efloraofindia (eFI in short) website has been created for documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. It has the largest database on net on Indian Flora with more than 9500 species (which also have more than 1,90,000 pictures at its efloraofindia e-group links). It also includes some species from around the world, which has been posted by our members.


efloraofindia e-group (earlier Indiantreepix/ Efloraindia) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India (and the most constructive, with around 2300 members & 1,85,250 messages on 31/3/14) devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification (e-gurukul) etc. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. It has already completed six years in June'2013.


One can visit & join ‘efloraofindia’ e-group by clicking at efloraofindia google e-group & then clicking on 'Sign in' & then 'Sign up' on next page. In this way, one may choose from one of the four options given below:

All Email: send each message as it arrives option (around 100 messages per day)

No email: web-only participation’ option,

Abridged Email: one summary email of new activity per day option or

Digest Email: up to 25 full new messages in a single email

Or one may send an e-mail request to itpmods@googlegroups.com to our moderators to become a member of ‘efloraofindia’ e-group. However, one should also mention his/ her full name, occupation (optionally: qualification, professional attachments etc.) and place & why he/ she wants to become a member in the e-mail ?


A species database (Alphabetically family wise- Seed plants etc.) is being maintained on this website family wise, genus wise & then species wise. Intent of this database is compilation of all the posts on 'efloraofindia' e- group along with providing other details so that it’s useful to all concerned as all the data about a particular species will be available under a single page & easily searchable. New threads are added at the bottom of the page before references. This is being compiled by Sh. J.M.Garg. Attempts are also being made to update genera pages so as to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. In this, a lot of assistance is being provided by Dr. R.S. Rawat. We expect to complete it by Dec.'2014 for most of the genera having more than four species. A lot of efforts are being made by Dr. Pankaj Sahani for updating Orchidaceae (most of the threads on Orchidaceae have been identified/ validated by him) & Dr. Manoj Chandran for updating Poaceae (most of the threads on Poaceae have been identified/ validated by him) while Dr. Gurcharan Singh is adding up lot of Keys etc. along with conducting/ updating Monthly family weeks etc. Species database page contains botanical names with publication details & their synonyms mostly from 'The Plant List'/ GRIN/ eFloras (Flora of Pakistan/ Nepal/ China)/ e-books from India/ other refrences etc., common names in different languages (thanks mainly to Sh. Dinesh Valke & his flickr posts, Sh. Tabish Qureshi's Flowersofindia site, Dr. Gurcharan Singh, Dr. Vijayasankar Raman among others), flowering data/ place of pictures, important links, efloraofindia e-group discussion links (which contain full discussions verbatim along with pictures from foremost Flora photographers & experts like Dr. Pankaj Sahani (Expert on Orchidaceae), Sh. Dinesh Valke (Documenting India Flora on Flickr),  Dr. Gurcharan Singh (Expert on Western Himalayas), Dr. Vijayasankar Raman (Expert on South India), Sh. Prashant Awale (Widely travelling for documenting Indian Flora), Dr. Satish Phadke (Exploring Maharastra Flora), Dr. Balkar Singh (Expert on Flora of Haryana), Sh. Prasad Dash (Expert on Flora of Orissa), Dr. Neil Soares (Exploring Maharastra Flora), Dr. Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Expert on Polygonaceae), Sh. Surajit Koley (Exploring West Bengal Flora), Dr. Raman Arunachalam (Documenting Trees of Banglore), Dr. D.S.Rawat (Expert on Uttarakhand), Sh. Rajesh Sachdev (Exploring Maharastra Flora), Dr. Nidhan Singh (Expert on Flora of Haryana), Sh. Shrikant Ingalhalikar (Author on Flora of Sahyadris), Mrs. Aarti Khale (Widely travelling for documenting Indian Flora), Dr. Giby Kuriakose (Exploring South India Flora), Sh. Muthu Karthick (Exploring South Indian Flora), Sh. Ajinkya Gadave (Expert on Garden Plants), Sh. Mahadeswara Swamy (Expert on Garden Plants), Dr. Kishan Lal (Exploring Himachal Flora), Sh. Navendu Page (Exploring South India Flora), Sh. Satish Pardeshi (Exploring Flora of Maharastra) etc. among others, summarised discussions from these links, descriptions (thanks mainly to Dr. Gurcharan Singh, Dr. Satish Phadke, Dr. Nidhan Singh, Sh. Prasad Dash etc. among others- it can also be checked from refrence links of eFloras/ e-books/ flowersofindia site etc. given at the bottom), pronunciation, etymology & nativity (thanks mainly to Sh. Dinesh Valke among others), reference links etc. Experts like Dr. Santhosh Kumar (South Indian Flora), Dr. N.P. Balakishnan & Dr. Tapas Chakrabarty (Euphorbiaceae among others), Dr. M. Sabu (Zingiberaceae), Dr. Chris Fraser-Jenkins (Ferns), Dr. M.K.Jana (Lentibulariaceae), Dr. R. H. Archer (Celastraceae), Dr. Pascal Bruggeman (Arisaema), Dr. Mayur Nandikar (Commelinaceae), Sh. Tanay Bose (Fungi), Dr. Sukla Chanda (Saliaceae), Dr. S. Panda (Ericaceae), Dr. Wojciech Adamowski (Impatiens) etc. among others have provided expert guidance in their areas of specialization. Great contributions have been made by others as contained in the list of The Pillars, Moderators & Major Contributors with regard to identification of posted species along with taking care of other aspects.


More than nine thousand five hundred species' pages of seed plants, ferns, fungi & others are available with details for those species which have already been discussed in efloraindia e-group. Any species can be easily searched by adding in the 'Search this site' at top. Lot of species' pages have (?) after them indicating that in the efloraofindia (indiantreepix) links/ discussions, species need to be further looked into as it may or may not be the stated species due to lack of proper feedback in the threads. Correctness of data/ identification in the efloraofindia (indiantreepix) links/ discussions is dependent on the members' inputs & sometimes outside experts' inputs in that particular link. Therefore, errors/ mistakes cannot be ruled out- everyone is requested to point them out for corrections by sending a mail to our Moderators at itpmods@googlegroups.com by non-members or to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com by its members. Efloraofindia e-group members can also add comments about it after 'signing in' at the bottom of the page. Anyone who wants to add any contents to the website (except the pictures), may mail to itpmods@googlegroups.com for getting authorisation to do so.


For better viewing of species' pages, colour scheme & formatting is being followed as below:

Description of the species, Details of other flora species on the same page, Details of other than flora species on the same page, Uses/harms, Distribution, Abundance/Location/flowering time/date, Habit & Habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other Interesting Information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about botanical names.


Permission of the owner has to be taken for any use of material available at this website or efloraofindia e-group. However, original text contents of efloraofindia come under Cc-by license (Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only if they give the author or licensor the credits in the manner specified by these).

Due credits/ attributions/ citation are to be given as below:
"Efloraofindia (2007-2014) SUBJECT OF THE PAGE. Accessed from LINK (on DATE)
e.g. Efloraofindia (2007-2014). Accessed from Paphiopedilum spicerianum (on 05 January 2014)"
Other text contents are to be used as per the licensing conditions of those contents only. 
However, efloraofindia group or efloraofindia website will in no way be responsible for any misuse. Issue has to be sorted out by the owner directly with concerned person/ institution etc. If any of the efloraofindia group members, doesn't want his/ her posted pictures, materials, observations etc. to be incorporated on this website, he/ she may withdraw from the e-group immediately or refrain from sharing such copyrighted pictures, contents etc. with the group. Once any material is posted by a member, it can't be withdrawn/ deleted/ removed from the e-group or the site, even if the member leaves or is banned from the group, for what so ever reason.




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