದಳ madala, ಮಹಾಫಲ mahaphala, ಮಾತುಲುಂಗ matulungaKonkani: मौळिंग maulingaMalayalam: ഗണപതിനാരകം ganapatinarakam, മാതളം matalamManipuri: হৈজাঙ heijangMarathi: महाळुंग mahalunga, मातुलुंग matulungaMizo: sêrtawkNepali: बिमिरो bimiroOriya: ବୀପପୁର bijapura, ଜମ୍ବିର jambira, କରୁଣା karuna, ନିମ୍ବୁ nimbu, ଟଭା ଲେମ୍ବୁ tabha-lembuPersian: ترنج turanjPunjabi: ਬਜੌਰੀ ਨਿੰਬੂ bajauri nimbu, ਖੱਟਰ khatta, ਕਿੰਬ kimbSanskrit: बीजाढ्य bijadhya, बीजक bijaka, बीजफलक bijaphalaka, बीजपूर्ण bijapurna, बृहच्चित्त brhaccitta, इच्छक icchaka, मातुलुङ्ग matulunga, पीतसार pita-sara, पूतिपुष्पिका puti-puspika, सुकेसर sukesaraSindhi: ليِمو liimoTamil: கொம்மட்டிமாதுளை kommatti-matulai, கொடியெலுமிச்சை koti-y-elumiccai, மாதுலங்கம் matulankam, பேரெலுமிச்சை per-elumiccai, பீதபூரம் pitapuramTelugu: పూరము puramu

possible origin north-east India, west Myanmar; only cultivated

References: Flowers of IndiaNPGS / GRINWorld Agroforestry CentreDDSAENVIS - FRLHT

more views: May 1, 2008 ... at resort garden near Kamshet, Maharashtra


It would be interesting to compare it with Citrus longilimon uploaded earlier by ... https://groups.google.com/forum/#!searchin/indiantreepix/Assam$20lemon/indiantreepix/z9wFVm6MmCs/BEfBQtRkswwJ 


Many thanks for validating the ID, ....
Read through ... post.
Had come to believe that C. medica may assume longish shape, sometimes not even symmetrical, with the hard texture while C. longlimon relatively of softer texture approaching regular sour lime that we use.
Also thinking that Assam lemons are not grown in Pune - that however is an unjustified thought.
Please help clear my thoughts.

Perhaps some one will have to dig out original description of this species to find other characters.
Wonderful presentation of taxonomic characters ... the visual way.
 
Citrus Fruit for ID : Pune : 171212 : AK-2:  Citrus fruit at a home garden in Pune.
Pictures taken on 14th Dec,12.
A cultivated, potted tree with single fruit & buds seen.
Length of fruit was about 3 inches.
Most probably Citrus medica
Common name: Citron • Hindi: बड़ा निम्बू Bara nimbu, बिजौरा Bijaura, Kutla • Manipuri: হৈজাঙ Heijang • Marathi: महाळुंगी Mahalungi
 
Citrus Fruit for ID : Pune : 171212 : AK-2 Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors. 
Citrus fruit at a home garden in Pune.
Pictures taken on 14th Dec,12.
A cultivated, potted tree with single fruit & buds seen.
Length of fruit was about 3 inches.
Most probably Citrus medica. Common name: Citron • Hindi: बड़ा निम्बू Bara nimbu, बिजौरा Bijaura, Kutla • Manipuri: হৈজাঙ Heijang • Marathi: महाळुंगी Mahalungi
Yes ..., it is known as Bijaura also.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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