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Portulaca oleracea

 
purslane • Assamese: মালভোগ শাক malbhog xaak • Bengali: নূনিযা সাগ nuniya saag • Gujarati: લૂણી luni • Hindi: घोल ghol, लोनिया loniya, नोनिया noniya • Kannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಗೋಣಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು dodda goni soppu, ಕಿರುಗೋಣಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು kirugoni soppu • Kashmiri: कुन kuna • Konkani: गोळ gol • Malayalam: കൊഴുപ്പ koluppa • Manipuri: লৈবাক কুন্দো leibak kundo • Marathi: घोळ ghol • Oriya: lunia • Persian: خرفه khurfa • Punjabi: ਧਮਣੀ dhamni, ਕੁਲਫਾ kulfa, ਲੂਨਕ lunak •Sanskrit: घोटक ghotaka, लोणिका lonika • Tamil: கோழிக்கீரை koli-k-kirai, பருப்புக்கீரை paruppu-k-kirai • Telugu:పెద్ద పావిలికూర pedda pavilikura;
 
Used as pot-herb, consumed as salad and employed in salads. Flesh stems are often pickled;
This is the food plant of the caterpillars of Danaid eggfly butterflies.; 
Plant is edible. Used as vegetable in India. It has medicinal properties too; 
 
Succulent herb. Leaves alternate, opposite, subopposite or whorled, ovate. Mostly appear clustered. Flowers yellow terminal solitary.petals-5. Size around 6mm. Flowers open early on sunny mornings and remain open hardly for sometime.  

Reddish smooth mostly prostrate stems. Leaves appear to be clustered at ends. Flowers yellow with 5 petals 3mm across. Unopened green pods and opened seed pods seen with black seeds 

 
 
 
 
Smiriti van, Jaipur- 4/5/2009; 05-06-2010 / 09:20AM: Mumbai;  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portulaca_oleracea Portulaca oleracea - indiantreepix | Google Groups

 
 
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Portulaca oleracea, the common purslane: Portulaca oleracea, the common purslane, a common weed in wastelands, cultivated fields and roadsides is used as pot-herb, consumed as salad and employed in salads. Flesh stems are often pickled.
Local names
Hindi: Khursa, baralaniya, kulfa
Beng: Baraloniya
Mar: Bhuigholi, kurfah, mhotighol
Guj: Moto loni, ghol
Tel: Peddapayilikura, ganga-pavilikura
Tam: Karikeeral, parupukkiray, pullikirat
Kan: Dooddagooni, soppu
Mal: Karlecheera

The beautiful flowers often planted in hanging boxes - commonly called "Office time" is a cousin of this
plant.
 


- Here is the photo of Office time.
- This is portulaca  x Yubi.
Some consider it to be a variety of P. oleracea, others a variety of P. grandiflora and still others as a hybrid between the two species. This seems to be a good material for any one interested in
Biosystematic or Molecular studies.
 
... name of Portulaca oleracea in Assamiya: Dear Assamiya-knowing friends,
Please let me know how does চানেকীয়া শাক gets transliterated in English.
This is in context of Portulaca oleracea.

Don't know about transliteration but from my Useful Plant of India it is Noniya (perhaps first word) the second I guess should be saag

Assamese name for plant is Noniya


Could find it from online transliteration to be chanikya saag. Yes, noniya OR nuniya is a popular name for Portulaca oleracea in Bengal and Assam.
Portulaca oleracea L.

[image: Discussions at efloraofindia] <https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#%21searchin/indiantreepix/Port...>

[image: more views in flickr]<http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Portulacaoleracea&m=tags&z=m>

[image: more views on Google Earth] <http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/geo/india/&tags=Portulacaolerace...>

commonly known as: purslane • Assamese: মালভোগ শাক malbhog xaak • Bengali: নূনিযা সাগ nuniya saag • Gujarati: લૂણી luni • Hindi: घोल ghol, लोनिया loniya, नोनिया noniya • Kannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಗೋಣಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು dodda goni soppu, ಕಿರುಗೋಣಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು kirugoni soppu • Kashmiri: कुन kuna • Konkani: गोळ gol • Malayalam: കൊഴുപ്പ koluppa • Manipuri: লৈবাক কুন্দো leibak kundo • Marathi: घोळ ghol • Oriya: lunia • Persian: خرفه khurfa • Punjabi: ਧਮਣੀ dhamni, ਕੁਲਫਾ kulfa, ਲੂਨਕ lunak •Sanskrit: घोटक ghotaka, लोणिका lonika • Tamil: கோழிக்கீரை koli-k-kirai, பருப்புக்கீரை paruppu-k-kirai • Telugu:పెద్ద పావిలికూర pedda pavilikura

botanical name: Portulaca oleracea L.


Have set incremental goal ... first compiling names for the native flora that is found in my collection (Western Ghats in my vicinity) ... next, eFI & FOI ... can go at it with the only option ... slowly and steadily !!!


Nooniya is not name we recognize in urban west bengal, namely mostly West Bengal and its vicinity...
all saag sellers are village women who come to Calcutta markets with their haul of yesterday from their village tanks, riverbanks, forests....
    1:  They and our non-english reading and speaking Bengali folks... call it  LOONE saak  লুনে  শাক...
so I wanted to be sure before I responded....
Supporting Reference for this  is in a booklet called: " Banglar Saak"  dated  March 2003 published by The DEVELOPMENT Research Communication and Services Center,  18 b Gariahat Road, Dhakuria, Kolkata 700031.
(I would like to send the pic of the cover and the page with this saak  of the book but there is no option here to include an attachment, or I have just not found it, not smart enough I guess) !!!
    2: Santhal tribals in Bengal call it Golgol-sag..  Reference: TRIBAL MEDICINE by Dr. DC Pal and SK Jain...page 216. published 1997 Kolkata.by Naya Prokas Kolkata ISN 81-85421-307..

    3: My servants recognize it, eat it and buy it sometimes...from our local market... There is one growing in my balcony at the base of my potted Adenium obesum....that single loone saag has also developed the telltale yellow tiny flowers...
    I would recognize portulaca any way... it was a common weed in upstate NY countryside and on many a weekends I have gone on hikes with my herbal medicine teachers,   we would pick Portulaca among many things from the pristine woods, and eat them in our salad for lunch or add in the sandwiches... nowadays green grocers carry it all over NYC....
    sorry to respond so late... but it took a while to dig out skinny botany books in Bengali script..


You must be right. My information Noniya as Assamese name is based on CSIR publication, Useful Plants of India.
To me now, getting common names validated is seeming just as important as botanical names.
Your elaborate noting has increased my confidence in pursuing compilation of plant names.
The name noniya and its variants belong to Hindi speaking regions ... the neighbouring regions may have got influenced by it.
Will make corrections in my notes.

And yes, my source says Baraloniya in Bengali

L should be logical:
Baralaniya in Hindi
Motiloni in Gujarati
Brihalloni, lanika and lonamla in Sanskrit
Lonak in Punjab


We observe that the names in most of the languages have an adjective prefixed implying "large" OR "big".
In due course of time we will discover other plant(s) which is known otherwise (small).
Will make relevant changes in my notes.
One of my Assamese friends transliterated চানেকীয়া শাক as Chanekiya Haak.
And most probably this chanekiya haak OR chanikya saag is a generic name for sour greens (though not sure).
 ... just found from few resources on internet that smaller version of loniya OR luniya would be species of Oxalis ... there could possibly be some other plant(s) too.
... the name lonamla (Sanskrit: लोणाम्ला) is more apt for Oxalis pusilla as per online Sanskrit dictionaries, one of is Monier-Williams Dictionary <http://www.sanskrita.org/wiki/index.php/loNa>.
Just now my another friend from Upper Assam informed some names for these plants:
    Portulaca oleracea: In Upper Assam they call it "Hanh-thengia" (because the leaves look like "Legs of a duck"), Hanh = Hans (Hindi) and Teng =Taang (Hindi)
Bodo people of Assam call it "Mephrai".
    Oxalis corniculata is called as "Tengesi" in Upper Assam. 'Tenga' means 'Sour' in Assamese.
Hope this will be an addition to your database. 
 
Portulaca oleracea:  Portulaca oleracea
Common Purslane. 'Bhuigoli' 'Kurfah' 'Gholu' or 'Mahagholu' घोळू
Family : Portulacaceae
This plant has a large distribution over the world.
It is a common weed and can be found anywhere -in fields farms roadsides open spaces etc. It tolerates warm as well as cold climate. Plant is edible. Used as vegetable in India. It has medicinal properties too.
Succulent herb. Leaves alternate, opposite, subopposite or whorled, ovate.
Mostly appear clustered.
Flowers yellow terminal solitary. petals-5. Size around 6mm
Flowers open early on sunny mornings and remain open hardly for sometime.

Yes ... A very delicate vegetable, often cultivated also

Yes Sir, I think cultivated varities have little large flowers


... nice photos of the flowers and plant. This is the food plant of the caterpillars of Danaid eggfly butterflies. There are cultivated varieties (Portulaca grandiflora) with showy flowers in various colors also
known as "Office Time".


yes comes up in potting soil.. on its own.. at bases of potted plants...
we had a long academic and ethnobotanical discussion about this saag in May this year...thread name :
... name of Portulaca oleracea in Assamiya ... is URL:
http://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/361...
yes and a weed...
comes up in soils of pots brought in from the outside...

 

Flora of Panipat: Portulaca oleracea from Arya PG College Panipat: Portulaca oleracea from Arya PG College Panipat 


Nice... common plant but nicely presented... 
 

efloraofindia:''For Id 14112011MR1’’ ?Portulaca oleracea Pune: Help requested to Id this succulent growing wild in a slightly moist area at Pune

?Portulaca oleracea

Nov 2011

Reddish smooth mostly prostrate stems.

Leaves appear to be clustered at ends.

Flowers yellow with 5 petals 3mm across.
Unopened green pods and opened seed pods seen with black seeds
I think Portulaca oleracea

efloraofindia:''For Id 05112011MR1’’ ? Portulaca oleracea Pune: Date/Time-Nov 2011
Sorry for not good quality of photographs
Kindly identify this herb with green leaves and yellow flower at Pune
No fruits seen
Can it be Portulaca oleracea ?
Yes I think so

Is there any possibility of this being Portulaca hybrid 'Yubi Yellow?


I have only seen Portulaca 'Yubi Yellow" once. As far as I remember the flower were much bigger than that it seems from your photos even the leaves were slightly bigger in size too.  


  

Herb ID request - RK45 - 2-Nov-2012:  Request id of this small herb of less than 1 feet growing wild in Mumbai. The leaves are covered with fine hair.
Portulaca oleracea 
Yes Portulaca oleracea 

27062013 ASP 68 Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors. 
Can you please ID this creeping medicinal herb. Unfortunately no flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Nov 2011.  

I think there are 2 herbs.  The one with yellow buds looks like Portulaca oleracea http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Purslane.html 

the one with the pink flower looks like Trianthema portulacastrum

http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Desert%20Horse%20Purslane.html 


Yes it does appear to be Portulaca oleracea


 

Portulaca oleracea L from Kamrup district(Metro), Assam : Attachments (9). 1 post by 1 author.

Attached images are Portulaca oleracea L collected from Kamrup district(Metro), Assam. The plant is known as Hanhthengia in Assamese (means like Duck leg) since shape of leaf of this sp. is like Duck leg. It is also known as Malbhog Sak in Assamese.

Date :23.07.2013

Location: Kamrup district(Metro)

Family : Portulacaceae

Genus & species : Portulaca oleracea L

Habitat: Grows wild on side of the drain.

Habit :Herb

Flower : Yellow


BRS 489 27072013 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation.
Location: Adyar, chennai
Date: 21.07.2013
Habitat: garden
Habit: Herb
Check for Portulaca oleracea.
Portulaca oleracea

succulent weed for ID - Hyderabad - 09032014-NAW1 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).  
Kindly identify this prostrate succulent weed growing in my garden in Hyderabad -photographed 9th March 2014.
This succulent has yellow flowers, leaves with purple margin, smooth succulent stems, fruits with tiny spherical black seeds (no picture of seeds). The last picture has a measure tape for scale.
Portulaca species.
So it is not a weed afterall! Thank you for the identification.
Thanks all. What i mean by calling it a weed is that i didnt actually plant it - it has come up on its own. I will endeavor to collect its seeds so that i can grow it by intention.
Along with this enquiry i had also uploaded another set of pictures of a similar plant which has been identified as Trianthema portulacastrum - are there any benefits in intentionally growing this plant? 
Portulaca oleracea
Portulaca oleracea......it is used as leafy vegetable by tribal people
Actually it is a main ingredient in a famous mutton dish of Hyderabad called 'Kulfa Gosht', kulfa being the local name for the vegetable/ plant.

efloraofindia: For ID 271112SP23 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).  
Please help me to identify this flower.
Location - Badalapur
Date: March, 14
habitat : Wild
It could be a Portulaca
Yes Portulaca oleracea
 
Portulaca oleracea L.SN April 24 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author. 
Portulaca oleracea L..; Fam: Portulacaceae, common weed, succulent, leaves edible as green.
 

 
 
 
 
References:

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