Lepidagathis incurva

Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 119 1825. (Syn: Lepidagathis hyalina Nees);

Image by Anurag N Sharma (Identified by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Nidhan Singh & Krishan Lal), Prasad Dash, Surajit Koley (Validation by A P Das) & Prashant Awale (id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)  


Common name: Curved Lepidagathis • Mizo: Vangvattur • Nepali: सेतो फुली Seto phuli ;  

MS April, 2016/09 Lepidagathis sp. for Id. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location : Tawizo, Mizoram
Altitude : c. 1,500 m.
Date : 30/03/2016
Habit : Decumbent herb
Habitat : It grows wild

On perusal of comparative images at Lepidagathis, I think you can check with images at Lepidagathis purpuricaulis Nees
it appears from acanthaceae family
Lepidagathis incurva, I think.
Acanthaceae sp. from North Karnataka- 03022011-PKA1:  I had seen this herb at Shigekeri, North Karnataka. Stem prostrate.
Date/Time: 16-01-2011 / 11:40AM
Location: Shigekeri, North Karnataka
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Herb
Leaves Opposite.
Family: Acanthaceae

it is not a Haplanthodes species as Haplanthodes has cladodes. this looks like some Justicia species.
Lepidagathis incurva Don.
Kalatope id (Dam side) Al041612: An April flower for id....
Location Kalatope Chamba
Altitude 1200 mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild
Height 18 inches (approx)
Season April

This looks close to Lepidagathis incurva.... I had collected this from Morni Hills in Haryana...
It is Lepidagathis incurva and in flowering nowdays at Renukaji, Nahan, and also on Morni Hills.
051111PD06 Flora of Orissa for ID: taken this photograph from Deogarh district of Orissa. I am extremely sorry that i don't have more close up of leaves as the plant was very small as it appears in picture (i took the photograph in a haste as i had to catch the group vehicle). Kindly bear with this.
Habit: Herb
habitat: Dry deciduous Sal forest
Place of collection: Deogarh, Orissa
Altitude: 150 m above msl
Plant height: 5 cm
In my opinion, this should be any Lepidagathis species.
I also think it as Lepidagathis species.
Do you have any other habitat and full plant pictures?
i was also thinking of Lepidogathis by observing the flower characters. But unfortunately i don't have much information and no more close up of habitat and leaves.
This may be Lepidagathis incurva var. incurva
Many thanks for the ID .... I think you are right. I had doubt between L incurva and L. purpuricaulis.

[EfloraIndia_261212PD01_Lepidagathis incurva_Flora of Odisha]: please find the images of Lepidagathis incurva taken from Barbara RF, Odisha. It includes some images posted earlier and finally identified after getting the habitat and the leaves during last field visit.
Name of the species: Lepidagathis incurva
Family: Acanthaceae
Place of collection:Barbara RF, khurda, Odisha
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild. Under the canopy of Moist deciduous forests
looks like white mickey mouse ears!!!

Lepidagathis incurva Buch.- Ham. ex D.Don. from Kamrup district, Assam:
Attached images are Lepidagathis incurva Buch.- Ham. ex D.Don
Date : 21.12.2012
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Acanthaceae
Genus & species : Lepidagathis incurva Buch.- Ham. ex D.Don
Habitat: Grows wild on hilly area
Habit : Herb
Lepidogathis incurva ? Hooghly 05-01-13 sk:  Found this small wild herb in a thicket.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : less than 1 foot tall.
Date : 05-01-13
Place : Hooghly
"Bengal Plants" describes five Lepidagathis species of which L. hyalina (L. incurva) covers two varieties.
"Flora of British India" describes more varieties of L. hyalina Nees.
I do not know if my species is any of those varieties of L. hyalina Nees (L. incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don.).
Further, i do not know if my species is L. incurva at all.
Attaching two more new pictures of almost similar looking plant found 3 km away from the plant in this thread.
This is Lepidagathis incurva of Acanthaceae
Wild Plant For ID : Uttarakhand : 280513 : AK-4 :  Attachments (4).  7 posts by 3 authors.
A small wild plant seen near the Jim Corbett Waterfall on 24/3/13.
Tiny white flowers seen.
This can be Blepharis sp. probably B. maderaspatensis..
Yes Aartiji,
To me also Lepidagathis
The last image DSCN6731 look like Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Thanks for supporting my possible id.
... has identified a similar looking Lepidagathis from Uttarakhand on flowersofindia.
Hope he is able to help with my id.
Yes, I am corrected..this is Lepidagathis incurva....thanks ...
Thanks ... Actually pictures are not very good.
The forest was dense and the smaller plants below had very little light making it difficult to photograph in proper light, without flash.

Lepidagathis incurva for confirmation :  Attachments (4). 5 posts by 2 authors.
Lepidagathis incurva hopefully
Shivalik hills on the road to Kasauli from Kalka
Photographed in the month of May.
Would very much appreciate a confirmation
It looks me lapidagathis incurva

lepidagathis incurva : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4).
lepidagathis incurva
a few kilometers from dehradun
in a fallow field
second week of march

09022015 PTR3 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) 
Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_09022015 PTR3
Date/Time-:05/02/15   -    09:30
Location- Place, Altitude - Kaiga, Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-  wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb 
Length- 50cm

It looks like Rungia pectinata of Acanthaceae
Thank you, the flower not clear to me.
it looks as Lepidagathis species. It is suggested to post photos of larger branch along with close ups of flower, which can give the arrangement of leaves and other details. It will give better clue to people who try to identify it.
Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

Anshi Ghat :: Lepidagathis incurva :: DVFEB35/68 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
Anshi Ghat ... Karnataka
Date: 25 MAY 2013 ... Altitude: 340 - 380 m asl
Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don ... (family: Acanthaceae) 
Attached images are Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don from Assam.
Acanthaceae Fortnight ANMAR02/21 Please identify this herb : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (11)
Family: Acanthaceae
Date: 6th March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala
Habit: Herb
Rungia sp.
Rungia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available) 
Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 
I had seen this herb at Shigekeri, North Karnataka. Stem prostrate.
Date/Time: 16-01-2011 / 11:40AM
Habitat: Wild
Leaves Opposite.
Family: Acanthaceae
Bot. name: Lepidagathis incurva Don.???
I think you are right ...
Came across this Prostrate herb.
Bot. name:  "Lepidagathis incurva"? (Acanthaceae family).


07 -03-2010 / 09:40 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  

Mumbai, 90 ft

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- 


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-   

Herb  (prostrate herb, stems slender)


 ~ 40cm long

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

Opposite, slightly pubescent,  variable,  1.5cm - 6cm by  0.8cm – 3cm , elliptic,  Petiole ~ 2 to 4mm , nerves-6 pairs

Inflorescence Type/ Size-  

Flowers in axillary & Terminal  softly hairy spikes (~ 2cm)

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 

Corolla White coloured , 6mm,   dotted with brownish & purple spots , 2 lipped, Upper lip- somewhat  notched, Lower lip- 3 lobed, rounded at apex and middle lobe broader as compared to adjacent ones.

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 

Do not know..

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-  

Flowering observed

I think ID is possibly correct.
Lepidagathis ¿ incurva ?
Though I have labelled it as Lepidagathis incurva; it does not seem to match the plant at Flowers of India; please validate.
at Anshi on February 21, 2012 
along KSH34 near Anshi on (same day) February 21, 2012 ... posted earlier - DVFEB35/68 
As per Haines, Lepidagathis hyalina Nees is a perennial, much branched herb, 1-2 ft high; fl.-fr. from Dec-April; leaves variable; spikes dense, 2-10 together, secund; bracts very dense, 4-farious imbricate; corolla .3 to .35 inch long, upper lip emarginate or two lobed, white with mottled brown palate or upper lip brown....
I have noticed difference in the flowers uploaded, in our dbase, from Eastern India and Southern India. FBI has several var. under the epithet L. hyalina Nees. I do not know if any particular variety has received separate identity in later days. Till I find further and recent literature on Indian Lepidagathis -
I agree with your ID, ...
Thank you very much, ...
My feeling - every species must get lot of pictures to its account - from various people, various seasons, various places - whether identified / for ID / validation. That is one of the ways of getting accustomed to variations as well as kill any ambiguities.
Yes, ..., in addition to that sometimes images from neighbouring countries also help, if available.

This sub-erect herb is recorded from Morni Hills, Haryana..
Please validate/correct the id..
Lepidagathis incurva..

I do not know if it can be L. incurva Buch-Ham. Leaves look too hairy, please upload mature leaves at lower region of branches.

Well, there are varieties and mollis has hairy leaves both sides, may be some other too. I do not object, it may be L. incurva.

10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Photographed from Morni hills, perhaps a species of Nepeta. Please help in ID 
Most probably it is Nepeta bracteata
Thanks, ... Neither FOP nor WCSP gives range of Nepeta bracteata Benth. in DC. in India.
You mean it to be Nepeta bracteata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don is a synonym of Pogostemon crassicaulis (Benth.) Press ?
Actually it is Nepeta bracteosa and not Pogostemon crassicaulis. But the plant I suspected belongs to Nepeta and not Pogostemon which belongs to  different subfamily.
To me this is more likely to be Lepidagathis sp.
As ... suggests... may be in Acanthaceae; Lepidagathis (?).
The plant seems woody, Nepetas are often quite herbaceous with loose inflorescences.
Experts may enlighten!
Thanks ..., it seems we are reaching somewhere
How about Lepidagathis incurva?
Yes, very likely to be Lepidagathis incurva ...

SK245DEC16-2016:ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Nuwakot , Nepal
Altitude:  3200 ft.
Date: 25 April 2015

I think this is a Lepidagathis sp

Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (accepted name)  ???

http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=200022009  ??

Pl.  Also check comparative images at EFI site.

I think appear close to images at Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Thank you ... Nepali Name: सेतो फुली Seto Phuli / कांडे Kaande 
MS Jan.2017/08 Lepidagathis rigida ? for ID/confirmation : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Sairep, Mizoram
Date : 25-01-2017

Habit : Decumbent herb
Habitat : Wild

Thanks. Pl. Check with images at EFI site.
It is Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham.ex D.Don.

Images by Raju Das (Identified by Ritesh Choudhary) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)  

ID No.08062011 RD02: 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help to identify this Small herb
Date/Time-09/02/2011- 11:30 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  Assam,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Herb
Flower: as seen in the photos

Rungia sp.
Rungia repens, Acanthaceae
It appears like images at Lepidagathis incurva 

Staurogyne zeylanica (Nees) Kuntze (accepted name) ??? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Balaju, Raniban, Nepal
Date: 30 March 2017
Altitude: 4500 ft.
Surprisingly no record is found in Nepal list.

I think close to images at Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don as per comparative images at Staurogyne
Thank you. Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (accepted name).
Nepali Names : सेतो फुली Seto Phuli / काँडे Kaande 

Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Swayambhunath Temple, Kathmandu, Nepal 
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 16 March 2018
Habit : Wild

This was clicked at the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, RJ in March 2018.
Is it some Lepidagathis? Requested to please provide ID.

Pl. check 

Taking it as per the stated link, which I found is the closest as per comparative images. 

SK1580 18 Nov 2018 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7) - around 600 kb each.
Location: Victoria Peak, Hong Kong 
Date: 2 November 2018
Elevation: 1300 ft.
Habit : Wild
Which Lepidagathis ??

Yes, appears to be Lepidagathis

Any hint for specific ID? I tried but failed !

Check Flora of Hong Kong site. 

Looks like Lepidagathis incurva.

Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
I was with same opinion.