# Species- Seed plants (family & genera wise)‎ > ‎M---Z‎ > ‎P‎ > ‎Piperaceae‎ > ‎Piper‎ > ‎

Piper longum

Piper longum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 29 29 1753.;
 
Long Papper, Indian Long Pepper or Indonesian Long Pepper • Hindi: पिपली Pipli • Marathi: पिंपळी Pimpli • Tamil: திப்பிலீ Tippili • Malayalam: തിപ്പലീ Tippali • Telugu: Pippallu • Kannada: Kandan Lippili • Konkani: पिपली Pipli • Urdu: Pipul پیپل • Gujarati: પીપરી Pipari • Sanskrit: पिप्पली ;
 
Dioecious climber, often spreading; lower leaves long petiolate, ovate to reniform, upper sessile to clasping ovate to ovate-oblong; with rounded basal lobes; flowers small, in leaf opposed spikes; male spike 4-5 cm long, stamens 2; female spike 2-3 cm long, drupes globose 2 mm.
 
Piper longum is an important Ayurvedic medicine... the fruits obviously... for various repiratory and gastrointestinal disorders... but the roots are used extensively as powder in various herbal mixtures
and as household grandma remedies for monsoon related digestive aids, in Deepan Pachan.. in respiratory disorders, in various mixtures for pain relief, and even as massage mixtures for plegia.. muscle weaknesses..
 
  
 

 

 
 
Flora of Haryana: Piper longum from Herbal Garden Samalkha Panipat:   my pictures of Piper longum from the farm of my friend ... on the banks of Tootha river at Cherplashery, Palakad district.

 
This Piper longum started its journey as a volunteer: Hers is another example of Piper longum...
Name:    Piper longum
Family:      Piperaceae
Fruits:  Sanskrit: पीपली
Gujarati: પીપલી
Bengali: পিপুল
Roots in Gujarati : પીપળી મુળ ના ગંઠોડા
 
In a wildlife preserve in southern fringes of Calcutta... one day we spotted these bright yellow candle like fruits...
This particular plant is a volunteer... among a large number of other volunteers vines and ferns and herbs...
this small patch of land ...left mostly wild is less than a mile from a well tended well researched Herbal Garden where they had been growing  piper longum for several years..
so I surmise that source of this volunteer (among other herbs) is from that herbal garden... but the truth?.... god only knows... This vine  was all of about 6 feet tall, climbing up the trunk of a neem tree ...
fruits are about 1.0 to 1.5 inches long... 1/4 inch wide... Leaves are about 3 to 4 inches long...
picture 1 and 2 have several non-piper-longum leaves that  I do not presume to know what they are...

Piper longum is an important Ayurvedic medicine... the fruits obviously... for various repiratory and gastrointestinal disorders... but the roots are used extensively as powder in various herbal mixtures
and as household grandma remedies for monsoon related digestive aids, in Deepan Pachan.. in respiratory disorders, in various mixtures for pain relief, and even as massage mixtures for plegia.. muscle weaknesses..


 
VALMIKI :OBSERVER OF NATURE: Attaching the image of the 51st member of the series. This is mentioned as PIPPALI by Valmiki. Commonly known as Indian Long Pepper. Scientifically it is known as Piper longum. It is Pipal in Hindi and Pipul in Bangla.
 
Piper longum L. from Hooghly:
Internet is very confusing source of info, well, sometimes.
A search for Piper longum L. gives plant pictures of distinctly variable leaf venation, even scanned herbarium images available in the net can be confusing too. Two such example :-
  1. http://www.rprcbbsr.com/herbarium/herbarium/images/id/658
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_pepper
On the other hand, images found some other sites do comply with my species :-
Bengali Name : PIPUL
Habit & Habitat : wild slender creeper, growing under very dense vegetation of, i think, Mikania micrantha Kunth.
Date : 21/9/12, 4.02 p.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
I am sorry that my camera is a dumb under low light.
This looks like a male plant of Piper longum. The male spikes are about 5 cm long and 3 mm in diameter (female spikes are shorter and stouter). Otherwise it may be a different species.
The picture with leafy plant at wiki page, is not of Piper longum.
I thought my species looked somewhat similar to the illustration available at FoC - http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=1393&flora_id=2, and description available at - http://envis.frlht.org/plongum.htm informs male spike is 2-7 cm long.
Thank you very much for the feedback.

Piper again !!! from Hooghly: I could have attached these new pics in my earlier uploads of a similar plant, at - https://groups.google.com/d/topic/indiantreepix/Vo4gy1ud2-o/discussion. But the ID of that plant yet to be confirmed.
Please note, i am not telling same plant. Please also note that i am attaching two sets of images of two individuals growing at the same place, within a gap of 10 feet. These plants are from the same village (semi urban) as in my earlier upload, but on different location.
A few related links :-
Date : 11/10/12
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
 
for ID250814VRW 2 (medicinal plant) : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).   

Date/Time- 22/08/2014

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- North Gujarat

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- University garden

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- shrub

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- medicinal plant


It seems Piper betel

sir its a shrub like plant


It can be Piper longum.
I too think it is Piper longum
 

Piperaceae, Lauraceae and Thymelaeaceae Fortnight: Piperaceae- Piper longum from Delhi-GSSEP01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).

Piper longum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 29. 1753.
Long pepper, Indian long pepper
Dioecious climber, often spreading; lower leaves long petiolate, ovate to reniform, upper sessile to clasping ovate to ovate-oblong; with rounded basal lobes; flowers small, in leaf opposed spikes; male spike 4-5 cm long, stamens 2; female spike 2-3 cm long, drupes globose 2 mm.
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Delhi
Thanks, ..., for making a wonderful beginning.

 
Hooghly-sept-sk05 : Piperaceae Fortnight : sk01 : Piper sp. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5).
This wild Piper is common in village thickets, photographed today, in Hooghly district, West Bengal.
Seems to be Piper longum.
Looks the male plants of the P. longum the plant in the other mail
Thanks once again to ..., and for the other post too which was a repeat of a 2012 upload- efi thread 
 
Piper longum male plant
 
Hooghly-sept-sk07 : Piperaceae Fortnight : sk03 : Piper sp.3 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).  
This again in Hooghly District, West Bengal, in another village, recorded in October, 2012.
Male plant of Piper longum Roxb.
Piper longum again
 
Hooghly-sept-sk06 : Piperaceae Fortnight : sk02 : Piper sp.2 : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).  
This Piper was recorded in October, 2012, again in village thicket, in Hooghly district, west Bengal. Kindly identify this species.
Could be Piper longum.
This is our Ayurvedic Pipli the Piper longum Roxb. Nice to see in wild.
Piper longum.
Thank you ..., my heartiest thanks to ...
Piper longum female plant
This seems Piper longum (long pepper, Pippali, one of the three pungents) only
 
Attached are pictures of Piper longum captured at MNP in March 2013.
Requested to please validate the ID. 
It is Piper longum
To me it seems to be Piper longum.
 
3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
This was a climbing herb, I am sorry for not having clear pics, but I hope this is a Piper species, please help me to get proper identification..
Recorded from Botanical Garden of Forest Research Institute, Dehradun....
Its look like male plant of P. longum from the subsessile terminal leaves (petilole distinct in lower leaves). However need to be verified with the leaves of vegetative branch and its female plant. The inraspecific variations creates confusion in identity of many Pipers. 
 
10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
This species was recorded from a herbal Park in Yamunanagr district of Haryana, I hope this is rightly identified as Piper longum... please provide your inputs..
Thanks for posting 'Thippali'; Indian long pepper-Piper longum. Pls see my pic of the plant labelled the same. There are very many differences. May be they both are the variants or any one of the two the Javanese long pepper- Piper retrofactum. Experts pls help. Attachments (1).
Thanks ... for raising the doubt, yes plant posted by you is entirely different, a straggler by habit, leaves also differ.. let's hope to get expert comments..
Yes it is Piper longum only, auriculate leaf base, short cylindrical spike are the characteristic features.
Yes Sir, this is P, longum L. as have already been confirmed by ... ... plant seems to be P. cubeba L.f. -
Thank you
No, I am wrong, it is what ... has already suggested Piper retrofractum Vahl, that carrot like inflo!
Seems to be Piper longum.
Yes the species is P. longum a female plant.
 
 
 
 
 
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