Nectar & Host Plants;
Nectar Plant List: Attaching herewith list of Nectar Plants, compiled from various sources.
By Faruk Mhetar – firstname.lastname@example.org
Adenostemma lavenia These plants are shrubs. >>Adenostemma lavenia Is an evergreen.
Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae IT is an erect, herbaceous annual 30 - 80 cm tall
Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow' ..... BUTTERFLY WEED
Flowers of the brightest yellow make this a must have for all butterfly gardens. Summer-bloomer and preferred food for butterflies. It is commonly known as Butterfly Weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production of nectar. It is also the larval food plant of the Queen and Monarch butterflies. Buddleia davidii takes all the glory, but a real soft spot for Butterfly Weed.
Aster Aster 'Believer' Intense, dark blue-purple, daisy like flowers in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies
Aster 'Days' Lavender Blue daisy like flowers in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies
Aster 'Dragon' Lovely lavender daisy like flowers with a yellow center appear in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies
Aster 'Hazy' Bright pink daisy like flowers with yellow center appear in Fall. Flowers attract butterflies
Asystasia gangetica Creeping foxglove (Eng.) Ornamental plant. Family: Acanthaceae
Ecological Significance This is an important plant for honeybees, butterflies and other insects. In southern Africa there are at least six species of butterfly that use A. g. micrantha as a larval foodplant. This is an attractive, fast-growing, spreading, herbaceous groundcover that grows 300 to 600 mm in height.
Bauhinia Scarlet Bauhinia - Bauhinia phoenicea Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Scarlet Bauhinia is a very interesting large climbing shrub found in the Western Ghats.
Bee Balm Fragrant Hummingbird Flowers it will provide easy care flowering beauty and fragrance, plus attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees all summer. The plant will provide easy care flowering beauty and fragrance, plus attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.
Bleeding Heart Vine Bleeding Glory Bower, Bag Flower
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Family: Verbenaceae
Buddleja Lochinch Buddleja davidii x fallowiana
A compact Butterfly Bush. This variety has dense mauve flowerheads in early July.
Buddleja x weyeriana 'Honeycomb' - Butterfly Bush
Buddleja x weyeriana is a hybrid cross between B. davidii and B. globosa.
Firebush Rubiaceae Family Firebush (Hamelia patens) is a showy Florida shrub much beloved of butterflies. The trumpet shaped bright orange flowers are great attractors for larger butterflies like Monarch, Sulphurs, Zebra Longwing and even some Swallowtails. Also a favorite of hummingbirds, placing this shrub in your garden almost guarantees you some visits from your local wildlife. Nectar Value - outstanding
Ixora chinensis A colourful member of the coffee family. Ixoras are much used in the Tropics for hedges. They double as a very useful nectar source for long-tongued butterflies such as Swallowtails.
Coral Hibiscus Latin: Hibiscus schizopetalus Origin: Far East
Coral Hibiscus. This striking flower is an original species of Hibiscus. It is frequently used as a parent in the modern hybrids. It forms an arching shrub or small tree and produces flowers throughout the summer. Some of the larger Swallowtails nectar on this flower as do the Longwing butterflies.
Aristolochia triangularis Origin: Tropical America
Fly pollination. This flower appears to be an insect-eating pitcher plant but it is in fact adapted to fly pollination. The flower smells of putrefying flesh which attracts small flies. This plant species is the larval host plant to several cattleheart swallowtails (Parides).
Aster novae-angliae Origin: Garden. One of the best Asters for butterflies. This shocking pink Aster is a favourite of our garden butterflies in the UK. It flowers in September.
Purple Loostrife Latin: Lythrum salicaria Origin: Native
One of our most colourful native flowers. Purple loosestrife is worthy of a place in any garden. Its natural habitat is in damp marshy areas. In the wildlife garden it serves as attractant to butterflies. Brimstones are fond of the flowers in areas where this species is found.
Cardinal Climber Vine Ipomoea sloteri is a hybrid of Ipomoea quamoclit, 'Cypress Vine,' and Ipomoea coccinea. A synonym for Ipomoea sloteri is Ipomoea x multifida. The scarlet flowers of 'Cardinal Climber' attract bees, hummingbirds and butterflies. Currently the plant is more widely known as ‘Cypress Vine’ than as the other acceptable common name.
Acalypha hispida Chenille is a flowering shrub which belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae, the subfamily Acalyphinae, and the genus Acalypha. This plant is also known as the Philippines Medusa, red hot cat's tail and fox tail in English
The seeds are an important food for Goldfinch and Linnet, and to a lesser extent for other finches. Creeping Thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the Painted Lady butterfly and the Engrailed, a species of moth, and several species of aphids.
Crotalaria retusa Rattleweed Marathi: Gagra Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Rattleweed is an annual herb with erect stem, growing up to 1.3 m tall. A cheerful plant to grow – Crotalaria retusa is a highly ornamental plant that you can grow in your garden.
Crotalaria spectabulis Family: Fabaceae It is an annual herb with erect stem, growing up to 1.3 m tall. A plant that attaracts tigers, crows in hundreds.
THE CUPHEA Cuphea platycentr Cuphea silenoides is a good half-hardy annual, blooming from July to Sept. Cuphea miniata is an annual or perennial, at the will of the cultivator. Cuphea lanceolata is a vigorous plant of erect habit, with conspicuous and beautiful purple flowers. Cuphea jorullensis is probably the finest species known. The flowers are scarlet, tipped with yellow. Cuphea purpurea, a pretty hardy annual, with bluish or pale purple flowers. Cuphea cinnabarina may be grown to a fine specimen form as a greenhouse plant. Cuphea verticillata is a nearly hardy species of moderate growth, the flower tube yellowish-red.
Erysimum Bowles Purple Latin: Erysimum One of the longest flowering seasons. It is an excellent nectar source for early and late season butterflies like this Red Admiral above. It is especially favoured by the Whites, although they don't use it as a caterpillar plant. Attractive to butterflies.
Odontonema strictum Firespike, cardinal guard, scarlet flame Family: Acanthaceae
Description Firespike is a showy evergreen shrub with sparse, stiff branches that grow mostly straight up to about 6 ft (1.8 m) tall. Firespike is a must-have for southern butterfly and hummingbird gardens.
It one of the few red tubular flowers popular with hummingbirds and all kinds of butterflies.
Clerodendrum quadriloculare Shooting Star FAMILY : Verbenaceae
Ageratum houstonianum ( Blue Floss Flower ) - Perennial Ageratum - Nectar Plant
Gayfeather, Liatris spicata Is an interesting perennial perennial produces a 1-3 foot tall spike of bright purplish-pink or white flowers in late June to early fall. It is an ideal plant to grow in your butterfly garden.
Heliotropium indicum Indian Heliotrope / Indian turnsole, Wild clary • Marathi: Bhurundi Konkani: Ajeru Family: Boraginaceae Indian Heliotrope is a herb. The butterflies from the Tiger family like this flower as it contains a chemical used by the butterfly to produce phermones needed to attract a mate. Danaid butterflies like to visit these plants. One reason is to drink the sap which renders the butterflies noxious to predators. Some species collect olfactory compounds to produce a kind of "perfume" to attract mates. Caterpillars of the Grass Jewel (Freyeria trochylus), a gossamer-winged butterfly, feed on H. strigosum.
Several heliotropes are popular garden plants, most notably Garden Heliotrope (H. arborescens).
Korean Mint Latin: Agastache rugosa One of the best mints for the butterfly garden. This is an excellent nectar plant for our native butterflies and bees. It flowers from July till November. In colder climates, it is best to treat this as an annual and collect the seed each year. Highly attractive to butterflies, bees & birds.
Lantana camara a magnet for butterflies, bees and birds. Images above show the Peacock Pansy that simply adore our L. camara ‘Patriot Hot Country’. The Lantana plant is a must-have in any garden, if you love kaleidoscopic colors and want these nature visitors to your garden.
Lavender Family :- Lamiaceae
The most common "true" species in cultivation is the common lavender Lavandula angustifolia (formerly L. officinalis). A wide range of cultivars can be found. Other commonly grown ornamental species are L. stoechas, L. dentata, and L. multifida.
Leea indica Bandicoot Berry • Marathi: Karkani Family: Leeaceae Leea flowers are visited by a variety of insect pollinators, including flies, wasps, bees, butterflies, and beetles. This is a native species commonly known as the Bandicoot Berry. The flowers are actually a source of nectar for some butterflies.
Little ironweed, Purple feabane • Marathi: Sadodi Cyanthillium cinereum Family: Asteraceae Synonyms: Vernonia cinerea, Conyza cinerea, Senecioides cinerea. Little ironweed is an annual or short-lived perennial to 50cm. Found in upland crop areas, waste places and roadsides throughout India.
Marigolds , Indian Flower Marigold leaves are finely cut, fernlike and the different type are African, French, Signet and Pot Marigolds.
Medicago sativa Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) Common names Alfalfa.
Mexican Flame Vine, Orange Glow Vine confusus Family: Asteraceae
Mexican flame vine is a woody tropical vine with the enchanting summertime habit of covering itself in brilliant daisy-like flowers. This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.
Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. - Climbing Hempweed Family – Asteraceae
Flowering - July - October. Habitat - Swampy woods, ditches, fence rows, pond margins.
Origin - Native to U.S. Other info. - This vining species can be found in the southeast corner of Missouri. The plant is, however, frequently visited by many different types of flying insects.
Mussaenda erythrophylla Red Flag Bush Red Flag Bush
Just look at that vibrant red flower clusters, how fabulously attractive they are…a sight for sore eyes, a cheerleader and definitely a traffic stopper! . Attractive to butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and insect pollinators as a nectar plant. Mussaenda erythrophylla (Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush, Tropical Dogwood)
Mussaenda frondosa Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Indo-China to Malaysia This is a rounded evergreen tropical shrub or sub-shrub that will grow to 10ft tall in tropical areas, but more likely will reach 1-3ft tall in containers.
Pentas Latin: Pentas lanceolata - "Butterfly pink' Family: Rubiaceae Origin: Africa
Top buterfly nectar plant. This flower is one of the top nectar plants for tropical butterflies. It flowers all year round if given sufficient light. The Butterfly Deep Pink Penta, 'Penta lanceolata' is a unique and very hardy plant that can be grown at any light level.
Jatropha integerrima Common Names: Peregrina, Spicy Jatropha Family: Euphorbiaceae
Description Peregrina is an evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy leaves and clusters of star shaped bright scarlet or vermilion flowers. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds as well as rave reviews from passersby.
Peristrophe - Marble Leaf These frost-tender perennials are natives to India.
Mountain Peristrophe Peristrophe montana Family: Acanthaceae is a hairless erect herb, growing to 1 m tall.
Common name: Panicled Peristrophe • Hindi: Atrilal, Peristrophe paniculata Family: Acanthaceae
Synonyms: Dianthera paniculata, Peristrophe bicalyculata Panicled Peristrophe is an erect herb, 0.6-1.2 m tall.
Common name: Peristrophe, Magenta plant, Kakajangha Peristrophe roxburghiana
Synonyms: Peristrophe tinctoria This perennial plant is native to India.
Persicaria (Polygonum) (pol-e-go-num')
Common name: Knotweed, Smartweed, European Bistort, Fleeceflower, Silver Lace Vine
Family: Polygonaceae, Knotweed Height x width: 9-24" x 12-24"
Petunia : is a widely-cultivated genus of flowering plants of South American origin. Most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids (Petunia × hybrida). P. axillaris P. integrifolia P. axillaris The foliage of Petunias is sometimes eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth and Hummingbird hawk moth.
Princess Flower , glory bush, purple glory bush
Botanical name: Tibouchina urvilleana Family: Melastomataceae (Melastome family)
Synonyms: Tibouchina maudhiana, Tibouchina semidecandra, Lasiandra semidecandra
Princess Flower is an evergreen shrub bearing big beautiful bluish purple flowers.
Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea (Asteraceae)
A robust, drought tolerant perennial, native to the midwestern and southeastern United States.
Rauvolfia serpentine Scientific Name: Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz. (Syn. Ophioxylon sepentinum L.) Family: Apocynaceae
Salvia coccinea Common Names: scarlet sage, Texas sage, salvia
Family: Lamiaceae/Labiatae This American mint is especially desirable in natural area gardens where it attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and maintains itself year after year without dominating or becoming invasive. Most are tough and durable and most are attractive to butterflies and many to hummingbirds as well. Some of our favorites are the blue anise sage (Salvia guaranitica), pineapple sage (S. elegans) and autumn sage (S. greggii) all of which bloom over a long period and happen to be real hummingbird magnets.
Sesamum indicum L. - SESAME SEED. Synonyms Sesamum africanum, Sesamum brasiliense, Sesamum luteum, Sesamum malabaricum. Family Pedaliaceae It is an erect tropical annual, original from Africa. Sesame is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the Turnip Moth.
Sweet Pea Lathyrus odoratu Overview/Description: Annual climbers bearing clusters of flowers in a wide variety of colors including red, pink, blue, white and lavender. The legume Sesbania bispinosa, also known as Sesbania aculeata (Willd.) Pers. 1807, is a small tree in the genus Sesbania. Names It is known by many common names, including danchi, dunchi, dhaincha, canicha, prickly sesban, or spiny sesbania.
Silk Leaf Common name: Silk Leaf, Acuate, American softhead • Marathi: झरवड
Botanical name: Lagascea mollis Family: Asteraceae Silk Leaf is an annual herb, 50-100 cm tall. Silk Leaf is native to the Americas, and naturalized in India. Flowering: August-March.
Thryallis Galphimia glauca Family: Malpighiaceae Thryallis is a small evergreen tropical shrub that grows to a maximum height of about 6 ft. Propagation: By seeds. Also by cuttings taken in the summertime.
Turk's Cap, Drummond Wax-mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple Malvaviscus drummondii (M. arboreus var. drummondii) Family :- Malvaceae Flowers are excellent for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies. Attracts pollinators like bumblebees and hummingbirds.
Verbena Graceful clusters of bright flowers attract gardeners and butterflies equally.
Verbena bonariensis Origin: South America A top butterfly flower. This is one of the best butterfly plants
Zinnia This is a plant that is started incredibly easily from seed, flowers very quickly, has a wide range of flower types and colors, withstands full sun and heat, makes an excellent cut flower, attracts bees and butterflies
Zinnias seem especially favored by butterflies, and many gardeners add zinnias specifically to attract them. Zinnia haageana : Mexican zinnia is an upright, bushy annual that is similar to common zinnia (Z. elegans).
Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum The Sanskrit work bharngi literally means that which is glorious. Bharngi grows throughout India upto 1500 metres height. It grows in Eastern Himalaya, Nepal, Kumao, Bengal and Bihar, in abundance. It is a perennial shrub, growing 0.3-3.0 metres in height.
Bidens is a genus flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Nodding Beggarticks (B. cernua) and Hairy Beggarticks are useful as honey plants. Several Bidens species are used as food by the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera, such as the noctuid moth Hypercompe hambletoni and the Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui, a brush-footed butterfly). Common name: Beggar Tick, Spanish needle, Cobbler's pegs Botanical name: Bidens pilosa Family: Asteraceae An erect annual or perennial herb with branching habit to about 1m high.
Buddleja davidii Butterfly bush, buddleia, summer lilac Family: Buddlejaceae
Description Butterfly bush is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub with a weeping form that can get 6-12 ft tall and have a spread of 4-15 ft Buddleja davidii, the butterfly bush, is native to northwestern China and Japan.
Butterfly bush is very easy to root from cuttings in warm weather. Plant alongside pentas (Pentas lanceolata), lantana (Lantana camara) and zinnias Zinnia elegans) for non-stop butterfly activity, and find a place nearby for parsley (Petroselinum crispum), passion vine (Passiflora incarnata) and other butterfly larval food plants. Butterfly bush is one of the most attractive plants to butterflies; the white varieties may be most attractive of all. The fragrant flowers, gray-green leaves and constant motion of winged insects are a delight in any landscape. This is a fast-growing shrub that requires little care. No garden should be without this beauty!
Caesalpinia spicata Candy Corn Plant • Marathi: Wagati, Wakeri Botanical name: Moullava spicata Family: Caesalpiniaceae Synonyms: Wagatea spicata.
Candy Corn Plant is a large, robust climber, growing to 5-20 m long.
Cape Honeysuckle Tecomaria capensis Family: Bignoniaceae
Cape honeysuckle is a fast growing, scrambling shrub which may grow up to 2-3m high and spread more than 2.5m. It is often planted specifically to attract birds and butterflies. The Cape Honeysuckle is an excellent plant to use in a wildlife garden in Southern Africa, since it is popular with sunbirds due to its nectar. As a scrambler, it can be quite dense (if pruned) and as such can be utilised as a nesting site by a few bird species.
Chromolaena odorata Asteraceae Other Latin names: Eupatorium odoratum L
Common name(s): Bitter bush, Christmasbush, chromolaena, devilweed, hagonoy, Jack in the bush, Siam weed, triffid weed . Big bushy herb or subshrub.
Clerodendrum paniculatum Common Names: pagoda flower Family: Verbenaceae
Description Pagoda flower is an erect, open semi woody shrub with large evergreen leaves. Pagoda flower is native to India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and much of southeastern Asia.
Cosmos sulphureus Common name: Orange cosmos, Yellow cosmos
Family: Asteraceae The orange cosmos is becoming increasingly popular for its ease of growth, spectacular flowers and attractiveness to butterflies. It is native to Mexico.
Crossandra Plant Like all tropical flowering plants, crossandra likes full sun.
Growing from seeds is an easy way for this plant.
Ixora coccinea Rubiaceae Flame of the Woods, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium
Jasminum – Jasmine These are tropical, sub-tropical and hardy, deciduous and evergreen shrubs or climbing plants. VARIETIES: For a warm greenhouse - J. gracillimum (white, fragrant); J. officinale var. grandiflorum (white marked w/ rose, fragrant); J. Sambac (white, fragrant); J. Rex (large, white); J. fruticans (yellow/shrub); J. Parkeri (yellow/ dwarf bush) For a cool greenhouse - J. Mesnyi (large, semi-double, yellow); J. nudiflorum (yellow/climbing); J. Beesianum (rose colored); J. floridum (yellow/evergreen bush); J. humile (yellow); J. officinale (white, fragrant/climbing); J. stephanense (pink).
Cirsium arvensis is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. The standard English name in its native area is Creeping Thistle. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm, forming extensive clonal colonies from an underground root system that sends up numerous erect stems each spring, reaching 1–1.2 m tall
Bridelia retusa -One of favorite plant for butterflies, pierrot, Jezebel, emigrant, banded awl and many other insects often visit this tree. approx 2-3 m high.
Common name: Spinous Kino Tree •
Hindi: kaji, Khaja, kassi • Marathi: asana • Sanskrit: आसन asana, ekavira
Helicteres isora East-Indian screw tree, Nut-leaved screw tree • Hindi: Maror phali • Marathi: Murud sheng • Sanskrit: Mriga Shringa • Kannada: Yedmuri • Telugu: Valambiri • Tamil: Vadampiri • Bengali: Antamora Family: Sterculiaceae (Cacao family)
East-Indian screw tree is a sub-deciduous shrub or small tree with grey coloured bark. Leaves simple, serrate margin, scabrous above and pubescent beneath. Flowers solitary or in sparse clusters, with red petals turning pale blue when old. Fruits greenish brown, beaked, cylindrical, spirally twisted on ripening. The twisted shape of the fruit is what lends most of it names like screw tree and maror phali.
Eusteralis Quadrifolia (Dysophylla quadrifolia)