Rex Curry's work is cited in many books available on Amazon, Kindle and other places where fine books are sold. See the book "Libertarian History" by the author Lin Xun. Included are these shockers: (1) that the "Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag" was the origin of the Nazi salute and Nazi behavior; (2) that the military salute was the origin of the Nazi salute (via the military salute's use in the original Pledge of Allegiance) and; (3) Swastikas represented crossed "S" letter shapes for "socialist" under Hitler.
Dr. Curry showed that the salute of the National Socialist German Workers' Party originated from a National Socialist in America -Francis Bellamy- who wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892. http://rexcurry.net/pledgesalute.html
New discoveries expose the "swastika" of the first American National Socialists. See the image and see the video documentary on youtube
Francis Bellamy was the cousin of Edward Bellamy. Edward was the head of the Nationalism movement in America at that time, the inspiration for Nationalist Clubs worldwide, and the founder of the Nationalist Party. Edward was also the author of the national socialist fantasy Looking Backward(1888), an international bestseller, and in November, 1888, Edward personally made a contract with an interpreter to translate his book into German (see the biography by Arthur Morgan, p. 65).
In 1891, American advertisements listed German-language editions of Bellamy's book and stated that the socialist's novel "Lays the foundation of the Nationalist Movement." http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-charles-edward1891.pdf The adverstisements coincide with Edward Bellamy's "Nationalist" magazine, published by the "Nationalist Educational Association." http://rexcurry.net/nationalistmagazine.jpg The German translation not only promoted National Socialism in Germany, it also promoted National Socialism in America and cultivated those Americans who later supported the USA's German-American Bund movement that supported the National Socialist German Workers' Party. It has been said that the Bellamys were "more Nazi than the Nazis."
Bellamy's comments in the Sprinfield Union newspaper show his glorification of German folk life. According to the biographer Sylvia E. Bowman, "To Bellamy, Americans had much to learn from the Germans who enjoyed nature, had outdoor summer houses and beer gardens, and from all of these, had found a placid contentment which contrasted to the hustle and bustle of American life."
In 1935, Columbia University requested three people (John Dewey, a philosopher; Charles Beard, a historian; and Edward Weeks, the editor of Atlantic Monthly) to list the ten most influential books of the preceding 50 years (from 1885 to 1935). On all three lists, prepared independently, Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward appeared second on the list, the first being Karl Marx’s Das Kapital. It is important to remember that during this time of Bellamy's great influence, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party had been in existence since 1920, with electoral breakthroughs in 1930, and dictatorship in 1933. Many writers have suggested that Bellamy was viewed as an alternative to Marx, and that view raised his influence among German National Socialists.
According to Gail Collins, at that time "...far more American workers read Looking Backward than ever made it through Marx..." Tomorrow Never Knows, The Nation, Vol. 252, Issue # 2, January 21, 1991. The book was "debated by all down to the bootblack on the corner," reported Henry Demarest Lloyd in 1894.
The book, Edward Bellamy Abroad, by Sylvia E. Bowman, is an amazing 543 pages of evidence that Edward Bellamy's scheme for an "industrial army" (openly modeled after the military) was a bad influence upon WWII and the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): the National Socialist German Workers' Party (21 million people slaughtered); the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (62 million slaughtered); the People's Republic of China (35 million). (Also see http://rexcurry.net/socialists.html and http://rexcurry.net/socialists.jpg ) In Bowman's chapter on Germany alone, there are 54 pages, with comments about the monstrous National Socialist German Workers' Party, mentioning the similarities in Bellamy's philosophy.
Looking Backward became an international bestseller, translated into every major language, including German, and it inspired military socialism worldwide. The book, described by socialists as the "Bible of Nationalism," inspired the creation of 167 “Nationalist Clubs” worldwide, including Germany. In the USA and in Germany it inspired the "Nationalism" movement, the "Nationalist" magazine, the "Nationalist Educational Association," and the "Nationalist Party." Bellamy nationalists focused on nationalism (“my country over others”), a government takeover of schools, rabid patriotism (e.g. Pledges of Allegiance in government schools with the original straight-arm salute), and their interest in nationalization, or public ownership and management of everything. The government takeover of schools also led to segregation imposed by law and taught as official policy, and it outlasted the National Socialist German Workers' Party by decades.
Bellamy's influence was still going strong in 1938 with the publication of Bellamy's “Talks on Nationalism.” President Franklin Delano Roosevelt imposed national socialism and socialist slave numbers (social security) in 1935 as a "worker's" program for Roosevelt’s vision of the industrial army that coincided with similar numbering programs of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party. During that time, children in the government's segregated schools were required by law to salute the flag with the straight-armed salute in military formation daily on the ring of a government bell, like Pavlov’s lapdogs of the state. Bellamy's "Talks on Nationalism" is a terrifying look at the parallels between American National Socialists and German National Socialists.
German National Socialism was supported by American National Socialism via German-Americans who joined the German American Bund movement (Deutsch-Amerikanischer Volksbund) to support national socialists in Germany before WWII. http://rexcurry.net/pledgebund.html The Bund began as the Friends of New Germany in Chicago in 1933. This group traced its roots to the Teutonia Society and National Socialist Party, both active in the USA during the 1920s.