Brassicaceae

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Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh, Suresh Rana, Anil Thakur (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Nabha Meghani (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Aphragmus oxycarpus (Hook.f. & Thomson) Jafri (Images by Prashant Awale (Validation by J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)

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Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Tanay Bose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Arabis amplexicaulis Edgew. (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Gurcharan Singh & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Arabis bijuga Watt (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Suresh Rana (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Arabis nova Vill. ? (Images by Prashant Awale (Id suggestion by J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Arabis pterosperma Edgew. (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Ashwini Bhatia (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Arcyosperma primulifolium (Thomson) O.E.Schulz (Images by V P Bhatt (Id by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Barbarea intermedia Boreau (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Prashant Awale (Id by Gurcharan Singh & D S Rawat) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Aarti S Khale (Id by Ushadi & J M Garg), Suresh Rana (validation by Gurcharan Singh), Prashant Awale (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & A Sinha (Id by Ushadi & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (for complete discussions & more images, pl. click on the links))

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Cardamine flexuosa With. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Cardamine hirsuta L. (Images by Surajit Koley (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade), (For more photos & complete details, click on the link))
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Cardamine impatiens L. (Images by (Nidhan Singh - validation by Gurcharan Singh), & (Ashwini Bhatia - Id by Narain Chauhan), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))
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Christolea crassifolia Cambess. (Images by Somnath Jha (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Prashant Awale (id by Balkar Singh & Gurcharan Singh) & Satish Phadke (Validation by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (for complete discussions & more images, pl. click on the links)) 








 






Iberis amara L. (Images by Alka Khare (ID Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click links to see details and more images))
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Iberis carnosa Willd. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Click link to see details))                                                                                                  
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Iberis umbellata L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Click link to see details))
 
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Matthiola chorassanica Bunge (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Miroslav) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Brassicaceae Week: Introduction.:  Brassicaceae(Crusiferae) Mustard family
The family contains over 330 genera and about 3,700 species, according to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs (Rarely under shrubs) with watery sap, (pungent juice) containing glucosinolates (mustard oils) and with myoresin cells. Hairs simple branches stellate or peltate.

Vegetative characters :
Leaves : alternate or in basal rosettes,radical or cauline,simple often dissected, rarely pinnately compound sometimes bearing bulbils in axils or leaf surface. Stipules absent.
Inflorescence : Typically racemose, corumbose raceme or flat topped corymb.
Flowers : ebracteate, rarely bracteate.bisexual actinomorphic rarely zygomorphic hypogynous.
Calyx : with 4 sepals free in two whorls.Sepals of lateral pair sometimes saccate at base green or petalloid.
Corolla : 4 petals cruciform, clawed.
Androecium : stamens 6 free tetradinamous(2 short 4 long) dehiscence longitudinal.Nectaries often at base of stamens, pollen grains tricolpate.
Gynoecium : Two united carpels (thus single pistil) syncarpous unilocular.Ovary superior.Gynophore distinct.Style 1 stigmas 2.
Fruit : Siliqua or silicula
Pollination : by insects and dispersal of seeds by wind.
Examples:
Family contributes to many food plants
Radish (Raphenous sativus)
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var : capitata)
Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var : botrytis)
Brussels sprouts
Turnip
Brassiaca campestris : seeds yield mustard oil used for cooking
Brassica nigra : black variety seeds used as condiment.
Common ornamentals include: stock (Mathiola) candy tuft (Iberis amara) alyssum (Alyssum) wall flower (Erysimum) and street alyssum(Lobularia)

In Maharashtra the family has following genera under it. (BSI Mah Flora)
Farsetia
Eruca
Brassica
Sisymbrium
Cardamine
Nasturtium
Rorippa
Schouwia
Iberis
Thlaspi
Gapsella
Lepidium
Cochlearia
Coronopus.

An important statements in the book Flowers of Himalaya regarding this family.
"Ripe fruits are necessary for the identification of both genera and species.
Many genera are differentiated by small and often obscure botanical characters, particularly of the fruit, about which experts do not always agree;"

Reproducing a KEY from FOH by Polunin and Stainton
Fruit short, a silicula(Less than 3 times as long as broad)
a) Leaves entire, or toothed. 1BRAYA 2 CRAMBE 3 DRABA 4 ISATIS 5 LEPIDIUM 6 PEGAEOPHYTON 7 THLASPI
b) Leaves deeply lobed 8 MEGACARPAEA
Fruit long, a siliqua(More than 3 times as long as broad)
a) Leaves entire or toothed
i) Flowers white violet,purple or pink 9 ARABIDOPSIS 10ARABIS 11 ARCYOSPERMA 12 CHRISTOLEA 13 ERMANIA 14 MATTHIOLA 15 PHAEONYCHIUM 16 PYCHNOPLINTHOPSIS
ii) Flowers yellow ororange 17 ERYSIMUM
b) Leaves deeply lobed, or compound
i) Flowers white violet or pink 18CARDAMINE 19 CHORISPORA 20 LIGNARIELLA 21 PARRYA 22RAPHANUS 23 RORIPPA
ii) Flowers yellow 24 BARBAREA 25 BRASSICA

Species & genera pages of Brassicaceae are now with images.
I request members to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any.

 
 
 
 
 
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