Momordica dioica

Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. Sp. pl. 4(1):605. 1805; 

Images by Rajesh Sachdev & (Muthu Karthick - Id by Gurcharan Singh), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)
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mo-MOR-di-ka -- from the word to bite, reference to the seeds which look bitten
dy-oh-EE-kuh -- male and female flowers on separate plants

commonly known as: bristly balsam-pear, prickly carolaho, spine gourd, teasle gourd • Assamese: avandhya, bhat-kerela • Bengali: bhat korola, ghee korola, kankrol • Gujarati: katwal • Hindi: बन करेला ban karela • Kannada: karchi-balli, madahagala gadde • Konkani: फागिल phagil • Malayalam: ben-pavel, erimapasel • Marathi: करटोली kartoli • Rajasthani: bara -karela, kankera, kankoda • Sanskrit: कर्कोटकी karkotaki, कर्कोटी karkoti • Tamil: மெழுகுபாகல் meluku-pakal, பழுபாகல் palu-pakal • Telugu: అడవికాకర adavikakara, ఆకాకర akakara

Native to: south-east Asia

... ripe fruit (as FRUIT) eaten ... unripe fruit (as vegetable) 
... the fruits are fried and sometimes eaten with meat or fish ...
 
It seems M. dioica, M. cochinchinensis and M. subangulata subsp. renigera are much confused, although they are quite distinct in flowers and fruits. All three share a large bract at the base of flower (tip of peduncle) and male and female flowers on different plants.
Based on flower the three can be differentiated in that flowers of dioica are yellow, without dark spots (nectaries) at the base of corolla, whereas remaining two have distinct dark dots at the base of pale yellow to nearly white corolla. The corolla lobes of M. cochinchinensis are pointed at tip, they are obtuse or rounded at tip.
The fruits of dioica and M. subangulata are narrowed distinctly towards tip, whereas they are rounded at ends in M. cochinchinensis, in which the spines are not that dense, fruit larger mostly longer than 8 cm, turning yellow and finally red. In M. dioica fruits are smaller, usually shorter than 6 cm densely covered with longer spines. In M. subangulata there are two subspecies, subangulata with longitudinal ridges, no spines, surface totally smooth, and subsp. renigera with tubercles present and in longitudinal rows, surface more or less spinescent if ridges are present.  


 
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Kindly identify the plant: Kindly identify the plant, and inform me. 
yes this is Momordica dioica  करटुली 
in the last picture did the maker of the pic rub/sand paper off the spicules?  how come they are gone???? 
Momordica dioica we call it kakrul in bengali
It is Momordica dioica. Called Bhat Karela in Assam
Momordica dioica of Cucurbitaceae family. Please find attached herewith some interesting papers on this species.
its কাঁকরৗল  in bengali script, I typed it up exactly as EkKodi Ghosh in his Bonaushadhi Kosh , if you recall he was at Royal Botanical Garden In Kolkata...books (3 volumes)  published by Calcutta University in 1951.


 
https://c3.staticflickr.com/4/3532/3781257962_ca771911aa_b.jpg
mo-MOR-di-ka -- from the word to bite, reference to the seeds which look bitten
dy-oh-EE-kuh -- male and female flowers on separate plants
... Dave's Botanary
Aug 2, 2009 ... along Ghodbunder Road near Gaimukh, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: bristly balsam-pear, prickly carolaho, spine gourd, teasle gourd • Assamese: avandhya, bhat-kerela • Bengali: bhat korola, ghee korola, kankrol • Gujarati: katwal • Hindi: बन करेला ban karela • Kannada: karchi-balli, madahagala gadde • Konkani: फागिल phagil • Malayalam: ben-pavel, erimapasel • Marathi: करटोली kartoli • Rajasthani: bara -karela, kankera, kankoda • Sanskrit: कर्कोटकी karkotaki, कर्कोटी karkoti • Tamil: மெழுகுபாகல் meluku-pakal, பழுபாகல் palu-pakal • Telugu: అడవికాకర adavikakara, ఆకాకర akakara
Native to: south-east Asia
References: Flowers of IndiaDave's GardenM.M.P.N.D. • Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Aug 2, 2009 ... along Ghodbunder Road near Gaimukh, Thane, Maharashtra
..., it is खेक्सी (not सेक्सी) in Chhattisgarh. ;) http://ecoport.org/ep?SearchType=pdb&PdbID=99105
It is also (in fact commonly) called as காட்டு பாகல் (Kaattu paakal) meaning 'wild bitter-gourd'.
Here are few more from the Useful Plants of India (CSIR)
Hindi: Kaksa, golkandra
Sans: Vahisi
Tel: Agukara
Tam: Tholoopavai, paluppakai
Kan: Karlikai
Punab: Kakaura, kirara, dhar karela
I think it is called
Kantola - કંટોળાin Gujarati.
Never heard of it as katwal.
It is M. dioica only. yellow flowers without dark spots at base and smaller fruits (shorter than 5 cm) can always be used to separate M. dioica from M. renigera which has always remained hidden under M. dioica even in Flora of China till recently. The flowers are too distinct to have any confusion.

Momordica dioica from CBD Belapur Hills.
family: 
Cucurbitaceae .
 
Cucurbitaceae Week: Momordica dioica from Delhi: Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4:605. 1805.
Common names: Jangli karela, kakrol,
Differentiated from M. charantia by its smaller ovoid or ellipsoid fruit 3-5 cm long, yellow when mature, densely covered with soft spines, shortly beaked (rostrate) at apex.
Photographed from local market in Delhi.
 
 
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Cucurbitaceae Week: Momordica dioica from Panipat:   This one is Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. shot from Panipat near HPGC, Thermal Power Station.
And the fruit is here...
Is this kartol in Marathi?
Yes it is ... We get it as a vegetable sometimes in market.


 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/KMizcXa6XJg8AIYG9-JRvg5jZKZRQryXl3BqPCBuDlb6w6ykNnlCkMc8up0tihSftnrl2GK0YfTgeHaIxCymjB-vrXPTcIHyjcesV75TCFapyUFEDyM
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/Bf1-N3iBnnioi5ZCacHsuPwD2QoOVd0b6PeDg3n2XStUlLVblmQmVwBJZqVv2Ll5k11CINPUg8z8NDShzsO-9PCKoZl-Tl39fY0IU0QzhUktHdXRQ4k
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/vPEszc8z1UgRDvUTzxo_WEF2dOUyibQ2WGUR23RnIElTGwKjMFgX5z8TolNFixzN8p-M0yUH1_NOJhQ_vWAWinKwiSljKC_RqMcUoOeb6a-MoYelFlw
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/_vDVgDjwWQnY6pueB4P8qMbflRZj1zPA0_6u2XZP38K3QrYJG7S6TSl6Llw8j5yarfzHD78m0wZV2R3OMzmGff3k6Ja_kFREObkUPE_vFDgpMuiLoXQ
Cucurbitaceae Weak: Momordica dioca from Panipat:  
Very nice. I can feel the wooly nature of the petals.


 
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Date/Time-Location- July,2011,
Place: Coimbatore (Near Airport)
Altitude, GPS- Habitat-
Road side.
Type-Plant Climber
Fruits


 
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KAS week::(Momordica dioica - 04/10/2012-NJ):   Momordica dioica (Kantoli - in Marathi) 

Wish there is a photograph with fruit, or at least female flower showing ovary.


 
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Please help me to identify this climber.
Leaf: c. 8 cm across
Fruit: c. 6 x 4 cm
Date: 23 Dec 2012
Place: Nagapatinam Dist., TN
Alt.: 3-4 m asl
Habitat: Coastal area
I hope Momordica dioica
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Momordica_dioica
I think this is it? I have it growing in my garden and it makes quite a nice dish :)
Many thanks ... for identifying this plant. The Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. is also cultivated for its fruits, as read from the net. Very interesting to observe. Tamil name: Pazhupaagal (பழுப்பாகல்)
Yes. we had a very interesting long thread last year
... sent in about 7 or 8 pdf about id, properties of KAKROL , medicinal uses, etc
here is the link
and ... has made a page already, its at: efi site
And yes this plant is also known as meetha karela, a name which came into focus when a member uploaded a fruit under the name meetha karela from east, and led to the discussion about two additional cucurbits Cyclanthera pedata (now cultivated in many hill stations) and sometimes called karela (at least in Kullu and Manali) and Sechium edule (Chayote squash) commonly cultivated in N E India.
mnd may be it was ... who uploaded wild kakrol from hooghly
its M. something else, other than dioica
Here it is ... efi thread

Yes Momordica dioica
Glabrous, lobed leaves suggests that this is M. dioca, as you have identified earlier.
I hope you are correct.
 
 
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Cucrbitaceae for ID : 17 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3).
Please validate the ID of one Cucurbitaceae member collected from Kerala during July 2014.
Trichosanthes?

I too go with trichosanthes sp
I do not know if there is any Trichosanthes with white flower, that too without fimbriate corolla. I would have suggested Momordica for its yellow flower subtended by leaflike bract. But, I am not sure about species. If the petals were valvate I would have suggested M. sahyadrica
Please read - "I do not know if there is any Trichosanthes with yellow flower......" in place of "I do not know if there is any Trichosanthes with white flower,...."
This could be a Momordica sp. (M. subangulata?).
Trichosanthes will have the characteristic fringed petals. 
It can't be Momordica subangulata in which flowers have dark spots at the base of corolla. Moreover although subsp. renigera has acuminate corolla libes the flowers are more whiter than yellow in colour. Flowers are yellow in subsp. subangulata but lobes are rounded in that.
I don't know why I rejected the possibility of M. dioica Roxb.! Assuming this is a male flower, quincuncial flower with spathe like bract at apex suggests it can be a male plant of M. dioica Roxb. Please correct me if I am wrong.
I think you got it ... finally. I also had this in mind but perhaps upper leaves put a dout. I hope lower leaves are more deeply divided
Yes Sir, I think earlier I overlooked the possibility because of the leaves. Yesterday as I was going through the 'Flora Indica', your book and the pdf http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/103/02/0178.pdf, for one more time, I noted the words, 1) "... male flowers on a different plant, axillary, solitary, ..... blown up spathe like bract at the apex, which encloses the bottom of the flowers..." in Flora Indica; 2) "lanceolate-linear, less than 2mm broad calyx lobes" in your book; and 3) leaf photograph in the plate 'b' in the linked pdf gave me the final clue.

Thank you very much to all for your efforts for the identification.


 
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For ID 220210 ET : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
This flower picture, I took from Pench National Park on 20th Feb ,
2010.
This plant is at ground level. Particularly the shape of the
leaves interested me
Please give ID
As desired, the detail is given below for ID
Date/Time-20.2.2010/ 9.59 .a.m.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Pench National park Maharastra
Habitat-  Wild  Type-National park
Plant Habit-  Herb-
Height/Length- 6 inch
Leaves Type/ Shape visible in the photo / Size- 3 inch overall
Flowers Size/ Colour/  Half an inch /yellow
Looks like Momordica
Is this plant Momordica charantia, Linn?
This may be M. balsamina but bracts are not showing so can't be sure.
the photo has been taken from the top view so lateral or lower morphology of the flower is not visible which is restricting the ID of the plant to a great extent.
Since the ground clearance of the flower was only 6 inch, it was not possible for me to take the picture in different angles. I will keep it in mind in future camps.  
I think it should be Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd.


 
 
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07th July, 09- South Gate, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai; Pench Tiger Reserve- July, Aug 2005; at kanakeshwar, Alibag- June10; at Kharghar Hill, Navi Mumbai- July'10; Ghodbunder Road; in Delhi; Momordica dioica-kartoli - indiantreepix | Google GroupsFwd: 2 pictures for you - indiantreepix | Google Groups


Fruits & Vegetables week: Momordica dioica from Delhi: Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. Sp. pl. 4(1):605. 1805
Often sold in markets in Delhi, fruit vegetable
Common English name: Spine gourd
Hindi: Kaksa, meetha karela

fruits & vegetables :: NATIVE, WILD :: Cucurbitaceae » Momordica dioica
Cucurbitaceae (pumpkin, or gourd family) » Momordica dioica
mo-MOR-di-ka -- from the word to bite, reference to the seeds which look bitten
dy-oh-EE-kuh -- male and female flowers on separate plants
commonly known as: bristly balsam-pear, prickly carolaho, spine gourd, teasle gourd • Assamese: avandhya, bhat-kerela • Bengali: bhat korola, ghee korola, kankrol • Gujarati: katwal • Hindi: बन करेला ban karela • Kannada: karchi-balli, madahagala gadde • Konkani: फागिल phagil • Malayalam: ben-pavel, erimapasel • Marathi: करटोली kartoli • Rajasthani: bara -karela, kankera, kankoda • Sanskrit: कर्कोटकी karkotaki, कर्कोटी karkoti • Tamil: மெழுகுபாகல் meluku-pakal, பழுபாகல் palu-pakal • Telugu: అడవికాకర adavikakara, ఆకాకర akakara Native to: south-east Asia
Edible use (WILD):
 ... ripe fruit (as FRUIT) eaten ... unripe fruit (as vegetable) ... Purdue University<http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/FamineFoods/ff_families/CUCURBITAC...
... the fruits are fried and sometimes eaten with meat or fish ...  Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Momordica_dioica>

I think these are also same from Panipat, wild, growing near railway line


Can we know Momordica dioica male female by leaf ?




References: 
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