Nectar & Host Plants

Nectar & Host Plants;
 
 

Nectar Plant List: Attaching herewith list of Nectar Plants, compiled from various sources.

By Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

 

Adenostemma lavenia  These plants are shrubs. >>Adenostemma lavenia Is an evergreen.

 

Ageratum conyzoides L.  Asteraceae IT is an erect, herbaceous annual 30 - 80 cm tall

 

Angelonia biflora Benth.  family SCROPHULARIACEAE Perennial herb 40–60 cm.

 

Argyreia elliptica       Oval Leaved Silverweed  Konkani: Kedari • Marathi: Bondvel, Khedari  Family: Convolvulaceae  Synonyms: Lettsomia elliptica

Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow' ..... BUTTERFLY WEED

Flowers of the brightest yellow make this a must have for all butterfly gardens. Summer-bloomer and preferred food for butterflies.  It is commonly known as Butterfly Weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production of nectar. It is also the larval food plant of the Queen and Monarch butterflies.  Buddleia davidii takes all the glory, but a real soft spot for Butterfly Weed.

 

Aster  Aster 'Believer' Intense, dark blue-purple, daisy like flowers in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies

Aster 'Days' Lavender Blue daisy like flowers in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies

Aster 'Dragon' Lovely lavender daisy like flowers with a yellow center appear in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies

Aster 'Hazy' Bright pink daisy like flowers with yellow center appear in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies

 

Asystasia gangetica   Creeping foxglove (Eng.)  Ornamental plant.  Family: Acanthaceae

Ecological Significance This is an important plant for honeybees, butterflies and other insects.  In southern Africa there are at least six species of butterfly that use A. g. micrantha as a larval foodplant.     This is an attractive, fast-growing, spreading, herbaceous groundcover that grows 300 to 600 mm in height.

 

Bauhinia  Scarlet Bauhinia - Bauhinia phoenicea    Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Scarlet Bauhinia is a very interesting large climbing shrub found in the Western Ghats.

Bee Balm Fragrant Hummingbird Flowers  it will provide easy care flowering beauty and fragrance, plus attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees all summer. The plant will provide easy care flowering beauty and fragrance, plus attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.

 

Bleeding Heart Vine    Bleeding Glory Bower, Bag Flower  

Clerodendrum thomsoniae    Family: Verbenaceae  

Boerhavia diffusa      Red Spiderling   Red hogweed, Tar Vine, Wineflower • Hindi: Punarnava   Family: Nyctaginaceae  Synonyms: Boerhavia repens, Boerhavia coccinea

Red Spiderling is a prostrate herb with very diffuse inflorescences.

Buddleja Lochinch     Buddleja davidii x fallowiana

A compact Butterfly Bush. This variety has dense mauve flowerheads in early July.

 

Buddleja x weyeriana 'Honeycomb' - Butterfly Bush

Buddleja x weyeriana is a hybrid cross between B. davidii and B. globosa.

 

Firebush    Rubiaceae Family   Firebush (Hamelia patens) is a showy Florida shrub much beloved of butterflies. The trumpet shaped bright orange flowers are great attractors for larger butterflies like Monarch, Sulphurs, Zebra Longwing and even some Swallowtails. Also a favorite of hummingbirds, placing this shrub in your garden almost guarantees you some visits from your local wildlife.  Nectar Value - outstanding

 

Ixora chinensis  A colourful member of the coffee family. Ixoras are much used in the Tropics for hedges. They double as a very useful nectar source for long-tongued butterflies such as Swallowtails.

 

Coral Hibiscus           Latin: Hibiscus schizopetalus  Origin: Far East

Coral Hibiscus. This striking flower is an original species of Hibiscus. It is frequently used as a parent in the modern hybrids. It forms an arching shrub or small tree and produces flowers throughout the summer. Some of the larger Swallowtails nectar on this flower as do the Longwing butterflies.

 

Aristolochia triangularis  Origin: Tropical America

Fly pollination. This flower appears to be an insect-eating pitcher plant but it is in fact adapted to fly pollination. The flower smells of putrefying flesh which attracts small flies. This plant species is the larval host plant to several cattleheart swallowtails (Parides).

 

Aster novae-angliae Origin: Garden.  One of the best Asters for butterflies. This shocking pink Aster is a favourite of our garden butterflies in the UK. It flowers in September.  

 

Purple Loostrife        Latin: Lythrum salicaria Origin: Native

One of our most colourful native flowers. Purple loosestrife is worthy of a place in any garden. Its natural habitat is in damp marshy areas. In the wildlife garden it serves as attractant to butterflies. Brimstones are fond of the flowers in areas where this species is found.

 

Cardinal Climber Vine Ipomoea sloteri is a hybrid of Ipomoea quamoclit, 'Cypress Vine,' and Ipomoea coccinea. A synonym for Ipomoea sloteri is Ipomoea x multifida. The scarlet flowers of 'Cardinal Climber'  attract bees, hummingbirds and butterflies.   Currently the plant is more widely known as ‘Cypress Vine’ than as the other acceptable common name.

 

Acalypha hispida  Chenille is a flowering shrub which belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae, the subfamily Acalyphinae, and the genus Acalypha. This plant is also known as the Philippines Medusa, red hot cat's tail and fox tail in English

 

Cirsium arvense   Asteraceae  A Creeping Thistle with a "cuckoo spit"

The seeds are an important food for Goldfinch and Linnet, and to a lesser extent for other finches. Creeping Thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the Painted Lady butterfly and the Engrailed, a species of moth, and several species of aphids.

 

Crotalaria retusa  Rattleweed  Marathi: Gagra Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)

Rattleweed is an annual herb with erect stem, growing up to 1.3 m tall. A cheerful plant to grow – Crotalaria retusa is a highly ornamental plant that you can grow in your garden.

 

Crotalaria spectabulis  Family: Fabaceae It is an annual herb with erect stem, growing up to 1.3 m tall. A plant that attaracts tigers, crows in hundreds.

 

THE CUPHEA Cuphea platycentr   Cuphea silenoides is a good half-hardy annual, blooming from July to Sept.   Cuphea miniata is an annual or perennial, at the will of the cultivator.   Cuphea lanceolata is a vigorous plant of erect habit, with conspicuous and beautiful purple flowers.   Cuphea jorullensis is probably the finest species known. The flowers are scarlet, tipped with yellow.   Cuphea purpurea, a pretty hardy annual, with bluish or pale purple flowers.   Cuphea cinnabarina may be grown to a fine specimen form as a greenhouse plant. Cuphea verticillata is a nearly hardy species of moderate growth, the flower tube yellowish-red.

 

Erysimum Bowles Purple     Latin: Erysimum   One of the longest flowering seasons. It is an excellent nectar source for early and late season butterflies like this Red Admiral above. It is especially favoured by the Whites, although they don't use it as a caterpillar plant. Attractive to butterflies.

 

 

Odontonema strictum    Firespike, cardinal guard, scarlet flame  Family: Acanthaceae

Description Firespike is a showy evergreen shrub with sparse, stiff branches that grow mostly straight up to about 6 ft (1.8 m) tall. Firespike is a must-have for southern butterfly and hummingbird gardens.

It one of the few red tubular flowers popular with hummingbirds and all kinds of butterflies.

 

Clerodendrum quadriloculare  Shooting Star  FAMILY : Verbenaceae     

 

Ageratum houstonianum ( Blue Floss Flower ) - Perennial Ageratum - Nectar Plant

Ageratum houstonianum is like 'chocolate cake' for Monarch butterflies. Same goes for the Monarch's close relative, the Lesser Wanderer (Danaus chrysippus). It is a fantastic nectar plant for butterflies, and they will find it if you plant it. Ageratum has very attractive sky blue flowers and really brightens up the garden. Some days, the Monarchs just can't stay off it! An excellent plant that is irresistible to butterflies.

 

Gayfeather, Liatris spicata  Is an interesting perennial perennial produces a 1-3 foot tall spike of bright purplish-pink or white flowers in late June to early fall. It is an ideal plant to grow in your butterfly garden.   

Gnidia glauca    Fish Poison Bush    Marathi: Rameta  Family: Thymelaeaceae

Fish Poison Bush is a large shrub or a small tree, 2-3 m tall. Flowering: November-January.

Heliotropium indicum            Indian Heliotrope / Indian turnsole, Wild clary • Marathi: Bhurundi Konkani: Ajeru  Family: Boraginaceae Indian Heliotrope is a herb. The butterflies from the Tiger family like this flower as it contains a chemical used by the butterfly to produce phermones needed to attract a mate.  Danaid butterflies like to visit these plants. One reason is to drink the sap which renders the butterflies noxious to predators. Some species collect olfactory compounds to produce a kind of "perfume" to attract mates. Caterpillars of the Grass Jewel (Freyeria trochylus), a gossamer-winged butterfly, feed on H. strigosum.

Several heliotropes are popular garden plants, most notably Garden Heliotrope (H. arborescens).

 

Impatiens – Balsam -  These are hardy and tender annual and perennial herbs. The flowers are visited by bumblebees and certain Lepidoptera, such as the Common Spotted Flat.

 

Korean Mint              Latin: Agastache rugosa One of the best mints for the butterfly garden. This is an excellent nectar plant for our native butterflies and bees. It flowers from July till November. In colder climates, it is best to treat this as an annual and collect the seed each year. Highly attractive to butterflies, bees & birds.

 

Lantana camara  a magnet for butterflies, bees and birds. Images above show the Peacock Pansy that simply adore our L. camara ‘Patriot Hot Country’. The Lantana plant is a must-have in any garden, if you love kaleidoscopic colors and want these nature visitors to your garden.

 

Lavender         Family :- Lamiaceae

  The most common "true" species in cultivation is the common lavender Lavandula angustifolia (formerly L. officinalis). A wide range of cultivars can be found. Other commonly grown ornamental species are L. stoechas, L. dentata, and L. multifida.

 

Leea indica  Bandicoot Berry • Marathi: Karkani Family: Leeaceae   Leea flowers are visited by a variety of insect pollinators, including flies, wasps, bees, butterflies, and beetles. This is a native species commonly known as the Bandicoot Berry. The flowers are actually a source of nectar for some butterflies.

 

Little ironweed, Purple feabane • Marathi: Sadodi Cyanthillium cinereum      Family: Asteraceae  Synonyms: Vernonia cinerea, Conyza cinerea, Senecioides cinerea.  Little ironweed is an annual or short-lived perennial to 50cm. Found in upland crop areas, waste places and roadsides throughout India.

 

Marigolds , Indian Flower   Marigold leaves are finely cut, fernlike and the different type are African, French, Signet and Pot Marigolds.

 

Medicago sativa  Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae)  Common names Alfalfa.

Description    An herbaceous perennial with deeply penetrating taproot

 

Mexican Flame Vine, Orange Glow Vine confusus     Family: Asteraceae

Mexican flame vine is a woody tropical vine with the enchanting summertime habit of covering itself in brilliant daisy-like flowers. This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.

 

Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. - Climbing Hempweed  Family – Asteraceae

Flowering - July - October.   Habitat - Swampy woods, ditches, fence rows, pond margins.          

Origin - Native to U.S.  Other info. - This vining species can be found in the southeast corner of Missouri. The plant is, however, frequently visited by many different types of flying insects.

 

 

Mussaenda erythrophylla     Red Flag Bush  Red Flag Bush

Just look at that vibrant red flower clusters, how fabulously attractive they are…a sight for sore eyes, a cheerleader and definitely a traffic stopper! . Attractive to butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and insect pollinators as a nectar plant.  Mussaenda erythrophylla (Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush, Tropical Dogwood)

Mussaenda frondosa                Family: Rubiaceae

Origin: Indo-China to Malaysia This is a rounded evergreen tropical shrub or sub-shrub that will grow to 10ft tall in tropical areas, but more likely will reach 1-3ft tall in containers.

 

Pentas  Latin: Pentas lanceolata - "Butterfly pink'  Family: Rubiaceae         Origin: Africa

Top buterfly nectar plant. This flower is one of the top nectar plants for tropical butterflies. It flowers all year round if given sufficient light. The Butterfly Deep Pink Penta, 'Penta lanceolata' is a unique and very hardy plant that can be grown at any light level.

 

Jatropha integerrima  Common Names: Peregrina, Spicy Jatropha  Family: Euphorbiaceae

Description Peregrina is an evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy leaves and clusters of star shaped bright scarlet or vermilion flowers. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds as well as rave reviews from passersby.

 

Peristrophe - Marble Leaf  These frost-tender perennials are natives to India.

Mountain Peristrophe  Peristrophe montana  Family: Acanthaceae  is a hairless erect herb, growing to 1 m tall.

Common name: Panicled Peristrophe • Hindi: Atrilal, Peristrophe paniculata    Family: Acanthaceae

 Synonyms: Dianthera paniculata, Peristrophe bicalyculata  Panicled Peristrophe is an erect herb, 0.6-1.2 m tall.

Common name: Peristrophe, Magenta plant, Kakajangha  Peristrophe roxburghiana     

Synonyms: Peristrophe tinctoria  This perennial plant is native to India.

 

Persicaria (Polygonum)                      (pol-e-go-num')

Common name: Knotweed, Smartweed, European Bistort, Fleeceflower, Silver Lace Vine

Family: Polygonaceae, Knotweed                  Height x width: 9-24" x 12-24"

 

Petunia   : is a widely-cultivated genus of flowering plants of South American origin. Most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids (Petunia × hybrida).   P. axillaris P. integrifolia  P. axillaris   The foliage of Petunias is sometimes eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth and Hummingbird hawk moth.

 

Blue Porterweed - Blue snakeweed, Brazilian tea, Jamaica vervain, Joee,

Botanical name: Stachytarpheta jamaicensis      Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

Blue porterweed is a low, sprawling shrub with a subtle beauty. Leaves of blue porterweed are eaten by Tropical Buckeye caterpillars. An extremely popular nectar source with a wide variety of butterflies including the Gulf Fritillary, Julia, and Large Orange Sulphur gives blue porterweed a nectar rating of 3.

 

 

Princess Flower ,  glory bush, purple glory bush

Botanical name: Tibouchina urvilleana    Family: Melastomataceae (Melastome family)

Synonyms: Tibouchina maudhiana, Tibouchina semidecandra, Lasiandra semidecandra

Princess Flower is an evergreen shrub bearing big beautiful bluish purple flowers.

 

Purple Coneflower     Echinacea purpurea (Asteraceae)

A robust, drought tolerant perennial, native to the midwestern and southeastern United States.

 

Rauvolfia serpentine  Scientific Name: Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz. (Syn. Ophioxylon sepentinum L.)  Family: Apocynaceae 

 

Salvia coccinea   Common Names: scarlet sage, Texas sage, salvia

 Family: Lamiaceae/Labiatae   This American mint is especially desirable in natural area gardens where it attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and maintains itself year after year without dominating or becoming invasive. Most are tough and durable and most are attractive to butterflies and many to hummingbirds as well. Some of our favorites are the blue anise sage (Salvia guaranitica), pineapple sage (S. elegans) and autumn sage (S. greggii) all of which bloom over a long period and happen to be real hummingbird magnets.

 

Sesamum indicum L. - SESAME SEED.  Synonyms Sesamum africanum, Sesamum brasiliense, Sesamum luteum, Sesamum malabaricum.  Family Pedaliaceae It is an erect tropical annual, original from Africa.  Sesame is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the Turnip Moth.

 

Sweet Pea Lathyrus odoratu  Overview/Description:         Annual climbers bearing clusters of flowers in a wide variety of colors including red, pink, blue, white and lavender.  The legume Sesbania bispinosa, also known as Sesbania aculeata (Willd.) Pers. 1807, is a small tree in the genus Sesbania.  Names  It is known by many common names, including danchi, dunchi, dhaincha, canicha, prickly sesban, or spiny sesbania.

 

Silk Leaf     Common name: Silk Leaf, Acuate, American softhead • Marathi: झरवड

Botanical name: Lagascea mollis    Family: Asteraceae  Silk Leaf is an annual herb, 50-100 cm tall. Silk Leaf is native to the Americas, and naturalized in India. Flowering: August-March.

 

Thryallis Galphimia glauca     Family: Malpighiaceae Thryallis is a small evergreen tropical shrub that grows to a maximum height of about 6 ft.  Propagation: By seeds. Also by cuttings taken in the summertime.

 

Tridax procumbens  It is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family. It is best known as a widespread weed and pest plant. It is native to the tropical Americas but it has been introduced to tropical, subtropical, and mild temperate regions worldwide.    The plant bears daisylike yellow-centered white or yellow flowers with three-toothed ray florets.

Turk's Cap, Drummond Wax-mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple   Malvaviscus drummondii (M. arboreus var. drummondii)        Family :- Malvaceae  Flowers are excellent for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies. Attracts pollinators like bumblebees and hummingbirds.

 

Verbena Graceful clusters of bright flowers attract gardeners and butterflies equally.

Verbena bonariensis Origin: South America A top butterfly flower. This is one of the best butterfly plants

 

Zinnia  This is a plant that is started incredibly easily from seed, flowers very quickly, has a wide range of flower types and colors, withstands full sun and heat, makes an excellent cut flower, attracts bees and butterflies

Zinnias seem especially favored by butterflies, and many gardeners add zinnias specifically to attract them.  Zinnia haageana : Mexican zinnia is an upright, bushy annual that is similar to common zinnia (Z. elegans).

 

Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum   The Sanskrit work bharngi literally means that which is glorious. Bharngi grows throughout India upto 1500 metres height. It grows in Eastern Himalaya, Nepal, Kumao, Bengal and Bihar, in abundance. It is a perennial shrub, growing 0.3-3.0 metres in height.

 

Bidens   is a genus flowering plants in the family Asteraceae.   Nodding Beggarticks (B. cernua) and Hairy Beggarticks are useful as honey plants. Several Bidens species are used as food by the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera, such as the noctuid moth Hypercompe hambletoni and the Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui, a brush-footed butterfly).   Common name: Beggar Tick, Spanish needle, Cobbler's pegs Botanical name: Bidens pilosa    Family: Asteraceae An erect annual or perennial herb with branching habit to about 1m high.

 

Buddleja davidii   Butterfly bush, buddleia, summer lilac   Family: Buddlejaceae

Description  Butterfly bush is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub with a weeping form that can get 6-12 ft  tall and have a spread of 4-15 ft  Buddleja davidii, the butterfly bush, is native to northwestern China and Japan.

Butterfly bush is very easy to root from cuttings in warm weather.    Plant alongside pentas (Pentas lanceolata), lantana (Lantana camara) and zinnias Zinnia elegans) for non-stop butterfly activity, and find a place nearby for parsley (Petroselinum crispum), passion vine (Passiflora incarnata) and other butterfly larval food plants. Butterfly bush is one of the most attractive plants to butterflies; the white varieties may be most attractive of all. The fragrant flowers, gray-green leaves and constant motion of winged insects are a delight in any landscape. This is a fast-growing shrub that requires little care. No garden should be without this beauty!

 

Caesalpinia spicata  Candy Corn Plant • Marathi: Wagati, Wakeri Botanical name: Moullava spicata    Family: Caesalpiniaceae Synonyms: Wagatea spicata.

Candy Corn Plant is a large, robust climber, growing to 5-20 m long.

 

Cape Honeysuckle  Tecomaria capensis      Family: Bignoniaceae

Cape honeysuckle is a fast growing, scrambling shrub which may grow up to 2-3m high and spread more than 2.5m.  It is often planted specifically to attract birds and butterflies. The Cape Honeysuckle is an excellent plant to use in a wildlife garden in Southern Africa, since it is popular with sunbirds due to its nectar. As a scrambler, it can be quite dense (if pruned) and as such can be utilised as a nesting site by a few bird species.

The larvae of the Death's Head Hawkmoth (Acherontia atropos) and the Fulvous Hawkmoth (Coelonia mauritii) eat the leaves of this plant.

 

Chromolaena odorata  Asteraceae   Other Latin names:  Eupatorium odoratum L

Common name(s):  Bitter bush, Christmasbush, chromolaena, devilweed, hagonoy, Jack in the bush, Siam weed, triffid weed .  Big bushy herb or subshrub.

 

Clerodendrum paniculatum Common Names: pagoda flower  Family: Verbenaceae

Description  Pagoda flower is an erect, open semi woody shrub with large evergreen leaves. Pagoda flower is native to India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and much of southeastern Asia.

 

Cosmos sulphureus Common name: Orange cosmos, Yellow cosmos  

Family: Asteraceae  The orange cosmos is becoming increasingly popular for its ease of growth, spectacular flowers and attractiveness to butterflies. It is native to Mexico. 

The flowers of all Cosmos attract birds and butterflies, including the Monarch butterfly. Cosmos sulphureus is featured in the 1997 Japanese film Remembering the Cosmos Flower.

Crossandra Plant   Like all tropical flowering plants, crossandra likes full sun. 

Growing from seeds is an easy way for this plant.

 

Ixora coccinea  Rubiaceae  Flame of the Woods, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium

Flowing in rainy season, flower colour - Red, White, Pink, yellow  Ixora is a common flowering shrub said to be a native of Asia. There are about 400 species of Ixora and its flowers look delightful.

 

Jasminum – Jasmine  These are tropical, sub-tropical and hardy, deciduous and evergreen shrubs or climbing plants.   VARIETIES: For a warm greenhouse - J. gracillimum (white, fragrant); J. officinale var. grandiflorum (white marked w/ rose, fragrant); J. Sambac (white, fragrant); J. Rex (large, white); J. fruticans (yellow/shrub); J. Parkeri (yellow/ dwarf bush) For a cool greenhouse - J. Mesnyi (large, semi-double, yellow); J. nudiflorum (yellow/climbing); J. Beesianum (rose colored); J. floridum (yellow/evergreen bush); J. humile (yellow); J. officinale (white, fragrant/climbing); J. stephanense (pink).

 

Cirsium arvensis  is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. The standard English name in its native area is Creeping Thistle.  It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm, forming extensive clonal colonies from an underground root system that sends up numerous erect stems each spring, reaching 1–1.2 m tall

 

Bridelia retusa -One of favorite plant for butterflies, pierrot, Jezebel, emigrant, banded awl and many other insects often visit this tree. approx 2-3 m high.

Common name: Spinous Kino Tree • Hindi: kaji, Khaja, kassi • Marathi: asana • Sanskrit: आसन asana, ekavira
Botanical name: Bridelia retusa Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)

 

 

Helicteres  isora     East-Indian screw tree, Nut-leaved screw tree  Hindi: Maror phali • Marathi: Murud sheng • Sanskrit: Mriga Shringa • Kannada: Yedmuri • Telugu: Valambiri • Tamil: Vadampiri • Bengali: Antamora  Family: Sterculiaceae (Cacao family)

East-Indian screw tree is a sub-deciduous shrub or small tree with grey coloured bark. Leaves simple, serrate margin, scabrous above and pubescent beneath. Flowers solitary or in sparse clusters, with red petals turning pale blue when old. Fruits greenish brown, beaked, cylindrical, spirally twisted on ripening. The twisted shape of the fruit is what lends most of it names like screw tree and maror phali.

 

Eusteralis Quadrifolia (Dysophylla quadrifolia)   GANDHATULASI
Botanical name : Eusteralis quadrifolia (Benth.) Panigrahi    Family : Lamiaceae
SANSKRIT Gandhasurasa, Gandhatulasi.  English : Peacock's tail  Hindi : Gandh tulsi.  Malayalam : Kattutumba, Nattatulasi, Nattapoochedi.
Distribution – Throughout India, grown naturally in wastelands.
DESCRIPTION  A small annual or perennial aromatic herb grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled or alternate, simple to pinnately dissected or compound, without stipules. Inflorescences generally compound, terminal, sometimes flowers solitary and Fruit usually dry nutlets. Seeds small and many.
 


A very useful compilation! The author may think of publishing it in a suitable journal.

Butterfly Host plants: I am attaching Butterfly Host plant list
By Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 1

Adenia hondala Modecca palmata Lam Adenia palmata (Lam.) Engl. In Maharashtra,

reported only from Nanapani (Amboli) and Bhedsi. It is seen almost throughout the Western

Ghats in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Butterfly :- Twany Coster, Tamil Lacewing, Cruiser, Clipper

Aegle marmelos Common name: Bel, Beli fruit, Bengal quince, Stone apple, Wood apple

Butterfly :- Common Mormon, Lime

Annona squamosa Common name: Sugar Apple, Custard apple Family: Annonaceae.

Butterfly :- Tailed Jay

Annona reticulata Netted Custard Apple Synonyms: A. humboldtiana, A. humboldtii

Butterfly :- Tailed Jay

Alseodaphne semicarpifolia Marathi: phudgus Family: Lauraceae

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Common Mime

Abrus precatorius L. Common name Rosary pea, crab's eye, jequerite, precatory bean,

weesboontje, paternoster bean, deadly crab's eye, wild liquorice, ruti, jequirity bean, , Gunj.

Butterfly :- Common Cerulean

Artabotrys hexapetalus Hirva chapha Synonyms: Annona hexapetala, Artabotrys

odoratissimus

Butterfly :- Tailed Jay

Aristolochia tagala Occur Himalaya to Sri Lanka through Myanmar, Indon-esia, Indochina,

China, Thailand to the whole of Malesia, the Solomon Islands and Queensland in Australia.

Butterfly :- Common Rose, Southern Birdwing

Aristolochia indica Indian Birthwort It is a native of India and Eastward.

Butterfly :- Common Rose, Crimson Rose, Southern Birdwing

Aristolochia bracteolata, Worm killer, Kidamari It is a plant common in India

Butterfly :- Common Rose, Crimson Rose

Asclepias curassavica Location Scarlet milkweed is native to South America but has become

a naturalized weed in tropical and subtropical pastures, fields and disturbed areas throughout

the world.

Butterfly :-Blue Tiger, Striped Tiger, Plain Tiger, Common Crow

 

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 2

Asystasia lawiana Synonyms: Ruellia mysurensis. Common name: Mysore Asystasia

Botanical name: Asystasia mysurensis Family: Acanthaceae

Butterfly :- Danaid Eggfly

Atalantia wightii -Nilgiri Atalantia , Wild Orange Family: Rutaceae Synonyms: A. ceylanica

Butterfly :- Blue Mormon, Lime Blue

Bauhinia racemosa Bidi Leaf Tree • Marathi: apta, sona Bauhinia racemosa is a herb

common in India It is found in many parts of Asia like Myanmar, Srilanka, Thailand,

Vietnam.

Butterfly :- Common Emigrant

Barleria cristata Philippine Violet Acanthaceae Barleria cristata is native to India and

southeast Asia.

Butterfly :- Danaid Eggfly

Bombax ceiba Shalmali , Silk Cotton Tree. Family: Bombacaceae

It is found in India, Burma and Sri Lanka. It grows throughout the hotter parts of India,

Butterfly :- Common Sailer

Butea monosperma Dhak or palas (Butea frondosais), is a medium-sized deciduous tree. The

family is Leguminosae-Papilioneae. This tree is also called 'Flame of the Forest'.

Butterfly :- Common Emigrant, Gram Blue, Pea Blue, Common Cerulean

Cadaba fruticosa Indian Cadaba Synonyms: Cleome fruticosa

Indian Cadaba is commonly distributed and throughout the drier lowland regions of India.

Butterfly :- Small Orange Tip, White Orange Tip, Common Gull, Pioneer, Common

Wanderer

Calotropis gigantea Crown flower is a species of Calotropis, native to Indonesia, Malaysia,

Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and China.

Butterfly :- Plain Tiger, Glassy Tiger

Capparis deciduas Synonym(s) Capparis aphylla (Heyne) Roth. Capparis sodata R. Br.

Sodada decidua Forssk. Native : Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Jordan, Niger, Nigeria,

Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan

Butterfly :- White Orange Tip, Common Gull, Pioneer

 

Host Plants

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Page 3

Capparis monii Common name: Large Caper • Marathi: Waghati Family: Capparaceae

Butterfly :- Great Orange Tip, Lesser Gull

Capparis rheedii Rheed's Caper Family: Capparaceae It is endemic to the Western Ghats.

Butterfly :- Common Wanderer, Lesser Gull, Pioneer

Capparis zeylanica Indian caper Ceylon caper • Konkani: Govindphal • Marathi: Govindi

Butterfly :- Great Orange Tip, Common Wanderer, Common Gull, Pioneer

Senna auriculata Cassia auriculata L) Tanner's Cassia

Butterfly :- Common Emigrant

Cassia fistula Amaltas

Butterfly :- Common Grass Yellow, Common Emigrant, Mottled Emigrant

Senna obtusifolia (Cassia obtusifolia)

Butterfly :- Common Grass Yellow

Senna tora (L.) Roxb. - CAESALPINIACEAE – Dicotyledon

Butterfly :- Common Emigrant, Mottled Emigrant

Ceropegia bulbosa Distribution: Bangladesh Ethiopia

Butterfly :- Striped Tiger, Plain Tiger, Glassy Tiger

Ceropegia media Medium Ceropegia is found at higher elevations in the Western Ghats.

Butterfly :- Striped Tiger, Plain Tiger, Glassy Tiger

Cinnamomum camphora Common Names ; camphor tree, Family :- Lauraceae

Location , It comes from China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and adjacent parts of East Asia.

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Tailed Jay, Common Mime

Cinnamomum macrocarpum Family :- LAURACEAE Sanskrit :- Tamalapatra Threat

status: Vulnerable (A 1 c,d) – Globally Distribution: Endemic to Western Ghats of southern

India. In Karnataka, occurs in dense wet forests of Belgaum, Goorg, Hassan, Kolar, Uttara

Kannada, Shimoga and Chikmagalur districts. In Kerala, fairly common in Palakkad, Idukki,

Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram forests. In Tamil Nadu, common in the Western

Ghats of Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli and Madurai districts.

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Common Jay, Tailed Jay, Common Mime

 

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 4

Cinnamomum Malabathrum Also known as Malobathrum or Malabar leaf, is the name used

in classical and medieval texts for the leaf of the plant Cinnamomum tamala (sometimes given

as Cinnamomum tejpata) Origin - South slopes of the Himalayas.

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Tailed Jay

Citrus hystrix The kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix DC., Rutaceae), also known as kieffer lime,

limau purut or makrut lime is a lime native to Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, used in

Southeast Asian cuisine.

Butterfly :- Lime

Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis The pomelo is a citrus fruit native to Southeast Asia.

Butterfly :- Blue Mormon, Lime, Common Mormon

Citrus aurantifolia Key lime is native to Southeast Asia. Its apparent path of

introduction was through the Middle East to North Africa.

Butterfly :-Lime, Common Mormon

Citrus limon Lemon The true home of the lemon is unknown, though some have linked it to

northwestern India.

Butterfly :- Common Mormon, Blue Mormon, Lime, Red Helen

Citrus sinensis Citrus sinensis Sweet Orange Family Rutaceae Physical Characteristics

Original range is obscure, possible Asia in southern China and Vietnam

Butterfly :- Lime, Common Mormon

Dendrophthoe falcate Honey Suckle Mistletoe • Marathi: Vanda

Family: Loranthaceae Synonyms: Loranthus longiflorus var. falcatus, Loranthus falcatus,

Loranthus longiflorus

Butterfly :- Common Jezebel

Flacourtia indica Synonyms: Flacourtia ramontchi, Flacourtia sepiaria, Gmelina indica

The Governor's Plum Flacourtia indica is a large shrub or small tree native to tropical Africa

and Asia.

Butterfly :- Common Leopard, Rustic

Flacourtia Montana Mountain Sweet Thorn • Marathi: Raan-tambut • Konkani: ___ atak

Botanical name: Flacourtia montana Family: Flacourtiaceae (Coffee Plum family)

Mountain Sweet Thorn is a tree up to 8 m tall, endemic to the Western Ghats.

Butterfly :- Common Leopard, Rustic

 

Host Plants

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Page 5

Glycosmis arborea Family : Rutaceae Hindi : Potali, Girgiti Throughout India growing wild

in dense forests.

Butterfly :- Common Mormon, Red Helen, Blue Mormon, Lime

Hygrophila auriculata Botanical Name : Asteracantha longifolia, Hygrophila auriculata

Butterfly :- All Pansy

Kalanchoe laciniata An erect simple herb to nearly 2 m high recorded from S Nigeria and

the W Cameroons mountains. Indigenous to tropical Africa but now widespread throughout

the Tropics.

Butterfly :- Red Pierrot

Kalanchoe pinnata syn. Bryophyllum calycinum, Bryophyllum pinnatum

Butterfly :- Red Pierrot

Litsea glutinosa Family: Lauraceae Synonym L. chinensis Lamk L. geminata Blume L.

glabraria A.L. Juss. Distribution From India through Indo-China towards the Malesian.

Butterfly :-

Maerua oblongifolia Distribution : Sudan and Congo Republics west to Senegal and

Mali, also Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somali Republic to Arabia. Altitude range 300–1350 m.

Butterfly :- Small Orange Tip, White Orange Tip, Common Gull, Pioneer

Magnolia grandiflora Family: Magnoliaceae

Native American tree occurs on coastal plain of North Carolina, south to central Florida, and

west to east Texas.

Butterfly :- Common Jay

Michelia champaca The tree is wide spread all over tropical Asia. It is wild in the forests of

the eastern sub Himalayan zone from Nepal eastwards along the foothills, including West

Bengal and Assam. It is also found in the Western ghats from Karnataka to Kerala.

Butterfly :- Common Jay, Tailed Jay

Miliusa tomentosa Syno. Saccopetalum tomentosum (Roxb.) Hook. F. & Thomson Uvaria

tomentosa Roxb.

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Common Jay, Tailed Jay, Spot Sword Tail

Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. Family: Rutaceae English name: Curry leaf-tree

Butterfly :- Common Mormon, Lime

 

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 6

Nerium odorum Variety Cultivar Common names sweet scented oleander

Butterfly :- Common Crow

Nerium oleander N. oleander is native to a broad area from Morocco and Portugal eastward

through the Mediterranean region and southern Asia to Yunnan in southern parts of China.

Butterfly :- Common Crow

Passiflora foetida Common name: Stinking passionflower • Marathi: Vel-ghani

Botanical name: Passiflora foetida Family: Passifloraceae (passion flower family)

Butterfly :- Twany Coster

Passiflora subpeltata Family: Passifloraceae Synonyms: Passiflora alba Native -

American continents.

Butterfly :- Twany Coster

Pithecellobium dulce - Sweet and Thorny

This hardy tree is native along coasts from California through Mexico to South America.

Butterfly :- Common Grass Yellow

Polyalthia longifolia Ashok, False Ashok, Mast Tree • Hindi: Ashok • Marathi: Devdar •

Konkani: Asok Family: Annonaceae. Ashok is native to India and Srilanka.

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle, Common Jay, Tailed Jay, Spot Sword Tail

Portulaca oleracea Purslane • Botanical name: Portulaca oleracea Family: Portulacaceae

This common 'weed' is native to India.

Butterfly :- Great Eggfly, Danaid Eggfly

Ricinus Communis Castor Family Name : Euphorbiaceae

Butterfly :- Common Castor, Angled Castor, Common Banded Awl

Ruta graveolens Common Names: rue, common rue, herb of Grace Family: Rutaceae

Native to southern Europe and northern Africa.

Butterfly :- Lime

Scurrula parasitica var. graciliflora (Roxburgh ex J. H. Schultes) H. S. Kiu, Fl. Yunnan.

The plants are parasitic on Bauhinia yunnanensis, Camellia sinensis var. assamica, Castanea

henryi, Citrus grandis, Prunus armeniaca, P. persica, Punica granatum, Pyrus pyrifolia, and

Sophora japonica; rarely, they are parasitic on species of Pinus.

Butterfly :- Common Jezebel

 

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 7

Apama siliquosa Thottea siliquosa Lamk, Bragantia wallichii R. Br. )

Family : Aristolochiaceae SANSKRIT SYNONYMS Chakrani.

Butterfly :- Common Rose, Crimson Rose, Southern Birdwing

Tylophora indica Indian Ipecac Hindi: Antamul • Marathi: Khadari, Pitthakaadi,

Pitthamaari, Pitvel. Family: Asclepiadaceae Synonyms: Asclepias asthmatica, Tylophora

asthmatica, Cynanchum indicum

Butterfly :- Blue Tiger, Plain Tiger, Glassy Tiger, Common Crow

Albizia lebbeck Family: Mimosaceae Siris is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, to those

areas of southeast Asia with a marked dry season and to the monsoon areas of northern

Australia.

Butterfly :- Common Nawab, Zebra Blue

Cryptolepis buchanani Family: Asclepiadaceae Native Range: Native to China, Indian

Subcontinent, Indo-China Cryptolepis buchanani a climbing tree, is used as folk medicine in

southeast Asia. In Thailand.

Butterfly :- Glassy Tiger, Common Crow, Plain Tiger

Litsea chinensis

Butterfly :- Common Blue Bottle

Atlantia racemosa

Butterfly :- Common Mormon, Blue Mormon, Lime Blue

Watakaka volubulis

Butterfly :- Blue Tiger

Ficus recemosa

Butterfly :- Common Crow

Ziziphus msutiyisns

Butterfly :-

Sesbania bispinosa

Butterfly :- Common Grass Yellow, Mottled Emigrant, Zebra Blue

Cretevia religosa

Butterfly :- Great Orange Tip, Common Wanderer, Common Gull, Pioneer

 

Host Plants

Faruk Mhetar – farukarise@gmail.com

Page 8

Tylophora dalzelli

Butterfly :- Blue Tiger, Plain Tiger, Glassy Tiger, Common Crow

Pongamia pinnata

Azima tetracantha

Caesalpinia pulcherima

Passiflora incarnate

Butterfly :- Twany costor

Frerea indica :-

Butterfly :- Common Crow

Holostemma Creeper (Holostemma ada-kodien): -

Butterfly :- Striped Tiger

Acacia catechu:-

Butterfly :- Common Nawab

Sorghum Grass :-

Butterfly :- C. Evening brown

Mussaenda erythrophylla

Butterfly :- Commander (Moduza procris) on Red Flag Bush

Ruellia tuberosa :-

Butterfly :- Peacock Pansy

Aringa whitii

Butterfly :-Common Palm Fly

Paracalyx scariosus (Marathi: Ran Ghevda), :-

Butterfly :-Common Sailer

Derris scandens (Jewel Vine):-

Butterfly :- Indian Sunbeam

Turnera ulmifolia

Butterfly :- LFP of Twany Coster (25Nov11) . the cats enjoy both the leaves n the flowers...

Tylophora tennius :-

Butterfly :- Glassy tiger, Striped tiger

Cleome rutidosperma :-

Butterfly :- Psyche

Crateva adansonii

Butterfly :- Great Orange Tip, Common Wanderer, Common Gull, Pioneer

 

Host Plants

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Page 9

Turnera ulmifolia :- Twany Coster

Flacourtia ramontchi- Larval food plant of Common Leopard

 
 
 
 
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